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Fasting is an Expiation (Hadith No. 1614)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 31, Number 119:

Narrated Abu Wail from Hudhaifa (radiallaahu `anhu):

Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) asked the people, “Who remembers the narration of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) about the affliction?” Hudhaifa (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “I heard the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) saying, ‘The affliction of a person in his property, family and neighbors is expiated by his prayers, fasting, and giving in charity.” ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “I do not ask about that, but I ask about those afflictions which will spread like the waves of the sea.” Hudhaifa (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, “There is a closed gate in front of those afflictions.” ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) asked, “Will that gate be opened or broken?” He replied, “It will be broken.” ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “Then the gate will not be closed again till the Day of Resurrection.” We said to Masruq, “Would you ask Hudhaifa (radiallaahu `anhu) whether ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) knew what that gate symbolized?” He asked him and he replied “He (‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)) knew it as one knows that there will be night before tomorrow morning.

Talking about the first part of the Hadith, we know that one’s wealth and family is a trial as Allah says:

إِنَّمَا أَمْوَالُكُمْ وَأَوْلَادُكُمْ فِتْنَةٌ

“Your wealth and your children are only a trial..” [At-Taghabun: 15]

We’re tested by our wealth in the ways we earn it and spend it, and family tests us for the amount of time we spend with them and the way we spend it. Also, we’re tested in our priorities – whether we put Allah before our loved ones or not..
Being human, we always falter. There are shortcomings no matter how hard we try. To make up for those, we can pray extra nawafil (voluntary prayers), keep nafil fasts and give more in charity as suggested by the Hadith above. In doing so, we’ll be offering expiation for our sins and faults committed when it came to wealth and family. InshaAllah.

Charity or Gift? [Part II] (Ahadith 1269 – 1271)

Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 570:

Narrated Al-Aswad:

‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) intended to buy Barira (radiallaahu `anhaa) (a slave-girl) in order to manumit her and her masters intended to put the condition that her Al-wala would be for them. ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) mentioned that to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) who said to her, “Buy her, as the “Wala” is for the manumitted.” Once some meat was presented to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) said to him, “This (meat) was given in charity to Barira (radiallaahu `anhaa).” He said, “It is an object of charity for Barira (radiallaahu `anhaa) but a gift for us.”

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 571:

Narrated Um ‘Atiyya Al-Ansariya (radiallaahu `anhaa):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) went to ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) and asked her whether she had something (to eat). She replied that she had nothing except the mutton (piece) which Nusaiba (Um ‘Atiyya) (radiallaahu `anhaa) had sent to us (Buraira) in charity.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “It has reached its place and now it is not a thing of charity but a gift for us.”

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 572:

Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):

Some meat was presented to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and it had been given to Barira (radiallaahu `anhaa) (the freed slave-girl of Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa)) in charity. He said, “This meat is a thing of charity for Barira but it is a gift for us.”

What Barira (radiallaahu `anhaa) had received was a sadaqah (charity). But when she gave it to `A’ishah (radiallaahu anhaa), it became a gift, which she served to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) as a meal.

When someone receives something in charity and gifts the same thing to another, it doesn’t remain charity. The status changes. Because if it was charity, Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) wouldn’t have accepted it, as No Zakah for the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)’s Family.

One similar Hadith but with a different incident has already been discussed. Check it under Charity or Gift?

More on it here.

No Zakah for Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)’s Family (Hadith No. 1261)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 1260 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 561:

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “There is no Zakat on less than five Awsuq (of dates), or on less than five camels, or on less than five Awaq of silver.” (22 Yameni Riyals Faransa).

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 562:

Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):

Dates used to be brought to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) immediately after being plucked. Different persons would bring their dates till a big heap collected (in front of the Prophet). Once Al-Hasan (radiallaahu `anhu) and Al-Husain (radiallaahu `anhu) were playing with these dates. One of them took a date and put it in his mouth. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) looked at him and took it out from his mouth and said, “Don’t you know that Muhammad’s offspring do not eat what is given in charity?”

The scholars are unanimously agreed that it is not permissible for the family of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to eat from the obligatory zakaah. This consensus was narrated by more than one scholar.

See: Mawsoo’at al-Ijmaa’ by Sa’di Abu Jayb (2/517-518).

With regard to voluntary charity, most scholars are of the view that it is permissible for the family of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to take from it. This is the well known view of the madhhabs of the four imams of fiqh (Abu Haneefah, Maalik, al-Shaafa’i and Ahmad, may Allaah have mercy on them all).

See: Radd al-Muhtaar (2/351), al-Taaj wa’l-Ikleel (3/223), Mughni al-Muhtaaj (4/195), Kashshaaf al-Qinaa’ (2/291-292).

Details here.

