Children in Paradise & Hell on Earth (Ahadith 2876 – 2887)

Bismillah.

Children in Paradise

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 477 :
Narrated by Al-Bara (bin Azib)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), after the death of his son Ibrahim, said, “There is a wet-nurse for him (i.e. Ibrahim) in Paradise.”

Losing a child is one of the toughest things a parent can go through. Nothing in the whole wide world has the power to compensate for such a loss. And while grieving is a natural process, one can find solace in the glad tidings given to such parents in various narrations. For example:

It was narrated that Abu Hassaan said: I said to Abu Hurayrah: Two of my sons have died. Can you narrate to me any hadeeth from the Messenger of Allaah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) which will console us for our loss? He said: Yes: “Their little ones are the little ones (da’aamees) of Paradise. When one of them meets his father – or his parents – he takes hold of his garment – or his hand – as I am taking told of the hem of your garment, and he does not let go until Allaah admits him and his father to Paradise.” [Narrated by Muslim, 2635]

In another narration collected in Bukhari, we find out that those who die in childhood are entered into Paradise and are being looked after by Prophet Ibrahim (`alayhissalaam).

This was narrated in the hadeeth of Samurah ibn Jundub (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) often used to say to his companions: “Has anyone among you seen a dream?” and whoever Allaah willed would tell him what he had seen. One day he said: “Last night two people came to me and made me get up, and they said to me: ‘Let’s go.’ So I set off with them…” He mentioned things that he had seen, then he said:

“We set off, and we came to a verdant garden, in which were all the colours of spring, where there was a man who was so tall that I could hardly see his head in the sky. Around the man was the largest number of children I had ever seen…” Then among things that the two angels explained to him was: “As for the tall man who was in the garden, that was Ibraaheem. As for the children who were around him, these are all the children who died in a state of fitrah.” One of the Muslims said: “O Messenger of Allaah, what about the children of the mushrikeen?” He said: “And the children of the mushrikeen.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari (7047).

Related: “Where is My Child?”

Reach for the Stars

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 478 :
Narrated by Abu Said Al-Khudri (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The people of Paradise will look at the dwellers of the lofty mansions (i.e. a superior place in Paradise) in the same way as one looks at a brilliant star far away in the East or in the West on the horizon; all that is because of their superiority over one another (in rewards).” On that the people said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Are these lofty mansions for the prophets which nobody else can reach? The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied,” No! “By Allah in whose Hands my life is, these are for the men who believed in Allah and also believed in the Apostles.”

We all appreciate a good view of the stars from down here but one always fantasizes about being among them. At least I do. People talk about reaching for the stars as if it’s possible. Yes, that statement carries a lot of hope and motivation in it, but not everybody who tries succeeds.

In this world, some people might be born with silver spoons in their mouths, but nobody gets lucky in Jannah. You want it, you gotta work for it. Those unreachable lofty mansions won’t fill themselves. ;)

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 479 :
Narrated by Sahl bin Sad (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Paradise has eight gates, and one of them is called Ar-Raiyan through which none will enter but those who observe fasting.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) also said, “If a person spends two different kinds of something (for Allah’s Cause), he will be called from the gates of Paradise.”

Hell on Earth

Just like Paradise, Hell has various levels which will be assigned to people according to the severity of their misdeeds. We already know a lot about Hell from the detailed accounts found in the Quran and Hadith. This sub-chapter of Book of Creation will cover some of them.

No one here has seen Hell so we start off with what we have seen, can relate to and are familiar with: Sun, fire, heat, burning, warmth, fever, pain, hunger, disgust, desperation, hopelessness etc.

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 480 :
Narrated by Abu Dhar (radiallaahu `anhu)
While the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was on a journey, he said (regarding the performance of the Zuhr prayer), “Wait till it (i.e. the weather) gets cooler.” He said the same again till the shade of the hillocks extended. Then he said, “Delay the (Zuhr) Prayer till it gets cooler, for the severity of heat is from the increase in heat of Hell (fire).”

