Monthly Archives: October 2011

Adhaan Misc. (Ahadith 602-606)

Salam,
Bismillah.

Volume 1, Book 11, Number 602:

Narrated Abu Dhar:

We were in the company of the Prophet on a journey and the Mu’adhin wanted to pronounce the Adhaan for the (Zuhr) prayer. The Prophet said to him, “Let it become cooler.” Then he again wanted to pronounce the Adhaan but the Prophet; said to him, “Let it become cooler.” The Mu’adhin again wanted to pronounce the Adhaan for the prayer but the Prophet said, “Let it become cooler,” till the shadows of the hillocks become equal to their sizes. The Prophet added, “The severity of the heat is from the raging of Hell.”

More on delaying the Zuhr prayer here.

Volume 1, Book 11, Number 603:

Narrated Malik bin Huwairth:

Two men came to the Prophet with the intention of a journey. The Prophet said, “When (both of) you set out, pronounce Adhan and then Iqama and the oldest of you should lead the prayer.”

Even if two people form a group/team, one of them should be the leader/Imaam/ameer.

Volume 1, Book 11, Number 604:

Narrated Malik:

We came to the Prophet and stayed with him for twenty days and nights. We were all young and of about the same age. The Prophet was very kind and merciful. When he realized our longing for our families, he asked about our homes and the people there and we told him. Then he asked us to go back to our families and stay with them and teach them (the religion) and to order them to do good things. He also mentioned some other things which I have (remembered or) forgotten. The Prophet then added, “Pray as you have seen me praying and when it is the time for the prayer one of you should pronounce the Adhan and the oldest of you should lead the prayer.

More on choosing the Imaam here.

Volume 1, Book 11, Number 605:

Narrated Nafi:

Once in a cold night, Ibn ‘Umar pronounced the Adhan for the prayer at Dajnan (the name of a mountain) and then said, “Pray at your homes”, and informed us that Allah’s Apostle used to tell the Mu’adin to pronounce Adhan and say, “Pray at your homes” at the end of the Adhan on a rainy or a very cold night during the journey.”

More on praying at homes here.

Volume 1, Book 11, Number 606:

Narrated ‘Aun bin Abi Juhaifa:

My father said, “I saw Allah’s Apostle at a place called Al-Abtah. Bilal came and informed him about the prayer and then came out with an Anza and planted it in front of Allah’s Apostle at Al-Abtah and pronounced the Iqama.”

More on Sutrah here.

Wassalam.

Choosing the Imaam (Hadith No. 601)

Salam,
Bismillah.

Volume 1, Book 11, Number 601:

Narrated Malik bin Huwairth:

I came to the Prophet with some men from my tribe and stayed with him for twenty nights. He was kind and merciful to us. When he realized our longing for our families, he said to us, “Go back and stay with your families and teach them the religion, and offer the prayer and one of you should pronounce the Adhan for the prayer when its time is due and the oldest one amongst you should lead the prayer.” 

  •  One Mu’adhin is enough for one group of people.
  • Choosing an Imaam is the group’s decision. It’s a responsibility as well. Choose the best one among you as leader. It can be for salah or any other activity.
  • This particular group was advised by the Prophet (SAW) to choose the oldest among them as leader. This was because all of them had the same level of knowledge, because they were studying/learning from the Prophet (SAW) together. Generally, you have to choose the most knowledgeable and wise among you as the leader. It’s in best interest of the team/group.
Wassalam.

Between Adhaan and Iqaamah (Ahadith 597-600)

Salam,
Bismillah.

Volume 1, Book 11, Number 597:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Mughaffal Al-Muzani:

Allah’s Apostle said thrice, “There is a prayer between the two Adhans (Adhaan and Iqaama),” and added, “For the one who wants to pray.”

It’s a nafal prayer. But Prophet (SAW) kinda recommended it.

Volume 1, Book 11, Number 598:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

“When the Mu’adhdhin pronounced the Adhaan, some of the companions of the Prophet would proceed to the pillars of the mosque (for the prayer) till the Prophet arrived and in this way they used to pray two Rakat before the Maghrib prayer. There used to be a little time between the Adhaan and the Iqaamah.” Shu’ba said, “There used to be a very short interval between the two (Adhaan and Iqaama).”

More on it here.

Volume 1, Book 11, Number 599:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

Allah’s Apostle used to pray two light Rakat before the morning (compulsory) prayer after the day dawned and the Mu’adhin had finished his Adhaan. He then would lie on his right side till the Mu’adhdhin came to pronounce the Iqaamah.

Another Sunnah -> lay down on your right side after praying the Fajr Sunnahs to wait for the fardh prayer.

Volume 1, Book 11, Number 600:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Mughaffal:

The prophet said, “There is a prayer between the two Adhaans (Adhaan and Iqaamah), there is a prayer between the two Adhaans.” And then while saying it the third time he added, “For the one who wants to (pray).”

