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Standing Up to Greet (Hadith No. 2677)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 2676 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 279 :
Narrated by Abu Ishaq
A man asked Al-Bara (radiallaahu `anhu), “O Abu ‘Umara! Did you flee on the day (of the battle) of Hunain?” Al-Bara (radiallaahu `anhu) replied while I was listening, “As for Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) he did not flee on that day. Abu Sufyan bin Al-Harith was holding the reins of his mule and when the pagans attacked him, he dismounted and started saying, ‘I am the Prophet, and there is no lie about it; I am the son of ‘Abdul Muttalib.’ On that day nobody was seen braver than the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)'”.

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 280 :
Narrated by Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri (radiallaahu `anhu)
When the tribe of Bani Quraiza was ready to accept Sa`d’s (radiallaahu `anhu) judgment, Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) sent for Sa`d (radiallaahu `anhu) who was near to him. Sa`d (radiallaahu `anhu) came, riding a donkey and when he came near, Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said (to the Ansar), “Stand up for your leader.” Then Sa`d (radiallaahu `anhu) came and sat beside Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) who said to him. “These people are ready to accept your judgment.” Sa`d (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “I give the judgment that their warriors should be killed and their children and women should be taken as prisoners.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) then remarked, “O Sa`d! You have judged amongst them with (or similar to) the judgment of the King Allah.”

Ruling on standing up for who comes in..

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah gave a detailed answer to this question based on shar’i evidence:

It was not the custom of the salaf at the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and the Rightly-Guided Caliphs to stand up every time they saw him [the Prophet] (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), as many people do. Rather Anas ibn Maalik said: “No person was dearer to them than the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), but when they saw him they did not stand up for him because they knew that he disliked that.” Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2754; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi. But they may have stood up for one who was returning from away, in order to greet him, as it was narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) stood up for ‘Ikrimah, and he said to the Ansaar when Sa’d ibn Mu’aadh came: “Stand up for your chief.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3043; Muslim, 1768.  That was when he [Sa’d] came to pass judgement on Banu Qurayzah, because they said that would accept his verdict.

What people should do is get accustomed to following the salaf in their customs at the time of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), for they are the best of generations and the best of speech is the Word of Allaah, and the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). No one should turn away from the guidance of the best of mankind and the guidance of the best of generations and follow something that is inferior to it. And the chief or leader should not approve of that among his companions, so that when they see him they should not stand up for him, rather they should simply greet him in the usual manner.

With regard to standing up for one who has come from a journey and the like, to greet him, that is fine. If it is the custom of the people to honour one who comes by standing up for him, and if that may make him feel insulted if they do not do it, and he does not know the custom that is in accordance with the Sunnah, then it is better to stand up for him, because that will create a good relationship between them and will remove rancour and hatred. But if a person is familiar with the custom of some people that is in accordance with the Sunnah, not doing that will not offend him.

Standing up for a newcomer is not the standing mentioned in the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “Whoever likes the people to stand up for him, let him take his place in Hell.” Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2755; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.  That refers to when they stand up for him when he is seated; it does not refer to when they stand up to welcome him when he comes. Hence the scholars differentiated between the two types of standing, because those who stand up to greet a newcomer are equal with him, unlike those who stand for one who remains seated.

It was proven in Saheeh Muslim that when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) led them in prayer sitting down, because he was ill, and they prayed standing, he told them to sit down and said: “Do not venerate me as the Persians venerate one another.” And he forbade them to stand in prayer whilst he was sitting, lest they resemble the Persians who used to stand for their leaders whilst the leaders were seated. In conclusion, the best is to follow the customs and attitude and views of the salaf as much as possible.

If a person does not believe in that and is not familiar with this custom, and if not dealing with him in the manner in which people are accustomed to showing respect will lead to a greater evil, then we should ward off the greater of two evils by doing the lesser of them, and do that which serves a greater interest at the expense that which serves the lesser interest.

Source: IslamQA

salam

How should we greet scholars and leaders?

The correct way to greet scholars is to greet them with salaam and shake their hand. Many ahaadeeth have been narrated concerning the virtue of these actions. It is also permissible to kiss their heads or hands sometimes, but that should not be taken as a habit or custom, especially if it is done instead of shaking hands.

With regard to embracing, that is permissible when someone comes from a journey or after a long absence, or to express one’s deep love for the sake of Allaah and so on.

Muslim (54) narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “By the One in Whose hand is my soul, you will not enter Paradise until you believe, and you will not believe until you love one another. Shall I not tell you something which, if you do it, you will love one another? Spread the greeting of salaam amongst yourselves.”

And it was narrated that Qataadah said: I said to Anas: Did the companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) shake hands with one another? He said: Yes. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 5908.

And it was narrated that Anas said: When the companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) met they would shake hands with one another, and if they came from a journey they would embrace one another.

Narrated by al-Tabaraani in al-Awsat (1/37); classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 2647.

