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Employing Non-Muslims (Ahadith 1959 – 1960)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 36, Number 464 :
Narrated by ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) employed a (pagan) man from the tribe of Bani Ad-Deel and the tribe of Bani ‘Abu bin ‘Adi as a guide. He was an expert guide and he broke the oath contract which he had to abide by with the tribe of Al-‘Asi bin Wail and he was on the religion of Quraish pagans. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) had confidence in him and gave him their riding camels and told him to bring them to the Cave of Thaur after three days. So, he brought them their two riding camels after three days and both of them (The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu)) set out accompanied by ‘Amir bin Fuhaira and the Deeli guide who guided them below Mecca along the road leading to the sea-shore.

Volume 3, Book 36, Number 465 :
Narrated by Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) (the wife of the Prophet)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) hired a man from the tribe of Bani-Ad-Deel as an expert guide who was a pagan (follower of the religion of the pagans of Quraish). The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallamand Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) gave him their two riding camels and took a promise from him to bring their riding camels in the morning of the third day to the Cave of Thaur.

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) hired a guide who knew the desert’s pathways very well to guide them throughout the way to Madinah to ward off any possibility of getting lost. It is also remarkable that the guide who is known by the name `Abdullah ibn Urayqit was then still a disbeliever. However, the divinely-guided Prophet hired him on the basis of having two basic qualities: professional experience as a guide and his well-known honesty.

To read about Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)’s Hijrah, check this out.

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Who Gets the Job? (Hadith No. 1957)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 36, Number 462 :
Narrated by Abu Musa (radiallaahu `anhu)
I went to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) with two men from Ash’ari tribe. I said (to the Prophet), “I do not know that they want employment.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “No, we do not appoint for our jobs anybody who demands it earnestly.”

This is good proof that you don’t give the job to anyone who wants it. They have to be eligible for it, the criterion for eligibility having been decided by the employer.

At the same time, we’re encouraged to offer ourselves for any jobs that we know we’re eligible for. Shying away from such an opportunity isn’t the right thing to do. This is the sunnah of Prophet Yusuf (`alayhissalaam):

 قَالَ اجْعَلْنِى عَلَى خَزَآئِنِ الاٌّرْضِ إِنِّى حَفِيظٌ عَلِيمٌ
“Yusuf  said: “Set me over the storehouses of the land; I will indeed guard them with full knowledge.” [12:55]

The Honest Employee (Hadith No. 1956)

Bismillah.

Kitaab-ul-Ijaarah [Book of Hiring] starts today.

Volume 3, Book 36, Number 461 :
Narrated by Abu Musa Al-Ashari (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The honest treasurer who gives willingly what he is ordered to give, is one of the two charitable persons, (the second being the owner).”

The treasurer who is put in charge of the wealth of a person here gives honestly whatever he’s ordered to give. So the reward of charity goes to the owner and to the caretaker as well. Why the reward? I’d say because it’s easy to make some slips here and there and get away with them. Being a treasurer is tempting, I’d assume.

Treasurer here can also be translated, in general meaning, as “employee”, or someone who is entrusted with a task that he needs to perform. Every person who does their job honestly and perfectly is a charitable person. So he gets the wage for his work and reward for being ‘charitable’.

The Three Persons Allah will be Against on the Day of Judgement (Hadith No. 1925)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 1924 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 429 :
Narrated by ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa)
When the last verses of Surat-al-Baqara were revealed, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) went out (of his house to the Mosque) and said, “The trade of alcohol has become illegal.”

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 430 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Allah says, ‘I will be against three persons on the Day of Resurrection:
1. One who makes a covenant in My Name, but he proves treacherous.
2. One who sells a free person (as a slave) and eats the price.
3. And one who employs a laborer and gets the full work done by him but does not pay him his wages.’ “

Allah (SWT) saying “I will be against so and so” is a huge thing. It’s not like the president of United States is saying it so one shouldn’t be afraid. This is Allah, King of all kings, Master of all masters, the One with most authority and power. When He says He’s against someone, it’s a big deal!

Imagine what Allah would do to the person He’s against on the Day of Judgement.. would He look at Him, make any friendly conversation with him, or extend any protection or help? That person would be in some serious trouble that day! May Allah not make us of those who earn His wrath.

We have to make sure we don’t fall in either of the above 3 categories:

  1. Taking an oath in Allah’s Name and then not fulfilling it. This can happen quite easily if we’re not cautious. Extra care required.
    Don’t think the everyday promises/commitments you make aren’t included. Just saying!
  2. Selling a free person as a slave.. not really a problem in this day and age, but we can be careful about taking advantage of other people. Never take credit for something you didn’t do. Never accept compensation for a task you didn’t perform.
  3. Employing someone and not paying them even after getting all the work done by them. This includes servants in your home and employees in your office/business. It’s better to pay the salary early.. Abdullah ibn Umar (Radhi-Allahu ‘anhu) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (salAllahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “Give the worker his wages before his sweat dries.” [Tirmidhi Hadith: 2987 and Ibn Majah]
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