Monthly Archives: November 2012

Can a Woman Give Zakah to her Husband? (Hadith No. 1240)

Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 541:

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri (radiallaahu `anhu):

On ‘Id ul Fitr or ‘Id ul Adha Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) went out to the Musalla. After finishing the prayer, he delivered the sermon and ordered the people to give alms. He said, “O people! Give alms.” Then he went towards the women and said. “O women! Give alms, for I have seen that the majority of the dwellers of Hell-Fire were you (women).” The women asked, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! What is the reason for it?” He replied, “O women! You curse frequently, and are ungrateful to your husbands. I have not seen anyone more deficient in intelligence and religion than you. O women, some of you can lead a cautious wise man astray.” Then he left. And when he reached his house, Zainab (radiallaahu `anhaa), the wife of Ibn Masud (radiallaahu `anhu), came and asked permission to enter It was said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! It is Zainab (radiallaahu `anhaa).” He asked, ‘Which Zainab?” The reply was that she was the wife of Ibn Mas’ud (radiallaahu `anhu). He said, “Yes, allow her to enter.” And she was admitted. Then she said, “O Prophet of Allah (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! Today you ordered people to give alms and I had an ornament and intended to give it as alms, but Ibn Masud (radiallaahu `anhusaid that he and his children deserved it more than anybody else.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied, “Ibn Masud (radiallaahu `anhu) had spoken the truth. Your husband and your children had more right to it than anybody else.”

The Standing Committee (10/62) was asked:

Is it permissible for a woman to give the zakaah of her wealth to her husband if he is poor?

They replied: it is permissible for a woman to give the zakaah of her wealth to her husband if he is poor so as to ward off his poverty, because of the general meaning of the verse in which Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“As-Sadaqaat (here it means Zakaah) are only for the Fuqaraa’ (poor), and Al-Masaakeen (the poor)”

[al-Tawbah 9:60]

More details on the subject here.

By No Means Shall You Attain Righteousness.. (Hadith No. 1239)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 1237 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 538:

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri (radiallaahu `anhu):

Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “No Zakat is imposed on less than five Awsuq of dates; no Zakat is imposed on less than five Awaq of silver, and no Zakat is imposed on less than five camels.”

Hadith no. 1238 (below) is also a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 539:

Narrated Abu Dhar (radiallaahu `anhu):

Once I went to him (the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)) and he said, “By Allah in Whose Hands my life is (or probably said, ‘By Allah, except Whom none has the right to be worshipped) whoever had camels or cows or sheep and did not pay their Zakat, those animals will be brought on the Day of Resurrection far bigger and fatter than before and they will tread him under their hooves, and will butt him with their horns, and (those animals will come in circle): When the last does its turn, the first will start again, and this punishment will go on till Allah has finished the judgments amongst the people.”

Today’s Hadith:

This is extraordinary. Brace yourselves.

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 540:

Narrated Ishaq bin ‘Abdullah bin Al Talha (radiallaahu `anhu):

I heard Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu) saying, “Abu Talha (radiallaahu `anhu) had more property of date-palm trees gardens than any other amongst the Ansar in Medina and the most beloved of them to him was Bairuhaa garden, and it was in front of the Mosque of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) used to go there and used to drink its nice water.” Anas (radiallaahu `anhu) added, “When these verses were revealed:–‘By no means shall you Attain righteousness unless You spend (in charity) of that Which you love. ‘ (3.92) Abu Talha (radiallaahu `anhu) said to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) ‘O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! Allah, the Blessed, the Superior says: By no means shall you attain righteousness, unless you spend (in charity) of that which you love. And no doubt, Bairuha’ garden is the most beloved of all my property to me. So I want to give it in charity in Allah’s Cause. I expect its reward from Allah. O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! Spend it where Allah makes you think it feasible.’ On that Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, ‘Bravo! It is useful property. I have heard what you have said (O Abu Talha), and I think it would be proper if you gave it to your Kith and kin.’ Abu Talha (radiallaahu `anhu) said, I will do so, O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam).’ Then Abu Talha (radiallaahu `anhu) distributed that garden amongst his relatives and his cousins.”

Can you ever imagine giving away the best of your wealth, your most prized possession, the one thing you love the most? It’s truly the most difficult thing to do. Imagine Abu Talha (radiallaahu `anhu) giving away his beloved garden to his relatives. I wonder how he would feel later looking at them enjoying the fruits of his beloved garden, while he only looked from a distance. SubhanAllah, such courage! If I were in his place, I’d probably give it to some stranger and move away from the city in order to not be able to look at that garden again. That only proves that he had a stronger resolve, and definitely firmer Imaan, a level of Ikhlaas I’m nowhere close to.

On a side note, do check out a brilliant explanation of this Hadith here. You’ll see how different rulings and lessons are derived from simple conversations and narrations.

Quality of Zakah (contd.) (Hadith No. 1236)

Bismillah.

In day-before-yesterday’s post, I expressed my own opinion regarding quality of Zakah, that one might as well give the best of what he has as Zakah since he’s giving it for the sake of Allah. But today’s Hadith gives a different approach to it. Read on..

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 537:

Narrated Ibn `Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

When Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) sent Mu`adh (radiallaahu `anhu) to Yemen, he said (to him), “You are going to people of a (Divine) Book. First of all invite them to worship Allah (alone) and when they come to know Allah, inform them that Allah has enjoined on them, five prayers in every day and night; and if they start offering these prayers, inform them that Allah has enjoined on them, the Zakat. And it is to be taken from the rich amongst them and given to the poor amongst them; and if they obey you in that, take Zakat from them and avoid (don’t take) the best property of the people as Zakat.”