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 481 :
Narrated by Abu Sad (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Delay the (Zuhr) Prayer till it gets cooler, for the severity of heat is from the increase in the heat of hell (fire).

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 482 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The (Hell) Fire complained to its Lord saying, ‘O my Lord! My different parts eat up each other.’ So, He allowed it to take two breaths, one in the winter and the other in summer, and this is the reason for the severe heat and the bitter cold you find (in weather).”

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 483 :
Narrated by Abu Jamra Ad-Dabi
I used to sit with Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) in Mecca. Once I had a fever and he said (to me), “Cool your fever with Zam-zam water, for Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said: ‘It, (the Fever) is from the heat of the (Hell) Fire; so, cool it with water (or Zam-zam water).”

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 484 :
Narrated by Rafi bin Khadij (radiallaahu `anhu)
I heard the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) saying, “Fever is from the heat of the (Hell) Fire; so cool it with water.”

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 485 :
Narrated by Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Fever is from the heat of the (Hell) Fire, so cool it with water.”

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 486 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Fever is from the heat of the (Hell) Fire; so abate fever with water.”

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 487 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Your (ordinary) fire is one of 70 parts of the (Hell) Fire.” Someone asked, “O Allah’s Apostle This (ordinary) fire would have been sufficient (to torture the unbelievers),” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The (Hell) Fire has 69 parts more than the ordinary (worldly) fire, each part is as hot as this (worldly) fire.”

To say that Hell has a part to play in the ups and downs of weather on this Earth might seem illogical and far from science, but it’s what we believe in because it’s what we’ve been told in the Sacred texts. Hell is usually thought to be hot. Very hot. But it might come as a surprise to some people that it has cold areas as well, known as Zamhareer. Cold as in severe cold that burns, not cool and breezy where people get to take a break from constant heat and burning.

Question: why does it matter if summer happens when Hell-fire exhales and winter when it inhales, and why does it matter if fever is from the heat of Hell-fire? Yes, we believe it even if it goes against whatever Geography and Biology we have studied, but what does it matter? My point is, all these parables and examples are given so we can visualize the severity of punishment and find motivation to stop ourselves from disobeying Allah, and to seek refuge from it.

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 488 :
Narrated by Yali (radiallaahu `anhu)
That he heard the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) on the pulpit reciting: “They will cry: “O Malik!’ (43.77) (Malik is the gate-keeper (angel) of the (Hell) Fire.)

Paradise and its Purity (Ahadith 2867 – 2875)

Bismillah.

The chapter on description of Jannah continues in this post. This is probably my favorite chapter in Bukhari so far! <3

An important point to be derived from this chapter is that Jannah has already been created. Some people might believe that it’ll be created after the hisaab on the Day of Judgement, but these narrations prove otherwise.

The VIPs of Jannah

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 468 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The first group (of people) who will enter Paradise will be (glittering) like the moon when it is full. They will not spit or blow their noses or relieve nature. Their utensils will be of gold and their combs of gold and silver; in their centers the aloe wood will be used, and their sweat will smell like musk. Everyone of them will have two wives; the marrow of the bones of the wives’ legs will be seen through the flesh out of excessive beauty. They ( i.e. the people of Paradise) will neither have differences nor hatred amongst themselves; their hearts will be as if one heart and they will be glorifying Allah in the morning and in the evening.”

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 469 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The first batch (of people) who will enter Paradise will be (glittering) like a full moon; and those who will enter next will be (glittering) like the brightest star. Their hearts will be as if the heart of a single man, for they will have no enmity amongst themselves, and everyone of them shall have two wives, each of whom will be so beautiful, pure and transparent that the marrow of the bones of their legs will be seen through the flesh. They will be glorifying Allah in the morning and evening, and will never fall ill, and they will neither blow their noses, nor spit. Their utensils will be of gold and silver, and their combs will be of gold, and the fuel used in their centers will be the aloes-wood, and their sweat will smell like musk.”

