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No Deception! (Hadith No. 2087)

Bismillah.

Ahadith 2085 – 2086 (below) are repeats. Related posts have been linked.

Volume 3, Book 41, Number 588 :
Narrated by Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)
A man pledged that his slave would be manumitted after his death. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asked, “Who will buy the slave from me?” No’aim bin ‘Abdullah bought the slave and the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) took its price and gave it to the owner.

Volume 3, Book 41, Number 589 :
Narrated by Jabir (radiallaahu `anhu)
When ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu) (my father) died, he left behind children and debts. I asked the lenders to put down some of his debt, but they refused, so I went to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) to intercede with them, yet they refused. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said (to me), “Classify your dates into their different kinds: ‘Adhq bin Zaid, Lean and ‘Ajwa, each kind alone and call all the creditors and wait till I come to you.” I did so and the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) came and sat beside the dates and started measuring to each his due till he paid them fully, and the amount of dates remained as it was before, as if he had not touched them. (On another occasion) I took part in one of Ghazawat among with the Prophet and I was riding one of our camels. The camel got tired and was lagging behind the others. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) hit it on its back. He said, “Sell it to me, and you have the right to ride it till Medina.” When we approached Medina, I took the permission from the Prophet to go to my house, saying, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! I have newly married.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asked, “Have you married a virgin or a matron (a widow or divorcee)?” I said, “I have married a matron, as ‘Abdullah (my father) died and left behind daughters small in their ages, so I married a matron who may teach them and bring them up with good manners.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) then said (to me), “Go to your family.” When I went there and told my maternal uncle about the selling of the camel, he admonished me for it. On that I told him about its slowness and exhaustion and about what the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had done to the camel and his hitting it. When the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) arrived, I went to him with the camel in the morning and he gave me its price, the camel itself, and my share from the war booty as he gave the other people.

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 41, Number 590 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
A man came to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and said, “I am often betrayed in bargaining.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) advised him, “When you buy something, say (to the seller), ‘No deception.” The man used to say so afterwards.

So reminding the person of Allah’s laws right in the middle of a transaction might help reduce the risk of being cheated.

No Cheating! (Hadith No. 1823)

Bismillah.

Ahadith 1815 – 1822 are repeats. Read the post here.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 320 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallamsaid, “The buyer and the seller have the option to cancel or confirm the bargain before they separate from each other or if the sale is optional.” Nafi said, “Ibn ‘Umar used to separate quickly from the seller if he had bought a thing which he liked.”

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 321 :
Narrated by Haklm bin Hizam (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The buyer and the seller have the option of cancelling or confirming the deal unless they separate.”

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 322 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallamsaid, “The seller and the buyer have the option of cancelling or confirming the deal unless they separate, or one of them says to the other, ‘Choose (i.e. decide to cancel or confirm the bargain now).” Perhaps he said, ‘Or if it is an optional sale.’ ” Ibn Umar, Shuraih, Ash-Shabi, Tawus, Ata, and Ibn Abu Mulaika agree upon this judgment.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 323 :
Narrated by Hakim bin Hizam (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallamsaid, “The buyer and the seller have the option of cancelling or confirming the bargain unless they separate, and if they spoke the truth and made clear the defects of the goods, them they would be blessed in their bargain, and if they told lies and hid some facts, their bargain would be deprived of Allah’s blessings.”

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 324 :
Narrated by Abdullah bin Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallamsaid, “Both the buyer and the seller have the option of cancelling or confirming a bargain unless they separate, or the sale is optional.” (See Hadith No.320).

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 325 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallamsaid, “Both the buyer and the seller have the option of cancelling or confirming the bargain, as long as they are still together, and unless they separate or one of them gives the other the option of keeping or rejecting.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 326 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallamsaid, “No deal is settled and finalized unless the buyer and the seller separate, except if the deal is optional (whereby the validity of the bargain depends on the stipulations agreed upon).”

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 327 :
Narrated by Hakim bin Hizam (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallamsaid, “Both the buyer and the seller have the option of cancelling or confirming the bargain unless they separate.” The sub-narrator, Hammam said, “I found this in my book: ‘Both the buyer and the seller give the option of either confirming or cancelling the bargain three times, and if they speak the truth and mention the defects, then their bargain will be blessed, and if they tell lies and conceal the defects, they might gain some financial gain but they will deprive their sale of (Allah’s) blessings.”

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 328 :
Narrated by Abdullah bin Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
A person came to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and told him that he was always betrayed in purchasing. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallamtold him to say at the time of buying, “No cheating.”

Cheating is the getting of reward for ability by dishonest means. It is generally used for the breaking of rules to gain unfair advantage in a competitive situation. [Wikipedia]

Cheating is forbidden in Islam; regardless of the situation. Be it an ordinary situation like a small test at school or a huge business deal, it’s forbidden. Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said:

“Whoever bears arms against us is not one of us, and whoever cheats us is not one of us.” (Saheeh Muslim)

More on cheating here.

The hadith under discussion says that a person should remind the seller at the time of purchase to not cheat. This is significant. Right when a person is about to commit a sin, a reminder can still benefit them. You can still help them avoid the bad deed. Never think it’s too late.

“And remind, for verily a reminder benefits the believer.”(51:55)

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