Monthly Archives: April 2013

`Umrah in Ramadaan (Hadith No. 1533)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 27, Number 10:

Narrated Ata:

I heard Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) saying, “Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asked an Ansari woman (Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) named her but ‘Ata’ forgot her name), ‘What prevented you from performing Hajj with us?’ She replied, ‘We have a camel and the father of so-and-so and his son (i.e. her husband and her son) rode it and left one camel for us to use for irrigation.’ He said (to her), ‘Perform ‘Umra when Ramadan comes, for ‘Umra in Ramadan is equal to Hajj (in reward),’ or said something similar.”

Undoubtedly ‘umrah in Ramadaan does not take the place of the obligatory Hajj, i.e., the one who does ‘Umrah in Ramadaan has not discharged the duty to perform the obligatory Hajj for the sake of Allaah.

What is meant by the hadeeth is that they are alike in terms of reward, not in terms of fulfilling the duty.

Nevertheless, what is meant by equivalency between the reward for ‘umrah in Ramadaan and the reward for Hajj is equivalency in terms of amount, not in terms of type. Undoubtedly Hajj is superior to ‘Umrah in terms of the type of action.

The one who does ‘umrah in Ramadaan will attain a reward equal in amount to that of Hajj, but the action of Hajj brings special virtues and status that are not present in ‘umrah, such as du’aa’ in ‘Arafah, stoning the jamaraat, offering the sacrifice and so on. Although they are equal in terms of the amount – or number – of reward, they are not equal in terms of type or nature.

Ishaaq ibn Raahawayh said:

What this hadeeth, i.e., “ ‘umrah in Ramadaan is equivalent to Hajj”, means is similar to the report narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in which he said: “Whoever recites Qul Huwa Allaahu Ahad has recited one third of the Qur’aan.” Sunan al-Tirmidhi (2/268).

More on it here.

I’m already making niyyah and du`a to do `Umrah this Ramadaan. What about you?

`Umrahs of the Prophet [sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam] (Ahadith 1527 – 1532)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 27, Number 4:

Narrated Mujahid:

Ursa bin Az Zubair and I entered the Mosque (of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)) and saw ‘Abdullah bin Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) sitting near the dwelling place of Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) and some people were offering the Duha prayer. We asked him about their prayer and he replied that it was a heresy. He (Ursa) then asked him how many times the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had performed ‘Umra. He replied, ‘Four times; one of them was in the month of Rajab.” We disliked to contradict him. Then we heard ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa), the Mother of faithful believers cleaning her teeth with Siwak in the dwelling place. ‘Ursa said, “O Mother! O Mother of the believers! Don’t you hear what Abu ‘Abdur Rahman (radiallaahu `anhu) is saying?” She said, “What does he say?” ‘Ursa said, “He says that Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) performed four ‘Umra and one of them was in the month of Rajab.” ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) said, “May Allah be merciful to Abu ‘Abdur Rahman (radiallaahu `anhu)! The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did not perform any ‘Umra except that he was with him, and he never performed any ‘Umra in Rajab.”


Volume 3, Book 27, Number 5:

Narrated ‘Ursa bin Az-Zubair:

I asked ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) (whether the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had performed ‘Umra in Rajab). She replied, “Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) never performed any ‘Umra in Rajab.”


Volume 3, Book 27, Number 6:

Narrated Qatada:

I asked Anas (radiallaahu `anhu) how many times the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had performed ‘Umra. He replied, “Four times. 1. ‘Umra of Hudaibiya in Dhi-l-Qa’da when the pagans hindered him; 2. ‘Umra in the following year in Dhi-l-Qa’da after the peace treaty with them (the pagans); 3. ‘Umra from Al-Jr’rana where he distributed the war booty.” I think he meant the booty (of the battle) of Hunain. I asked, “How many times did he perform Hajj?” He (Anas (radiallaahu `anhu)) replied, “Once. “


Volume 3, Book 27, Number 7:

Narrated Qatada:

I asked Anas (radiallaahu `anhu) (about the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)’s ‘Umra) and he replied, “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) performed ‘Umra when the pagans made him return, and Umra of al-Hudaibiya (the next year), and another ‘Umra in Dhi-l-Qa’da, and another ‘Umra in combination with his Hajj.”


Volume 3, Book 27, Number 8:

Narrated Hammam:

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) performed four ‘Umra (three) in Dhi-l-Qa’da except the (one) ‘Umra which he performed with his Hajj: His ‘Umra from Al-hudaibiya, and the one of the following year, and the one from Al-Jr’rana where he distributed the booty (of the battle) of Hunain, and another ‘Umra with his Hajj.