I don’t find my opinion contradicting with this one. What I said was for the Zakah-giver, and that too, just a suggestion. This instruction of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), “avoid the best property of people as Zakat” is for the Zakah-collector. He’s being taught to be lenient with people. If the Zakah-collector was to take the best of their animals away, they won’t really look forward to paying Zakah each year to him, would they?

Caliphs and Zakah (Hadith No. 1235)

Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 536:

Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):

Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “By Allah! If they (pay me the Zakat and) withhold even a she-kid which they used to pay during the lifetime of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), I will fight with them for it.” ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “It was nothing but Allah Who opened Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu)‘s chest towards the decision to fight, and I came to know that his decision was right.”

As the news of the Prophet’s death spread, a number of tribes rebelled and refused to pay Zakat (poor-due), saying that this was due only to the Prophet . At the same time a number of impostors claimed that the prophethood had passed to them after Muhammad and they raised the standard of revolt. To add to all this, two powerful empires, the Eastern Roman and the Persian, also threatened the new-born Islamic state at Medina.

Under these circumstances, many Companions of the Prophet, including Umar, advised Abu Bakr to make concessions to the Zakat evaders, at least for a time. They told him to accept their prayer from them and leave it up to Allah to judge them for denying Zakat. The new Caliph disagreed. He insisted that the Divine Law cannot be divided, that there is no distinction between the obligations of Zakat and Salat (prayer), and that any compromise with the injunctions of God would eventually erode the foundations of Islam. Umar and others were quick to realize their error of judgment. The revolting tribes attacked Medina but the Muslims were prepared. Abu Bakr himself led the charge, forcing them to retreat. He then made a relentless war on the false claimants to prophethood, most of whom submitted and again professed Islam.

The threat from the Roman Empire had actually arisen earlier, during the Prophet’s lifetime. The Prophet had organized an army under the command of Usama, the son of a freed slave. The army had not gone far when the Prophet had fallen ill so they stopped. After the death of the Prophet , the question was raised whether the army should be sent again or should remain for the defense of Medina. Again Abu Bakr showed a firm determination. He said, “I shall send Usama’s army on its way as ordered by the Prophet, even if I am left alone.”

[Islamicweb.com]

Quality of Zakah (Hadith No. 1234)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 1232 and no. 1233 (below) are repeats. Read the post here.

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 533:

Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):

Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu), wrote to me about the Zakat which Allah had ordered His Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) to observe: Whoever had to pay Jahda (Jahda means a four-year-old she-camel) as Zakat from his herd of camels and he had not got one, and he had Hiqqa (three-year-old she-camel), that Hiqqa should be accepted from him along with two sheep if they were available or twenty Dirhams (one Durham equals about 1/4 Saudi Riyal) and whoever had to pay Hiqqa as Zakat and he had no Hiqqa but had a Jadha, the Jadha should be accepted from him, and the Zakat collector should repay him twenty Dirhams or two sheep; and whoever had to pay Hiqqa as Zakat and he had not got one, but had a Bint Labun (two-year-old she-camel), it should be accepted from him along with two sheep or twenty Dirhams; and whoever had to pay Bint Labun and had a Hiqqa, that Hiqqa should be accepted from him and the Zakat collector should repay him twenty Dirhams or two sheep; and whoever had to pay Bint Labun and he had not got one but had a Bint Makhad (one-year-old she camel), that Bint Makhad should be accepted from him along with twenty Dirhams or two sheep.

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 534:

Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):

When Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) sent me to (collect the Zakat from) Bahrein, he wrote to me the following:– (In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful). These are the orders for compulsory charity (Zakat) which Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had made obligatory for every Muslim, and which Allah had ordered His Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallamto observe: Whoever amongst the Muslims is asked to pay Zakat accordingly, he should pay it (to the Zakat collector) and whoever is asked more than that (what is specified in this script) he should not pay it; for twenty-four camels or less, sheep are to be paid as Zakat; for every five camels one sheep is to be paid, and if there are between twenty-five to thirty-five camels, one Bint Makhad is to be paid; and if they are between thirty-six to forty-five (camels), one Bint Labun is to be paid; and if they are between forty-six to sixty (camels), one Hiqqa is to be paid; and if the number is between sixty-one to seventy-five (camels), one Jadh’a is to be paid; and if the number is between seventy-six to ninety (camels), two Bint Labuns are to be paid; and if they are from ninety-one to one-hundred-and twenty (camels), two Hiqqas are to be paid; and if they are over one-hundred and-twenty (camels), for every forty (over one-hundred-and-twenty) one Bint Labun is to be paid, and for every fifty camels (over one-hundred-and-twenty) one Hiqqa is to be paid; and who ever has got only four camels, has to pay nothing as Zakat, but if the owner of these four camels wants to give something, he can. If the number of camels increases to five, the owner has to pay one sheep as Zakat. As regards the Zakat for the (flock) of sheep; if they are between forty and one-hundred-and-twenty sheep, one sheep is to be paid; and if they are between one-hundred-and-twenty to two hundred (sheep), two sheep are to be paid; and if they are between two-hundred to three-hundred (sheep), three sheep are to be paid; and for over three-hundred sheep, for every extra hundred sheep, one sheep is to be paid as Zakat. And if somebody has got less than forty sheep, no Zakat is required, but if he wants to give, he can. For silver the Zakat is one-fortieth of the lot (i.e. 2.5%), and if its value is less than two-hundred Dirhams, Zakat is not required, but if the owner wants to pay he can.’

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 535:

Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):

Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) wrote to me what Allah had ordered His Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) (about Zakat) which goes: Neither an old nor a defected animal, nor a male-goat may be taken as Zakat except if the Zakat collector wishes (to take it).

Zakah is wealth we give away for Allah’s sake. Shouldn’t we give the best of what we have?

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