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Rest after Battle (Hadith No. 2697)

Bismillah.

Ahadith 2692 – 2696 (below) are repeats. See linked text for related posts.

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 295 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu)
A man came to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! I have enlisted in the army for such-and-such Ghazwa, and my wife is leaving for Hajj.” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Go back and perform Hajj with your wife.”

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 296 :
Narrated by Az-Zuhri (radiallaahu `anhu)
As follows in Hadith 297.

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 297 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
We were in the company of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) in a Ghazwa, and he remarked about a man who claimed to be a Muslim, saying, “This (man) is from the people of the (Hell) Fire.” When the battle started, the man fought violently till he got wounded. Somebody said, “O Allah’s Apostle! The man whom you described as being from the people of the (Hell) Fire fought violently today and died.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “He will go to the (Hell) Fire.” Some people were on the point of doubting (the truth of what the Prophet had said) while they were in this state, suddenly someone said that he was still alive but severely wounded. When night fell, he lost patience and committed suicide. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was informed of that, and he said, “Allah is Greater! I testify that I am Allah’s Slave and His Apostle.” Then he ordered Bilal (radiallaahu `anhu) to announce amongst the people: ‘None will enter Paradise but a Muslim, and Allah may support this religion (i.e. Islam) even with a disobedient man.’

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 298 :
Narrated by Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) delivered a sermon and said, “Zaid received the flag and was martyred, then Ja’far took it and was martyred, then ‘Abdullah bin Rawaha took it and was martyred, and then Khalid bin Al-Walid took it without being appointed, and Allah gave him victory.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) added, “I am not pleased (or they will not be pleased) that they should remain (alive) with us,” while his eyes were shedding tears.

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 299 :
Narrated by Anas (radiallaahu `anhu)
The people of the tribes of Ril, Dhakwan, ‘Usiya and Bani Lihyan came to the Prophet and claimed that they had embraced Islam, and they requested him to support them with some men to fight their own people. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) supported them with seventy men from the Ansar whom we used to call Al-Qurra'(i.e. Scholars) who (out of piety) used to cut wood during the day and pray all the night. So, those people took the (seventy) men till they reached a place called Bi’r-Ma’ana where they betrayed and martyred them. So, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) invoked evil on the tribe of Ril, Dhakwan and Bani Lihyan for one month in the prayer.
Narrated Qatada: Anas (radiallaahu `anhu) told us that they (i.e. Muslims) used to recite a Quranic Verse concerning those martyrs which was:– “O Allah! Let our people be informed on our behalf that we have met our Lord Who has got pleased with us and made us pleased.” Then the Verse was cancelled.

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 300 :
Narrated by Abu Talha (radiallaahu `anhu)
Whenever the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) conquered some people, he would stay in their town for three days.

As per the rights of the guest, three days of hospitality is the minimum, hence the habit of Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). And this gave enough time to let the fighters and their animals recuperate from battle and prepare for the journey home.

rest

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When is I’tikaaf? (Hadith No. 1751)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 1749 and 1750 (below) are repeats. Read the post here.

Volume 3, Book 33, Number 254:

Narrated ‘Ali bin Al-Husain (from Safiya, the Prophet’s wife):

The wives of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) were with him in the mosque (while he was in Itikaf) and then they departed and the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to Safiya bint Huyai (radiallaahu `anhaa), “Don’t hurry up, for I shall accompany you,” (and her dwelling was in the house of Usama). The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) went out and in the meantime two Ansari men met him and they looked at the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and passed by. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to them, “Come here. She is (my wife) Safiya bint Huyai.” They replied, “Subhan Allah, (How dare we think of evil) O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! (we never expect anything bad from you).” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied, “Satan circulates in the human being as blood circulates in the body, and I was afraid lest Satan might insert an evil thought in your minds.”