The life of an average person in Jannah will be better than any king of this world. What, then, can be said about the VIPs – the crème de la crème of humanity? Imagine a life of no filth, whether physical or mental or any other kind. They’ll be as pure as one can get. Jannah personifies purity. Purity of hearts, purity of minds, purity of wealth, purity of environment.. something we can only dream of in this world!

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 470 :
Narrated by Sahl bin Sad (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Verily! 70,000 or 700,000 of my followers will enter Paradise altogether; so that the first and the last amongst them will enter at the same time, and their faces will be glittering like the bright full moon.”

Huge doors, eh? :D

Sa’d ibn Mu’adh

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 471 :
Narrated by Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu)
A silken cloak was presented to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and he used to forbid the usage of silk (by men). When the people were fascinated by the cloak, he said, “By Allah in Whose Hands the life of Muhammad is, the handkerchiefs of Sad bin Mu’adh in Paradise are better than this.”

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 472 :
Narrated by Al-Bara bin Azib (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was given a silken garment, and its beauty and delicacy astonished the people. On that, Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “No doubt, the handkerchiefs of Sad bin Muadh in Paradise are better than this.”

Sa’d ibn Mu’adh (radiallaahu `anhu) is a well-known Companion of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). He’s famous for the decision he made in the matter of Banu Quraydhah and his funeral being witnessed by angels, among other things. So his handkerchiefs being better than a fine silk robe symbolizes the magnitude of his rewards in the Hereafter.

Jabir narrated, I heard the Prophet [pbuh] say: “The Throne shook at the death of Sa‘d ibn Mu‘aadh.” [Bukhari]

Ibn Umar narrated that the messenger of Allah [pbuh] said: “This is a righteous servant for whom the Throne shook and for whom the gates of heavens were thrown open and whose funeral was witnessed by 70,000 angels who had never descended to the earth until that day.”

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 473 :
Narrated by Sahl bin Sad Al-Saidi (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “A place in Paradise equal to the size of a lash is better than the whole world and whatever is in it.”

The Huge Tree

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 474 :
Narrated by Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “There is a tree in Paradise (which is so big and huge that) if a rider travels in its shade for one hundred years, he would not be able to cross it.”

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 475 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said “There is a tree in Paradise (which is so big and huge that) a rider could travel in its shade for a hundred years. And if you wish, you can recite:- ‘In shade long extended..’ (56. 30) and a place in Paradise equal to an arrow bow of one of you, is better than (the whole earth) on which the sun rises and sets.”

For perspective, shown below is an image of the Great Banyan tree in India, which has the widest spread of shade. It covers an area of about 4 acres, has a circumference of 486 m and hence diameter of about 155 m. To get from one point to another on a cantering horse (since Hadith said ‘rider’) of average speed 20 km/h, it’ll take about 28 seconds. (Math game strong! emoji_set_122)

So imagine a tree that almost never ends. Imagine its branches of gold and its variety of fruits. The point is, Paradise is huge and it contains ginormous things. Not just for show, but for our possession and use – if we’re willing to work for it.

Unity in Jannah

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 476 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The first batch (of people) who will enter Paradise will be (glittering) like the full moon, and the batch next to them will be (glittering) like the most brilliant star in the sky. Their hearts will be as if the heart of a single man, for they will have neither enmity nor jealousy amongst themselves; everyone will have two wives from the houris, (who will be so beautiful, pure and transparent that) the marrow of the bones of their legs will be seen through the bones and the flesh.”

Unity is one of the unique characteristics of Jannah. A lot of ahadith mention this about the people of Paradise, that there’ll be no differences or hatred among them. As a general rule, I understand, but no jealousy or enmity among co-wives? I’m baffled! It’s true, then, what is said about Paradise: no heart has ever perceived it. :P

The Who’s Who of Paradise (Ahadith 2861 – 2866)

Bismillah.

This narration is the last one from the chapter of Angels. It mentions the guard of hell-fire, Maalik, and the angels that guard Madinah so Dajjal can’t enter it.

