Daily Archives: October 23, 2014

Ruqba: Life Grant (Ahadith 2291 – 2292)


Ahadith 2288 – 2290 (below) are repeats. See linked text for related posts.

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 790:
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “He who takes back his present is like him who swallows his vomit.

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 791:
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The bad example is not for us. He who takes back his present is like a dog that swallows back its vomit.”

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 792:
Narrated ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab (radiallaahu `anhu):
I gave a horse in Allah’s Cause. The person to whom it was given, did not look after it. I intended to buy it from him, thinking that he would sell it cheap. When I asked the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) he said, “Don’t buy it, even if he gives it to you for one Dirham, as the person who takes back what he has given in charity, is like a dog that swallows back its vomit.”

Today’s Ahadith:

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 793:
Narrated Jabir (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) gave the verdict that ‘Umra is for the one to whom it is presented.

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 794:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Umra is permissible.” Ata said, “Jabir (radiallaahu `anhu) narrated the same to me from the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam).”

Al-`Umra الْعُمْرَى (or Ar-Ruqba الرُّقْبَى): A gift which puts death of either the hibah provider or recipient as the condition of hibah
ownership to the living party. A certain conditional grant determined by the hibah provider, in which the hibah property will become the hibah recipient’s if the hibah provider dies. If the hibah recipient dies before the hibah provider, then the hibah property will be returned to the hibah provider. For example, “This land I give to you as ruqba and if you die first then
the property will be returned to me and if I die first then the property is for you.”

The majority of Islamic scholars are of the opinion that temporary hibah such as hibah ‘umra and ruqba are considered valid but the conditions are considered void. This is because taking back a gift is prohibited as indicated in ahadith above.

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