Daily Archives: December 5, 2012

Woman Spending on her Family (Ahadith 1244 – 1245)

Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 545:

Narrated ‘Amr bin Al-Harith (radiallaahu `anhu):

Zainab (radiallaahu `anhaa), the wife of ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “I was in the Mosque and saw the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam) saying, ‘O women! Give alms even from your ornaments.’ ” Zainab (radiallaahu `anhaa) used to provide for ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu) and those orphans who were under her protection. So she said to ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu), “Will you ask Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam) whether it will be sufficient for me to spend part of the Zakat on you and the orphans who are under my protection?” He replied “Will you yourself ask Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam)?” (Zainab (radiallaahu `anhaa) added): So I went to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam) and I saw there an Ansari woman who was standing at the door (of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam)) with a similar problem as mine. Bilal (radiallaahu `anhu) passed by us and we asked him, ‘Ask the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam) whether it is permissible for me to spend (the Zakat) on my husband and the orphans under my protection.’ And we requested Bilal (radiallaahu `anhu) not to inform the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam) about us. So Bilal (radiallaahu `anhu) went inside and asked the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam) regarding our problem. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam) asked, “Who are those two?” Bilal (radiallaahu `anhureplied that she was Zainab (radiallaahu `anhaa). The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam) said, “Which Zainab (radiallaahu `anhaa)?” Bilal (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “The wife of ‘Adullah (bin Masud) (radiallaahu `anhu).” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam) said, “Yes, (it is sufficient for her) and she will receive a double rewards (for that): One for helping relatives, and the other for giving Zakat.”

Similar Hadith covered here.

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 546:

Narrated Zainab (radiallaahu `anhaa):

(the daughter of Um Salama (radiallaahu `anhaa)) My mother said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam)! Shall I receive a reward if I spend for the sustenance of Abu Salama (radiallaahu `anhu)‘s offspring, and in fact they are also my sons?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam) replied, “Spend on them and you will get a reward for what you spend on them.”

There are different opinions among the scholars regarding a woman spending of her wealth. The soundest of these opinions, the one held by majority is that a woman has the right to spend her own money in all circumstances, whether in a transaction or otherwise, whether this involves all of her wealth or part of it.

This is the soundest opinion, and is most in accordance with the Qur’aan, the Sunnah and common sense.

In the Qur’aan, Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And give to the women (whom you marry) their Mahr (obligatory bridal money given by the husband to his wife at the time of marriage) with a good heart, but if they, of their own good pleasure, remit any part of it to you, take it, and enjoy it without fear of any harm (as Allaah has made it lawful).”[al-Nisa’ 4:4]

Allaah allows the husband to take what his wife gives him willingly.

Allaah also says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And if you divorce them before you have touched (had a sexual relation with) them, and you have appointed unto them the mahr (bridal money given by the husband to the wife at the time of marriage), then pay half of that (mahr), unless the women agree to forego it…”[al-Baqarah 2:237]

Here Allaah allows women to give up as much of the mahr as they wish if their husbands divorce them, without them having to ask permission from anybody. This indicates that women have the right to decide what to do with their own money, and that a woman has rights to her wealth just as a man has rights to his wealth. (Sharh al-Ma’aani al-Athaar, 4/352).

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And try orphans (as regards their intelligence) until they reach the age of marriage; if then you find sound judgement in them, release their property to them…” [al-Nisa’ 4:6]

This clearly means that when the female orphan becomes wise and discerning, she is allowed to handle her own wealth.

Similarly, when the women gave their jewellery in charity after the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had addressed them during his Eid sermon, this was an indication that they are allowed to dispose of their wealth without asking permission from anybody.

(See Ittihaaf al-Khilaan bi Huqooq al-Zawjayn fi’l-Islam by Dr. Fayhaan ibn ‘Ateeq al-Mutayri, pp. 92-96).

It says in Nayl al-Awtaar: “the majority of scholars agreed that women are allowed [to handle their own wealth] with no restrictions and without having to ask their husbands’ permission, so long as they are not foolish, but if they are foolish, it is not permitted.” It says in al-Fath: “The majority have a lot of evidence in the Qur’aan and Sunnah.”

And since women have no obligation to spend on their families, whatever they do spend out of their own accord, they get rewarded for it.

No financial responsibilities on women. Yay!

Can Good Bring Forth Evil? (Hadith No. 1243)

Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 544:

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri (radiallaahu `anhu):

Once the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) sat on a pulpit and we sat around him. Then he said, “The things I am afraid of most for your sake (concerning what will befall you after me) is the pleasures and splendors of the world and its beauties which will be disclosed to you.” Somebody said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! Can the good bring forth evil?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) remained silent for a while. It was said to that person, “What is wrong with you? You are talking to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) while he is not talking to you.” Then we noticed that he was being inspired divinely. Then the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) wiped off his sweat and said, “Where is the questioner?” It seemed as if the Prophet liked his question. Then he said, “Good never brings forth evil. Indeed it is like what grows on the banks of a water-stream which either kill or make the animals sick, except if an animal eats its fill the Khadira (a kind of vegetable) and then faces the sun, and then defecates and urinates and grazes again. No doubt this wealth is sweet and green. Blessed is the wealth of a Muslim from which he gives to the poor, the orphans and to needy travelers. (Or the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said something similar to it) No doubt, whoever takes it illegally will be like the one who eats but is never satisfied, and his wealth will be a witness against him on the Day of Resurrection.”

Why was the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) afraid about pleasures, splendors and beauties of this world being disclosed to us believers? Simple. These things are trials. Temptations, very hard to resist. One goes through a major test of Imaan while dealing with them. You falter, you lose. So Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), being our well-wisher, was worried about us being afflicted with trials. One more reason to love him (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)!

Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) gives an example of an animal who eats a lot, and from everywhere. It eats so much that it either dies because of overeating or becomes really sick – harms itself.
Then there’s another animal who eats according to need, utilizes it, digests and gets rid of it. Remains healthy and fit.

Contentedness is the word. We need to learn to lead a balanced lifestyle. To not go blindly after wealth – the beauties and temptations of this world. To not forget the difference between haraam and halaal – harmful and beneficial – while fulfilling the desire to acquire and accumulate wealth. Because the person who acquires it from everywhere and anywhere harms himself. Whereas the person who takes from this world as per need, utilizes it, and then takes again according to need, is the one who actually benefits. He does not harm himself by taking the haraam route. He gives of his wealth in charity that purifies it. He’s contented with what he has. So he does not take others’ share by force, lest that wealth becomes witness against him on the Day of Judgement. He’s fit and healthy. He’s the one we should strive to become like. He’s the one Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) praised.

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