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Dying and Being Buried in Madinah (Hadith No. 1609)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 114:

Narrated Zaid bin Aslam from his father:

Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said, O Allah! Grant me martyrdom in Your cause, and let my death be in the city of Your Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam).”

Imam al-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) commented on this by saying:

It is mustahabb to seek to die in a virtuous land.
Al-Majmoo‘, 5/106.

In fact, he included it in a chapter entitled: Chapter on the recommendation for a person to pray that his death will be in the virtuous land. End quote.

Al-Adhkaar, p. 98

It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said:

Whoever can manage to die in Madinah, let him die there, for I will intercede for whoever dies there.

Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, no. 3917. He said: (|It is) hasan saheeh ghareeb. It was classed as saheeh by al-Nasaa’i in al-Sunan al-Kubra, 1/602; by Ibn ‘Abd al-Haadi in al-Saarim al-Makki, p. 96; and by Shaykh al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 4/1034

Al-Teebi said:

He recommended dying there but that is not in the hands of any person; rather that is up to the decree of Allah, may He be exalted. But he enjoined staying there and settling there and not leaving it, and that may be a cause of dying there. This is like the verse in which Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning): “then die not except in the Faith of Islâm (as Muslims – Islâmic Monotheism)” [al-Baqarah 2:132].
Quoted from Tuhfat al-Ahwadhi, 10/286

Ibn al-Haaj said:

It seems that whoever dies elsewhere then is transported and buried there will have a share of this intercession, but I did not see any shar‘i text (to that effect).
End quote from Fayd al-Qadeer, 6/70

Book of Virtues of Madinah ends here.

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`Umar [RA]’s Last Wish (Hadith No. 1174)

Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 23, Number 475:

Narrated ‘Amr bin Maimun Al-Audi:

I saw ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab (when he was stabbed) saying, “O ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar! Go to the mother of the believers Aisha and say, ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab sends his greetings to you,’ and request her to allow me to be buried with my companions.” (So, Ibn ‘Umar conveyed the message to ‘Aisha.) She said, “I had the idea of having this place for myself but today I prefer him (‘Umar) to myself (and allow him to be buried there).” When ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar returned, ‘Umar asked him, “What (news) do you have?” He replied, “O chief of the believers! She has allowed you (to be buried there).” On that ‘Umar said, “Nothing was more important to me than to be buried in that (sacred) place. So, when I expire, carry me there and pay my greetings to her (‘Aisha ) and say, ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab asks permission; and if she gives permission, then bury me (there) and if she does not, then take me to the grave-yard of the Muslims. I do not think any person has more right for the caliphate than those with whom Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) was always pleased till his death. And whoever is chosen by the people after me will be the caliph, and you people must listen to him and obey him,” and then he mentioned the name of ‘Uthman, ‘Ali, Talha, Az-Zubair, ‘Abdur-Rahman bin ‘Auf and Sad bin Abi Waqqas.

By this time a young man from Ansar came and said, “O chief of the believers! Be happy with Allah’s glad tidings. The grade which you have in Islam is known to you, then you became the caliph and you ruled with justice and then you have been awarded martyrdom after all this.” ‘Umar replied, “O son of my brother! Would that all that privileges will counterbalance (my short comings), so that I neither lose nor gain anything. I recommend my successor to be good to the early emigrants and realize their rights and to protect their honor and sacred things. And I also recommend him to be good to the Ansar, who before them had homes (in Medina) and had adopted the Faith. He should accept the good of the righteous among them and should excuse their wrongdoers. I recommend him to abide by the rules and regulations concerning the Dhimmis (protectees) of Allah and His Apostle, to fulfill their contracts completely and fight for them and not to tax (overburden) them beyond their capabilities.”

Notice:

  • what was on `Umar (RA)’s mind when he was bleeding on his death-bed – that he gets a place near Prophet (SAW) to be buried.
  • how that place was so beloved to `Aishah (RA) and she had planned to be buried there, but she gave it up for `Umar (RA), preferring him over herself.
  • the things `Umar (RA) said as wasiyyat (will) to his successor as leader of the believers.
  • how `Umar (RA) had been martyred but he was still scared for his hisaab. His words in reply to the man from Ansaar: O son of my brother! Would that all that privileges will counterbalance (my short comings), so that I neither lose nor gain anything.”

SubhanAllah, reading about the Companions make them seem like stars in the sky. Fascinating.
May we be together with them in Jannah. Firdaws preferably. <3

Burial of the Martyrs of Uhud (Ahadith 1126 – 1130)

 

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 1125 is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 2, Book 23, Number 427:

Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah:

The Prophet collected every two martyrs of Uhud in one piece of cloth, then he would ask, “Which of them had (knew) more of the Quran?” When one of them was pointed out for him, he would put that one first in the grave and say, “I will be a witness on these on the Day of Resurrection.” He ordered them to be buried with their blood on their bodies and they were neither washed nor was a funeral prayer offered for them.

