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Gifts from Non-Muslims (Hadith No. 2301)

Bismillah,

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 803 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The Prophet Abraham migrated with Sarah. The people (of the town where they migrated) gave her Ajar (i.e. Hajar). Sarah returned and said to Abraham, “Do you know that Allah has humiliated that pagan and he has given a slave-girl for my service?”

This is from the story of Sarah (Ibraheem’s wife) and the king of Egypt when he tried to have his way with her. The point of this narration in the Book of Gifts is that it shows that slaves can be gifted to others.. and to that one can accept gifts from non-Muslims too, provided they’re not unlawful in themselves e.g. alcohol.

Read more on it here.

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Major Sins and Imaan (Hadith No. 2152)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 43, Number 655:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “When an adulterer commits illegal sexual intercourse, then he is not a believer at the time he is doing it, and when a drinker of an alcoholic liquor drinks it, then he is not a believer at the time of drinking it, and when a thief steals, then he is not a believer at the time of stealing, and when a robber robs, and the people look at him, then he is not a believer at the time of doing robbery.

A believer who indulges in a major sin cannot possibly have the fear/consciousness of Allah while he’s committing the sin. Iman increases and decreases, and sometimes it just goes too low.

Only sincere repentance can wipe out these sins from our slate, nothing else.

Al-Tirmidhi narrated that Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) say: “Allah, may He be blessed and exalted, said: ‘O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you and I would not mind.’” [Saheeh al-Tirmidhi]

Believers and Date Palms – What’s the Connection? (Hadith No. 1906)

Bismillah.

Ahadith 1902 – 1905 (below) are repeats. Read them where linked.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 407:
Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade Al-Muzabana, i.e. to sell ungathered dates of one’s garden for measured dried dates or fresh ungathered grapes for measured dried grapes; or standing crops for measured quantity of foodstuff. He forbade all such bargains.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 408:
Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever pollinates date palms and then sells them, the fruits will belong to him unless the buyer stipulates that the fruits should belong to him (and the seller agrees).”

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 409:
Narrated by Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade Muhaqala, Mukhadara, Mulamasa, Munabadha and Muzabana.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 410:
Narrated by Humaid
Anas (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade the selling of dates till they were almost ripe.” We asked Anas, “What does ‘almost ripe’ mean?” He replied, “They get red and yellow. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) added, ‘If Allah destroyed the fruits present on the trees, what right would the seller have to take the money of his brother (somebody else)?’ “

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 411:
Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
I was with the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) while he was eating spadix. He said, “From the trees there is a tree which resembles a faithful believer.” I wanted to say that it was the date palm, but I was the youngest among them (so I kept quiet). He added, “It is the date palm.”

Although this hadith is a repeat, and we’ve already covered two aspects of it before (links: one, two), I’d like to do it again. It talks about a parable that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) gave to explain the personality and character of a believer.

The scholars stated:

The Muslim was likened to the date palm due to the abundance of its goodness, the continuity of its shade, the goodness of its fruit and its presence throughout the year. Indeed from the time its fruit emerges, it could continue to be eaten until it dries, and after it dries a lot of benefits are gained from it. Likewise from its leaves, wood and branches; they are used for staffs, fire wood, rods, straw mats, ropes and utensils amongst other uses. The last thing is the date stone which is used as fodder for camels. Furthermore, the beauty of its growth and the pleasant shape of its fruit, all of it is beneficial, is goodness and beauty.

Just as the believer is all goodness, from the abundance of his obedience and the nobility of his manners. He constantly prays, fasts, reads, remembers, gives in charity, enjoins the ties along with the rest of the forms of worship and other than this.

This is the correct angle of resemblance. It was also said that the angle of resemblance is that if the top of it is chopped off the rest of it dies in contrast to the rest of the types of trees. It was also that it is because it does not produce fruit until it is pollinated and Allaah knows best.

After reading this, I’d like you (yes you, lazy reader!) to think and derive some more traits of a believer comparing him to a date palm tree. You can just take a minute or two to think about it, and if you’re feeling generous, share your thoughts below. If not, well, happy not sharing!

No Cheating! (Hadith No. 1823)

Bismillah.

Ahadith 1815 – 1822 are repeats. Read the post here.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 320 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallamsaid, “The buyer and the seller have the option to cancel or confirm the bargain before they separate from each other or if the sale is optional.” Nafi said, “Ibn ‘Umar used to separate quickly from the seller if he had bought a thing which he liked.”

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 321 :
Narrated by Haklm bin Hizam (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The buyer and the seller have the option of cancelling or confirming the deal unless they separate.”

