Of Honesty and Oaths (Ahadith 2331 – 2347)

Bismillah.

This post contains some repeated narrations and some new. Since they were all more or less related to one theme, I decided to combine them in post. Look for hyper-linked text to see previously covered ahadith.

Volume 3, Book 48, Number 833 :
Narrated by Abu Said Al-Khudri (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Bath on Friday is compulsory for those who have attained the age of puberty.”

This one’s more related to yesterday’s post, since it talks about puberty and things associated to it.

Volume 3, Book 48, Number 834 :
Narrated by Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “If somebody takes a false oath in order to get the property of a Muslim (unjustly) by that oath, then Allah will be angry with him when he will meet Him.” Al-Ash’ath (radiallaahu `anhu) informed me, “By Allah! This was said regarding me. There was a dispute about a piece of land between me and a man from the Jews who denied my right. I took him to the Prophet. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asked me, ‘Do you have an evidence?’ I replied in the negative. He said to the Jew, ‘Take an oath.’ I said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! He will surely take an oath and take my property unjustly.” So, Allah revealed: “Verily! Those who purchase a little gain at the cost of Allah’s covenant and their oaths . . . ” (3.77)

Volume 3, Book 48, Number 835 :
Narrated by Ibn Abu Mulaika
Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) wrote that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) gave his verdict on the basis of the defendant’s oath.

Volume 3, Book 48, Number 836 :
Narrated by Abu Wail
Abdullah (bin Mas’ud) (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “Whoever takes a (false) oath in order to grab some property (unjustly), Allah will be angry with him when he will meet Him. Allah confirmed that through His Divine Revelation: “Verily! Those who purchase a little gain at the cost of Allah’s covenant and their oaths . . . they will have a painful punishment.” (3.77) Al-Ash’ath bin Qais (radiallaahu `anhu) came to us and asked, ‘What is Abu Abdur-Rahman (i.e. ‘Abdullah) telling you? ‘We told him what he was narrating to us. He said, ‘He was telling the truth; this Divine Verse was revealed in connection with me. There was a dispute between me and another man about something and the case was filed before Allah’s Apostle who said, ‘Produce your two witnesses or else the defendant is to take an oath.’ I said, The defendant will surely take a (false) oath caring for nothing.’ The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, ‘Whoever takes a false oath in order to grab (other’s) property, then Allah will be angry with him when he will meet Him.’ Then Allah revealed its confirmation. Al-Ashath then recited the above Divine Verse.” (3.77)

Volume 3, Book 48, Number 837 :
Narrated by Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu)
Hilal bin Umaiya accused his wife before the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) of committing illegal sexual intercourse with Sharik bin Sahma.’ The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Produce a proof, or else you would get the legal punishment (by being lashed) on your back.” Hilal said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! If anyone of us saw another man over his wife, would he go to search for a proof.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) went on saying, “Produce a proof or else you would get the legal punishment (by being lashed) on your back.” The Prophet then mentioned the narration of Lian (as in the Holy Book). (Surat-al-Nur: 24)

Volume 3, Book 48, Number 838 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “There are three persons whom Allah will neither talk to nor look at, nor purify from (the sins), and they will have a painful punishment. (They are): (1) A man possessed superfluous water on a way and he withheld it from the travelers. (2) a man who gives a pledge of allegiance to a Muslim ruler and gives it only for worldly gains. If the ruler gives him what he wants, he remains obedient to It, otherwise he does not abide by it, and (3) a man bargains with another man after the Asr prayer and the latter takes a false oath in the Name of Allah) claiming that he has been offered so much for the thing and the former (believes him and) buys it.”

Volume 3, Book 48, Number 839 :
Narrated by Ibn Mas’ud (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever takes a (false) oath in order to grab (others) property, then Allah will be angry with him when he will meet Him.”

Volume 3, Book 48, Number 840 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asked some people to take an oath, and they hurried for it. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) ordered that lots should be drawn amongst them as to who would take an oath first.

Volume 3, Book 48, Number 841 :
Narrated by ‘Abdullah bin Abu Aufa (radiallaahu `anhu)
A man displayed some goods in the market and took a false oath that he had been offered so much for them though he was not offered that amount Then the following Divine Verse was revealed:– “Verily! Those who purchase a little gain at the cost of Allah’s covenant and their oaths . . . Will get painful punishment.” (3.77) Ibn Abu Aufa added, “Such person as described above is a treacherous Riba-eater (i.e. eater of usury).

Volume 3, Book 48, Number 842 :
Narrated by Abu Wail from Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever takes a false oath in order to grab another man’s (or his brother’s) property, then Allah will be angry with him when he will meet him.” Then Allah confirmed this by revealing the Divine Verse: “Verily! Those who purchase a little gain at the cost of Allah’s Covenant and their oaths . . . Will get painful punishment.” (3.77) Al-Ash’ath met me and asked, “What did ‘Abdullah tell you today?” I said, “So and so.” He said, “The Verse was revealed regarding my case.”

