Sajdah of Tilawat (Hadith No. 872)
Book of as-Sajdah at-Tilawat [Prostration During Recital of Qur’an] starts today..
Volume 2, Book 19, Number 872:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Masud :
The Prophet recited Surat an-Najm (103) at Mecca and prostrated while reciting it and those who were with him did the same except an old man who took a handful of small stones or earth and lifted it to his forehead and said, “This is sufficient for me.” Later on, I saw him killed as a non-believer.
According to a Tradition related by Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Da’ud and Nasai, on the authority of Hadrat Abdullah bin Mas’ud, the first Surah in which a versa requiring the performance of a sajdah (prostration) as sent down, is Surah An-Najm. The parts of this Hadith which have been reported by Aswad bin Yazid, Abu Ishaq and Zubair bin Mu’awiyah from Hadrat Ibn Mas’ud, indicate that this is the first Surah of the Qur’an, which the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) had publicly recited before an assembly of the Quraish (and according to Ibn Marduyah, in the Ka’bah) in which both the believers and the disbelievers were present. At the end, when he recited the verse requiring the performance of a sajdah and fell down in prostration, the whole assembly also fall down in prostration with him, and even those chiefs of the polytheists who were in the forefront of the opposition to the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) could not resist falling down in prostration. Ibn Mas’ud (may Allah be pleased with him) says that he saw only one man, Umayyah bin Khalaf, from among the disbelievers, who did not fall down in prostration but took a little dust and rubbing it on his forehead said that that was enough for him. Later, as Ibn Mas’ud relates, he saw this man being killed in the state of disbelief.
Sajdah of Tilawat
There are fifteen places in the Qur’aan where the prostration of recitation is required.
The prostration in these verses is mustahabb for the reader and the listener, and it is not obligatory. If a person wants to prostrate he should say takbeer, then say in his prostration what he says when he prostrates in prayer, then get up without saying takbeer or tashahhud or salaam. If the prostration of recitation comes during a prayer, then he should say takbeer when standing up again.
With regard to doing the prostration of recitation when you are listening to a verse in which a prostration is required on the computer or a recorder, it seems that it is not required to prostrate for that.
It is not prescribed for the one who is listening to prostrate unless the reciter prostrates, because Zayd ibn Thaabit recited Soorat al-Najm to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and he did not prostrate, and neither did the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). This indicates that the prostration of recitation is not obligatory, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not rebuke Zayd for not prostrating. The hadeeth also indicates that the listener should not prostrate unless the reader prostrates.
It is not essential to have wudoo’ for sujood al-tilaawah, according to the more correct of the two scholarly opinions.
Some dhikr and du’aa’s are prescribed in sujood al-tilaawah as in the prostration during prayer. Among these du’aa’s are:
Allaahumma laka sajadtu wa bika aamantu wa laka aslamtu, sajada wajhi lilladhi khalaqahu wa sawwarahu wa shaqqa sam’ahu wa basarahu bi hawlihi wa quwwatihi, tabaarak Allaahu ahsan al-khaaliqeen
(O Allaah, unto You I have prostrated and in You I have believed, and unto You I have submitted. My face has prostrated before Him Who created it and fashioned it, and brought forth its faculties of hearing and seeing by His Might and Power. Blessed is Allaah, the Best of creators).
This was narrated by Muslim in his Saheeh, 1290 from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him); he said that he used to say this dhikr during the prostration of prayer, according to the hadeeth of ‘Ali (may Allaah be pleased with him).
It was narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to make du’aa’ when he did sujood al-tilaawah, and he would say:
“Allaahumma aktub li biha ‘indaka ajran wa’mhu ‘anni biha wizran waj’alha li ‘indaka dukhran wa taqabbalha minni kama taqabbaltaha min ‘abdika Dawood”
(O Allaah, record for me a reward for this (prostration), and remove from me a sin. Save it for me and accept it from me just as You accepted it from Your slave Dawood).” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 528).
What is obligatory is to say “Subhaana Rabbiy al-A’laa” (Glory be to my Lord Most High), as is obligatory during the prostration of prayer. Any additional du’aa’ or dhikr is mustahabb.
It’s not permissible to stick to tasbeeh and dhikr instead of sajdah of tilawat. Detailed answer here.
[Taken from IslamQA]