Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah’s Apostle said, “A woman called her son while he was in his hermitage and said, ‘O Juraij’ He said, ‘O Allah, my mother (is calling me) and (I am offering) my prayer (what shall I do)?’ She again said, ‘O Juraij!’ He said again, ‘O Allah ! My mother (is calling me) and (I am offering) my prayer (what shall I do)?’ She again said, ‘O Juraij’ He again said, ‘O Allah! My mother (is calling me) and (I am offering) my prayer. (What shall I do?)’ She said, ‘O Allah! Do not let Juraij die till he sees the faces of prostitutes.’ A shepherdess used to come by his hermitage for grazing her sheep and she gave birth to a child. She was asked whose child that was, and she replied that it was from Juraij and that he had come out from his hermitage. Juraij said, ‘Where is that woman who claims that her child is from me?’ (When she was brought to him along with the child), Juraij asked the child, ‘O Babus, who is your father?’ The child replied, ‘The shepherd.’ “ (See Hadith No 662. Vol 3).
A longer version from Sahih Muslim here.
Juraij was from Bani Israel, just so you know. Commenting on this Hadith (Ibn Battaal), scholars have said that talking during prayer was not forbidden in Juraij’s shari`ah (religious law). He could have answered his mother but he didn’t. As to why and all the other questions in your mind, let’s just not be judgmental. We get to know from the story that his mother’s du`a against him was accepted, but Allah did bring out his innocence towards the end. And that’s all there is to it.
In our shari`ah (Islam), talking during prayer was allowed before this ayah was revealed:
وَقُومُوا لِلَّهِ قَانِتِينَ
“And stand before Allah with obedience [and do not speak to others during the Salat (prayers)].” [Al-Baqarah: 238]
Now, if someone talks deliberately during prayer, his/her prayer in invalidated.
So what if your mom called you while you were praying? You won’t answer her? :O
Yeah, you won’t. Because Prophet (SAW) said:
لا طاعة لمخلوق فى معصية الخالق
“There is no obedience to creation in disobedience to the Creator.”
Meaning, if you respond to your mother’s call during your prayer, you’ll obey your mother but you’ll disobey your Creator. And such obedience is not required. Allah has more rights on us than our parents.
Possible solution: make your prayer light (finish it early) and respond to your mother. (y)
Note: The prohibition comes only during the obligatory Salah. It is allowed to interrupt your prayer and answer your parents if you’re performing a voluntary Salah.
Imam Nawawi said in his Riyad-us-Saliheen that honoring one’s parents takes precedence over voluntary prayer and other actions. This is because obeying parents is obligatory whereas continuing with a nafil (voluntary) Salah is voluntary. The same have also been explained by other scholars.
Today’s Hadith is a real eye-opener. Read very carefully and learn your lesson!
Narrated Jabir bin Samura:
The People of Kufa complained against Sa’d to ‘Umar and the latter dismissed him and appointed ‘Ammar as their chief . They lodged many complaints against Sa’d and even they alleged that he did not pray properly. ‘Umar sent for him and said, “O Aba Ishaq! These people claim that you do not pray properly.” Abu Ishaq said, “By Allah, I used to pray with them a prayer similar to that of Allah’s Apostle and I never reduced anything of it. I used to prolong the first two Rakat of ‘Isha prayer and shorten the last two Rakat.” ‘Umar said, “O Aba Ishaq, this was what I thought about you.” And then he sent one or more persons with him to Kufa so as to ask the people about him. So they went there and did not leave any mosque without asking about him. All the people praised him till they came to the mosque of the tribe of Bani ‘Abs; one of the men called Usama bin Qatada with a surname of Aba Sa’da stood up and said, “As you have put us under an oath; I am bound to tell you that Sa’d never went himself with the army and never distributed (the war booty) equally and never did justice in legal verdicts.” (On hearing it) Sa’d said, “I pray to Allah for three things: O Allah! If this slave of yours is a liar and got up for showing off, give him a long life, increase his poverty and put him to trials.” (And so it happened). Later on when that person was asked how he was, he used to reply that he was an old man in trial as the result of Sa’d’s curse. ‘Abdul Malik, the sub narrator, said that he had seen him afterwards and his eyebrows were over-hanging his eyes owing to old age and he used to tease and assault the small girls in the way.
Looking at the whole narration, I don’t understand why anyone wanted to get Sa`d/Abu Ishaq dismissed from chieftain. It’s one thing to have personal grudges against a person, but to humiliate them publicly and spreading false rumors about them is just WRONG!
But Allah helps His slaves. Sa`d prayed to Allah to bring out the truth (because Abu Sa`da had taken an oath while saying what he said about Sa`d). And Allah accepted his prayer. Abu Sa`da was cursed. And reading about his last days is giving me the chills! He couldn’t help himself. Being old, poor and still teasing/assaulting ‘small girls’ he saw on the way. May Allah not make us from among those who have long lives and are put to trials. :(
Don’t let people curse you. As in, don’t give them the reason to do so. And avoid cursing others! If they don’t deserve it, it’ll come back to you. True story.