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 462 :
Narrated by Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “On the night of my ascent to the Heaven, I saw Moses who was a tall brown curly-haired man as if he was one of the men of Shan’awa tribe, and I saw Jesus, a man of medium height and moderate complexion inclined to the red and white colors and of lank hair. I also saw Malik, the gate-keeper of the (Hell) Fire and Ad-Dajjal amongst the signs which Allah showed me.” (The Prophet then recited the Holy Verse): “So be not you in doubt of meeting him (i.e., when you met Moses during the night of Mi’raj over the heavens)… (32.23)
Narrated Anas and Abu Bakra: The Prophet said, “The angels will guard Medina from Ad-Dajjal (who will not be able to enter the city of Medina).”

Chapter of Paradise and its characteristics starts here. Don’t stop your imagination from going wild from this point forward. :)

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 463 :
Narrated by Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “When anyone of you dies, he will be shown his destination both in the morning and in the evening, and if he belongs to the people of Paradise, he will be shown his place in Paradise, and if he is from the people of Hell, he will be shown his place in Hell.”

Longing for Jannah is possibly the most beautiful concept ever. Reading its vivid descriptions and looking at it through the camera of the mind, the heart is flooded by feelings and emotions that I fail to describe as anything but ‘sweet’. The heart longs for a lot of people and a lot of things, but it doesn’t yearn for anything as it yearns for Jannah. If home is where heart is, then I’d like a one-way ticket to mine please! <3

 

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 464 :
Narrated by ‘Imran bin Husain (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “I looked at Paradise and found poor people forming the majority of its inhabitants; and I looked at Hell and saw that the majority of its inhabitants were women.”

Of what benefit is wealth if it can’t get you to Jannah? What you wear determines your class and rank in society today and what you do will determine your rank in the Hereafter. Yes, there’s a difference between Chanel and Zara (duh?), but there’s also a difference between praying and not praying. Let’s say praying tahajjud could be your Hermès and irregular prayers could be Forever 21. Make sense? :P

Bottom line: the Guccis and Pradas will stay here but our good deeds, our real wealth, will go with us.

With regard to the reason for this, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was asked about it and he explained the reason.

It was narrated that ‘Abd-Allah ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “I was shown Hell and I have never seen anything more terrifying than it. And I saw that the majority of its people are women.” They said, “Why, O Messenger of Allah?” He said, “Because of their ingratitude (kufr).” It was said, “Are they ungrateful to Allah?” He said, “They are ungrateful to their companions (husbands) and ungrateful for good treatment. If you are kind to one of them for a lifetime then she sees one (undesirable) thing in you, she will say, ‘I have never had anything good from you.’” (Narrated by al-Bukhari, 1052)

Another reason is explained in the following hadith:

It was reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There are two types of the people of Hell that I have not seen yet: men with whips like the tails of cattle, with which they strike the people, and women who are clothed yet naked, walking with an enticing gait, with something on their heads that looks like the humps of camels, leaning to one side. They will never enter Paradise or even smell its fragrance, although its fragrance can be detected from such and such a distance.” (Narrated by Ahmad and by Muslim in al-Saheeh)

I always ask myself this before leaving the house: can anything about me entice a man? Works every time!

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 465 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
While we were in the company of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), he said, “While I was asleep, I saw myself in Paradise and there I beheld a woman making ablution beside a palace. I asked, “To whom does this palace belong?” She said, “To ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab”. Then I remembered ‘Umar’s Ghaira (concerning women), and so I quickly went away from that palace.” (When ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) heard this from the Prophet), he wept and said, “Do you think it is likely that I feel Ghaira because of you, O Allah’s Apostle?”

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 466 :
Narrated by ‘Abdullah bin Qais Al-Ashari (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “A tent (in Paradise) is like a hollow pearl which is thirty miles in height and on every corner of the tent the believer will have a family that cannot be seen by the others.”
(Narrated Abu Imran in another narration, “(The tent is) sixty miles (in height)”.)

If that’s how tents are in Paradise, I wonder what palaces would look like!

