Search Results for times of prayers
Times of Prayers – At A Glance (Hadith No. 738)
Hadith no. 737 is a repeat. Read it here.
Volume 1, Book 12, Number 738:
Narrated Saiyar bin Salama:
My father and I went to Abu Barza-al-Aslami to ask him about the stated times for the prayers. He replied, “The Prophet used to offer the Zuhr prayer when the sun just declined from its highest position at noon; the ‘Asr at a time when if a man went to the farthest place in Medina (after praying) he would find the sun still hot (bright). (The sub narrator said: I have forgotten what Abu Barza said about the Maghrib prayer). The Prophet never found any harm in delaying the ‘Isha’ prayer to the first third of the night and he never liked to sleep before it and to talk after it. He used to offer the morning prayer at a time when after finishing it one could recognize the person sitting beside him and used to recite between 60 to 100 verses in one or both the Rakat.”
Go through these Ahadith for more detail on times of prayers. I’ve already covered the Book of Times of Prayers [Kitaab Mawaqeet-us-Salah], so all you need to know is in this blog inshaAllah. :)
Combining Prayers in Haste (Hadith No. 1555)
Narrated Zaid bin Aslam from his father:
I was with Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) on the way to Mecca, and he got the news that Safiya bint Abu Ubaid was seriously ill. So, he hastened his pace, and when the twilight disappeared, he dismounted and offered the Maghrib and ‘Isha’ prayers together. Then he said, “I saw that whenever the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had to hasten when traveling, he would delay the Maghrib prayer and join them together (i.e. offer the Maghrib and the Isha prayers together).”
We know that prayers are shortened during travel only. But what about combining prayers? Does a person have to be travelling in order to combine two prayers, or is it allowed otherwise as well? Here’s a general answer from IslamQA:
It is not permissible for a Muslim man or woman to delay an obligatory prayer beyond the proper time, rather every accountable Muslim man and woman is obliged to perform the prayers on time as much as they can.
Work is not an excuse for delaying prayer, neither is impurity on clothes or clothes being dirty. None of these are acceptable excuses.
People should be excused from work at prayer times; at the time of prayer a worker has to wash the impurity from his clothes, or change into clean clothes. As for regular dirt (as opposed to impurities), this does not prevent one from praying in those clothes, so long as that dirt is not impure and does not have an offensive smell that would bother other worshippers. But if the dirt or its smell will bother others, then he has to wash it before praying, or change into clean clothes so that he can pray in congregation.
It is permissible for those who have legitimate shar’i excuses, such as those who are sick or are travelling, to combine Zuhr and ‘Asr at the time of either of them, and to combine Maghrib and ‘Isha’ at the time of either of them.
This was narrated in the saheeh Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). It is also permissible to join prayers when there is heavy rain or mud, which cause difficulty for people.
P.S. given below is a ‘general knowledge’ question for you.. Test yourself.
Kitaab-ul-`Umrah ends here.
Prayers in Muzdalifah (Ahadith 1442 – 1444)
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 742:
Narrated Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu):
I never saw the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) offering any prayer not at its stated time except two; he prayed the Maghrib and the ‘Isha’ together and he offered the morning prayer before its usual time.
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 743:
Narrated ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Yazid
I went out with ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu), to Mecca and when we proceeded to am’ he offered the two prayers (the Maghrib and the ‘Isha’) together, making the Adhan and Iqama separately for each prayer. He took his supper in between the two prayers. He offered the Fajr prayer as soon as the day dawned. Some people said, “The day had dawned (at the time of the prayer),” and others said, “The day had not dawned.” ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu) then said, “Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, ‘These two prayers have been shifted from their stated times at this place only (at Al-Muzdalifa); first: The Maghrib and the ‘Isha’. So the people should not arrive at Al-Muzdalifa till the time of the ‘Isha’ prayer has become due. The second prayer is the morning prayer which is offered at this hour.’ ” Then ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu) stayed there till it became a bit brighter. He then said, “If the chief of the believers hastened onwards to Mina just now, then he had indeed followed the Sunna.” I do not know which proceeded the other, his (‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)’s) statement or the departure of ‘Uthman (radiallaahu `anhu). Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu) was reciting Talbiya till he threw pebbles at the Jamrat-al-‘Aqaba on the Day of Nahr (slaughtering) (that is the 10th of Dhul-Hijja).
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 744:
Narrated ‘Amr bin Maimun:
I saw ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu), offering the Fajr (morning) prayer at Jam’; then he got up and said, “The pagans did not use to depart (from Jam’) till the sun had risen, and they used to say, ‘Let the sun shine on Thabir (a mountain).’ But the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) contradicted them and departed from Jam’ before sunrise.”