Woman Spending on her Family (Ahadith 1244 – 1245)

Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 545:

Narrated ‘Amr bin Al-Harith (radiallaahu `anhu):

Zainab (radiallaahu `anhaa), the wife of ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “I was in the Mosque and saw the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam) saying, ‘O women! Give alms even from your ornaments.’ ” Zainab (radiallaahu `anhaa) used to provide for ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu) and those orphans who were under her protection. So she said to ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu), “Will you ask Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam) whether it will be sufficient for me to spend part of the Zakat on you and the orphans who are under my protection?” He replied “Will you yourself ask Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam)?” (Zainab (radiallaahu `anhaa) added): So I went to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam) and I saw there an Ansari woman who was standing at the door (of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam)) with a similar problem as mine. Bilal (radiallaahu `anhu) passed by us and we asked him, ‘Ask the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam) whether it is permissible for me to spend (the Zakat) on my husband and the orphans under my protection.’ And we requested Bilal (radiallaahu `anhu) not to inform the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam) about us. So Bilal (radiallaahu `anhu) went inside and asked the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam) regarding our problem. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam) asked, “Who are those two?” Bilal (radiallaahu `anhureplied that she was Zainab (radiallaahu `anhaa). The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam) said, “Which Zainab (radiallaahu `anhaa)?” Bilal (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “The wife of ‘Adullah (bin Masud) (radiallaahu `anhu).” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam) said, “Yes, (it is sufficient for her) and she will receive a double rewards (for that): One for helping relatives, and the other for giving Zakat.”

Similar Hadith covered here.

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 546:

Narrated Zainab (radiallaahu `anhaa):

(the daughter of Um Salama (radiallaahu `anhaa)) My mother said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam)! Shall I receive a reward if I spend for the sustenance of Abu Salama (radiallaahu `anhu)‘s offspring, and in fact they are also my sons?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhu wasallam) replied, “Spend on them and you will get a reward for what you spend on them.”

There are different opinions among the scholars regarding a woman spending of her wealth. The soundest of these opinions, the one held by majority is that a woman has the right to spend her own money in all circumstances, whether in a transaction or otherwise, whether this involves all of her wealth or part of it.

This is the soundest opinion, and is most in accordance with the Qur’aan, the Sunnah and common sense.

In the Qur’aan, Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And give to the women (whom you marry) their Mahr (obligatory bridal money given by the husband to his wife at the time of marriage) with a good heart, but if they, of their own good pleasure, remit any part of it to you, take it, and enjoy it without fear of any harm (as Allaah has made it lawful).”[al-Nisa’ 4:4]

Allaah allows the husband to take what his wife gives him willingly.

Allaah also says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And if you divorce them before you have touched (had a sexual relation with) them, and you have appointed unto them the mahr (bridal money given by the husband to the wife at the time of marriage), then pay half of that (mahr), unless the women agree to forego it…”[al-Baqarah 2:237]

Here Allaah allows women to give up as much of the mahr as they wish if their husbands divorce them, without them having to ask permission from anybody. This indicates that women have the right to decide what to do with their own money, and that a woman has rights to her wealth just as a man has rights to his wealth. (Sharh al-Ma’aani al-Athaar, 4/352).

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And try orphans (as regards their intelligence) until they reach the age of marriage; if then you find sound judgement in them, release their property to them…” [al-Nisa’ 4:6]

This clearly means that when the female orphan becomes wise and discerning, she is allowed to handle her own wealth.

Similarly, when the women gave their jewellery in charity after the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had addressed them during his Eid sermon, this was an indication that they are allowed to dispose of their wealth without asking permission from anybody.

(See Ittihaaf al-Khilaan bi Huqooq al-Zawjayn fi’l-Islam by Dr. Fayhaan ibn ‘Ateeq al-Mutayri, pp. 92-96).

It says in Nayl al-Awtaar: “the majority of scholars agreed that women are allowed [to handle their own wealth] with no restrictions and without having to ask their husbands’ permission, so long as they are not foolish, but if they are foolish, it is not permitted.” It says in al-Fath: “The majority have a lot of evidence in the Qur’aan and Sunnah.”

And since women have no obligation to spend on their families, whatever they do spend out of their own accord, they get rewarded for it.

No financial responsibilities on women. Yay!

Most Superior Charity II (Ahadith 1206 – 1207)

Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 507:

Narrated Abu Huraira :

The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, “The best charity is that which is practiced by a wealthy person. And start giving first to your dependents.”

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 508:

Narrated Hakim bin Hizam

The Prophet said, “The upper hand is better than the lower hand (i.e. he who gives in charity is better than him who takes it). One should start giving first to his dependents. And the best object of charity is that which is given by a wealthy person (from the money which is left after his expenses). And whoever abstains from asking others for some financial help, Allah will give him and save him from asking others, Allah will make him self-sufficient.”

  • Best time to give in charity: when you’re wealthy.
  • Best people you can spend on: your family.
  • Upper hand is better the lower hand (giving is better than taking).
  • No begging for financial help.

Similar Hadith here.

So take your parent/spouse/sibling shopping next time you plan on doing some Sadaqah? :P

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