On a side note, who wouldn’t like to go camping in Jannah? :D

For perspective: shown above is the Pearl of Lao Tzu (also referred to as Pearl of Lao Tze), the largest known pearl in the world. It is not a gem-quality pearl, but is instead what is known as a “clam pearl” or “Tridacna pearl” from a giant clam. It measures 24 centimeters in diameter (9.45 inches) and weighs 6.4 kilograms (14.1 lb).

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 467 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Allah said, “I have prepared for My pious slaves things which have never been seen by an eye, or heard by an ear, or imagined by a human being.” If you wish, you can recite this Verse from the Holy Quran:-“No soul knows what is kept hidden for them, of joy as a reward for what they used to do.” (32.17)

Angels and Our Connection with the Divine (Ahadith 2852 – 2860)

Bismillah.

Narrations about angels continue..

Angel of the Mountains

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 454 :
Narrated by ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa)
That she asked the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), ‘Have you encountered a day harder than the day of the battle) of Uhud?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied, “Your tribes have troubled me a lot, and the worse trouble was the trouble on the day of ‘Aqaba when I presented myself to Ibn ‘Abd-Yaalil bin ‘Abd-Kulal and he did not respond to my demand. So I departed, overwhelmed with excessive sorrow, and proceeded on, and could not relax till I found myself at Qarnath-Tha`alib where I lifted my head towards the sky to see a cloud shading me unexpectedly. I looked up and saw Gabriel in it. He called me saying, ‘Allah has heard your people’s saying to you, and what they have replied back to you, Allah has sent the Angel of the Mountains to you so that you may order him to do whatever you wish to these people.’ The Angel of the Mountains called and greeted me, and then said, “O Muhammad! Order what you wish. If you like, I will let Al-Akhshabain (i.e. two mountains) fall on them.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “No but I hope that Allah will let them beget children who will worship Allah Alone, and will worship none besides Him.”

This incident is that of Taif, as we all know. Despite the brutal treatment, the Prophet (sallalaahu `alayhi wasallam) made dua for them and did not seek revenge. I wonder what I would have done in his place. Forgiveness a this level is easier said than done!

This is present-day Taif valley. There probably would have been no traces of life here had the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) made the dua against them.

Gabriel’s (Jibreel) Wings

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 455 :
Narrated by Abu Ishaq-Ash-Shaibani
I asked Zir bin Hubaish regarding the Statement of Allah: “And was at a distance of but two bow-lengths or (even) nearer; so did (Allah) convey the Inspiration to His slave (Gabriel) [and then he (Gabriel) conveyed (that to Muhammad)]”. (53.9-10) On that, Zir said, “Ibn Mas’ud (radiallaahu `anhu) informed us that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had seen Gabriel having 600 wings.”

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 456 :
Narrated by Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)
Regarding the Verse: “Indeed he (Muhammad) did see. Of the Signs of his Lord, The Greatest!” (53.18) That the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had seen a green carpet* spread all over the horizon of the sky.

*possibly the color of Jibreel’s wings.

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 457 :
Narrated by Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa)
Whoever claimed that (the Prophet) Muhammad (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) saw his Lord, is committing a great fault, for he only saw Gabriel in his genuine shape in which he was created covering the whole horizon.

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 458 :
Narrated by Masruq
I asked Aisha  (radiallaahu `anhaa), “What about His Statement:– “Then he (Gabriel) approached And came closer, And was at a distance of but two bow-lengths or (even) nearer?”” (53.8-9) She replied, “It was Gabriel who used to come to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) in the figure of a man, but on that occasion, he came in his actual and real figure and (he was so huge) that he covered the whole horizon.”

Michael (Mikaeel)

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 459 :
Narrated by Samura (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Last night I saw (in a dream) two men coming to me. One of them said, “The person who kindles the fire is Malik, the gate-keeper of the (Hell) Fire, and I am Gabriel, and this is Michael.”

