Volume 3, Book 38, Number 501 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) owed somebody a camel of a certain age. When he came to demand it back, the Prophet said (to some people), “Give him (his due).” When the people searched for a camel of that age, they found none, but found a camel one year older. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Give (it to) him.” On that, the man remarked, “You have given me my right in full. May Allah give you in full.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The best amongst you is the one who pays the rights of others generously.”
Volume 3, Book 38, Number 502 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
A man came to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) demanding his debts and behaved rudely. The companions of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) intended to harm him, but Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said (to them), “Leave him, for the creditor (i.e. owner of a right) has the right to speak.” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) then said, “Give him a camel of the same age as that of his.” The people said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! There is only a camel that is older than his.” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Give (it to) him, for the best amongst you is he who pays the rights of others handsomely.”
It’s not just about debts. It’s about others’ rights in general. Try doing more for them than however much you owe them. This is Ihsaan, and Allah loves those who do Ishaan (2:195).
Hadith no. 1995 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.
Volume 3, Book 38, Number 499 :
Narrated by Abu Said Al-Khudri and Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhumaa)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) employed someone as a governor at Khaibar. When the man came to Medina, he brought with him dates called Janib. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asked him, “Are all the dates of Khaibar of this kind?” The man replied, “(No), we exchange two Sa’s of bad dates for one Sa of this kind of dates (i.e. Janib), or exchange three Sa’s for two.” On that, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Don’t do so, as it is a kind of usury (Riba) but sell the dates of inferior quality for money, and then buy Janib with the money”. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said the same thing about dates sold by weight.
Volume 3, Book 38, Number 500 :
Narrated by Ibn Ka’b bin Malik from his father (radiallaahu `anhu)
We had some sheep which used to graze at Sal’ (a mountain in Madinah). One of our slave-girls saw a sheep dying and she broke a stone and slaughtered the sheep with it. My father said to the people, “Don’t eat it till I ask the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) about it (or till I send somebody to ask the Prophet).” So, he asked or sent somebody to ask the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), and the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) permitted him to eat it. ‘Ubaidullah (a sub-narrator) said, “I admire that girl, for though she was a slave-girl, she dared to slaughter the sheep. “
Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Forbidden to you (for food) are: Al‑Maitah (the dead animals — cattle — beast not slaughtered), blood, the flesh of swine, and that on which Allaah’s Name has not been mentioned while slaughtering (that which has been slaughtered as a sacrifice for others than Allaah, or has been slaughtered for idols) and that which has been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by the goring of horns — and that which has been (partly) eaten by a wild animal — unless you are able to slaughter it (before its death).”
Ibn Katheer said:
The phrase “unless you are able to slaughter it” refers to that which you are able to reach and slaughter in the proper manner when there is still evidently life in it. That refers to the phrase, “that which has been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by the goring of horns — and that which has been (partly) eaten by a wild animal”.
Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 2/11, 12
This shows that as long as one is able to slaughter the animal before it dies, it is permissible to eat from it. More on the etiquette of slaughtering animals here.
As for the brave girl who slaughtered the dying sheep, I admire her too! In fact, I admire all the women, including my mom, who are able to slaughter their sacrificial animals on Eid or otherwise. It takes guts to do it! Some women can’t even watch an animal being slaughtered let alone doing it themselves. SubhanAllah! May Allah give us (the scared lot) more courage. :)
Commenting on this hadeeth, Ibn Hijr (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
“This shows that it is permitted to eat meat slaughtered by a woman, whether she is free or a slave, old or young, Muslim or of the People of the Book (i.e., Jewish or Christian), in a state of purity or otherwise, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told them to eat the meat she had slaughtered and did not ask for further details.”
This hadeeth also answers the question about whether any of the Sahaabiyaat (female Companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)) slaughtered animals.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said:
“It is permitted to eat from an animal which a man or a woman slaughters Islamically before it dies, or from meat slaughtered by a woman, even if she is menstruating, because her menstruation is not in her hand. It is permissible to eat meat from an animal which a woman slaughters Islamically before it dies, by the consensus of the Muslims.” (Al-Fataawa, 35/234).
Volume 3, Book 38, Number 498 :
Narrated by ‘Abdur-Rahman bin ‘Auf (radiallaahu `anhu)
I got an agreement written between me and Umaiya bin Khalaf that Umaiya would look after my property (or family) in Mecca and I would look after his in Medina. When I mentioned the word ‘Ar-Rahman’ in the documents, Umaiya said, “I do not know ‘Ar-Rahman.’ Write down to me your name, (with which you called yourself) in the Pre-lslamic Period of Ignorance.” So, I wrote my name ‘ ‘Abdu ‘Amr’. On the day (of the battle) of Badr, when all the people went to sleep, I went up the hill to protect him. Bilal saw him (i.e. Umaiya) and went to a gathering of Ansar and said, “(Here is) Umaiya bin Khalaf! Woe to me if he escapes!” So, a group of Ansar went out with Bilal to follow us (‘Abdur-Rahman and Umaiya). Being afraid that they would catch us, I left Umaiya’s son for them to keep them busy but the Ansar killed the son and insisted on following us. Umaiya was a fat man, and when they approached us, I told him to kneel down, and he knelt, and I laid myself on him to protect him, but the Ansar killed him by passing their swords underneath me, and one of them injured my foot with his sword. (The sub narrator said, ” ‘Abdur-Rahman (radiallaahu `anhu) used to show us the trace of the wound on the back of his foot.”)
And this is how you honor your agreements, even if it is against you and your safety. How do you match such awesomeness? #Speechless
Book of Business by Proxy [Kitaab-ul-Wakaalah] starts today.
Volume 3, Book 38, Number 496 :
Narrated by ‘Ali (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) ordered me to distribute the saddles and skins of the Budn (camel) which I had slaughtered.
Volume 3, Book 38, Number 497 :
Narrated by ‘Uqba bin Amir (radiallaahu `anhu)
That the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had given him sheep to distribute among his companions and a male kid was left (after the distribution). When he informed the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) of it, he said (to him), “Offer it as a sacrifice on your behalf.”
A proxy is a person who is designated by another to represent that individual at a meeting or before a public body. It also refers to the written authorization allowing one person to act on behalf of another.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 349:
Narrated by ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Do not urge somebody to return what he has already bought (i.e. in optional sale) from another seller so as to sell him your own goods.”
This is forbidden because it harms the first seller by putting him in loss. It can lead to other evils as well, like negativity and revenge etc. One shouldn’t put someone else in loss/harm for their own good/benefit. Honesty and sincerity will put barakah in your business.