Volume 2, Book 23, Number 428:

Narrated ‘Uqba bin ‘Amir:

One day the Prophet went out and offered the funeral prayers of the martyrs of Uhud and then went up the pulpit and said, “I will pave the way for you as your predecessor and will be a witness on you. By Allah! I see my Fount (Kauthar) just now and I have been given the keys of all the treasures of the earth (or the keys of the earth). By Allah! I am not afraid that you will worship others along with Allah after my death, but I am afraid that you will fight with one another for the worldly things.”

Volume 2, Book 23, Number 429:

Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah :

The Prophet buried every two martyrs in of Uhud in one grave.

Volume 2, Book 23, Number 430:

Narrated Jabir:

The Prophet said, “Bury them (i.e. martyrs) with their blood.” (that was) On the day of the Battle of Uhud. He did not get them washed.

Volume 2, Book 23, Number 431:

Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah :

Allah’s Apostle shrouded every two martyrs of Uhud in one piece of cloth and then he would ask, “Which of them knew more Quran?” When one of them was pointed out he would put him first in the grave. He said, “I am a witness on these.” Then he ordered them to be buried with blood on their bodies. Neither did he offer their funeral prayer nor did he get them washed. (Jabir bin Abdullah added): Allah’s Apostle used to ask about the martyrs of Uhud as to which of them knew more of the Quran.” And when one of them was pointed out as having more of it he would put him first in the grave and then his companions. (Jabir added): My father and my uncle were shrouded in one sheet.

Sunnah is to bury the martyr in the clothes in which he was killed. More on shrouding the martyrs here.

Took this picture back in 2011 when we visited the graves of Uhud’s martyrs. <3

It is also a Sunnah to visit the graves of the martyrs of Uhud in Madinah. [Ibn Uthaymeen’s view]

Wassalam.

 

One Qiraat, Two Qiraats (Ahadith 1108 – 1109)

Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 23, Number 409:

Narrated Nafi:

Ibn Umar was told that Abu Huraira said, “Whoever accompanies the funeral procession will have a reward equal to one Qirat.” Ibn ‘Umar said, “Abu Huraira talks of a too enormous reward.” Aisha attested Abu Huraira’s narration and said, “I heard Allah’s Apostle saying like that.” Ibn Umar said, “We have lost numerous Qirats.”

Volume 2, Book 23, Number 410:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

that Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, “Whoever attends the funeral procession till he offers the funeral prayer for it, will get a reward equal to one Qirat, and whoever accompanies it till burial, will get a reward equal to two Qirats.” It was asked, “What are two Qirats?” He replied, “Like two huge mountains.”

The Sunnah indicates that the one who attends the funeral until he offers the prayer will have one qiraat, and whoever attends until the deceased is buried will have two qiraats.

A qiraat is a large amount of reward, which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) likened to the mountain of Uhud.

The beloved Uhud [captured by moi back in 2011]

There are five categories of attending funerals [IslamQA]:

  1. Attending from the time the deceased is brought out of his house, until the funeral prayer is offered for him and the burial is finished. This is the most complete category, for which there are two huge qiraats of reward.
  2. Attending from the time the deceased is brought out of his house, until the funeral prayer is offered for him. This brings one qiraat of reward.
  3. Offering the funeral prayer for him, even if one did not come with the deceased from the time he was brought out of his house. This brings one qiraat according to the view favoured by al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar, but it is less than the reward of one who attended from time the deceased was brought out of his house, until the funeral prayer is offered for him.
  4. Attending the burial only, without offering the funeral prayer. The apparent meaning of the hadeeth is that there is no qiraat in this case, but a person will be rewarded in accordance with his actions.
  5. Following the funeral procession for a while, then leaving, without attending the prayer or the burial. There is the hope that a person will be rewarded in accordance with his intention in this case.

Details here.

Wassalam.

Hurry Up with the Dead (Ahadith 1099 – 1101)

Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 23, Number 400:

Narrated Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri :

Allah’s Apostle said, When the funeral is ready and the men carry it on their shoulders, if the deceased was righteous it will say, ‘Present me (hurriedly),’ and if he was not righteous, it will say, ‘Woe to it (me)! Where are they taking it (me)?’ Its voice is heard by everything except man and if he heard it he would fall unconscious.”

Volume 2, Book 23, Number 401:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “Hurry up with the dead body for if it was righteous, you are forwarding it to welfare; and if it was otherwise, then you are putting off an evil thing down your necks.”

Volume 2, Book 23, Number 402:

Narrated Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri

The Prophet said, “When a funeral is ready and the men carry the deceased on their necks (shoulders), if it was pious then it will say, ‘Present me quickly’, and if it was not pious, then it will say, ‘Woe to it (me), where are they taking it (me)?’ And its voice is heard by everything except mankind and if he heard it he would fall unconscious.”

It is not permissible to delay (burial) except within the limits of what is needed to prepare him or to wait for his relatives or neighbours to come, if that will not take too long according to local custom, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Hasten to bury your dead….” This hadeeth was narrated by Maalik and Ahmad, 2/240; and by al-Bukhaari, 2/87-88. It is not permitted to hold a “wake” for him, or to set up pavilions (for mourners to gather), i.e., so called mourning rituals. Those who could not attend the funeral may pray over his grave, if he was in the city where he was, within a period of two months, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) prayed over the grave of Umm Sa’d one month after her burial.

Standing Committee for Research, p. 355

Wassalam.

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