Angel Michael, as we all know, is responsible for rain. He has helpers, who do what he tells them, by the command of his Lord; they direct the winds and clouds, as Allah wills. He also accompanied Gabriel on his visits to the Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) sometimes. And once the Prophet asked Gabriel why Michael never smiled, to which Gabriel replied that since he’s seen the creation of hell-fire, he stopped smiling. Hell-fire has such an effect on someone who’s not even capable of disobeying Allah, and by extension has zero chance of entering hell-fire; yet it does not affect us in the same manner. We laugh more than we weep. Why?

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Curse of the Angels

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 460 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “If a husband calls his wife to his bed (i.e. to have sexual relation) and she refuses and causes him to sleep in anger, the angels will curse her till morning.”

There are some exceptions to this rule. A woman may refuse if she’s fasting (obligatory fasts only), if she’s menstruating, or going through nifaas (postpartum period), or if he’s trying anal sex, or if she’s sick and can’t handle it. That’s it!

Read more on this issue here.

The Early Days of Revelation

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 461 :
Narrated by Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)
That he heard the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) saying, “The Divine Inspiration was delayed for a short period but suddenly, as I was walking. I heard a voice in the sky, and when I looked up towards the sky, to my surprise, I saw the angel who had come to me in the Hira Cave, and he was sitting on a chair in between the sky and the earth. I was so frightened by him that I fell on the ground and came to my family and said (to them), ‘Cover me! (with a blanket), cover me!’ Then Allah sent the Revelation: “O, You wrapped up (In a blanket)! (Arise and warn! And your Lord magnify. And keep pure your garments, and desert the idols.” (74.1-5)

Here the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) is reminiscing the old days when revelation had just started coming to him. His first few experiences with Jibreel (`alayhissalaam) left him overwhelmed and frightened. But slowly and gradually, he was eased into the process. Revelation was never easy on him but he enjoyed it a lot because it was his special connection with the Divine. For us, it’s prayer. Five opportunities in a day to connect with Allah and nourish our soul. How much do we enjoy this process, despite the fact that it’s not always easy on us?

Angels, a Symbol of Mercy (Ahadith 2841 – 2851)

Bismillah.

The chapter of angels continues. Today’s ahadith mention some specific actions of Jibreel (`alayhissalaam) and other actions of angels in general. Most of them are self-explanatory but I will add some details and links for further information where necessary. Fix yourself a cup of tea and enjoy reading! :)

Gabriel, the teacher

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 443 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was the most generous of all the people, and he used to be more generous in the month of Ramadan when Gabriel used to meet him. Gabriel used to meet him every night in Ramadan to study the Holy Quran carefully together. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) used to become more generous than the fast wind when he met Gabriel.

Gabriel, the imam

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 444 :
Narrated by Ibn Shihab
Once Umar bin Abdul Aziz delayed the ‘Asr prayer a little. ‘Urwa said to him, “Gabriel descended and led the prayer in front of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)”. On that ‘Umar said, “O Urwa! Be sure of what you say.” “Urwa, “I heard Bashir bin Abi Masud narrating from Ibn Masud (radiallaahu `anhu) who heard Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) saying, ‘Gabriel descended and led me in prayer; and then prayed with him again, and then prayed with him again, and then prayed with him again, and then prayed with him again, counting with his fingers five prayers.”

Gabriel, the harbinger of good news

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 445 :
Narrated by Abu Dhar (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Gabriel said to me, ‘Whoever amongst your followers die without having worshipped others besides Allah, will enter Paradise (or will not enter the (Hell) Fire).” The Prophet asked. “Even if he has committed illegal sexual intercourse or theft?” He replied, “Even then.”

This hadith, when studied with other similar ones brings us to this conclusion: a Muslim who never committed shirk won’t stay in hell-fire forever. Best case scenario: Allah forgives him for all his sins and mistakes and enters him into Paradise directly. Worst case scenario: Allah decides to punish him for his sins and then, after some time, removes him from hell-fire and enters him into Paradise, where he spends the remaining of his eternal life.