Volume 3, Book 27, Number 9:

Narrated Abu Ishaq:

I asked Masruq, ‘Ata’ and Mujahid (about the ‘Umra of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)). They said, “Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had performed ‘Umra in Dhi-l-Qa’da before he performed Hajj.” I heard Al-Bara’ bin ‘Azib (radiallaahu `anhu) saying, “Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had performed ‘Umra in Dhi-l-Qa’da twice before he performed Hajj.”

There’s some difference of opinion among the Companions regarding the number of `Umrahs of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). But the most authentic and correct view is that he did it four times in his life. And Allah knows best.

Ibn al-Qayyim said:

He did ‘Umrah four times after the Hijrah, four ‘Umrahs, all of them in Dhu’l-Qi’dah.

The first was the ‘Umrah of al-Hudaybiyah, which was the first of them, in 6 AH, but the mushrikeen prevented him from reaching the House (the Ka’bah), so he offered the sacrifice (of camels) when his way was blocked at al-Hudaybiyah, and he and his companions shaved their heads and exited the state of ihraam, and went back in the same year to Madeenah.

The second was the Fulfilled ‘Umrah in the following year, when he entered Makkah and stayed there for three (days), then he left after completing his ‘Umrah.

The third was the ‘Umrah which he did along with his Hajj.

The fourth was his ‘Umrah from al-Ja’raanah, when he went out to Hunayn then he came back to Makkah and performed ‘Umrah from al-Ja’raanah.

He said: there is no (scholarly) dispute concerning the fact that he did no more than four ‘Umrahs.

See Zaad al-Ma’aad, vol. 2, p. 90-93

As for `Umrah in Rajab, there are no reports that describe any virtue of performing `Umrah in the month of Rajab, nor did the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) do so. Rather, all his `Umrahs were in the month of Dhul-Qa`dah. Read more on it here.

`Umrah before Hajj (Ahadith 1525 – 1526)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 27, Number 2:

Narrated Ibn Juraij:

Ikrima bin Khalid asked Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) about performing ‘Umra before Hajj. Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, “There is no harm in it.” ‘Ikrima said, “Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) also said, ‘The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had performed ‘Umra before performing Hajj.'”


Volume 3, Book 27, Number 3:

Narrated ‘Ikrima bin Khalid:

“I asked Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) the same (as above).”

`Umrah may be done before/after/without Hajj. No restrictions on that, Alhamdulillah. But if one is going for Hajj, the type of Hajj they intended for must be kept in mind and they should act accordingly. For example, someone who’s doing Tamattu` must do the `Umrah, come out of Ihraam, and then enter Ihraam for Hajj. He doesn’t have an option to not do `Umrah before Hajj. Same for Qiraan, but the difference is that both `Umrah and Hajj are to be done in the same Ihraam (with one tawaaf and one sa`ee, of course). And for Ifraad, it’s Hajj only. `Umrah after Ifraad/Qiran is something debatable. Go through this to know what I mean.

For more details on Hajj and its types and other issues related to it, search this blog as we’ve covered Kitaab-ul-Hajj Alhamdulillah. Or search IslamQA for whatever you can’t find here.

Excellence of `Umrah (Hadith No. 1524)

Bismillah.

Kitaab-ul-`Umrah [Book of Minor Pilgrimage] starts today.

Volume 3, Book 27, Number 1:

Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):

Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “(The performance of) ‘Umra is an expiation for the sins committed (between it and the previous one). And the reward of Hajj Mabrur (the one accepted by Allah) is nothing except Paradise.”

This Hadith is the best news I’ve received in a long time! Makes me want to go back to Saudi again. :(

We sin every hour of the day. Salah expiates those sins. And we sin repeatedly throughout the days and months. InshaAllah, when Allah gives us the tawfeeq to do (multiple) `Umrah(s), those sins shall also be forgiven. Such a blessing of Allah! Alhamdulillah. How can one ever despair of His Mercy?
May Allah invite me and you (the reader), and all the Muslims to visit His House often. And may He accept the visits from us then. Ameen.

Here’s an image to make you feel the same longing as I’m feeling right now:

Baytullah. <3

Baytullah. <3

Having said (and done) that, there’s a side question: what’s the ruling on `Umrah? Is it an obligation upon all Muslims, or recommended? Read the detailed answer with all the proofs here.

Hajj – Misc. (Ahadith 1510 – 1523)

Bismillah.

The Farewell Tawaaf

Volume 2, Book 26, Number 810:

Narrated Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

The people were ordered to perform the Tawaf of the Ka’ba (Tawaf-al-Wada’) as the lastly thing, before leaving (Mecca), except the menstruating women who were excused.


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 811:

Narrated Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) offered the Zuhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib and the ‘Isha’ prayers and slept for a while at a place called Al-Mahassab and then rode to the Ka’ba and performed Tawaf round it .


