All these Ahadith are related to the same topic: haydh. Mostly similar, with a few differences. Will explain one by one inshaAllah.
Fatima bint Abi Hubaish asked the Prophet, “I got persistent bleeding (in between the periods) and do not become clean. Shall I give up prayers?” He replied, “No, this is from a blood vessel. Give up the prayers only for the days on which you usually get the menses and then take a bath and offer your prayers.”
More on it here.
Narrated Um ‘Atiya:
We never considered yellowish discharge as a thing of importance (as menses).
(the wife of the Prophet) Um Habiba got bleeding in between the periods for seven years. She asked Allah’s Apostle about it. He ordered her to take a bath (after the termination of actual periods) and added that it was (from) a blood vessel. So she used to take a bath for every prayer.
Bath = wudhu. Read more on abrogation here.
(the wife of the Prophet) I told Allah’s Apostle that Safiya bint Huyai had got her menses. He said, “She will probably delay us. Did she perform Tawaf (Al-Ifada) with you?” We replied, “Yes.” On that the Prophet told her to depart.
Similar situation here.
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:
A woman is allowed to leave (go back home) if she gets menses (after Tawaf-AlIfada). Ibn ‘Umar formerly used to say that she should not leave but later on I heard him saying, “She may leave, since Allah’s Apostle gave them the permission to leave (after Tawaf-AlIfada.)”
Similar to previous one.
The Prophet said to me, “Give up the prayer when your menses begin and when it has finished, wash the blood off your body (take a bath) and start praying.”
Narrated Samura bin Jundab:
The Prophet offered the funeral prayer for the dead body of a woman who died of (during) delivery (i.e. child birth) and he stood by the middle of her body.
Such women have the right to be prayed salat-ul-janazah upon. Plus, they’re not impure. Note: Prophet (SAW) stood by the middle of her body, not far far away.
(the wife of the Prophet) During my menses, I never prayed, but used to sit on the mat beside the mosque of Allah’s Apostle. He used to offer the prayer on his sheet and in prostration some of his clothes used to touch me.”
More on it here.
The overall concept that needs to be instilled in our minds is: haydh itself is impure, but it does not make humans impure. A menstruating women (believing) is as pure as a non-menstruating woman. The only difference is, she has some benefits over the other. For example, she doesn’t pray, she doesn’t fast, she can’t be divorced during her menses etc. She can do other sorts of worship like dhikr and charity etc. She can hold the Qur’an, being careful not to touch the Arabic text. She can recite the Qur’an, out of memory or by reading. She can sit on the prayer rug. And she can do a lot of other things as well. Many examples came in Kitaab-ul-Haydh.
This was, by the way, the last post from Kitaab-ul-Haydh. Tomorrow, Kitaab-ut-Tayammum (Book of Rubbing Hands and Feet with Dust) begins. :)
Hadith no. 319 and 320 are repeats. Read here.
Hafsa said, ‘We used to forbid our young women to go out for the two ‘Id prayers. A woman came and stayed at the palace of Bani Khalaf and she narrated about her sister whose husband took part in twelve holy battles along with the Prophet and her sister was with her husband in six (out of these twelve). She (the woman’s sister) said, “We used to treat the wounded, look after the patients and once I asked the Prophet, ‘Is there any harm for any of us to stay at home if she doesn’t have a veil?’ He said, ‘She should cover herself with the veil of her companion and should participate in the good deeds and in the religious gathering of the Muslims.’ When Um ‘Atiya came I asked her whether she had heard it from the Prophet. She replied, “Yes. May my father be sacrificed for him (the Prophet)! (Whenever she mentioned the Prophet she used to say, ‘May my father be sacrificed for him) I have heard the Prophet saying, ‘The unmarried young virgins and the mature girl who stay often screened or the young unmarried virgins who often stay screened and the menstruating women should come out and participate in the good deeds as well as the religious gathering of the faithful believers but the menstruating women should keep away from the Musalla (praying place).’ ” Hafsa asked Um ‘Atiya surprisingly, “Do you say the menstruating women?” She replied, “Doesn’t a menstruating woman attend ‘Arafat (Hajj) and such and such (other deeds)?”
Basic implication is: menstruating women should participate in religious gatherings. ‘Id prayers are an example. In our culture, women don’t attend the ‘Id prayers at all, let alone the menstruating ones. However, Prophet (SAW) greatly emphasized on Muslim men and women gathering together to offer the ‘Id prayers. And even the menstruating women should attend.
It’s a great way to socialize and bring the Ummah together. Feels great to worship Allah in congregation!
‘Id-ul-Fitr is up next. Make plans to attend the prayers at your nearby mosque/’Id-gah etc. :)
A woman asked ‘Aisha, “Should I offer the prayers that which I did not offer because of menses” ‘Aisha said, “Are you from the Harura’ (a town in Iraq?) We were with the Prophet and used to get our periods but he never ordered us to offer them (the prayers missed during menses).” ‘Aisha perhaps said, “We did not offer them.”
It’s an exclamation. Like a rhetorical question. Means, where were you when Prophet (SAW) told us about such matters?
Anyway, so the lesson from the Hadith is: no need to offer the prayers missed due to menses. Consider it a relaxation (gift) from Allah. :)
Hadith no. 314 is a repeat. Read it here.
Volume 1, Book 6, Number 315:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet said, “At every womb Allah appoints an angel who says, ‘O Lord! A drop of semen, O Lord! A clot. O Lord! A little lump of flesh.” Then if Allah wishes (to complete) its creation, the angel asks, (O Lord!) Will it be a male or female, a wretched or a blessed, and how much will his provision be? And what will his age be?’ So all that is written while the child is still in the mother’s womb.”
How amazing is that? SubhanAllah! All that information in our DNA (and more) is put in when we’re nothing but a lump of flesh. Is that not enough to make us humble before Allah (SWT)? As He says in the Qur’an:
قُتِلَ الْإِنسَانُ مَا أَكْفَرَهُ
مِنْ أَيِّ شَيْءٍ خَلَقَهُ
مِن نُّطْفَةٍ خَلَقَهُ فَقَدَّرَهُ
ثُمَّ السَّبِيلَ يَسَّرَهُ
“Be cursed (the disbelieving) man! How ungrateful he is!
From what thing did He create him?
From Nutfah (male and female semen drops) He created him and then set him in due proportion.
Then He makes the Path easy for him.” [‘Abasa: 17-20]
I wonder if we’d still believe in it with such conviction if science hadn’t discovered the DNA and forensic science as yet. I just wonder..
Hadith no. 305 is a repeat. Read it here.
Once one of the wives of the Prophet did I’tikaf along with him and she was getting bleeding in between her periods. She used to see the blood (from her private parts) and she would perhaps put a dish under her for the blood. (The sub-narrator ‘Ikrima added, ‘Aisha once saw the liquid of safflower and said, “It looks like what so and so used to have.”)
The blood of istihadha has a different color than the period blood. And the precautions that a woman needs to take while experiencing istihadha are mentioned in this Hadith and the one given in reference above. That she should figure out a way to contain this blood and wash it away before each Salah, followed by fresh wudu. I hope it’s clear enough. If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to ask. :)