Volume 2, Book 26, Number 771:
Narrated Zaid bin Jubair:
I saw Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) passing by a man who had made his Badana sit to slaughter it. Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “Slaughter it while it is standing with one leg tied up as is the tradition of Muhammad (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam).”
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 772:
Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) offered four Rakat of Zuhr prayer at Medina; and two Rakat of ‘Asr prayer at Dhul-hulaifa and spent the night there and when (the day) dawned, he mounted his Mount and started saying, “None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and Glorified be Allah.” When he reached Al-Baida’ he recited Talbiya for both Hajj and ‘Umra. And when he arrived at Mecca, he ordered them (his companions) to finish their Ihram. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) slaughtered seven Budn (camel) with his own hands while the camels were standing He also sacrificed two horned rams (black and white in color) at Medina.
There are certain etiquettes one must abide by when slaughtering an animal for a sacrificial offering. However, these etiquettes are not conditional for the validity of a sacrifice. So the sacrifice is still valid even in their absence. Among these etiquettes are:
1. He should face the Qiblah with the animal at the time of slaughtering.
2. He must slaughter the animal in a good manner, which is by quickly and firmly passing a sharpened blade over the neck area.
Some scholars hold the view that this etiquette is obligatory based on the implication found in the Prophet’s saying: “Verily Allaah has prescribed proficiency in everything. So when you kill, kill proficiently. And when you sacrifice, sacrifice proficiently. Each of you should sharpen his blade and lessen the pain inflicted on his sacrificial offering.” [Reported by Muslim]
This opinion is the correct view.
3. The slaughter of a camel must be done by cutting the area just below the neck and above the chest. This is known as nahr. As for all other types of animals, their necks should be sliced.
A camel should be slaughtered while standing and with its (front) left leg tied. If it is difficult to do it this way, the camel can be slaughtered while kneeling.
As for all of the other animals, they are to be slaughtered while lying flat on their left side. However, if the one slaughtering is a lefty, he may use his left hand and lay the animal down on its right side. This is so long as doing it this way is easier upon the animal and more convenient for the one slaughtering.
It is also prescribed for him to place his foot on the collar of the animal to give him better control. As for making the animal kneel and tying its legs together, there is no basis for this in the Sunnah. Some scholars mentioned that one of the reasons why the legs should not be tied is so that the outflow of blood can increase as a result of the animal’s constant motion and instability.
4. The throat and esophagus of the animal should be cut in addition to its jugular veins. For more on this, refer to the discussion on this under the eighth condition of slaughtering.
5. The blade should be concealed from the view of the animal when sharpening it. This means that the animal should not see the blade until the time of the actual slaughter.
6. One should glorify Allaah (by saying Allaahu Akbar) after mentioning His Name (by saying Bismillaah) when slaughtering.
7. One should name the person whom the sacrificial offering (udhiyah) or ‘aqeeqah is being performed for after mentioning Allaah’s Name and glorifying Him. He should also ask Allaah to accept it from him.
So for example, he should say: “In the Name of Allaah, Allaah is the Greatest. O Allaah, this is from You and for You on behalf of me” if he is performing the slaughter for himself or “…on behalf of so and so” if the slaughter is being done on behalf of someone else. And he should say: “O Allaah, accept this from me” if he is performing the slaughter for himself or “…accept this from so and so” if the slaughter is being done on behalf of someone else.
Narrated Ibn Juraij:
I heard Nafi’ saying, “Ibn Umar, said, ‘The Prophet forbade that a man should make another man to get up to sit in his place’ “. I said to Nafi’, ‘Is it for Jumua prayer only?’ He replied, “For Jumua prayer and any other (prayer).”
If it only happened in classrooms and other random places, I wouldn’t consider it a problem. But it happens in masajid! Wallahi, we are so ignorant of the teachings of Prophet (SAW), we don’t even know how to behave in a masjid. In this particular case, we aren’t considerate of other people’s comfort and ease.
Why do you ask the someone to get up from their place, only to sit there? Is there no other space in the masjid hall where you can sit? Or are you just too concerned about your ease that the other person and their comfort is of least importance to you?
Masjid is a sacred place. Yes, you need to show a particular behavior there. But we get trained through special places, special times and special things only to incorporate that training into our daily lives. For example, this Hadith talks about not making anyone get up from to sit in their place – in a masjid – for prayer. But you must not restrict it to prayer or masjid only. Apply it in your daily routine. Don’t make anyone get up to sit in their place – anywhere – for anything, unless it’s absolutely necessary. Not in a class, not on a dining table, not in a lounge, not on a couch, not in a public or private place. It’s bad manners. The other person does not feel nice, man!
I apologize for the weird way this post has been written. I just did not get the time to think twice while writing.. Mhmm.