- Combine Maghrib and `Ishaa’ with one adhaan and two iqaamahs.
- Pray Fajr early.
Some pilgrims pray Fajr before its time, praying and leaving. This is a serious mistake, because prayer offered before its time is not accepted, rather it is haraam because it is overstepping the limits set by Allaah. Prayers are to offered at set times, the beginning and end of which are defined in sharee’ah, so it is not permissible for anyone to offer a prayer before its time begins.
The pilgrim has to pay attention to this matter, and not pray Fajr until after he is certain or thinks it most likely that the time for Fajr has begun. It is true that he should hasten to pray Fajr in Muzdalifah, because the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did that, but that does not mean that he should pray it before its time begins. The pilgrim should beware of doing that.
Other mistakes made by pilgrims on the way to and in Muzdalifah here.
Makruh Times for Salah (Ahadth 1394 – 1396)
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 694:
Narrated Urwa from Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):
Some people performed Tawaf (of the Kaba) after the morning prayer and then sat to listen to a preacher till sunrise, and then they stood up for the prayer. Then Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) commented, “Those people kept on sitting till it was the time in which the prayer is disliked and after that they stood up for the prayer.”
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 695:
Narrated Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu):
heard the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbidding the offering of prayers at the time of sunrise and sunset.
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 696:
Narrated Abida bin Humaid:
Abdul, Aziz bin Rufai Said, “I saw Abdullah bin Az-Zubair (radiallaahu `anhu) performing Tawaf of the Kaba after the morning prayer then offering the two Rakat prayer.” Abdul Aziz added, “I saw Abdullah bin Az-Zubair (radiallaahu `anhu) offering a two Rakat prayer after the Asr prayer.” He informed me that Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) told him that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) used to offer those two Rakat whenever he entered her house.”
- Praying during sunrise and sunset is forbidden.
- Praying after `Asr is makruh (disliked).
- Exception: praying after `Asr is Sunnah, actually.
Dhuhr and `Asr Prayers (Ahadith 725-729)
Volume 1, Book 12, Number 725:
Narrated Jabir bin Samura:
Sa’d said, “I used to pray with them a prayer similar to that of Allah’s Apostle (the prayer of Zuhr and ‘Asr) reducing nothing from them. I used to prolong the first two Rakat and shorten the last two Rak’at.” ‘Umar said to Sa’d “This was what we thought about you.”
Volume 1, Book 12, Number 726:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Abi Qatada:
My father said, “The Prophet in Zuhr prayers used to recite Al-Fatiha along with two other Suras in the first two Rakat: a long one in the first Rak’a and a shorter (Sura) in the second, and at times the verses were audible. In the ‘Asr prayer the Prophet used to recite Al-Fatiha and two more Suras in the first two Rakat and used to prolong the first Rak’a. And he used to prolong the first Rak’a of the Fajr prayer and shorten the second.
Volume 1, Book 12, Number 727:
Narrated Abu Ma’mar:
I asked Khabbab whether the Prophet used to recite the Qur’an in the Zuhr and the ‘Asr prayers. He replied in the affirmative. We said, “How did you come to know that?” He said, “From the movement of his beard.”
Volume 1, Book 12, Number 728:
Narrated Abu Ma’mar:
I asked Khabbab bin Al-Art whether the Prophet used to recite the Qur’an in the Zuhr and the ‘Asr prayers. He replied in the affirmative. I said, “How did you come to know that?” He replied, “From the movement of his beard.”
Volume 1, Book 12, Number 729:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Abi Qatada:
My father said, “The Prophet used to recite Al-Fatiha along with another Sura in the first two Rakat of the Zuhr and the ‘Asr prayers and at times a verse or so was audible to us.”
- First rak`ah of prayer is the longest, second is shorter, third and fourth are even shorter.
- In sirri prayers, a part of Qur’an has to be recited after al-Fatihah in the first two rak`aat.
- While reciting ‘silently’, a verse or two can be recited out aloud (not too loud, just a bit louder than otherwise, so the person next to you can hear). It keeps you awake and focused in the prayers as well.
- Be good observers and listeners. Leave something good and authentic for generations to come after you, like the Sahaba did. If Ibn `Abbas and Ibn `Umar (and others) didn’t notice each and every thing about the Prophet (SAW), we might have been having problems following the Sunnah with confidence today. We might have not been sure which finger to use while doing the mash of ears during wudu. True story.