Angels, our keepers

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 446 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Angels keep on descending from and ascending to the Heaven in turn, some at night and some by daytime, and all of them assemble together at the time of the Fajr and ‘Asr prayers. Then those who have stayed with you over-night, ascent unto Allah Who asks them, and He knows the answer better than they, “How have you left My slaves?” They reply, “We have left them praying as we found them praying.” If anyone of you says “Amin” (during the Prayer at the end of the recitation of Surat-al-Faitiha), and the angels in Heaven say the same, and the two sayings coincide, all his past sins will be forgiven.”

Angels, a symbol of Mercy

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 447 :
Narrated by ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa)
I stuffed for the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) a pillow decorated with pictures (of animals) which looked like a Namruqa (i.e. a small cushion). He came and stood among the people with excitement apparent on his face. I said, “O Allah’s Apostle! What is wrong?” He said, “What is this pillow?” I said, “I have prepared this pillow for you, so that you may recline on it.” He said, “Don’t you know that angels do not enter a house wherein there are pictures; and whoever makes a picture will be punished on the Day of Resurrection and will be asked to give life to (what he has created)?”

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 448 :
Narrated by Abu Talha (radiallaahu `anhu)
I heard Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) saying; “Angels (of Mercy) do not enter a house wherein there is a dog or a picture of a living creature (a human being or an animal).”

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 449 :
Narrated by Busr bin Said
That Zaid bin Khalid Al-Juhani narrated to him something in the presence of Said bin ‘Ubaidullah Al-Khaulani who was brought up in the house of Maimuna (radiallaahu `anhaa), the wife of the Prophet. Zaid narrated to them that Abu Talha (radiallaahu `anhu) said that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The Angels (of Mercy) do not enter a house wherein there is a picture.” Busr said, “Later on Zaid bin Khalid fell ill and we called on him. To our surprise we saw a curtain decorated with pictures in his house. I said to Ubaidullah Al-Khaulani, “Didn’t he (i.e. Zaid) tell us about the (prohibition of) pictures?” He said, “But he excepted the embroidery on garments. Didn’t you hear him?” I said, “No.” He said, “Yes, he did.”

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 450 :
Narrated by Salim’s father (radiallaahu `anhu)
Once Gabriel promised the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) (that he would visit him, but Gabriel did not come) and later on he said, “We, angels, do not enter a house which contains a picture or a dog.”

No angels = no mercy.

Read the ruling on images and pictures/toys around the house here.

Angels, our well-wishers

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 451 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “When the Imam, during the prayer, says, “Allah hears him who praises Him’, say: ‘O Allah! Our Lord! All the praises are for You’, for if the saying of anyone of you coincides with the saying of the angels, his past sins will be forgiven.”

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 452 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “As long as any-one of you is waiting for the prayer, he is considered to be praying actually, and the angels say, ‘O Allah! Be merciful to him and forgive him’, (and go on saying so) unless he leaves his place of praying or passes wind (i.e. breaks his ablution).”

Maalik, the guardian of hell-fire

Volume 4, Book 54, Number 453 :
Narrated by Yali (radiallaahu `anhu)
I heard the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) reciting the following Verse on the pulpit: “They will call: O Mali……’ and Sufyan said that ‘Abdullah recited it: ‘They will call: O Mali..’. (43.77)

The ayah reads:

And they will call, “O Malik, let your Lord put an end to us!” He will say, “Indeed, you will remain.”

The angel Maalik is said to have no mercy in his heart (figure of speech, not sure if angels have hearts.. just saying). The people in hell-fire will call out to him and he won’t even respond for forty years, let alone do their bidding. Plus, he’s said to have never smiled. That says a lot about him.

Why should we care about Maalik and his personality, you ask? The relationship between him and the dwellers of hell-fire is almost the same as that of a boss and his employees. Having a good boss despite the troubles and difficulties of work makes for an overall good experience. But if the boss is heartless, the torture is multiplied! So having a merciless guard over hell adds to the punishment of those dwelling in it. It gives them hopelessness, and that’s the greatest torture of them all. May Allah protect us all!

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