Doubtful Things and What to Avoid of Them (Ahadith 1763 – 1766)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 268:

Narrated `Abdullah bin Abu Mulaika:

`Uqba bin Al-Harith (radiallaahu `anhu) said that a black woman came and claimed that she had suckled both of them (i.e. `Uqba and his wife). So, he mentioned that to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) who turned his face from him and smiled and said, “How (can you keep your wife), and it was said (that both of you were suckled by the same woman)?” His wife was the daughter of Abu Ihab-al-Tamimi.

Since foster siblings are mahrams among each other, that marriage was annulled. Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did that in order to stay away from doubt.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 269:

Narrated Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):

`Utba bin Abu Waqqas (radiallaahu `anhu) took a firm promise from his brother Sa`d bin Abu Waqqas (radiallaahu `anhu) to take the son of the slave-girl of Zam`a into his custody as he was his (i.e. `Utba’s) son. In the year of the Conquest (of Mecca) Sa`d bin Abu Waqqas (radiallaahu `anhu) took him, and said that he was his brother’s son, and his brother took a promise from him to that effect. ‘Abu bin Zam`a (radiallaahu `anhu) got up and said, “He is my brother and the son of the slave-girl of my father and was born on my father’s bed.” Then they both went to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). Sa`d (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “O Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! He is the son of my brother and he has taken a promise from me that I will take him.” ‘Abu bin Zam`a (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “(He is) my brother and the son of my father’s slave-girl and was born on my father’s bed.” Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The boy is for you. O ‘Abu bin Zam`a (radiallaahu `anhu).” Then the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The son is for the bed (i.e. the man on whose bed he was born) and stones (disappointment and deprivation) for the one who has done illegal sexual intercourse.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) told his wife Sauda bint Zam`a (radiallaahu `anhaa) to screen herself from that boy as he noticed a similarity between the boy and `Utba. So, the boy did not see her till he died.

So even though the case was decided in ‘Abu bin Zam`a’s favor, Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) still asked Sawdah bint Zam`a (radiallaahu `anhaa), ‘Abu bin Zam`a’s sister, to cover from that boy because he saw resemblance between him and `Utbah. All to avoid the doubtful.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 270:

Narrated `Adi bin Hatim (radiallaahu `anhu):

I asked Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) about Al Mirad (i.e. a sharp-edged piece of wood or a piece of wood provided with a piece of iron used for hunting). He replied, “If the game is hit by its sharp edge, eat it, and if it is hit by its broad side, do not eat it, for it has been beaten to death.” I asked, “O Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! I release my dog by the name of Allah and find with it at the game, another dog on which I have not mentioned the name of Allah, and I do not know which one of them caught the game.” Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said (to him), ‘Don’t eat it as you have mentioned the name of Allah on your dog and not on the other dog.”

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 271:

Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) passed by a fallen date and said, “Were it not for my doubt that this might have been given in charity, I would have eaten it.” And narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu) the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “I found a datefruit fallen on my bed.”

Steer clear of fallen things, unless you know whom they belong to and you can fulfill the task of returning them to their rightful owner.
There’s a proper ruling on fallen lost things. Read it here.

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About Yumna

Bukhari Blogger | Student and teacher of the Qur'an | Studying BAIS from IOU.

Posted on October 15, 2013, in iLook and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. 8 Comments.

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