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 812:

Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):

Safiya bint Huyay (radiallaahu `anhaa), the wife of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), got her menses, and Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was informed of that. He said, “Would she delay us?” The people said, “She has already performed Tawaf-al-Ifada.” He said, “Therefore she will not (delay us).”


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 813:

Narrated ‘Ikrima:

The people of Medina asked Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) about a woman who got her menses after performing Tawaf-al-Ifada. He said, “She could depart (from Mecca).” They said, “We will not act on your verdict and ignore the verdict of Zaid.” Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “When you reach Medina, inquire about it.” So, when they reached Medina they asked (about that). One of those whom they asked was Um Sulaim (radiallaahu `anhaa). She told them the narration of Safiya (radiallaahu `anhaa) (above).


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 814:

Narrated Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

A menstruating woman was allowed to leave Mecca if she had done Tawaf-al-Ifada. Tawus (a sub-narrator) said from his father, “I heard Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) saying that she would not depart. Then later I heard him saying that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had allowed them (menstruating women) to depart.”


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 815:

Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):

We set out with the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) with the intention of performing Hajj only. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) reached Mecca and performed Tawaf of the Ka’ba and between Safa and Marwa and did not finish the Ihram, because he had the Hadi with him. His companions and his wives performed Tawaf (of the Ka’ba and between Safa and Marwa), and those who had no Hadi with them finished their Ihram. I got the menses and performed all the ceremonies of Hajj. So, when the Night of Hasba (night of departure) came, I said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! All your companions are returning with Hajj and ‘Umra except me.” He asked me, “Didn’t you perform Tawaf of the Ka’ba (Umra) when you reached Mecca?” I said, “No.” He said, “Go to Tan’im with your brother ‘Abdur-Rahman (radiallaahu `anhu), and assume Ihram for ‘Umra and I will wait for you at such and such a place.” So I went with ‘Abdur-Rahman (radiallaahu `anhu) to Tan’im and assumed Ihram for ‘Umra. Then Safiya bint Huyay (radiallaahu `anhaa) got menses. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, ” ‘Aqra Halqa! You will detain us! Didn’t you perform Tawaf-al-Ifada on the Day of Nahr (slaughtering)?” She said, “Yes, I did.” He said, “Then there is no harm, depart.” So I met the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) when he was ascending the heights towards Mecca and I was descending, or vice-versa.


Places where the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) camped/stayed during his Hajj

Volume 2, Book 26, Number 816:

Narrated ‘Abdul-Aziz bin Rufai:

I asked Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu), “Tell me something you have observed about the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) concerning where he offered the Zuhr prayer on the Day of Tarwiya (8th Dhul-Hijja).” Anas (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, “He offered it at Mina.” I said, “Where did he offer the Asr prayer on the Day of Nafr (day of departure from Mina)?” He replied, “At Al-Abtah,” and added, “You should do as your leaders do.”


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 817:

Narrated Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) offered the Zuhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib and ‘Isha’ prayers and slept for a while at a place called Al-Mahassab and then he rode towards the Ka’ba and performed Tawaf (al-Wada’).


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 818:

Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):

It (i.e. Al-Abtah) was a place where the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) used to camp so that it might be easier for him to depart.


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 819:

Narrated Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

Staying at Al-Mahassab is not one of the ceremonies (of Hajj), but Al-Mahassab is a place where Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) camped (during his Hajjat-ul-wida).


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 820:

Narrated Nafi:

Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) used to spend the night at Dhi-Tuwa in between the two Thaniyas and then he would enter Mecca through the Thaniya which is at the higher region of Mecca, and whenever he came to Mecca for Hajj or ‘Umra, he never made his she camel kneel down except near the gate of the Masjid (Sacred Mosque) and then he would enter (it) and go to the Black (stone) Corner and start from there circumambulating the Ka’ba seven times: hastening in the first three rounds (Ramal) and walking in the last four. On finishing, he would offer two Rakat prayer and set out to perform Tawaf between Safa and Marwa before returning to his dwelling place. On returning (to Medina) from Hajj or ‘Umra, he used to make his camel kneel down at Al-Batha which is at Dhu-l-Hulaifa, the place where the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) used to make his camel kneel down.


