Daily Archives: September 1, 2014

Mortgage Misc. (Ahadith 2184 – 2189)


Ahadith 2178 – 2183 (below) are repeats. See linked text for related posts.

Volume 3, Book 44, Number 681:
Narrated Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever manumits his share of a jointly possessed slave, it is imperative on him to manumit the slave completely if he has sufficient money to pay the rest of its price which is to be estimated justly. He should pay his partners their shares and release him (the freed one).


Volume 3, Book 44, Number 682:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever manumits his share of a jointly possessed slave, it is essential for him to manumit the slave completely if he has sufficient money. Otherwise he should look for some work for the slave (to earn what would enable him to emancipate himself), without overburdening him with work.”


Volume 3, Book 44, Number 683:
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) (along with his companions) reached Mecca in the morning of the fourth of Dhul-Hijja assuming Ihram for Hajj only. So when we arrived at Mecca, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) ordered us to change our intentions of the Ihram for ‘Umra and that we could finish our Ihram after performing the ‘Umra and could go to our wives (for sexual intercourse). The people began talking about that. Jabir (radiallaahu `anhu) said surprisingly, “Shall we go to Mina while semen is dribbling from our male organs?” Jabir (radiallaahu `anhu) moved his hand while saying so. When this news reached the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) he delivered a sermon and said, “I have been informed that some peoples were saying so and so; By Allah I fear Allah more than you do, and am more obedient to Him than you. If I had known what I know now, I would not have brought the Hadi (sacrifice) with me and had the Hadi not been with me, I would have finished the Ihram.” At that Suraqa bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu) stood up and asked “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! Is this permission for us only or is it forever?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied, “It is forever.” In the meantime ‘Ali bin Abu Talib (radiallaahu `anhu) came from Yemen and was saying Labbaik for what the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) has intended. (According to another man, ‘Ali was saying Labbaik for Hajj similar to Allah’s Apostle’s). The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) told him to keep on the Ihram and let him share the Hadi with him.

See number 13 in this post.

Volume 3, Book 44, Number 684:
Narrated Abaya bin Rifaa:
My grandfather, Rafi bin Khadij (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “We were in the valley of Dhul-Hulaifa of Tuhama in the company of the Prophet and had some camels and sheep (of the booty). The people hurried (in slaughtering the animals) and put their meat in the pots and started cooking. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) came and ordered them to upset the pots, and distributed the booty considering one camel as equal to ten sheep. One of the camels fled and the people had only a few horses, so they got worried. (The camel was chased and) a man slopped the camel by throwing an arrow at it. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, ‘Some of these animals are untamed like wild animals, so if anyone of them went out of your control, then you should treat it as you have done now.’ ” My grandfather said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! We fear that we may meet our enemy tomorrow and we have no knives, could we slaughter the animals with reeds?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Yes, or you can use what would make blood flow (slaughter) and you can eat what is slaughtered and the Name of Allah is mentioned at the time of slaughtering. But don’t use teeth or fingernails (in slaughtering). I will tell you why, as for teeth, they are bones, and fingernails are used by Ethiopians for slaughtering. (See Hadith 668)

Kitaab-ush-Sharikah [Book of Partnership] ends here.

Kitaab-ur-Rahn [Book of Mortgaging] starts today..

Volume 3, Book 45, Number 685:
Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):
No doubt, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) mortgaged his armor for barley grains. Once I took barley bread with some dissolved fat on it to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and I heard him saying, “The household of Muhammad did not possess except a Sa (of food grain, barley, etc.) for both the morning and the evening meals although they were nine houses.”


Volume 3, Book 45, Number 686:
Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) bought some foodstuff on credit for a limited period and mortgaged his armor for it.


Volume 3, Book 45, Number 687:
Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Who would kill Ka’b bin Al-Ashraf as he has harmed Allah and His Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)?” Muhammad bin Maslama (radiallaahu `anhu) (got up and) said, “I will kill him.” So, Muhammad bin Maslama (radiallaahu `anhu) went to Ka’b and said, “I want a loan of one or two Wasqs of food grains.” Ka’b said, “Mortgage your women to me.” Muhammad bin Maslama (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “How can we mortgage our women, and you are the most handsome among the Arabs?” He said, “Then mortgage your sons to me.” Muhammad (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “How can we mortgage our sons, as the people will abuse them for being mortgaged for one or two Wasqs of food grains? It is shameful for us. But we will mortgage our arms to you.” So, Muhammad bin Maslama (radiallaahu `anhu) promised him that he would come to him next time. They (Muhammad bin Maslama (radiallaahu `anhu) and his companions) came to him as promised and murdered him. Then they went to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and told him about it.

Volume 3, Book 45, Number 688:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “One can ride the mortgaged animal because of what one spends on it, and one can drink the milk of a milch animal as long as it is mortgaged. “

Volume 3, Book 45, Number 689:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The mortgaged animal can be used for riding as long as it is fed and the milk of the milch animal can be drunk according to what one spend on it. The one who rides the animal or drinks its milk should provide the expenditures.”

Volume 3, Book 45, Number 690:
Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) bought some foodstuff from a Jew and mortgaged his armor to him.

Volume 3, Book 45, Number 691:
Narrated Ibn Abu Mulaika:
I wrote a letter to Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) and he wrote to me that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had given the verdict that the defendant had to take an oath.

Volume 3, Book 45, Number 692:
Narrated Abu Wail:
Abdullah (bin Mas’ud) (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “Whoever took a false oath in order to grab somebody’s property will meet Allah while Allah will be angry with him.” Allah revealed the following verse to confirm that:- “Verily! Those who purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah’s covenant And their oaths…a painful torment.” (3.77)
Al-Ash’ath bin Qais (radiallaahu `anhu) came to us and asked as to what Abu Abdur-Rehman (i.e. Ibn Mas’ud) (radiallaahu `anhu) was telling you.” We related the story to him. On that he said, “He has told the truth. This verse was revealed about me. I had some dispute with another man regarding a well and we took the case before Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said (to me), “Produce two witnesses (to support your claim); otherwise the defendant has the right to take an oath (to refute your claim).’ I said, ‘The defendant would not mind to take a false oath.” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) then said, ‘Whoever took a false oath in order to grab someone else’s property will meet Allah, Allah will be angry with him.’ Allah then revealed what Confirmed it.” Al-Ash’ath then recited the following Verse:- “Verily! Those who purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah’s covenant, And their oaths . . . (to) . . . they shall have a painful torment!’ (3.77) (See Hadith No. 546)

Kitaab-ur-Rahn [Book of Mortgaging] ends here.

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