Kitaab-ul-`Umrah [Book of Minor Pilgrimage] starts today.
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 1:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “(The performance of) ‘Umra is an expiation for the sins committed (between it and the previous one). And the reward of Hajj Mabrur (the one accepted by Allah) is nothing except Paradise.”
This Hadith is the best news I’ve received in a long time! Makes me want to go back to Saudi again. :(
We sin every hour of the day. Salah expiates those sins. And we sin repeatedly throughout the days and months. InshaAllah, when Allah gives us the tawfeeq to do (multiple) `Umrah(s), those sins shall also be forgiven. Such a blessing of Allah! Alhamdulillah. How can one ever despair of His Mercy?
May Allah invite me and you (the reader), and all the Muslims to visit His House often. And may He accept the visits from us then. Ameen.
Here’s an image to make you feel the same longing as I’m feeling right now:
Having said (and done) that, there’s a side question: what’s the ruling on `Umrah? Is it an obligation upon all Muslims, or recommended? Read the detailed answer with all the proofs here.
Narrated Abu ‘Uthman:
‘Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakr said, “The Suffa Companions were poor people and the Prophet said, ‘Whoever has food for two persons should take a third one from them (Suffa companions). And whosoever has food for four persons he should take one or two from them. Abu Bakr took three men and the Prophet took ten of them.”
‘Abdur Rahman added, my father my mother and I were there (in the house). (The sub-narrator is in doubt whether ‘Abdur Rahman also said, ‘My wife and our servant who was common for both my house and Abu Bakr’s house). Abu Bakr took his supper with the Prophet and remained there till the ‘Isha’ prayer was offered. Abu Bakr went back and stayed with the Prophet till the Prophet took his meal and then Abu Bakr returned to his house after a long portion of the night had passed. Abu Bakr’s wife said, ‘What detained you from your guests (or guest)?’ He said, ‘Have you not served them yet?’ She said, ‘They refused to eat until you come. The food was served for them but they refused.” ‘Abdur Rahman added, “I went away and hid myself (being afraid of Abu Bakr) and in the meantime he (Abu Bakr) called me, ‘O Ghunthar (a harsh word)!’ and also called me bad names and abused me and then said (to his family), ‘Eat. No welcome for you.’ Then (the supper was served). Abu Bakr took an oath that he would not eat that food. The narrator added: By Allah, whenever any one of us (myself and the guests of Suffa companions) took anything from the food, it increased from underneath. We all ate to our fill and the food was more than it was before its serving.
Abu Bakr looked at it (the food) and found it as it was before serving or even more than that. He addressed his wife (saying) ‘O the sister of Bani Firas! What is this?’ She said, ‘O the pleasure of my eyes! The food is now three times more than it was before.’ Abu Bakr ate from it, and said, ‘That (oath) was from Satan, meaning his oath (not to eat). Then he again took a morsel (mouthful) from it and then took the rest of it to the Prophet. So that meal was with the Prophet. There was a treaty between us and some people, and when the period of that treaty had elapsed the Prophet divided us into twelve (groups) (the Prophet’s companions) each being headed by a man. Allah knows how many men were under the command of each (leader). So all of them (12 groups of men) ate of that meal.”
The story has numerous lessons in it. Taking one aspect of it: ‘satanic oaths’, a few things to be noted:
- Do not take oaths that keep you away from good. As in Abu Bakr’s example, his oath only kept him from eating food.
- Break your oath as soon as you realize it was from Shaytaan.
- When you decide to break an oath, there’s a kaffarah (expiation) you need to pay.
[Allah will not take you to task for that which is unintentional in your oaths, but He will take you to task for the oaths which ye swear in earnest. The expiation thereof is the feeding of ten of the needy with the average of that wherewith ye feed your own folk, or the clothing of them, or the liberation of a slave, and for him who findeth not (the wherewithal to do so) then a three day fast. This is the expiation of your oaths when ye have sworn; and keep your oaths. Thus Allah expoundeth unto you His revelations in order that ye may give thanks.] (Al-Ma’idah 5:89)
- This Hadith does not mention Abu Bakr (RA) paying expiation for breaking his oath. Reason: it was a ‘satanic oath’. So the expiation of a ‘laghw‘ oath, is breaking it.
There are a lot of Ahadith about spitting in the mosque so I thought we should do one comprehensive post on it…
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar:
Allah’s Apostle saw sputum on the wall of the mosque in the direction of the Qibla and scraped it off. He faced the people and said, “Whenever any one of you is praying, he should not spit in front of him because in the prayer Allah is in front of him.”
(the mother of faithful believers) Allah’s Apostle saw some nasal secretions, expectoration or sputum on the wall of the mosque in the direction of the Qibla and scraped it off.
Narrated Abd Huraira and Abu Said:
Allah’s Apostle saw some expectoration on the wall of the mosque; he took gravel and scraped it off and said, “If anyone of you wanted to spit he should neither spit in front of him nor on his right but he could spit either on his left or under his left foot.”
Narrated Abd Huraira and Abu Sa’id:
Allah’s Apostle saw some expectoration on the wall of the mosque; he took gravel and scraped it off and said, “If anyone of you wanted to spit, he should neither spit in front of him nor on his right but could spit either on his left or under his left foot.”
The Prophet said, “None of you should spit in front or on his right but he could spit either on his left or under his foot.”
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet said, “A faithful believer while in prayer is speaking in private to his Lord, so he should neither spit in front of him nor to his right side but he could spit either on his left or under his foot.”
Narrated Abu Said:
The Prophet saw sputum on (the wall of) the mosque in the direction of the Qibla and scraped it off with gravel. Then he forbade Spitting in front or on the right, but allowed it on one’s left or under one’s left foot.
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet said, “Spitting in the mosque is a sin and its expiation is to bury it.”
Remember this! Every sin needs expiation if one plans to get it forgiven. Some sins are expiated by repenting to Allah, some by seeking forgiveness from people, and some need an ‘undo’ action. Spitting in a mosque is one of these sins. You need to undo what you’ve done. So scrape it off/bury it.
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Prophet said, “If anyone of you stands for prayer, he should not spit in front of him because in prayer he is speaking in private to Allah and he should not spit on his right as there is an angel, but he can spit either on his left or under his left foot and bury it (i.e. expectoration).”
The Prophet saw expectoration (on the wall of the mosque) in the direction of the Qibla and scraped it off with his hand. It seemed that he disliked it and the sign of disgust was apparent from his face. He said, “If anyone of you stands for the prayer, he is speaking in private to his Lord, (or) his Lord is between him and his Qibla, therefore he should not spit towards his Qibla, but he could spit either on his left or under his foot.” Then he took the corner of his sheet and spat in it, folded it and said, “Or do like this.”