Go through a few repeated Ahadith before we come to no. 459. Reminder benefits. :)
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:
“Allah’s Apostle in his fatal illness came out with a piece of cloth tied round his head and sat on the pulpit. After thanking and praising Allah he said, “There is no one who had done more favor to me with life and property than Abu Bakr bin Abi Quhafa. If I were to take a Khalil, I would certainly have taken Abu- Bakr but the Islamic brotherhood is superior. Close all the small doors in this mosque except that of Abu Bakr.”
More on it here.
Ibn ‘Umar said, “The Prophet arrived at Mecca and sent for ‘Uthman bin Talha. He opened the gate of the Ka’ba and the Prophet, Bilal, Usama bin Zaid and ‘Uthman bin Talha entered the Ka’ba and then they closed its door (from inside). They stayed there for an hour, and then came out.” Ibn ‘Umar added, “I quickly went to Bilal and asked him (whether the Prophet had prayed). Bilal replied, ‘He prayed in it.’ I asked, ‘Where?’ He replied, ‘Between the two pillars.’ “Ibn ‘Umar added, “I forgot to ask how many Rakat he (the Prophet) had prayed in the Ka’ba.”
More on it here.
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah’s Apostle sent some horse men to Najd and they brought a man called Thumama bin Uthal from Bani Hanifa. They fastened him to one of the pillars of the mosque.
More on it here.
Narrated Al-Sa’ib bin Yazid:
I was standing in the mosque and somebody threw a gravel at me. I looked and found that he was ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab. He said to me, “Fetch those two men to me.” When I did, he said to them, “Who are you? (Or) where do you come from?” They replied, “We are from Ta’if.” ‘Umar said, “Were you from this city (Medina) I would have punished you for raising your voices in the mosque of Allah’s Apostle.
If you ever find yourself shouting/raising your voice in a masjid, remember this stern reaction of Umar (RA). Masjid is a sacred place. A place where Allah is remembered, worshiped. It requires a certain respect from us. A code of conduct, to be precise. Remember that book we used to read as kids called ‘Adaab-e-Zindagi’? Open it up and read the chapter titled ‘Masjid ke Aadaab’.
Or just look it up in Minhaj-ul-Muslim. :P
We love to be invited to places as guests. We love to be served and treated nicely. We know what rights we have over our hosts. But we forget the rights hosts have over us – the guests. There are some minute things we need to take care of when in the ‘guest mode’. Today’s Hadith will help explain my point inshaAllah.
Narrated ‘Itban bin Malik:
The Prophet came to my house and said, “Where do you like me to pray?” I pointed to a place. The Prophet then said, “Allahu Akbar”, and we aligned behind him and he offered a two-Rak’at prayer.
Note that the Prophet (SAW) asked his host where he could pray. And when the host pointed to the place, he didn’t say whether he liked it or not. Just said ‘Allahu Akbar’ and led the prayer.
There’s an important lesson here. Always ASK your host before touching their belongings and moving around in their house. And remember all those manners they taught you in kindergarten. They’re still worth practicing!
P.S. The above depends on your host as well, e.g. if you’re visiting your mother/sister, you might not need to ‘act’ like a guest.
Acquiring knowledge is of the utmost importance for a Muslim. Allah mentions its excellence in the Qur’an:
..Allah will exalt in degree those of you who believe, and those who have been granted knowledge. And Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do. [Al-Mujadilah: 11]
Notice that belief and knowledge are brought together in this verse. Having belief + knowledge will raise you in ranks, inshaAllah.
Today’s Hadith is related to a very important aspect in attaining knowledge: questioning. Note what happens..
Narrated Abu Huraira:
While the Prophet was saying something in a gathering, a Bedouin came and asked him, “When would the Hour (Doomsday) take place?” Allah’s Apostle continued his talk, so some people said that Allah’s Apostle had heard the question, but did not like what that Bedouin had asked. Some of them said that Alllah’s Apostle had not heard it. When the Prophet finished his speech, he said, “Where is the questioner, who enquired about the Hour (Doomsday)?” The Bedouin said, “I am here, O Allah’s Apostle .” Then the Prophet said, “When honesty is lost, then wait for the Hour (Doomsday).” The Bedouin said, “How will that be lost?” The Prophet said, “When the power or authority comes in the hands of unfit persons, then wait for the Hour (Doomsday.)”
See how the Prophet (SAW) ignored the Bedouin’s question while he was in the middle of a conversation? This is the very first etiquette we need to bring to practice as learners.
If you’re the teacher, ignore interruptions during your talk. Entertain questions afterwards.
If you’re a student, avoid interrupting a teacher when they’re already talking. Only ask when they’re quiet. And if you get ignored by the teacher, don’t mind. :)
Ask Allah for increase in knowledge:
رَّبِّ زِدْنِي عِلْمًا
..My Lord! Increase me in knowledge. [Taha: 114]