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A Sheep for 130 Men (Hadith No. 2285)


Volume 3, Book 47, Number 787:
Narrated ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhumaa):
We were one-hundred and thirty persons accompanying the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) who asked us whether anyone of us had food. There was a man who had about a Sa of wheat which was mixed with water then. A very tall pagan came driving sheep. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asked him, “Will you sell us (a sheep) or give it as a present?” He said, “I will sell you (a sheep).” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) bought a sheep and it was slaughtered. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) ordered that its liver and other abdominal organs be roasted. By Allah, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) gave every person of the one-hundred-and-thirty a piece of that; he gave all those of them who were present; and kept the shares of those who were absent.The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) then put its meat in two huge basins and all of them ate to their fill, and even then more food was left in the two basins which were carried on the camel (or said something like it).

This was one of the miracles of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). It wouldn’t take a believer to see it.

The Egyptian Mastigure (Hadith No. 2247)


Volume 3, Book 47, Number 749:
Narrated Said bin Jubair:
Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) said: Um Hufaid, Ibn ‘Abbas’s aunt (radiallaahu `anhumaa), sent some dried yogurt (butter free), ghee (butter) and a mastigar to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) as a gift. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) ate the dried yogurt and butter but left the mastigar because he disliked it. Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “The mastigar was eaten at the table of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and if it had been illegal to eat, it could not have been eaten at the table of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam).”

This “mastigar” mentioned in the hadith is a type of sand lizard, commonly known as an Egyptian Mastigure (dabb in Arabic). You can eat it if you like. :)

Tempting, isn't it? :P

Tempting, isn’t it? :P

Rabbit (Hadith No. 2244)


Ahadith 2241 – 224 (below) are repeats. See linked text for related posts.

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 743:
Narrated Sahl (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) sent for a woman from the emigrants and she had a slave who was a carpenter. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to her “Order your slave to prepare the wood (pieces) for the pulpit.” So, she ordered her slave who went and cut the wood from the tamarisk and prepared the pulpit, for the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). When he finished the pulpit, the woman informed the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) that it had been finished. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asked her to send that pulpit to him, so they brought it. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) lifted it and placed it at the place in which you see now.”

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 744:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Abu Qatada Al-Aslami:
That his father said, “One day I was sitting with some of the Prophet’s (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) companions on the way to Mecca. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was ahead of us. All of my companions were in the state of Ihram while I was a non-Muhrim. They saw an onager while I was busy repairing my shoes, so they did not tell me about it but they wished I had seen it. By chance I looked up and saw it. So, I turned to the horse, saddled it and rode on it, forgetting to take the spear and the whip. I asked them if they could hand over to me the whip and the spear but they said, ‘No, by Allah, we shall not help you in that in any way.’ I became angry and got down from the horse, picked up both the things and rode the horse again. I attacked the onager and slaughtered it, and brought it (after it had been dead). They took it (cooked some of it) and started eating it, but they doubted whether it was allowed for them to eat it or not, as they were in the state of Ihram. So, we proceeded and I hid with me one of its fore-legs. When we met Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and asked him about the case, he asked, ‘Do you have a portion of it with you?’ I replied in the affirmative and gave him that fleshy fore-leg which he ate completely while he was in the state of Ihram.

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 745:
Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):
Once Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) visited us in this house of ours and asked for something to drink. We milked one of our sheep and mixed it with water from this well of ours and gave it to him. Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) was sitting on his left side and ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) in front of him and a bedouin on his right side. When Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) finished, ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), “Here is Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu).” But Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) gave the remaining milk to the bedouin and said twice, “The (persons on the) right side! So, start from the right side.” Anas (radiallaahu `anhu) added, “It is a Sunnah (the Prophet’s traditions)” and repeated it thrice.

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 746:
Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):
We chased a rabbit at Mar-al-Zahran and the people ran after it but were exhausted. I overpowered and caught it, and gave it to Abu Talha (radiallaahu `anhu) who slaughtered it and sent its hip or two thighs to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). (The narrator confirms that he sent two thighs). The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) accepted that. (The sub-narrator asked Anas (radiallaahu `anhu), “Did the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam); eat from it?” Anas (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, “He ate from it.”)