Prophet (SAW) repeated it thrice. And in the end he said: ‘for the one who wants to (pray)’. It shows that he stressed on it but made it clear that these two rak’aat are not compulsory.

Wassalam.

Adhaan for Tahajjud (Ahadith 594-596)

Salam,
Bismillah.

Volume 1, Book 11, Number 594:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar:

Allah’s Apostle said, “Bilal pronounces the Adhan at night, so keep on eating and drinking (Suhur) till Ibn Um Maktum pronounces the Adhan.”

Volume 1, Book 11, Number 595:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud:

The Prophet said, “The Adhan pronounced by Bilal should not stop you from taking Suhur, for he pronounces the Adhan at night, so that the one offering the late night prayer (Tahajjud) from among you might hurry up and the sleeping from among you might wake up. It does not mean that dawn or morning has started.” Then he (the Prophet) pointed with his fingers and raised them up (towards the sky) and then lowered them (towards the earth) like this (Ibn Mas’ud imitated the gesture of the Prophet). Az-Zuhri gestured with his two index fingers which he put on each other and then stretched them to the right and left. These gestures illustrate the way real dawn appears. It spreads left and right horizontally. The dawn that appears in the high sky and lowers down is not the real dawn) .

 Volume 1, Book 11, Number 596:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

The Prophet said, “Bilal pronounces the Adhan at night, so eat and drink (Suhur) till Ibn Um Maktum pronounces the Adhan.”

There used to be two Adhaans in Prophet (SAW)’s time. One by Bilal (RA) [before fajr/dawn] and one by Ibn Umm Maktum [for Fajr salah]. The one before fajr (not the prayer, the time i.e. dawn) was pronounced in order to wake people up or inform them of suhoor time. So if anyone wanted to pray tahajjud, they could and if they wanted to eat suhoor, they could. :)

Nowadays, some masajid (mosques) do pronounce Adhaan at tahajjud time. Don’t mix it up with Fajr Adhaan. :)

Wassalam.

Best Days, Best Deeds (First 10 Days of Dhul-Hijjah)

Dhul-Hijjah (ذو الحجة) is the twelfth and final month in the Islamic calendar.

This is a very sacred month in the Islamic calendar, marking the end of the year. It is in this month in which the Hajj (pilgrimage) takes place.

“Dhu al-Hijjah” literally means “Possessor of the Pilgrimage.” It is during this month that pilgrims from all around the world congregate at Mecca to visit the Kaaba. The Hajj is performed on the eighth, ninth and the tenth of this month. Day of Arafa takes place on the ninth of the month. Eid al-Adha, the “Festival of the Sacrifice”, begins on the tenth day and ends on the thirteenth.

The first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah are marked blessed for both, the pilgrims and the non-pilgrims. Rewards of good deeds are multiplied in these days. Imaam Ibn Qayyim (rahimahullah) (d. 751H) said: “Indeed, its days are the most excellent of all the days with Allah”. It has been confirmed in Saheeh al-Bukhari from Ibn Abbas (RA) that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “No deeds are more virtuous than deeds on these days.” The companions asked: ‘Not even Jihad (fighting in Allah’s Cause)?’ He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) replied: “Not even Jihad for the sake of Allah, unless a man goes out risking himself and his wealth for the sake of Allah, and does not come back with anything.” [Saheeh al-Bukhari vol: 2, no: 457] And it is these ten days, of which Allah takes an oath saying: “By the dawn; by the ten nights.” [Soorah al-Fajr (89): 1-2] This is why it is recommended to increase in making Takbeer [Allahu Akbar], Tahlil [la ilaha illa Allah] and Tamhid [Alhamdulillah] during these days.” [Zaad al-Ma’aad vol: 1, pp: 56]

These 10 days are the best days of the year. Why not strive to do the BEST deeds in these days? :)

Best of Imaan:

  • that which has no doubts in it [Musnad Ahmad: 9700]
  • Out of the 70+ branches of Imaan, best is: saying ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ [Abu Dawud: 4678]
  • patience and forgiveness [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 1495]
  • good character [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 551]

Best of Islam:

  • consistency, focus and ease [Saheeh Jami’ as-Sagheer: 1090]
  • leaving that which doesn’t concern you [Bukhari]
  • feeding others, saying Salaam to those you know and those whom you do not know [Bukhari]

Best of Deeds:

  • {Highest level:} Iman, Tasdeeq (affirmation), Jihad, Hajj Mabroor
    {Lower level:} being soft-spoken, easy going and feeding people
    {Lowest level:} not thinking bad/wrong about Allah [Musnad Ahmad: 17814]

Best of Jihaad:

  • fighting against your desire and nafs [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 1496]

Best of Prayers:

  • praying in the first time [Abu Dawud: 426] [Bukhari: 2782]
  • praying in congregation (for men) [Muslim: 1504]
  • praying Fajr in congregation on Jumu’ah (for men) [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 1566]
  • praying nawafil at home [Bukhari: 731]
  • tahajjud/night prayer [Muslim: 2812]
  • praying in the last portion of the night (when Allah descends down to the lowest heaven) [Musnad Ahmad: 281555]
  • praying like Dawud (AS): sleep the first half of the night, pray one-third, sleep one-sixth. [Irwaa al-Ghaleel: 199/2]
  • praying with long qiyaam/recitation [Muslim: 1804] [Abu Dawud: 1325]
  • praying in a hidden/covered place (for women) [Abu Dawud: 570]
  • praying in Masjid Haraam and Masjid Nabawi [Muslim: 2812]

Best of Fasts:

  • fasting like Dawud (AS): on alternate days [Bukhari: 5052]
  • fasting in Muharram, esp. on the 10th [Muslim: 2812]
  • fasting on the day of Arafah (9th of Dhul-Hijjah)

Best of Hajj:

  • that which has lots of talbiyah and sacrifice (of animals) [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 1500]
  • that which has maximum dhikr/remembrance of Allah

Best of Sadaqah:

  • spending on your family [Muslim: 2357]
  • spending on your ride/friends in the Way of Allah (worship/knowledge/jihaad etc.) [Muslim: 2357]
  • giving presents to a friend [Musnad Ahmad: 4415]
  • making others happy, clothing them, feeding them, fulfilling their needs [Saheeh at-Targheeb wa at-Tarheeb: 2621] [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 1494]
  • giving to the relative who dislikes/hurts you [Musnad Ahmad: 23530]
  • providing residence/shade/ride in Allah’s Way [Musnad Ahmad: 22321]
  • helping someone who is serving in the Way of Allah
  • gifting a milk-giving animal [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 2587]
  • providing drinking-water [Sunan an-Nasaai: 3665]
  • spending in health and fear of poverty [Bukhari: 2748]
  • spending but keeping some to yourself [Bukhari: 5355]
  • making peace between two people [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 1448 & 2639]
  • paying off someone’s debt [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 2291]
  • feeding others [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 1494]
  • relieving someone off their trouble/problem [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 2291]

Best of People:

  • those who praise Allah a lot (and appreciate good things) [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 1584]
  • those who have beautiful character/akhlaaq [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 1384]
  • those to whom Allah bestows a long age and they do maximum good deeds (tasbeeh, tahleel, takbeer) in it Musnad Ahmad: 1401 & 20480]
  • those who are soft-hearted (fearful of Allah and sincere) and truthful [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 948]
  • those who keep others safe from harm (from their hands and tongue) [Bukhari: 2786] [Musnad Ahmad: 15210]
  • those who do Jihaad with their wealth and life (time, strength, energy etc.) [Musnad Ahmad: 9723]
  • those who worship Allah and deal with people with ‘khayr’ (good) [Musnad Ahmad: 9723]
  • strong believers (physical/emotional strength) [Musnad Ahmad: 8839]
  • those who live among others and bear with patience the harm that people cause them [as-Sunan al-Kubra lil Baihaqi: 20669] [Saheeh al-Jami’ as-Sagheer lil Albani: 6651]

Best of Dhikr:

  • la ilaha illa Allah لا إله إلا الله  [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 1497] [Musnad Ahmad: 21847]
  • subhan Allahi wa bi hamdihi سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ [Muslim: 7101]
  • subhan Allahi wal hamdu lillahi wa la ilaha illa Allah wa Allahu Akbar سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ وَلَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ [Musnad Ahmad: 16412]
  • la ilaha illa Allahu wahdahu la shareeka lahu lahu al-mulku wa lahu al-hamdu wa huwa ‘alaa kulli shay’in qadeer لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَىْءٍ قَدِيرٌ [Muslim: 7018]
  • سبحان الله عدد ما خلق ، سبحان الله ملء ما خلق ، سبحان الله عدد ما في الأرض و السماء ، سبحان الله ملء ما في السماء و الأرض ، سبحان الله ملء ما خلق، سبحان الله عدد ما أحصى كتابه ، و سبحان الله ملء كل شيء [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 2578]
  • Alhamdulillah الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 1497]

Best of Qur’an:

  • Surah al-Fatihah [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 1499]
  • Best ayah: Ayat-ul-Kursi [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 109]

Best of Ta’awwuz (Seeking Allah’s Protection):

  • Mu’awwizatayn: Surah al-Falaq and an-Naas [Musnad Ahmad: 17297]

Best of Days:

  • first 10 days of Dhul-Hijjah [Bukhari: 969]
  • 9th and 11th of Dhul-Hijjah [Saheeh Ibn Hibban: 2811] [Abu Dawud: 1765]
  • Friday [Musnad Ahmad: 7687]

Best Time of the Day:

  • last portion of the night (when Allah descends down to the lowest heaven) [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 551]
External links (resources):
Compiled from Dr. Farhat Hashmi’s lecture: Dhul-Hijjah (October 27th, ’11)
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