It was narrated from ‘Awn ibn Abi Juhayfah that his father said: When Ja’far came after he had migrated to Abyssinia, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) embraced him and kissed him between the eyes.

Narrated by al-Tabaraani in al-Kabeer (2/108); there are many corroborating reports which were mentioned by al-Haafiz ibn Hajar in al-Talkhees al-Habeer, 4/96/ it was classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 2657.

It was narrated that Usaamah ibn Shareek said: We stood up for the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and kissed his hand.

Narrated by Abu Bakr ibn al-Muqqari in Juz’ Taqbeel al-Yad, p. 58. Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said: Its isnaad is qawiy. Fath al-Baari, 11/56

Read more on IslamQA

Virtues of Banu Tameem (Hadith No. 2217)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 2216 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 3, Book 46, Number 718:
Narrated Ibn Muhairiz:
I saw Abu Said (radiallaahu `anhu) and asked him about coitus interruptus. Abu Said (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “We went with Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), in the Ghazwa of Bani Al-Mustaliq and we captured some of the ‘Arabs as captives, and the long separation from our wives was pressing us hard and we wanted to practice coitus interruptus. We asked Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) (whether it was permissible). He said, “It is better for you not to do so. No soul, (that which Allah has) destined to exist, up to the Day of Resurrection, but will definitely come, into existence.”

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 46, Number 719:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
I have loved the people of the tribe of Bani Tamim ever since I heard three things Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said about them. I heard him saying, “These people (of the tribe of Bani Tamim) would stand firm against Ad-Dajjal.”
When the Sadaqat (gifts of charity) from that tribe came, Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “These are the Sadaqat (i.e. charitable gifts) of our folk.”
‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) had a slave-girl from that tribe, and the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa), “Manumit her as she is a descendant of Ishmael (the Prophet).”

Allah says in the Quran:

وَرَبُّكَ يَخْلُقُ مَا يَشَاءُ وَيَخْتَارُ ۗ مَا كَانَ لَهُمُ الْخِيَرَةُ ۚ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَتَعَالَىٰ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ

And your Lord creates what He wills and chooses; not for them was the choice. Exalted is Allah and high above what they associate with Him. [Al-Qasas: 68]

Arabic reading practice (I’ll translate roughly):

هذه بعض الفضائل المختصرة في جمل بسيطة، من كتاب:

These are some of the virtues in simple sentences, taken from the book:

((فضائل بني تميم في السنة النبوية))

“Virtues of Banu Tameem in the Sunnah of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)”

للشيخ الدكتور عبدالعزيز الفريح التيمي
الناشر : دار العبيكان .
يقع في 156 صفحة
وهذه خاتمة المؤلف:

By Shaykh Dr. Abdul Aziz Al-Fareeh at-Taymi
And this is the author’s conclusion (pg. 156)

– اأن بني تميم أشد الأمة على الدجال

1. Banu Tameem will stand firm against the Dajjal.

ب- أنهم أشد الناس قتالاً في المعارك والتحام الصفوف .

2. They are the strongest/best of people in battles and forming rows.

ج- ثباتهم على الحق وتمسكهم بسنة النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم.

3. Their adherence to the Truth and Sunnah of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam).

د- أنهم من بني إسماعيل بن إبراهيم عليهما السلام

4. They are from the descendants of Isma`eel, son of Ibraheem (`alayhimussalaam).

ه- أن بني تميم هم قوم النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ، وقد شرفهم بإضافتهم إليه

5. They are ‘the people of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)’, as he honored them.

و- بقاء نسبهم ونسلهم إلى آخر الزمان وعدم انقطاعه

6. Survival of their lineage and descendants till the end of times.

ز- مجيئهم بصدقاتهم إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وإعجابهم بها

7. Their coming to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) with gifts and his appreciation of them.

ح- ثبوت قدوم وفد بني تميم إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم.

8. Evidence of the arrival of Banu Tameem’s delegation to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam).

ط- عدم ثبوت نداء بني تميم للنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم من وراء الحجرات

9. Lack of evidence of them calling the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) from behind the dwellings.

ي- ورود النهي عن السب والشتم مطلقاً، ويتأكد هذا في حق بني تميم ، لقول النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: (لا تقل لبني تميم إلا خيراً )، وفهم السلف لذلك

10. The absolute forbiddance of insults and verbal abuse, which proves beneficial in Banu Tameem’s case because of the saying of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam): “Do not say of Banu Tameem anything but good”, and its understanding of the pious predecessors.

ك- حث النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم على محبة بني تميم

11. Prophet’s (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) love for Banu Tameem.

ل- محبة أبي هريرة لبني تميم ، وأنه لا يبغضهم أبداً

12. Abu Hurairah’s (radiallaahu `anhu) love for Banu Tameem, and that he never hated/disliked them.

م- أن لغتهم من أفصح لغات العرب 

13. That their language/dialect is of the most eloquent languages of Arabs.

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