The Friday Ghusl (Hadith No. 817)


Volume 1, Book 12, Number 817:

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:

The Prophet said, “Ghusl (taking a bath) on Friday is compulsory for every Muslim reaching the age of puberty.”

Fuqahaa’ (experts in Islamic jurisprudence) say it’s mustahabb (recommended) to do ghusl on Fridays.
As for the question about women’s doing ghusl on Fridays, read this.

Do read about some other virtues of Friday. :)



About Yumna

Bukhari Blogger | Student and teacher of the Qur'an | Studying BAIS from IOU.

Posted on February 21, 2012, in iLook and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. 4 Comments.

  1. The Arabic word in this Hadith is ‘wajib’. Prophet (SAW)’s use of this word is different than that of a faqih.
    Jamal Az-Zarabozo said:

    “The word Wajib here may be understood by some people to mean ‘obligatory.’ Actually, to be exact, that is the meaning of the word that was given to it by later jurists. In the Arabic language of the Prophet (peace be upon him), it does not necessarily mean obligatory as such but may mean an action which is stressed and is close to mandatory. It is similar to another expression in Arabic, ‘Your right is a must (Wajib) upon me,’ but this does not mean that it is absolutely incumbent and there is no alternative available to the person. It merely means that it is the proper and best behaviour that one should have.”

    [The Fiqh of the Friday Prayer (1), p. 61]

    As for the hukm, it’s abrogated.
    Dr. Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips said:

    In the early days of Islaam, taking a ghusl for the Friday congregational prayers was compulsory. Sa’eed al-Khudree quoted Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) as saying, “Taking a ghusl on Friday is compulsory for everyone who has reached puberty.” (Sahih Muslim vol. 2, pp.163-4 no. 1838)

    ‘Aa’ishah related that people would come to Friday prayer from their houses in neighbouring villages dressed in dusty wollen garments which emitted bad odours. One of them came to the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) while he was in ‘Aa’ishah’s home and the Messenger of Allaah said to him, “It would be good if you cleaned yourself on this day.” Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) strongly recommended that Muslims who attend the Friday congregational prayer take a complete Islaamic bath (ghusl). However, the obligation was later reduced to a strong recommendation. Samurah quoted Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) as saying, “Whoever makes wudoo on Friday, it is good [for him], but if ghusl is taken, it is better.” (Sunan Abu Dawud vol.1, p. 93, no. 354 and authenticated in Saheeh Sunan Abee Dawood, vol.1, p.72, no. 341).

    Ikramah reported that a group of people came to Ibn Abbas from Al-Iraq. They said: “Oh Ibn Abbas, do you think that Ghusl on Friday is obligatory?” He replied: “No, but it is purer and better for the one who performs Ghusl. And whoever does not perform Ghusl, then it is not obligatory for him. And I will inform you how (this) Ghusl started. People used to work hard; they would wear wool garments, and would work with their backs (meaning, manual labour). And their Masjid was small, with a low roof, made out of palm-leaves. One day, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) came out on a hot day, and people were sweating in their wool garments, until the stench from them harmed (disturbed and distracted) others. When the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) smelled this odour, he said: ‘Oh people! When this day arrives, then perform Ghusl, and let everyone of you apply the best oil and fragrance that he has.'” Then Ibn Abbas said: “After this, Allah, Exalted is His rememberance, blessed (the Muslims) with much good, and so they wore other than wool, and did not have to work (themselves), and their Masjid was expanded. So the matter which used to trouble them, of (the stench) from their sweat, was removed.”

    [Sunan Abu Dawud (Darussalam Publishers, translated by Yasir Qadhi, edited by Abu Khaliyl), vol. 1, p. 265, Book 1: The Book of Purification, Chapter 128: The permissibility of not performing Ghusl on Friday, Hadith #353. Classed as Hasan by Hafiz Abu Tahir Zubair Za’i]

    So now taking a bath on Friday is reduced to a strong recommendation. Mustahabb is the term fuqahaa’ use for it.

    And Allah knows best.

  1. Pingback: Excellence of the Friday Ghusl (Ahadith 700 – 706) « iLookiListen

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