Basically all animals are Halal except those that are made unlawful in Shari’a.
Allah says (interpretation of meaning): {Say (O Muhammad SAW): “I find not in that which has been inspired to me anything forbidden to be eaten by one who wishes to eat it, unless it be Maytah (a dead animal) or blood poured forth (by slaughtering or the like), or the flesh of swine (pork, etc.) for that surely is impure, …} [6: 145].

The Hadith establishes a rule concerning the birds and animals that are Haram, the Hadith reads: “Eating of all fanged beasts of prey, and all the birds having talons is forbidden”. [Reported by Imam Muslim ].

Therefore, eating a rabbit is permissible, and it is proved in Sahihain that “the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) and his companions ate its meat” .
Rabbit is Halal and no one from Muslim scholars opposed this ruling.

Mortgage Misc. (Ahadith 2184 – 2189)


Ahadith 2178 – 2183 (below) are repeats. See linked text for related posts.

Volume 3, Book 44, Number 681:
Narrated Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever manumits his share of a jointly possessed slave, it is imperative on him to manumit the slave completely if he has sufficient money to pay the rest of its price which is to be estimated justly. He should pay his partners their shares and release him (the freed one).


Volume 3, Book 44, Number 682:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever manumits his share of a jointly possessed slave, it is essential for him to manumit the slave completely if he has sufficient money. Otherwise he should look for some work for the slave (to earn what would enable him to emancipate himself), without overburdening him with work.”


Volume 3, Book 44, Number 683:
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) (along with his companions) reached Mecca in the morning of the fourth of Dhul-Hijja assuming Ihram for Hajj only. So when we arrived at Mecca, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) ordered us to change our intentions of the Ihram for ‘Umra and that we could finish our Ihram after performing the ‘Umra and could go to our wives (for sexual intercourse). The people began talking about that. Jabir (radiallaahu `anhu) said surprisingly, “Shall we go to Mina while semen is dribbling from our male organs?” Jabir (radiallaahu `anhu) moved his hand while saying so. When this news reached the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) he delivered a sermon and said, “I have been informed that some peoples were saying so and so; By Allah I fear Allah more than you do, and am more obedient to Him than you. If I had known what I know now, I would not have brought the Hadi (sacrifice) with me and had the Hadi not been with me, I would have finished the Ihram.” At that Suraqa bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu) stood up and asked “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! Is this permission for us only or is it forever?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied, “It is forever.” In the meantime ‘Ali bin Abu Talib (radiallaahu `anhu) came from Yemen and was saying Labbaik for what the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) has intended. (According to another man, ‘Ali was saying Labbaik for Hajj similar to Allah’s Apostle’s). The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) told him to keep on the Ihram and let him share the Hadi with him.

See number 13 in this post.

Volume 3, Book 44, Number 684:
Narrated Abaya bin Rifaa:
My grandfather, Rafi bin Khadij (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “We were in the valley of Dhul-Hulaifa of Tuhama in the company of the Prophet and had some camels and sheep (of the booty). The people hurried (in slaughtering the animals) and put their meat in the pots and started cooking. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) came and ordered them to upset the pots, and distributed the booty considering one camel as equal to ten sheep. One of the camels fled and the people had only a few horses, so they got worried. (The camel was chased and) a man slopped the camel by throwing an arrow at it. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, ‘Some of these animals are untamed like wild animals, so if anyone of them went out of your control, then you should treat it as you have done now.’ ” My grandfather said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! We fear that we may meet our enemy tomorrow and we have no knives, could we slaughter the animals with reeds?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Yes, or you can use what would make blood flow (slaughter) and you can eat what is slaughtered and the Name of Allah is mentioned at the time of slaughtering. But don’t use teeth or fingernails (in slaughtering). I will tell you why, as for teeth, they are bones, and fingernails are used by Ethiopians for slaughtering. (See Hadith 668)

Kitaab-ush-Sharikah [Book of Partnership] ends here.

Kitaab-ur-Rahn [Book of Mortgaging] starts today..

Volume 3, Book 45, Number 685:
Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):
No doubt, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) mortgaged his armor for barley grains. Once I took barley bread with some dissolved fat on it to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and I heard him saying, “The household of Muhammad did not possess except a Sa (of food grain, barley, etc.) for both the morning and the evening meals although they were nine houses.”


Volume 3, Book 45, Number 686:
Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) bought some foodstuff on credit for a limited period and mortgaged his armor for it.