Volume 3, Book 33, Number 255:

Narrated ‘Ali bin Al-Husain from Safiya (radiallaahu `anhaa):

Safiya (radiallaahu `anhaa) went to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) while he was in Itikaf. When she returned, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) accompanied her walking. An Ansari man saw him. When the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) noticed him, he called him and said, “Come here. She is Safiya (radiallaahu `anhaa). (Sufyan a sub-narrator perhaps said that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had said, “This is Safiya”). And Satan circulates in the body of Adam’s offspring as his blood circulates in it.”

(A sub-narrator asked Sufyan, “Did Safiya (radiallaahu `anhaa) visit him at night?” He said, “Of course, at night.”)

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 33, Number 256:

Narrated Abu Said (radiallaahu `anhu):

We practiced Itikaf with Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) in the middle ten days (of Ramadan). In the morning of the twentieth (of Ramadan) we shifted our baggage, but Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) came to us and said, “Whoever was Itikaf should return to his place of Itikaf, for I saw (i.e. was informed about the date of) this Night (of Qadr) and saw myself prostrating in mud and water.” When I returned to my place the sky was overcast with clouds and it rained. By Him Who sent Muhammad (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) with the Truth, the sky was covered with clouds from the end of that day, and the mosque which was roofed with leaf-stalks of date palm trees (leaked with rain) and I saw the trace of mud and water over the nose of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and its tip.

This Hadith explains this one narrated by Abu Hurairah (radiallaahu `anhu):

“The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to observe i’tikaaf for ten days every Ramadaan, and in the year in which he passed away he observed i’tikaaf for twenty days.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari.

And this is why I`tikaaf in the last ten days of Ramadaan is more recommended than any other time.. Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) preferred it in his last year.
But this doesn’t mean one can’t observe I`tikaaf in days other than the last ten of Ramadaan. I`tikaaf can be practiced any time of the year. Read this post for more details.

Fast Three Days a Month, Okay? (Hadith No. 1697)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 31, Number 202:

Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):

My friend (the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)) advised me to observe three things:

(1) to fast three days a month;

(2) to pray two Rakat of Duha prayer (fore-noon prayer); and

(3) to pray Witr before sleeping.

it is mustahabb to fast three days each month, and it is best to fast the ayaam al-beed, which are the 13th, 14th and 15th of the month.

It was narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to me:

“It is sufficient for you to fast three days every month, because for every good deed you will have (the reward of) ten like it, so that will be like fasting for a lifetime.”

Narrated by al-Bukhaari (1874); Muslim (1159).

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked:

It was narrated in the hadeeth that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) advised Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) to fast three days of each month. When should these fasts be observed, and should they be one after the other?

He replied:

It is permissible to fast these days one after the other or separately, and they may be at the beginning of the month, or in the middle, or at the end. The matter is broad in scope, praise be to Allaah, because the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not state any specific days. ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) was asked: Did the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) fast three days of each month? She said: Yes. It was asked: In which part of the month did he fast? She said: He would not bother in which part of the month he would fast. Narrated by Muslim, (1160).  But the 13th, 14th and 15th are better, because these are al-ayyaam al-beed.

Majmoo’ Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 10/ question no. 376.

First Ten Days of Dhul-Hijjah (Hadith No. 784)

Assalamu`alaykum,
Bismillah.

Hadith no. 783 is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 2, Book 15, Number 784:

Narrated Ibn Abbas:

The Prophet said, “No good deeds done on other days are superior to those done on these (first ten days of Dhul Hijja).” Then some companions of the Prophet said, “Not even Jihad?” He replied, “Not even Jihad, except that of a man who does it by putting himself and his property in danger (for Allah’s sake) and does not return with any of those things.”

These days have great excellence and superiority over all other days. These are the days right before Eid-ul-Adha, or the Hajj days, as we know them. One should maximize their good deeds in these days to benefit most from them.

I’ve written a detailed post on it once before, taken from Dr. Farhat Hashmi’s mind-blowing lecture on the subject. Do read! :)

Wassalam.

