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“Warn Your Nearest Kinsmen” (Hadith No. 2409)

Bismillah.

Ahadith 2404 – 2408 (below) are repeats. See linked text for related posts.

Volume 4, Book 51, Number 11 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
A man asked the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), “O Allah’s Apostle! What kind of charity is the best?” He replied. “To give in charity when you are healthy and greedy hoping to be wealthy and afraid of becoming poor. Don’t delay giving in charity till the time when you are on the death bed when you say, ‘Give so much to so-and-so and so much to so-and so,’ and at that time the property is not yours but it belongs to so-and-so (i.e. your inheritors).”

Volume 4, Book 51, Number 12 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
A man asked the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), “O Allah’s Apostle! What kind of charity is the best?” He replied. “To give in charity when you are healthy and greedy hoping to be wealthy and afraid of becoming poor. Don’t delay giving in charity till the time when you are on the death bed when you say, ‘Give so much to so-and-so and so much to so-and so,’ and at that time the property is not yours but it belongs to so-and-so (i.e. your inheritors).”

Volume 4, Book 51, Number 13 :
Narrated by ‘Urwa bin Az-Zubair
Hakim bin Hizam (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “I asked Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) for something, and he gave me, and I asked him again and he gave me and said, ‘O Hakim! This wealth is green and sweet (i.e. as tempting as fruits), and whoever takes it without greed then he is blessed in it, and whoever takes it with greediness, he is not blessed in it and he is like one who eats and never gets satisfied. The upper (i.e. giving) hand is better than the lower (i.e. taking) hand.” Hakim added, “I said, O Allah’s Apostle! By Him Who has sent you with the Truth I will never demand anything from anybody after you till I die.” Afterwards Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) used to call Hakim to give him something but he refused to accept anything from him. Then ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) called him to give him (something) but he refused. Then ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “O Muslims! I offered to him (i.e. Hakim) his share which Allah has ordained for him from this booty and he refuses to take it.” Thus Hakim (radiallaahu `anhu) did not ask anybody for anything after the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), till he died–may Allah bestow His mercy upon him.

Volume 4, Book 51, Number 14 :
Narrated by Ibn Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
I heard Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) saying, “All of you are guardians and responsible for your charges: the Ruler (i.e. Imam) is a guardian and responsible for his subjects; and a man is a guardian of his family and is responsible for his charges; and a lady is a guardian in the house of her husband and is responsible for her charge; and a servant is a guardian of the property of his master and is responsible for his charge.” I think he also said, “And a man is a guardian of the property of his father.”

Volume 4, Book 51, Number 15 :
Narrated by Anas (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to Abu Talha (radiallaahu `anhu), “I recommend that you divide (this garden) amongst your relatives.” Abu Talha (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “O Allah’s Apostle! I will do the same.” So Abu Talha (radiallaahu `anhu) divided it among his relatives and cousins.
Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “When the Qur’anic Verse: “Warn your nearest kinsmen.” (26.214) was revealed, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) started calling the various big families of Quraish, “O Bani Fihr! O Bani Adi!”. Abu Huraira said, “When the Verse: “Warn your nearest kinsmen” was revealed, the Prophet said (in a loud voice), “O people of Quraish!”

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 4, Book 51, Number 16 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
When Allah revealed the Verse: “Warn your nearest kinsmen,” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) got up and said, “O people of Quraish (or said similar words)! Buy (i.e. save) yourselves (from the Hellfire) as I cannot save you from Allah’s Punishment; O Bani Abd Manaf! I cannot save you from Allah’s Punishment, O Safiya, the Aunt of Allah’s Apostle! I cannot save you from Allah’s Punishment; O Fatima bint Muhammad! Ask me anything from my wealth, but I cannot save you from Allah’s Punishment.”

This hadith and the latter part of the previous one have been included in this chapter to provide evidence for the fact that “nearest kinsmen” do include female relatives when it comes to wills and endowments, because the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) mentioned his aunt Safiyyah and his daughter Fatimah specifically. When he asked Abu Talha to divide his garden among his relatives, he used the word (الأَقْرَبِينَ) and the same word is used in the ayah quoted above (26:214). Thus Imam Bukhari brings evidence from the Quran to prove a point in Hadith.

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How to Judge Someone’s Character (Hadith No. 2307)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 2306 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 3, Book 48, Number 808 :
Narrated by Abdullah bin Abu Mulaika from ‘Uqba bin Al-Harith (radiallaahu `anhu)
Uqba married the daughter of Abu Ihab bin Aziz, and then a woman came and said, “I suckled ‘Uqba and his wife.” ‘Uqba said to her, “I do not know that you have suckled me, and you did not inform me.” He then sent someone to the house of Abu Ihab to enquire about that but they did not know that she had suckled their daughter. Then ‘Uqba went to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) in Medina and asked him about it. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to him, “How (can you keep your wife) after it has been said (that both of you were suckled by the same woman)?” So, he divorced her and she was married to another (husband).

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 48, Number 809 :
Narrated by ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab (radiallaahu `anhu)
People were (sometimes) judged by the revealing of a Divine Inspiration during the lifetime of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) but now there is no longer any more (new revelation). Now we judge you by the deeds you practice publicly, so we will trust and favor the one who does good deeds in front of us, and we will not call him to account about what he is really doing in secret, for Allah will judge him for that; but we will not trust or believe the one who presents to us with an evil deed even if he claims that his intentions were good.

It’s plain simple really. Whatever you show people is how they identify you and judge you because they’re witnesses to your deeds. Whatever you hide is between you and Allah.

The other angle: judge people based on what you’ve “witnessed” of their actions. Don’t believe hearsay, it’s not fair to them. :)

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