Hadith: Things You Should Know – 1

بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم 

In Arabic the word “Hadith” (حدیث) means “that which is new from amongst things” or “a piece of information conveyed either in a small quantity or large”.

Hadith also refers to the speech of a person.

In Islamic terminology, the term Hadith refers to reports of statements or actions of Muhammadﷺ, or of His ﷺ tacit approval of something said or done in his presence.

Classical Hadith specialist Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani says that:

 “the intended meaning of Hadith in religious tradition is something attributed to Muhammadﷺ, as opposed to the Qur’an”

Broadly Hadith is defined as:

  • Sayings of Muhammad ﷺ
    The statements of the Prophet include everything the Prophet said for various reasons on different occasions.
  • Actions of Muhammad ﷺ
    The actions of the Prophet include everything that the Prophet did that was related to us by his Companions.  This includes how he made ablutions, how he performed his prayers, and how he made the Hajj pilgrimage.
  • Approval of Muhammad ﷺ
    The tacit approvals of the Prophet includes everything that his Companions said or did that he either showed his favor towards or at least did not object to.  Anything that had the tacit approval of the Prophet is as valid as anything that he said or did himself.

Let me explain by the examples which would help us for better understanding…

Example of Saying of Muhammadﷺ:

Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, reported:

“Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: When there comes the month of Ramadan, the gates of mercy are opened, and the gates of Hell are locked and the devils are chained” (صحیح البخاری ۵۹۳)

Example of Action of Hazrat Muhammad ﷺ:

Abdullah Ibn Abu Aufa, may Allah be pleased with him, reported:  We went on seven expeditions with Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and ate locusts. (صحیح البخاری۱۱۳۰)

Example of Approval of Muhammadﷺ:

An example of this is the approval that was given to the Companions when they used their discretion in deciding when to pray during the Battle of Bani Quraydhah.  God’s Messenger had said to them:

“None of you should perform your afternoon prayers until you arrive at Bani Quraydhah.”

The Companions did not arrive at Bani Quraydhah until after sunset.  Some of them took the Prophet’s words literally and postponed the afternoon prayer, saying: “We will not pray until we get there.”  Others understood that the Prophet was only indicating to them that they should hurry on their journey, so they stopped and prayed the afternoon prayer on time.

The Prophet learned about what the two groups had decided, but did not criticize either of them.


About Ammatulla'ah

إِنَّ صَلَاتِى وَنُسُكِى وَمَحۡيَاىَ وَمَمَاتِى لِلَّهِ رَبِّ ٱلۡعَـٰلَمِينَ Surely my prayer and my sacrifice and my life and my death are for Allaah, The Lord of the worlds. Al-Qura'an O'Allaah, Make Your love the most beloved thing to me of all loves, and make my fear of You be the most fearful thing to me of all fears. Free me of the necessities of this world by [granting] me a desire to meet You. When the eyes of the people of the world are cooled by their worldly belongings, let my eyes be cooled by Your worship.. Allaah'huma Aameen.

Posted on February 5, 2012, in Hadith 101, iLook and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. 4 Comments.

  1. SWW.av chosen e-mail twice or thrice 2 share ur post bt neva rcvd d post on my e-mail account(inbox).pls kindly snd me d post.

  2. can u pls. clarify the example on the approval of prophet saw

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