Best Days, Best Deeds (First 10 Days of Dhul-Hijjah)

Dhul-Hijjah (ذو الحجة) is the twelfth and final month in the Islamic calendar.

This is a very sacred month in the Islamic calendar, marking the end of the year. It is in this month in which the Hajj (pilgrimage) takes place.

“Dhu al-Hijjah” literally means “Possessor of the Pilgrimage.” It is during this month that pilgrims from all around the world congregate at Mecca to visit the Kaaba. The Hajj is performed on the eighth, ninth and the tenth of this month. Day of Arafa takes place on the ninth of the month. Eid al-Adha, the “Festival of the Sacrifice”, begins on the tenth day and ends on the thirteenth.

The first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah are marked blessed for both, the pilgrims and the non-pilgrims. Rewards of good deeds are multiplied in these days. Imaam Ibn Qayyim (rahimahullah) (d. 751H) said: “Indeed, its days are the most excellent of all the days with Allah”. It has been confirmed in Saheeh al-Bukhari from Ibn Abbas (RA) that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “No deeds are more virtuous than deeds on these days.” The companions asked: ‘Not even Jihad (fighting in Allah’s Cause)?’ He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) replied: “Not even Jihad for the sake of Allah, unless a man goes out risking himself and his wealth for the sake of Allah, and does not come back with anything.” [Saheeh al-Bukhari vol: 2, no: 457] And it is these ten days, of which Allah takes an oath saying: “By the dawn; by the ten nights.” [Soorah al-Fajr (89): 1-2] This is why it is recommended to increase in making Takbeer [Allahu Akbar], Tahlil [la ilaha illa Allah] and Tamhid [Alhamdulillah] during these days.” [Zaad al-Ma’aad vol: 1, pp: 56]

These 10 days are the best days of the year. Why not strive to do the BEST deeds in these days? :)

Best of Imaan:

  • that which has no doubts in it [Musnad Ahmad: 9700]
  • Out of the 70+ branches of Imaan, best is: saying ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ [Abu Dawud: 4678]
  • patience and forgiveness [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 1495]
  • good character [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 551]

Best of Islam:

  • consistency, focus and ease [Saheeh Jami’ as-Sagheer: 1090]
  • leaving that which doesn’t concern you [Bukhari]
  • feeding others, saying Salaam to those you know and those whom you do not know [Bukhari]

Best of Deeds:

  • {Highest level:} Iman, Tasdeeq (affirmation), Jihad, Hajj Mabroor
    {Lower level:} being soft-spoken, easy going and feeding people
    {Lowest level:} not thinking bad/wrong about Allah [Musnad Ahmad: 17814]

Best of Jihaad:

  • fighting against your desire and nafs [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 1496]

Best of Prayers:

  • praying in the first time [Abu Dawud: 426] [Bukhari: 2782]
  • praying in congregation (for men) [Muslim: 1504]
  • praying Fajr in congregation on Jumu’ah (for men) [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 1566]
  • praying nawafil at home [Bukhari: 731]
  • tahajjud/night prayer [Muslim: 2812]
  • praying in the last portion of the night (when Allah descends down to the lowest heaven) [Musnad Ahmad: 281555]
  • praying like Dawud (AS): sleep the first half of the night, pray one-third, sleep one-sixth. [Irwaa al-Ghaleel: 199/2]
  • praying with long qiyaam/recitation [Muslim: 1804] [Abu Dawud: 1325]
  • praying in a hidden/covered place (for women) [Abu Dawud: 570]
  • praying in Masjid Haraam and Masjid Nabawi [Muslim: 2812]

Best of Fasts:

  • fasting like Dawud (AS): on alternate days [Bukhari: 5052]
  • fasting in Muharram, esp. on the 10th [Muslim: 2812]
  • fasting on the day of Arafah (9th of Dhul-Hijjah)

Best of Hajj:

  • that which has lots of talbiyah and sacrifice (of animals) [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 1500]
  • that which has maximum dhikr/remembrance of Allah

Best of Sadaqah:

  • spending on your family [Muslim: 2357]
  • spending on your ride/friends in the Way of Allah (worship/knowledge/jihaad etc.) [Muslim: 2357]
  • giving presents to a friend [Musnad Ahmad: 4415]
  • making others happy, clothing them, feeding them, fulfilling their needs [Saheeh at-Targheeb wa at-Tarheeb: 2621] [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 1494]
  • giving to the relative who dislikes/hurts you [Musnad Ahmad: 23530]
  • providing residence/shade/ride in Allah’s Way [Musnad Ahmad: 22321]
  • helping someone who is serving in the Way of Allah
  • gifting a milk-giving animal [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 2587]
  • providing drinking-water [Sunan an-Nasaai: 3665]
  • spending in health and fear of poverty [Bukhari: 2748]
  • spending but keeping some to yourself [Bukhari: 5355]
  • making peace between two people [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 1448 & 2639]
  • paying off someone’s debt [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 2291]
  • feeding others [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 1494]
  • relieving someone off their trouble/problem [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 2291]

Best of People:

  • those who praise Allah a lot (and appreciate good things) [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 1584]
  • those who have beautiful character/akhlaaq [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 1384]
  • those to whom Allah bestows a long age and they do maximum good deeds (tasbeeh, tahleel, takbeer) in it Musnad Ahmad: 1401 & 20480]
  • those who are soft-hearted (fearful of Allah and sincere) and truthful [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 948]
  • those who keep others safe from harm (from their hands and tongue) [Bukhari: 2786] [Musnad Ahmad: 15210]
  • those who do Jihaad with their wealth and life (time, strength, energy etc.) [Musnad Ahmad: 9723]
  • those who worship Allah and deal with people with ‘khayr’ (good) [Musnad Ahmad: 9723]
  • strong believers (physical/emotional strength) [Musnad Ahmad: 8839]
  • those who live among others and bear with patience the harm that people cause them [as-Sunan al-Kubra lil Baihaqi: 20669] [Saheeh al-Jami’ as-Sagheer lil Albani: 6651]

Best of Dhikr:

  • la ilaha illa Allah لا إله إلا الله  [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 1497] [Musnad Ahmad: 21847]
  • subhan Allahi wa bi hamdihi سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ [Muslim: 7101]
  • subhan Allahi wal hamdu lillahi wa la ilaha illa Allah wa Allahu Akbar سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ وَلَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ [Musnad Ahmad: 16412]
  • la ilaha illa Allahu wahdahu la shareeka lahu lahu al-mulku wa lahu al-hamdu wa huwa ‘alaa kulli shay’in qadeer لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَىْءٍ قَدِيرٌ [Muslim: 7018]
  • سبحان الله عدد ما خلق ، سبحان الله ملء ما خلق ، سبحان الله عدد ما في الأرض و السماء ، سبحان الله ملء ما في السماء و الأرض ، سبحان الله ملء ما خلق، سبحان الله عدد ما أحصى كتابه ، و سبحان الله ملء كل شيء [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 2578]
  • Alhamdulillah الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 1497]

Best of Qur’an:

  • Surah al-Fatihah [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 1499]
  • Best ayah: Ayat-ul-Kursi [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 109]

Best of Ta’awwuz (Seeking Allah’s Protection):

  • Mu’awwizatayn: Surah al-Falaq and an-Naas [Musnad Ahmad: 17297]

Best of Days:

  • first 10 days of Dhul-Hijjah [Bukhari: 969]
  • 9th and 11th of Dhul-Hijjah [Saheeh Ibn Hibban: 2811] [Abu Dawud: 1765]
  • Friday [Musnad Ahmad: 7687]

Best Time of the Day:

  • last portion of the night (when Allah descends down to the lowest heaven) [as-Silsilah as-Saheehah: 551]
External links (resources):
Compiled from Dr. Farhat Hashmi’s lecture: Dhul-Hijjah (October 27th, ’11)
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