The Pledge of Protection Given to Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) (Hadith No. 1990)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 37, Number 494 :
Narrated by Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) (wife of the Prophet)
Since I reached the age when I could remember things, I have seen my parents worshipping according to the right faith of Islam. Not a single day passed but Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) visited us both in the morning and in the evening. When the Muslims were persecuted, Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) set out for Ethiopia as an emigrant. When he reached a place called Bark-al-Ghimad, he met Ibn Ad-Daghna, the chief of the Qara tribe, who asked Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu), “Where are you going?” Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “My people have turned me out of the country and I would like to tour the world and worship my Lord.” Ibn Ad-Daghna said, “A man like you will not go out, nor will he be turned out as you help the poor earn their living, keep good relation with your Kith and kin, help the disabled (or the dependents), provide guests with food and shelter, and help people during their troubles. I am your protector. So, go back and worship your Lord at your home.” Ibn Ad-Daghna went along with Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) and took him to the chiefs of Quraish saying to them, “A man like Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) will not go out, nor will he be turned out. Do you turn out a man who helps the poor earn their living, keeps good relations with Kith and kin, helps the disabled, provides guests with food and shelter, and helps the people during their troubles?” So, Quraish allowed Ibn Ad-Daghna’s guarantee of protection and told Abu- Bakr that he was secure, and said to Ibn Ad-Daghna, “Advise Abu Bakr to worship his Lord in his house and to pray and read what he liked and not to hurt us and not to do these things publicly, for we fear that our sons and women may follow him.” Ibn Ad-Daghna told Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) of all that, so Abu- Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) continued worshipping his Lord in his house and did not pray or recite Qur’an aloud except in his house. Later on Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) had an idea of building a mosque in the court yard of his house. He fulfilled that idea and started praying and reciting Qur’an there publicly. The women and the offspring of the pagans started gathering around him and looking at him astonishingly. Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) was a softhearted person and could not help weeping while reciting Qur’an. This horrified the pagan chiefs of Quraish. They sent for Ibn Ad-Daghna and when he came, they said, “We have given Abu Bakr protection on condition that he will worship his Lord in his house, but he has transgressed that condition and has built a mosque in the court yard of his house and offered his prayer and recited Qur’an in public. We are afraid lest he mislead our women and offspring. So, go to him and tell him that if he wishes he can worship his Lord in his house only, and if not, then tell him to return your pledge of protection as we do not like to betray you by revoking your pledge, nor can we tolerate Abu Bakr’s public declaration of Islam (his worshipping).” ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) added: Ibn Ad-Daghna came to Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) and said, “You know the conditions on which I gave you protection, so you should either abide by those conditions or revoke my protection, as I do not like to hear the ‘Arabs saying that Ibn Ad-Daghna gave the pledge of protection to a person and his people did not respect it.” Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “I revoke your pledge of protection and am satisfied with Allah’s protection.” At that time Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was still in Mecca and he said to his companions, “Your place of emigration has been shown to me. I have seen salty land, planted with date-palms and situated between two mountains which are the two Harras.” So, when the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) told it, some of the companions migrated to Medina, and some of those who had migrated to Ethiopia returned to Medina. When Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) prepared for emigration, Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to him, “Wait, for I expect to be permitted to emigrate.” Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) asked, “May my father be sacrificed for your sake, do you really expect that?” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied in the affirmative. So, Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) postponed his departure in order to accompany Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and fed two camels which he had, with the leaves of Samor trees for four months.

I keep thinking I’ve covered this Hadith before, but the blog search results keep disappointing me. Very well.

Ibn ad-Daghna pledged to protect Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) and he announced this to the people of Makkah. It was also a kind of guarantee that he gave to the people of Makkah that Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) won’t be a ‘problem’ anymore. That’s why every time the Quraysh had an issue concerning him, they went to Ibn ad-Daghna to resolve it instead of going directly to him.

And it’s profound how Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) tells him he’s satisfied with Allah’s protection and doesn’t need his. Only a man of faith and trust can say these words when surrounded by danger.. that too, from his own people.

Advertisements

About Yumna

Bukhari Blogger | Student and teacher of the Qur'an | Studying BAIS from IOU.

Posted on May 5, 2014, in iLook and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. 1 Comment.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

genuine treats

homemade goodies for any occasion.

Beauty Frenzy

skincare and makeup blog

Raising Muslims

What job can be more rewarding than raising a child upon the kalimah of "La ilaha illa Allah"?

Always Learning Resources

Sharing for the sake of Allah (swt)

Islamic Lapbooking

Your one stop for Islamic lapbooking resources

My Beginning

Islamic homeschooler

Days of Our Lives 2

...a continuation of Days of Our Lives, a Muslim family's homeschooling journal.

Days of Our Lives

Through Thick and Thin...

Talibiddeen Jr. Companion Blog

Companion Blog to Talibiddeen Jr. - Tips and Tidbits for homeschooling, home, and Islamic life!

Umm Abdul Basir's

Sharing Our Homeschool Adventure!

Muslim Learning Garden

Planting Seeds of Jaariyah

Happy Land

For Islamic Teachings

thegentlemuslimman

Becoming A Muslim Gentleman.

The Humble "I"

Knowing, Doing, Becoming

Iqbalencia

Sharing words with the globe

The Ottawa Cafe Hopper

Your guide to Ottawa's cafe universe.

shaziarif.wordpress.com/

CHECK OUT WWW.SHAZIAARIF.COM

Dumpling Sisters

Chinese-Kiwi sisters bonding through food

%d bloggers like this: