Chapter: The Statement of Allah Taa’la: “And to ‘Ad (people, We sent), their brother Hud.”
Volume 4, Book 55, Number 558 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet said, “I have been made victorious with As-Saba (i.e. an easterly wind) and the people of ‘Ad were destroyed by Ad-Dabur (i.e. a westerly wind).”
Narrated Abu Said:
Ali (radiallaahu `anhu) sent a piece of gold to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) who distributed it among four persons: Al-Aqra’ bin Habis Al-Hanzali from the tribe of Mujashi, ‘Uyaina bin Badr Al-Fazari, Zaid At-Ta’i who belonged to (the tribe of) Bani Nahban, and ‘Alqama bin Ulatha Al-‘Amir who belonged to (the tribe of) Bani Kilab. So the Quraish and the Ansar became angry and said, “He (i.e. the Prophet) gives the chief of Najd and does not give us.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “I give them so as to attract their hearts (to Islam).” Then a man with sunken eyes, prominent checks, a raised forehead, a thick beard and a shaven head, came (in front of the Prophet) and said, “Be afraid of Allah, O Muhammad!” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said “Who would obey Allah if I disobeyed Him? (Is it fair that) Allah has trusted all the people of the earth to me while, you do not trust me?” Somebody, who I think was Khalid bin Al-Walid, requested the Prophet to let him chop that man’s head off, but he prevented him. When the man left, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Among the off-spring of this man will be some who will recite the Qur’an but the Qur’an will not reach beyond their throats (i.e. they will recite like parrots and will not understand it nor act on it), and they will renegade from the religion as an arrow goes through the game’s body. They will kill the Muslims but will not disturb the idolaters. If I should live up to their time’ I will kill them as the people of ‘Ad were killed (i.e. I will kill all of them).”
Volume 4, Book 55, Number 559 :
Narrated by ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)
I heard the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) reciting: “Fahal Min Muddakir.”
Meaning, “Is there any who will remember?” [Quran 54:17]
The Story of Hud
By Ibn Kathir
The people of ‘Ad lived many years in the windswept hills of an area between Yemen and Oman. They were physically well built and renowned for their craftsmanship especially in the construction of tall buildings with lofty towers. They were outstanding among all the nations in power and wealth, which, unfortunately, made them arrogant and boastful. Their political power was held in the hand of unjust rulers, against whom no one dared to raise a voice.
They were not ignorant of the existence of Allah, nor did they refuse to worship Him. What they did refuse was to worship Allah alone. They worshipped other gods, also, including idols. This is one sin Allah does not forgive.
Allah wanted to guide and discipline these people so He sent a prophet from among them. This prophet was Hud ‘alayhis-salam, a noble man who handled this task with great resoluteness and tolerance.
Ibn Jarir reported that he was Hud ibn Shalikh ibn Arfakhshand ibn Sam ibn Noah ‘alayhis-salam. He also reported that Prophet Hud ‘alayhis-salam was from a tribe called ‘Ad ibn ‘Us ibn Sam ibn Noah, who were Arabs living in al-Ahqaf in Yemen between Oman and Hadramawt, on a land called Ashar stretching out into the sea. The name of their valley was Mughith.
Some traditions claimed that Hud ‘alayhis-salam was the first person who spoke Arabic while others claimed that Noah ‘alayhis-salam was the first. It was also said that ‘Adam was the first.
Hud ‘alayhis-salam condemned idol worship and admonished his people, “My people, what is the benefit of these stones that you carve with your own hands and worship? In reality it is an insult to the intellect. There is only One Deity worthy of worship and that is Allah. Worship of Him and Him alone, is compulsory on you.
“He created you, He provides for you and He is the One Who will cause you to die. He gave you wonderful physiques and blessed you in many ways. So believe in Him and do not be blind to His favors, or the same fate that destroyed Noah’s people will overtake you.”
With such reasoning Hud hoped to instill faith in them, but they refused to accept his message. His people asked him: “Do you desire to be our master with your call? What payment do you want?”
Hud tried to make them understand that he would receive his payment (reward) from Allah; he did not demand anything from them except that they let the light of truth touch their minds and hearts.
Allah the Almighty states:
“And to ‘Ad people We sent their brother Hud. He said, ‘O my people! Worship Allah! You have no other ilah (god) but Him; Certainly, you do nothing but invent (lies)! O my people I ask of you no reward for it (the Message). My reward is only from Him Who created me. Will you not then understand? And O my people! Ask forgiveness of your Lord and then repent to Him, He will send you (from the sky) abundant rain, and add strength to your strength, so do not turn away as mujrimin (criminals, disbeliveers in the Oneness of Allah).’
They said, ‘O Hud! No evidence have you brought us and we shall not leave our gods for your mere saying! We are not believers in you. All that we say is that some of our gods (false deities) have seized you with evil (madness).’
He said, ‘I call Allah to witness and bear you witness that I am free from that which you ascribe as partners in worship, and with Him (Allah). So plot against me, all of you, and give me no respite. I put my trust in Allah, my Lord and your Lord! There is not a moving (living) creature but He has grasp of its forelock. Verily, my Lord is on the Straight Path (the truth). So if you turn away, still I have conveyed the Message with which I was sent to you. My Lord will make another people succeed you, and you will not harm Him in the least. Surely, my Lord is Guardian over all things.‘ “ [Al-Qur’an 11:50-57]
Hud tried to speak to them and to explain about Allah’s blessings: how Allah the Almighty had made them Noah’s successors, how He had given them strength and power, and how He sent them rain to revive the soil.
Hud’s people looked about them and found they were the strongest on earth, so they become prouder and more obstinate. Thus they argued a lot with Hud. They asked “O Hud! Do you say that later we die and turn into dust, we will be resurrected?” He replied, “Yes, you will come back on the Day of Judgment and each of you will be asked about what you did.”
A peal of laughter was heard after the last statement. “How strange Hud’s claims are!” The disbeliveers muttered among themselves. They believed that when man dies his body decays and turns into dust, which is swept away by the wind. How could that return to its original state? Then what is the significance of the Day of Judgment? Why does the dead return to life?
All these questions were patiently received by Hud. He then addressed his people concerning the Day of Judgment. he explained that belief in the Day of Judgment is essential to Allah’s justice, teaching them the same thing that every prophet taught about it.
Hud explained that justice demands that there be a Day of Judgment because good is not always victorious in life. Sometimes evil overpowers good. Will such crimes go unpunished? If we suppose there is no Day of Judgment, then a great injustice will have prevailed, but Allah has forbidden injustice to be incurred by Himself or His subjects. Therefore, the existence of the Day of Judgment, a day of accounting for our deeds and being rewarded or punished for them, reveals the extend of Allah’s justice. Hud spoke to them about all of these things. They listened but disbelieved him.
Allah recounts his people’s attitude towards the Day of Judgment:
“The chiefs of his people, whom disbelieved and denied the meeting in the Hereafter, and to who We had given the luxuries and comforts of this life, said, ‘He is no more than a human being like you, he eats of that which you eat, and drinks of what you drink. If you were to obey a human being like yourselves then verily! You indeed would be losers. Does he promise you that when you have died and have become dust and bones, you shall come out alive (resurrected)? Far, very far, is that which you are promised. There is nothing but our life of this world! We die and we live! We are not going to be resurrected! He is only a man who has invented a lie against Allah, but we are not going to believe in him.’ “ [Al-Qur’an 23:33-38]
The chiefs of Hud’s people asked: “Is it not strange that Allah’s chooses one of us to reveal His message to?”
Hud replied: “What is strange in that? Allah wants to guide you to the right way of life, so He sent me to warn you. Noah’s flood and his story are not far away from you, so do not forget what happened. All the disbelivers were destroyed, no matter how strong they were.”
“Who is going to destroy us Hud?” the chiefs asked.
“Allah.” replied Hud.
The disbelivers among his people answered: “We will be saved by our gods.”
Hud clarified to them that the gods they worshipped would be the reason for their destruction, that it is Allah alone Who saves people, and that no other power on earth can benefit or harm anyone.
The conflict between Hud and his people continued. The years passed, and they became prouder and more obstinate, and more tyrannical and more defiant of their Prophet’s message.
Furthermore, they started to accuse Hud ‘alayhis-salam of being a crazy lunatic. One day they told him: “We now understand the secret of your madness you insulted our gods and they harmed you; that is why you have become insane.”
Almighty Allah repeated their words in the Qur’an:
“O my Hud! No evidence have you brought us, and we shall not leave our gods for your mere saying! And we are not believers in you. All that we say is that some of our gods (false deities) have seized you with evil (madness).” [Al-Qur’an 11:53-54]
Hud had to return their challenge. He had no other way but to turn to Allah alone, no other alternative but to give them a threatening ultimatum. he declared to them:
“‘I call Allah to witness and bear you witness that I am free from that which you ascribe as pin worship with Him (Allah). So plot against me, all of you and give me no respite. I put my trust in Allah, my Lord your Lord! There is not a moving (living) creature but He has grasp of its forelock. Verily, my Lord is on the Straight Path (the truth). So if you turn away, still I have conveyed the message with which it was sent to you. My Lord will make another people succeed you, and you will not harm Him.’ “ [Al-Qur’an 11:54-57]
Thus Hud renounced them and their gods and affirmed his dependence on Allah Who had created him. Hud realized that punishment would be incurred on the disbelievers among his people. It is one of the laws of life. Allah punishes the disbelievers, no matter how rich, tyrannical or great they are.
Hud and his people waited for Allah’s promise. A drought spread throughout the land, for the sky no longer sent its rain. the sun scorched the desert sands, looking like a disk of fire which settled on people’s heads.
Hud’s people hastened to him asking: “What is that drought Hud?”
Hud answered: “Allah is angry with you. If you believe in Him, He will accept you and the rain will fall and you will become stronger than you are.”
They mocked him and became more obstinate, sarcastic and preserve in their unbelief. The drought increased, the trees turned yellow, and plants died.
A day came when they found the sky full of clouds. Hud’s people were glad as they came out of their tents crying: “A cloud, which will give us rain!”
The weather changed suddenly from burning dry and hot to stinging cold with wind that shook everything; trees, plants, tents, men and women. The wind increased day after day and night after night.
Hud’s people started to flee. They ran to their tents to hide but the gale became stronger, ripping their tents from their stakes. They hid under cloth covers but the gale became stronger and still and tore away the covers. It slashed clothing and skin. It penetrated the apertures of the body and destroyed it. It hardly touched anything before it was destroyed or killed, its core sucked out to decompose and rot. The storm raged for 8 days and 7 nights.
Almighty Allah recounts:
“Then when they saw it as a dense cloud coming towards their valleys, they said, ‘This is a cloud bringing us rain!’ Nay but it is that torment which you were asking to be hastened! a wind wherein is a painful torment! Destroying everything by the command of its Lord!” [Al-Qur’an 46:24-25]
Allah the Exalted described it thus:
“And as for ‘Ad, they were destroyed for a firious violent wind which Allah imposed on them for 7 nights and 8 days in succession, so that you could see men lying overthrown (destroyed) as if they were hollow trunks of palm trees!” [Al-Qur’an 69:6-7]
That violent gale did not stop until the entire region was reduced to ruins and its wicked people destroyed, swallowed by the sands of the desert. Only Hud and his followers remained unharmed. They migrated to Hadramawt and lived there in peace, worshipping Allah, their true Lord.
As some of you might know, I was stuck on this Hadith, due to lack of knowledge. Then I asked around for help and got a LOT of info, Alhamdulillah.
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet said, “I was granted victory with As-Saba and the nation of ‘Ad was destroyed by Ad-Dabur (westerly wind).
According to Ibn Battal (commentator of Sahih al-Bukhari), As-Saba is the easterly wind, and Ad-Dabur is the westerly wind.
الصَّبا : هى الريح الشرقية ، وهى القبول أيضًا ، والريح الدبور : هى الغربية . وفيه : تفضيل المخلوقات بعضها على بعض . وفيه : إخبار المرء عن نفسه بما خصه الله به على جهة التحدث بنعمة الله ، والاعترافات بها والشكر له لا على الفخر . وفيه : الإخبار عن الأمم الماضية وإهلاكها .
Can’t do justice to translation, but I’ll try to explain some points from it:
- As-Saba is the easterly wind
- Ad-Dabur is the westerly wind.
- This Hadith shows that some creatures have preference over the others.
- Also, one can mention his special characteristics which Allah has bestowed on him. The intention would only be to proclaim Allah’s Grace (fadhl) and to show gratefulness to Him, not taking pride in it.
- And in this Hadith is news from the past nations and their destruction etc.
[Narrating such stories is allowed, as there are lessons for us in them.]
HOW WERE THE PEOPLE OF ‘AD DESTROYED?
From Surah Al Haaqqa, Ayaat 6-8:
وَأَمَّا عَادٌ فَأُهْلِكُواْ بِرِيحٍ صَرْصَرٍ عَاتِيَةٍ
And as for `Ad, they were destroyed by a wind, Sarsar `Atiyah!
سَخَّرَهَا عَلَيْهِمْ سَبْعَ لَيَالٍ وَثَمَـنِيَةَ أَيَّامٍ حُسُوماً فَتَرَى الْقَوْمَ فِيهَا صَرْعَى كَأَنَّهُمْ أَعْجَازُ نَخْلٍ خَاوِيَةٍ
Which Allah imposed on them for seven nights and eight days Husum, so that you could see men lying toppled, as if they were trunks of date palms, Khawiyah!
فَهَلْ تَرَى لَهُم مِّن بَاقِيَةٍ
Do you see any remnants of them
(And as for `Ad, they were destroyed by a wind Sarsar) meaning, a cold wind. Qatadah, As-Suddi, Ar-Rabi` bin Anas and Ath-Thawri all said about,
(`Atiyah) “This means severe blowing of the wind.” Qatadah said, “It blew fiercely upon them until it pierced their hearts.” Ad-Dahhak said,
(Sarsar) “This means cold, and (`Atiyah) means, it blew fiercely upon them without any mercy or blessing.” `Ali and others said, “It blew fiercely upon their stored harvest until it was brought out worthless.”
(Which Allah imposed on them) meaning, He made it overpower them.
(for seven nights and eight days Husum,) Husum means, complete, successive and unfortunately evil. Ibn Mas`ud, Ibn Abbas, Mujahid, `Ikrimah, Ath-Thawri and others all said, “Husum means in succession.” It has been reported that `Ikrimah and Ar-Rabi` bin Khuthaym both said, “It means it was unfortunately evil upon them.” This is similar to Allah’s statement,
(in days of calamity) (41: 16) It has been said that it is that which people now call A`jaz (apparently used to mean evil devastation). It seems as though the people took this term from Allah’s statement,
(so that you could see the people lying toppled, as if they were A`jaz (trunks) of date palms, Khawiyah!) Ibn `Abbas said about,
(Khawiyah) “It means ruined.” Others besides him said, “It means dilapidated.” This means that the wind would cause one of them (palm tree) to hit the ground, and it will fall down dead on his head. Then his head would shatter and it would remain a lifeless corpse as if it were without branches, motionless. It has been confirmed in the Two Sahihs that the Messenger of Allah said,
“I was helped by an easterly wind and the people of `Ad were destroyed by a westerly wind.”
HOW WAS THE PROPHET (S.A.W.) HELPED? [From Tafsir Ibn Kathir]
The Campaign of the Confederates (Al-Ahzab)
Allah tells us of the blessings and favors He bestowed upon His believing servants when He diverted their enemies and defeated them in the year when they gathered together and plotted.
That was the year of Al-Khandaq, in Shawwal of the year 5 AH according to the well-known correct view. Musa bin `Uqbah and others said that it was in the year 4 AH. The reason why the Confederates came was that a group of the leaders of the Jews of Banu Nadir, whom the Messenger of Allah had expelled from Al-Madinah to Khaybar, including Sallam bin Abu Al-Huqayq, Sallam bin Mishkam and Kinanah bin Ar-Rabi`, went to Makkah where they met with the leaders of Quraysh and incited them to make war against the Prophet . They promised that they would give them help and support, and Quraysh agreed to that. Then they went to the Ghatafan tribe with the same call, and they responded too.
The Quraysh came out with their company of men from various tribes and their followers, under the leadership of Abu Sufyan Sakhr bin Harb. The Ghatafan were led by `Uyaynah bin Hisn bin Badr. In all they numbered nearly ten thousand. When the Messenger of Allah heard that they had set out, he commanded the Muslims to dig a ditch (Khandaq) around Al-Madinah from the east. This was on the advice of Salman Al-Farisi, may Allah be pleased with him. So the Muslims did this, working hard, and the Messenger of Allah worked with them, carrying earth away and digging, in the process of which there occurred many miracles and clear signs. The idolators came and made camp to the north of Al-Madinah, near Uhud, and some of them camped on the high ground overlooking Al-Madinah, as Allah says:
﴿إِذْ جَآءُوكُمْ مِّن فَوْقِكُمْ وَمِنْ أَسْفَلَ مِنكُمْ﴾
(When they came upon you from above you and from below you,) The Messenger of Allah came out with the believers, who numbered nearly three thousand, or it was said that they numbered seven hundred. They had their backs towards (the mountain of) Sal` and were facing the enemy, and the ditch, in which there was no water, was between the two groups, preventing the cavalry and infantry from reaching them. The women and children were in the strongholds of Al-Madinah. Banu Qurayzah, who were a group among the Jews, had a fortress in the south-east of Al-Madinah, and they had made a treaty with the Prophet and were under his protection.
They numbered nearly eight hundred fighters. Huyay bin Akhtab An-Nadari went to them and kept trying to persuade them until they broke the treaty and went over to the side of the Confederates against the Messenger of Allah . The crisis deepened and things got worse, as Allah says:
﴿هُنَالِكَ ابْتُلِىَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَزُلْزِلُواْ زِلْزَالاً شَدِيداً ﴾
(There, the believers were tried and shaken with a mighty shaking.) (33: 11) They besieged the Prophet and his Companions for almost a month, but they did not reach them and there was no fighting between them, except for when `Amr bin `Abd Wadd Al-`Amiri, who was one of the most famous and bravest horsemen of the Jahiliyyah, came with some other horsemen, and crossed the ditch to the Muslim side.
