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Dying of Plague (Ahadith 2477 – 2478)

Bismillah.

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 82 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Five are regarded as martyrs: They are those who die because of plague, abdominal disease, drowning or a falling building etc., and the martyrs in Allah’s Cause.”

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 83 :
Narrated by Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Plague is the cause of martyrdom of every Muslim (who dies because of it).”

Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz (may Allah have mercy on him) says:

It is proven in a number of hadeeths that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said that the one who dies by drowning, or because of the plague or a stomach disease (diarrhoea) is a martyr. So the one who dies of the plague is a martyr, the one who dies of a stomach disease is a martyr, the one who drowns is a martyr, the one who is crushed by a falling wall is a martyr, the one who is killed for the sake of Allah is a martyr, the one who dies for the sake of Allah is a martyr, and there are a number of others who are martyrs.

TRAGIC DEATH

This is by the grace of Allah, so that this ummah will have an advantage in terms of great reward, but the best of them are those who are martyred for the sake of Allah, who are killed for the sake of Allah. They are the best, and they are not to be washed (ghusl), and the funeral prayer is not to be offered for them, for they are alive with their Lord and given provision. Martyrs other than those who were martyred for the sake of Allah, such as those who died of a stomach disease or the plague, or those who were killed by falling walls or drowned, are to be washed and the funeral prayer is to be offered for them. Included with them are those who die in vehicle rollovers and car crashes; they are likened to the one who is crushed beneath a falling wall, and there is the hope that they will have the status of martyrdom, but they are to be washed and the funeral prayer is to offered for them, as is done for those who die of stomach diseases or drowning. End quote.

Fataawa Noor ‘ala al-Darb, 3/1426

Taken from IslamQA

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Contagious Diseases (Hadith No. 1807)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 1806 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 311:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

‘Ukaz, Majanna and Dhul-Majaz were markets in the Pre-lslamic period. When the people embraced Islam they considered it a sin to trade there. So, the following Holy Verse came:- ‘There is no harm for you if you seek of the bounty of your Lord (Allah) in the Hajj season.” (2.198) Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) recited it like this.


Today’s hadith:

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 312:

Narrated ‘Amr (radiallaahu `anhu):

Here (i.e. in Mecca) there was a man called Nawwas and he had camels suffering from the disease of excessive and unquenchable thirst. Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) went to the partner of Nawwas and bought those camels. The man returned to Nawwas and told him that he had sold those camels. Nawwas asked him, “To whom have you sold them?” He replied, “To such and such Sheikh.” Nawwas said, “Woe to you; By Allah, that Sheikh was Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu).” Nawwas then went to Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) and said to him, “My partner sold you camels suffering from the disease of excessive thirst and he had not informed you.” Ibn ‘Umar told him to take them back. When Nawwas went to take them, Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said to him, “Leave them there as I am happy with the decision of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) that there is no oppression.”

The last words of the hadith are لاَ عَدْوَى‏ in Arabic. Due to variety in the meaning of this phrase, we can understand the hadith in two ways:

  1. Ibn `Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) changed his mind about returning the sick camels to Nawwas because he remembered the words of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) where he said: “there’s no contagious disease”. So he settled with what he had and left the matter in Allah’s Hands.
  2. Ibn `Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) had the right to take the matter to court to settle scores with the seller of camels, but he said he’d rather let it be and not dwell over the matter. And so he kept the camels.

The scholars favor the first opinion, and Allah knows best.

As far as contagious diseases are concerned, what should we believe about them? Does the saying of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) contradict with Science? Read this for an abridged answer.

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