Volume 3, Book 45, Number 687:
Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Who would kill Ka’b bin Al-Ashraf as he has harmed Allah and His Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)?” Muhammad bin Maslama (radiallaahu `anhu) (got up and) said, “I will kill him.” So, Muhammad bin Maslama (radiallaahu `anhu) went to Ka’b and said, “I want a loan of one or two Wasqs of food grains.” Ka’b said, “Mortgage your women to me.” Muhammad bin Maslama (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “How can we mortgage our women, and you are the most handsome among the Arabs?” He said, “Then mortgage your sons to me.” Muhammad (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “How can we mortgage our sons, as the people will abuse them for being mortgaged for one or two Wasqs of food grains? It is shameful for us. But we will mortgage our arms to you.” So, Muhammad bin Maslama (radiallaahu `anhu) promised him that he would come to him next time. They (Muhammad bin Maslama (radiallaahu `anhu) and his companions) came to him as promised and murdered him. Then they went to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and told him about it.

Volume 3, Book 45, Number 688:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “One can ride the mortgaged animal because of what one spends on it, and one can drink the milk of a milch animal as long as it is mortgaged. “

Volume 3, Book 45, Number 689:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The mortgaged animal can be used for riding as long as it is fed and the milk of the milch animal can be drunk according to what one spend on it. The one who rides the animal or drinks its milk should provide the expenditures.”

Volume 3, Book 45, Number 690:
Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) bought some foodstuff from a Jew and mortgaged his armor to him.

Volume 3, Book 45, Number 691:
Narrated Ibn Abu Mulaika:
I wrote a letter to Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) and he wrote to me that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had given the verdict that the defendant had to take an oath.

Volume 3, Book 45, Number 692:
Narrated Abu Wail:
Abdullah (bin Mas’ud) (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “Whoever took a false oath in order to grab somebody’s property will meet Allah while Allah will be angry with him.” Allah revealed the following verse to confirm that:- “Verily! Those who purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah’s covenant And their oaths…a painful torment.” (3.77)
Al-Ash’ath bin Qais (radiallaahu `anhu) came to us and asked as to what Abu Abdur-Rehman (i.e. Ibn Mas’ud) (radiallaahu `anhu) was telling you.” We related the story to him. On that he said, “He has told the truth. This verse was revealed about me. I had some dispute with another man regarding a well and we took the case before Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said (to me), “Produce two witnesses (to support your claim); otherwise the defendant has the right to take an oath (to refute your claim).’ I said, ‘The defendant would not mind to take a false oath.” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) then said, ‘Whoever took a false oath in order to grab someone else’s property will meet Allah, Allah will be angry with him.’ Allah then revealed what Confirmed it.” Al-Ash’ath then recited the following Verse:- “Verily! Those who purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah’s covenant, And their oaths . . . (to) . . . they shall have a painful torment!’ (3.77) (See Hadith No. 546)

Kitaab-ur-Rahn [Book of Mortgaging] ends here.


(Hadith No. 2165)


Hadith no. 2164 (below) is a repeat, read it here.

Volume 3, Book 44, Number 667:
Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):
that Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (radiallaahu `anhu) wrote to him the law of Zakat which was made obligatory by Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). He wrote: ‘Partners possessing joint property (sheep) have to pay its Zakat equally.

Today’s Hadith:


Volume 3, Book 44, Number 668:
Narrated ‘Abaya bin Rafa’a bin Rafi’ bin Khadij:
My grandfather said, “We were in the company of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) at Dhul-Hulaifa. The people felt hungry and captured some camels and sheep (as booty). The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was behind the people. They hurried and slaughtered the animals and put their meat in pots and started cooking it. (When the Prophet came) he ordered the pots to be upset and then he distributed the animals (of the booty), regarding ten sheep as equal to one camel. One of the camels fled and the people ran after it till they were exhausted. At that time there were few horses. A man threw an arrow at the camel, and Allah stopped the camel with it. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Some of these animals are like wild animals, so if you lose control over one of these animals, treat it in this way (i.e. shoot it with an arrow).” Before distributing them among the soldiers my grandfather said, “We may meet the enemies in the future and have no knives; can we slaughter the animals with reeds?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Use whatever causes blood to flow, and eat the animals if the name of Allah has been mentioned on slaughtering them. Do not slaughter with teeth or fingernails and I will tell you why: It is because teeth are bones (i.e. cannot cut properly) and fingernails are the tools used by the Ethiopians (whom we should not imitate for they are infidels).”

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