Volume 3, Book 48, Number 843 :
Narrated by Talha bin ‘Ubaidullah (radiallaahu `anhu)
A man came to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asking him about Islam, Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “You have to offer five compulsory prayers in a day and a night (24 hours).” The man asked, “Is there any more compulsory prayers for me?” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “No, unless you like to offer Nawafil (i.e. optional prayers).” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) then added, “You have to observe fasts during the month of Ramadan.” The man said, “Am I to fast any other days?’ Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “No, unless you wish to observe the optional fast voluntarily.” Then Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) told him about the compulsory Zakat. The man asked, “Do I have to give anything besides?” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “No, unless you wish to give in charity voluntarily.” So, the man departed saying, “By Allah I will neither do more nor less than that.” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “If he has said the truth he will be successful.”

Volume 3, Book 48, Number 844 :
Narrated by Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever has to take an oath should swear by Allah or remain silent.” (i.e. He should not swear by other than Allah.)

It is not permissible to swear by any created thing. One should swear only by Allaah. One should not say “By my honesty I will do such and such”, or “by the honesty of So and so”, or “by the life of So and so” or “by my prayer”. Nor should one ask anyone else to do this and tell them, “Say ‘by my honesty/by my prayer/ by my zakaah.’” There is no basis for any of this, because prayer is the action of a person and zakaah is the action of a person, and people’s actions are not something to swear by. One should swear only by Allaah or by His attributes. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever swears by anything other than Allaah has committed shirk.” (Narrated by Imaam Ahmad with a saheeh isnaad from ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him)). And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever swears by honesty is not one of us.” So every believing man and woman has to beware of that and not swear by anything except Allaah alone, so he should say “Wallaahi (by Allaah) I did not do such and such”, etc., if that is necessary. What is recommended in sharee’ah is to be cautious about swearing oaths, and not to swear except when essential. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And protect your oaths (i.e. do not swear much)”[al-Maa’idah 5:89]

Taken from IslamQA

Volume 3, Book 48, Number 845 :
Narrated by Um Salama (radiallaahu `anhu)
Once Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “You people present your cases to me and some of you may be more eloquent and persuasive in presenting their argument. So, if I give some one’s right to another (wrongly) because of the latter’s (tricky) presentation of the case, I am really giving him a piece of fire; so he should not take it.”

Volume 3, Book 48, Number 846 :
Narrated by Abdullah bin Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu)
Abu Sufyan (radiallaahu `anhu) told me that Heraclius said to him, “When I inquired you what he (i.e. Muhammad) ordered you, you replied that he ordered you to establish the prayer, to speak the truth, to be chaste, to keep promises and to pay back trusts.” Then Heraclius added, “These are really the qualities of a prophet.”

Volume 3, Book 48, Number 847 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The signs of a hypocrite are three: (1) whenever he speaks, he tells a lie, (2) whenever he is entrusted, he proves to be dishonest, (3) whenever he promises, he breaks his promise.

Volume 3, Book 48, Number 848 :
Narrated by Muhammad bin Ali
Jabir bin Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “When the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) died, Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) received some property from Al-Ala bin Al-Hadrami. Abu Bakr said to the people, “Whoever has a money claim on the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), or was promised something by him, should come to us (so that we may pay him his right).” Jabir added, “I said (to Abu Bakr), Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) promised me that he would give me this much, and this much, and this much (spreading his hands three times).” Jabir (radiallaahu `anhu) added, “Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) counted for me and handed me five-hundred (gold pieces), and then five-hundred, and then five-hundred.”

Volume 3, Book 48, Number 849 :
Narrated by Said bin Jubair (radiallaahu `anhu)
A Jew from Hira asked me which one of the two periods Musa (i.e. Prophet Moses) (`alayhissalaam) completed. I said, “I don’t know, (but wait) till I see the most learned ‘Arab and inquire him about it.” So, I went to Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) and asked him. He replied, “Moses (`alayhissalaam) completed the longer and better period.” Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) added, “No doubt, an apostle of Allah always does what he says.”

This narration talks about the story when Musa fled from Egypt and came to Madyan.. helped two girls at the well and their father hired him.. he gave Musa two options: that he work for him for 8 or 10 years and the Quran doesn’t mention which tenure he completed.. So Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) said that he completed the longer and better period – 10 years. Details in tafsir of Surah al-Qasas: 25 – 28.

It’s brought here because it shows how he was true to his word. #Honesty

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About Yumna

Bukhari Blogger | Student and teacher of the Qur'an | Studying BAIS from IOU.

Posted on November 23, 2014, in iLook and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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