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 322 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallamsaid, “The seller and the buyer have the option of cancelling or confirming the deal unless they separate, or one of them says to the other, ‘Choose (i.e. decide to cancel or confirm the bargain now).” Perhaps he said, ‘Or if it is an optional sale.’ ” Ibn Umar, Shuraih, Ash-Shabi, Tawus, Ata, and Ibn Abu Mulaika agree upon this judgment.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 323 :
Narrated by Hakim bin Hizam (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallamsaid, “The buyer and the seller have the option of cancelling or confirming the bargain unless they separate, and if they spoke the truth and made clear the defects of the goods, them they would be blessed in their bargain, and if they told lies and hid some facts, their bargain would be deprived of Allah’s blessings.”

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 324 :
Narrated by Abdullah bin Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallamsaid, “Both the buyer and the seller have the option of cancelling or confirming a bargain unless they separate, or the sale is optional.” (See Hadith No.320).

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 325 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallamsaid, “Both the buyer and the seller have the option of cancelling or confirming the bargain, as long as they are still together, and unless they separate or one of them gives the other the option of keeping or rejecting.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 326 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallamsaid, “No deal is settled and finalized unless the buyer and the seller separate, except if the deal is optional (whereby the validity of the bargain depends on the stipulations agreed upon).”

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 327 :
Narrated by Hakim bin Hizam (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallamsaid, “Both the buyer and the seller have the option of cancelling or confirming the bargain unless they separate.” The sub-narrator, Hammam said, “I found this in my book: ‘Both the buyer and the seller give the option of either confirming or cancelling the bargain three times, and if they speak the truth and mention the defects, then their bargain will be blessed, and if they tell lies and conceal the defects, they might gain some financial gain but they will deprive their sale of (Allah’s) blessings.”

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 328 :
Narrated by Abdullah bin Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
A person came to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and told him that he was always betrayed in purchasing. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallamtold him to say at the time of buying, “No cheating.”

Cheating is the getting of reward for ability by dishonest means. It is generally used for the breaking of rules to gain unfair advantage in a competitive situation. [Wikipedia]

Cheating is forbidden in Islam; regardless of the situation. Be it an ordinary situation like a small test at school or a huge business deal, it’s forbidden. Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said:

“Whoever bears arms against us is not one of us, and whoever cheats us is not one of us.” (Saheeh Muslim)

More on cheating here.

The hadith under discussion says that a person should remind the seller at the time of purchase to not cheat. This is significant. Right when a person is about to commit a sin, a reminder can still benefit them. You can still help them avoid the bad deed. Never think it’s too late.

“And remind, for verily a reminder benefits the believer.”(51:55)

Madinah, a Furnace (Ahadith 1602 – 1603)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 107:

Narrated Jabir (radiallaahu `anhu):

A bedouin came to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and gave a pledge of allegiance for embracing Islam. The next day he came with fever and said (to the Prophet ), “Please cancel my pledge.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) refused (that request) three times and said, “Medina is like a furnace, it expels out the impurities (bad persons) and selects the good ones and makes them perfect.”

There are two opinions among the scholars concerning this, that the Bedouin wanting to cancel the pledge meant that:

  1. he wanted to revert back to paganism and leave Islam
  2. he wanted to leave the city Madinah

The second one seems more correct because if he were to renounce Islam, Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) would’ve prescribed a punishment for him according to the Shari`ah, but he didn’t. He said these words to him because the Bedouin wanted to leave the city due to his dislike for it. A good Muslim has to love Madinah and there are no two ways about it.

So if someone gets the opportunity to live in Madinah and he lives there despite its hardships and trials even though he’d be better off somewhere else, then the glad tiding in the above hadith “..selects the good ones and makes them perfect” is for him. And if someone leaves it due to his dislike for it, then the wa`eed “..expels out the impurities” is for him.


Volume 3, Book 30, Number 108:

Narrated Zaid bin Thabit (radiallaahu `anhu):

When the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) went out for (the battle of) Uhud, some of his companions (hypocrites) returned (home). A party of the believers remarked that they would kill those (hypocrites) who had returned, but another party said that they would not kill them. So, this Divine Inspiration was revealed: “Then what is the matter with you that you are divided into two parties concerning the hypocrites.” (4.88) The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Medina expels the bad persons from it, as fire expels the impurities of iron.”

Some scholars have said that this virtue of Madinah was specific to the time of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) because trials and revelation used to distinguish between the believers and the hypocrites clearly. After the time of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), all kinds of people started living in Madinah.

Near the end of times, this virtue will become strong and active again because Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said:

“Verily, Belief returns and goes back to Medina as a snake returns and goes back to its hole (when in danger).”

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