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Doubtful Things and Whispers of Shaytaan (Ahadith 1767 – 1768)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 272:

Narrated ‘Abbas bin Tamim:

that his uncle said: “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was asked: If a person feels something during his prayer; should one interrupt his prayer?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said: No! You should not give it up unless you hear a sound or smell something.” Narrated Ibn Abi Hafsa: Az-Zuhri said, “There is no need of repeating ablution unless you detect a smell or hear a sound.”

Here, you don’t listen to such thoughts, because they’re whispers of Shaytaan who wants you to not concentrate on your Salah.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 273:

Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):

Some people said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! Meat is brought to us by some people and we are not sure whether the name of Allah has been mentioned on it or not (at the time of slaughtering the animals).” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said (to them), “Mention the name of Allah and eat it.”

This is not a general principle. There’s background to it. Quoting IslamQA:

As for the claim that some make, that it is enough merely to mention the name of Allaah when eating, this was reported regarding some Muslims who were new in Islam. The Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) asked the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) about this, saying, “O Messenger of Allaah, some people who are new in Islam brought us some meat, and we do not know whether they mentioned the name of Allaah over it or not.” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Say the name of Allaah over it and eat it.” (Reported by al-Bukhaari). The command should be understood as meaning that one should be on the safe side, provided that one does not know beforehand that the meat is not slaughtered properly. And Allaah knows best.

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Doubtful Things and What to Avoid of Them (Ahadith 1763 – 1766)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 268:

Narrated `Abdullah bin Abu Mulaika:

`Uqba bin Al-Harith (radiallaahu `anhu) said that a black woman came and claimed that she had suckled both of them (i.e. `Uqba and his wife). So, he mentioned that to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) who turned his face from him and smiled and said, “How (can you keep your wife), and it was said (that both of you were suckled by the same woman)?” His wife was the daughter of Abu Ihab-al-Tamimi.

Since foster siblings are mahrams among each other, that marriage was annulled. Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did that in order to stay away from doubt.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 269:

Narrated Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):

`Utba bin Abu Waqqas (radiallaahu `anhu) took a firm promise from his brother Sa`d bin Abu Waqqas (radiallaahu `anhu) to take the son of the slave-girl of Zam`a into his custody as he was his (i.e. `Utba’s) son. In the year of the Conquest (of Mecca) Sa`d bin Abu Waqqas (radiallaahu `anhu) took him, and said that he was his brother’s son, and his brother took a promise from him to that effect. ‘Abu bin Zam`a (radiallaahu `anhu) got up and said, “He is my brother and the son of the slave-girl of my father and was born on my father’s bed.” Then they both went to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). Sa`d (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “O Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! He is the son of my brother and he has taken a promise from me that I will take him.” ‘Abu bin Zam`a (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “(He is) my brother and the son of my father’s slave-girl and was born on my father’s bed.” Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The boy is for you. O ‘Abu bin Zam`a (radiallaahu `anhu).” Then the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The son is for the bed (i.e. the man on whose bed he was born) and stones (disappointment and deprivation) for the one who has done illegal sexual intercourse.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) told his wife Sauda bint Zam`a (radiallaahu `anhaa) to screen herself from that boy as he noticed a similarity between the boy and `Utba. So, the boy did not see her till he died.

So even though the case was decided in ‘Abu bin Zam`a’s favor, Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) still asked Sawdah bint Zam`a (radiallaahu `anhaa), ‘Abu bin Zam`a’s sister, to cover from that boy because he saw resemblance between him and `Utbah. All to avoid the doubtful.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 270:

Narrated `Adi bin Hatim (radiallaahu `anhu):

I asked Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) about Al Mirad (i.e. a sharp-edged piece of wood or a piece of wood provided with a piece of iron used for hunting). He replied, “If the game is hit by its sharp edge, eat it, and if it is hit by its broad side, do not eat it, for it has been beaten to death.” I asked, “O Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! I release my dog by the name of Allah and find with it at the game, another dog on which I have not mentioned the name of Allah, and I do not know which one of them caught the game.” Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said (to him), ‘Don’t eat it as you have mentioned the name of Allah on your dog and not on the other dog.”

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 271:

Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) passed by a fallen date and said, “Were it not for my doubt that this might have been given in charity, I would have eaten it.” And narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu) the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “I found a datefruit fallen on my bed.”

Steer clear of fallen things, unless you know whom they belong to and you can fulfill the task of returning them to their rightful owner.
There’s a proper ruling on fallen lost things. Read it here.

The Grey Area (Hadith No. 1762)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 267:

Narrated An-Nu’man bin Bashir (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said “Both legal and illegal things are obvious, and in between them are (suspicious) doubtful matters. So who-ever forsakes those doubtful things lest he may commit a sin, will definitely avoid what is clearly illegal; and who-ever indulges in these (suspicious) doubtful things bravely, is likely to commit what is clearly illegal. Sins are Allah’s Hima (i.e. private pasture) and whoever pastures (his sheep) near it, is likely to get in it at any moment.”

This Hadith has been mentioned before but Imaam Bukhari brings it again under the Book of Sales and Trade to make a point of the fact that our sharee`ah defines the halal and haram of business and trade very clearly. But then there are some things which are doubtful – whoever indulges in them knowingly, feeling sure of himself, will fall into sin. So it’s better to avoid the grey area and save yourself from sin.

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