The Messenger of Allah called for the Muslim cavalry, and it was said that no one came forward. Then he called `Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, who came forward and they fought in single combat until Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, killed him, and this was a sign of imminent victory. Then Allah sent an intensely cold wind with strong gusts against the Confederates, and they were left with no tents or anything else; they could not light any fires or do anything, and so they departed, disappointed and defeated, as Allah says:
﴿يأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ اذْكُرُواْ نِعْمَةَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذْ جَآءَتْكُمْ جُنُودٌ فَأَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ رِيحاً وَجُنُوداً﴾
(O you who believe! Remember Allah’s favor to you, when there came against you hosts, and We sent against them a wind and forces) Mujahid said: “This was the easterly wind.” This view is supported by another Hadith:
«نُصِرْتُ بِالصَّبَا، وَأُهْلِكَتْ عَادٌ بِالدَّبُور»
(I was given victory by the easterly wind, and `Ad were destroyed by the westerly wind.)
﴿وَجُنُوداً لَّمْ تَرَوْهَا﴾
(and forces that you saw not.) This refers to the angels who shook them and cast fear and terror into their hearts. The chief of each tribe said, “O Banu so-and-so, to me!” So they gathered around him, and he said, “Let us save ourselves,” when Allah cast fear and terror into their hearts.
Other places where wind was used to help the Prophet (SAW) – Not sure if these too were in fact easterly winds. Wallahu A’lam.
Battle of Badr
“You killed them not, but Allah killed them. And you (Muhammad SAW) threw not when you did throw, but Allah threw, that He might test the believers by a fair trial from Him. Verily, Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.” [Al Anfal 8:17]
Regarding descent of the verse: ‘ And you (Muhammad SAW) threw not when you did throw, but Allah threw’,
Ibn Abbas said: The Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) asked Ali to give him a handful of ‘Hasba’ (=small pebbles), so Ali did give him, then he threw it towards the folk (enemy) none among the folk could remain but that his eyes were filled by those small pebbles, so the aforesaid verse was sent, ‘And you (Muhammad SAW) threw not when you did throw, but Allah threw.’ (Al-Tabrani Ibn Mardaviya)
Muhammad bin Kaab Al-Qurzi narrated: when the folk (enemy) came close to each other, the Prophet took handful of dust and he threw it towards the faces of the folk and said: (Your) faces get deformed. The dust entered into the eyes of all of them and the companions of the Allah’s Apostle began to fight and slay them. Their defeat was due to throwing (of dust) by the Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam). Then Allah sent: ‘ And you (Muhammad SAW) threw not when you did throw, but Allah threw’. (Ibn Jarir)
Battle of Hunain
“Truly Allah has given you victory on many battlefields, and on the Day of Hunain (battle) when you rejoiced at your great number but it availed you naught and the earth, vast as it is, was straitened for you, then you turned back in flight. Then Allah did send down His Sakinah (calmness, tranquility and reassurance, etc.) on the Messenger (Muhammad SAW), and on the believers, and sent down forces (angels) which you saw not, and punished the disbelievers. Such is the recompense of disbelievers.” [At Tawbah 9:25-26]
Al Abbas narrated: On the day of Hunain I was with the Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam-, I and Abu Sufyan bin al Harith never departed Allah’s Apostle (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) who was on the white mule. When the Muslims faced the polytheists, the Muslims fled away. The Apostle of Allah advanced his mule towards the infidels. I was holding its bridle and Abu Sufyan was on the other side. Allah’s Apostle asked me to call the companions of Samra (-Tree). When they heard my voice they returned as a cow returns to his young ones saying ‘Labbyak’. Then call was given to ‘Ansar’ (Medinites), and then call was given to Banu Harith bin Al-Khizraj. The Allah’s Apostle led the attack and said: now the battles front is hot. Allah’s Apostle picked up the small pebbles and he threw them towards the infidels and said: By the Lord of Kaaba they have been defeated. I saw the battle as it was, but everyone (among the enemy) looked exhausted by the throw of Allah’s Apostle, and they took to flight, Allah defeated them. [Ahmad, Muslim, Al Nasai]
[Special “jazakumullah khayr” to: Dr. Farhat Hashmi and Br. Raja Zia-ul-Haq.]