Volume 2, Book 26, Number 821:

Narrated Khalid bin Al-Harith:

‘Ubaidullah was asked about Al Mahassab. ‘Ubaidullah narrated: Nafi’ said, ‘Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) and Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) camped there.” Nafi’ added, “Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) used to offer the Zuhr and ‘Asr prayers at it (i.e. Al-Mahassab).” I think he mentioned the Maghrib prayer also. I said, “I don’t doubt about ‘Isha’ (i.e. he used to offer it there also), and he used to sleep there for a while. He used to say, ‘The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) used to do the same.’ “

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Hajj & Business/Trade

Volume 2, Book 26, Number 822:

Narrated Ibn ‘ Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

Dhul-Majaz and ‘Ukaz were the markets of the people during the pre-lslamic period of ignorance. When the people embraced Islam, they disliked to do bargaining there till the following Holy Verses were revealed:– There is no harm for you If you seek of the bounty Of your Lord (during Hajj by trading, etc.) (2.198)

The ayah:

﴿لَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ أَن تَبْتَغُواْ فَضْلاً مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ فَإِذَآ أَفَضْتُم مِّنْ عَرَفَـتٍ فَاذْكُرُواْ اللَّهَ عِندَ الْمَشْعَرِ الْحَرَامِ وَاذْكُرُوهُ كَمَا هَدَاكُمْ وَإِن كُنتُمْ مِّن قَبْلِهِ لَمِنَ الضَّآلِّينَ ﴾

(198. There is no sin on you if you seek the bounty of your Lord (during pilgrimage by trading). Then when you leave `Arafat, remember Allah (by glorifying His praises, i.e., prayers and invocations) at the Mash`ar-il-Haram. And remember Him (by invoking Allah for all good) as He has guided you, and verily you were before, of those who were astray).

Its Tafsir in Ibn Kathir:

Al-Bukhari reported that Ibn `Abbas said, “`Ukaz, Mijannah and Dhul-Majaz were trading posts during the time of Jahiliyyah. During that era, they did not like the idea of conducting business transactions during the Hajj season. Later, this Ayah was revealed:

﴿لَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ أَن تَبْتَغُواْ فَضْلاً مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ﴾

(There is no sin on you if you seek the bounty of your Lord.) during the Hajj season.”

Abu Dawud and others recorded that Ibn `Abbas said, “They used to avoid conducting business transactions during the Hajj season, saying that these are the days of Dhikr. Allah revealed:

﴿لَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ أَن تَبْتَغُواْ فَضْلاً مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ﴾

(There is no sin on you if you seek the bounty of your Lord (during pilgrimage by trading).)

This is also the explanation of Mujahid, Sa`id bin Jubayr, `Ikrimah, Mansur bin Al-Mu`tamir, Qatadah, Ibrahim An-Nakha`i, Ar-Rabi` bin Anas and others. Ibn Jarir reported that Abu Umaymah said that when Ibn `Umar was asked about conducting trade during the Hajj, he recited the Ayah:

﴿لَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ أَن تَبْتَغُواْ فَضْلاً مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ﴾

(There is no sin on you if you seek the bounty of your Lord (during pilgrimage by trading). )

This Hadith is related to Ibn `Umar with a strong chain of narrators. This Hadith is also related to the Prophet , as Ahmad reported that Abu Umamah At-Taymi said, “I asked Ibn `Umar, `We buy (and sell during the Hajj), so do we still have a valid Hajj’ He said, `Do you not perform Tawaf around the House, stand at `Arafat, throw the pebbles and shave your heads’ I said, `Yes.’ Ibn `Umar said, `A man came to the Prophet and asked him about what you asked me, and the Prophet did not answer him until Jibril came down with this Ayah:

﴿لَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ أَن تَبْتَغُواْ فَضْلاً مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ﴾

(There is no sin on you if you seek the bounty of your Lord (during pilgrimage by trading).) The Prophet summoned the man and said: (You are pilgrims).” Ibn Jarir narrated that Abu Salih said to `Umar, “`O Leader of the faithful! Did you conduct trade transactions during the Hajj” He said, “Was their livelihood except during Hajj”


The Farewell Tawaaf, Again..

Volume 2, Book 26, Number 823:

Narrated ‘ Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):

Safiya (radiallaahu `anhaa) got her menses on the night of Nafr (departure from Hajj), and she said, “I see that I will detain you.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Aqra Halqa! Did she perform the Tawaf on the Day of Nahr (slaughtering)?” Somebody replied in the affirmative. He said, “Then depart.” (Different narrators mentioned that) ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) said, “We set out with Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) (from Medina) with the intention of performing Hajj only. When we reached Mecca, he ordered us to finish the Ihram. When it was the night of Nafr (departure), Safiya bint Huyay (radiallaahu `anhaa) got her menses. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Halqa Aqra! I think that she will detain you,” and added, “Did you perform the Tawaf (Al-Ifada) on the Day of Nahr (slaughtering)?” She replied, “Yes.” He said, “Then depart.” I said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! I have not (done the Umra).” He replied, “Perform ‘Umra from Tan’im.” My brother went with me and we came across the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) in the last part of the night. He said, “Wait at such and such a place.”

Kitaab-ul-Hajj [Book of Pilgrimage] ends here.

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