Volume 3, Book 34, Number 419 :
Narrated by ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhumaa)
We were with the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) when a tall pagan with long matted unkempt hair came driving his sheep. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asked him, “Are those sheep for sale or for gifts?” The pagan replied, “They are for sale.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) bought one sheep from him.
Ibn Battaal said,
Trade with the disbelievers is permitted, but you cannot sell things to people at war with the Muslims, thereby helping them against the Muslims.
Ibn Taymiyyah said:
The principle is: people are allowed to do whatever they need to do, so long as this has neither been prohibited by the Qur’an nor Sunnah. This same principle applies inversely to acts of worship; by which one intends to draw near to Allah: such acts are invalid without authority from either of these sources. The aim of worship is only to draw near to Allah. For religion is what Allah has sanctioned, and the prohibited is what Allah has forbidden; in contradiction to those whom Allah has condemned, who forbade things which He had not forbidden, associated partners with Him without any instruction, and invented acts of worship without His Authority.
Starting from this rule, and relying upon the text of the Qur’an, the Sunnah, the practice of the Prophet, his Companions and the Imams of the Ummah, we can say, dealings with the disbelievers for purposes of trade and so on cannot be considered evidence of alliance. In fact, trade with them is allowed. When Ibn Taymiyyah was asked about trade with the Mongols he said, “Whatever trade is allowed with others is also allowed with Mongols. That which is not allowed with others is not allowed with Mongols. You may buy goods they produce, horses and so on from them, just as you may buy such things from Bedouins, Turks or Kurds. You may likewise sell them food, clothing and such things as you are allowed to sell to others.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 293:
Narrated Hakim bin Hizam (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The seller and the buyer have the right to keep or return goods as long as they have not parted or till they part; and if both the parties spoke the truth and described the defects and qualities (of the goods), then they would be blessed in their transaction, and if they told lies or hid something, then the blessings of their transaction would be lost.”
The seller must disclose any faults in the item which may make it less desirable and reduce its price. There is abundant shar’i evidence to this effect. It was narrated that Wahb ibn ‘Aamir (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: “The Muslim is the brother of (another) Muslim. It is not permissible for a Muslim to sell something to his brother in which there is a fault without disclosing it to him.” Narrated by Ahmad and Abu Dawood; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Irwa’ al-Ghaleel (1321).
And it was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah have mercy on him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) passed by a man who was selling some foodstuff. He put his hand in it and found that it was wet. He said: “Whoever deceives us is not one of us.” Narrated by Muslim (101).
I know for a fact that very little people do this. If someone’s out to sell his product, he’d like to hide the defects knowingly in order to get a bigger price than its worth. Only a believer would do this because he knows that these few extra bucks won’t do him much good if he lost Allah’s pleasure because of his unfair dealing.
Jannah is your real business. Strive to crack that deal. ;)
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu):
Umar bin Al-Khattab (radiallaahu `anhu) gave a horse in charity in Allah’s Cause and later he saw it being sold in the market and intended to purchase it. Then he went to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and asked his permission. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Do not take back what you have given in charity.” For this reason, Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) never purchased the things which he had given in charity, and in case he had purchased something (unknowingly) he would give it in charity again.
Narrated ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu):
Once I gave a horse in Allah’s Cause (in charity) but that person did not take care of it. I intended to buy it, as I thought he would sell it at a low price. So, I asked the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) about it. He said, “Neither buy, nor take back your alms which you have given, even if the seller were willing to sell it for one Dirham, for he who takes back his alms is like the one who swallows his own vomit.”
The prohibition on buying back one’s charity is because it is given for the sake of Allaah, so one should not have any attachment to it. Buying it back implies that one is still attached to it. This prohibition also exists so that the vendor will not try to do the giver a favor which would result in him benefiting from his charity.
Can we take back charity before the recipient takes possession of it? Answer here.