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Farming in Paradise? (Hadith No. 2035)


Ahadith 2028 – 2034 (below) are related to sharecropping (already covered).

Volume 3, Book 39, Number 531 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) expelled the Jews and the Christians from Hijaz. When Allah’s Apostle had conquered Khaibar, he wanted to expel the Jews from it as its land became the property of Allah, His Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), and the Muslims. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) intended to expel the Jews but they requested him to let them stay there on the condition that they would do the labor and get half of the fruits. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) told them, “We will let you stay on thus condition, as long as we wish.” So, they (i.e. Jews) kept on living there until ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) forced them to go towards Taima’ and Ariha’.

Volume 3, Book 39, Number 532 :

Narrated by Rafi bin Khadij
My uncle Zuhair (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade us to do a thing which was a source of help to us.” I said, “Whatever Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said was right.” He said, “Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) sent for me and asked, ‘What are you doing with your farms?’ I replied, ‘We give our farms on rent on the basis that we get the yield produced at the banks of the water streams (rivers) for the rent, or rent it for some Wasqs of barley and dates.’ Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, ‘Do not do so, but cultivate (the land) yourselves or let it be cultivated by others gratis, or keep it uncultivated.’ I said, ‘We hear and obey.’

Volume 3, Book 39, Number 533 :
Narrated by Jabir (radiallaahu `anhu)
The people used to rent their land for cultivation for one-third, one-fourth or half its yield. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever has land should cultivate it himself or give it to his (Muslim) brother gratis; otherwise keep it uncultivated.” Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever has land should cultivate it himself or give it to his (Muslim) brother gratis; otherwise he should keep it uncultivated.”

Volume 3, Book 39, Number 534 :
Narrated by ‘Amr
When I mentioned it (i.e. the narration of Rafi ‘bin Khadij: no. 532) to Tawus, he said, “It is permissible to rent the land for cultivation, for Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) said, ‘The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did not forbid that, but said: One had better give the land to one’s brother gratis rather than charge a certain amount for it.’ “

Volume 3, Book 39, Number 535 :
Narrated by Nafi
Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) used to rent his farms in the time of Abu Bakr, ‘Umar, ‘Uthman, and in the early days of Muawiya (radiallaahu `anhum). Then he was told the narration of Rafi ‘bin Khadij that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had forbidden the renting of farms. Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) went to Rafi’ and I accompanied him. He asked Rafi who replied that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had forbidden the renting of farms. Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “You know that we used to rent our farms in the life-time of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) for the yield of the banks of the water streams (rivers) and for certain amount of figs.

Volume 3, Book 39, Number 536 :
Narrated by Salim
Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “I knew that the land was rented for cultivation in the life-time of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam).” Later on Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) was afraid that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had forbidden it, and he had no knowledge of it, so he gave up renting his land.

Volume 3, Book 39, Number 537 :
Narrated by Hanzla bin Qais
Rafi bin Khadij said, “My two uncles told me that they (i.e. the companions of the Prophet) used to rent the land in the life-time of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) for the yield on the banks of water streams (rivers) or for a portion of the yield stipulated by the owner of the land. The Prophet forbade it.” I said to Rafi, “What about renting the land for Dinars and Dirhams?” He replied, “There is no harm in renting for Dinars-Dirhams. Al-Laith said, “If those who have discernment for distinguishing what is legal from what is illegal looked into what has been forbidden concerning this matter they would not permit it, for it is surrounded with dangers.”

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 39, Number 538 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
Once the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was narrating (a story), while a Bedouin was sitting with him. “One of the inhabitants of Paradise will ask Allah to allow him to cultivate the land. Allah will ask him, ‘Are you not living in the pleasures you like?’ He will say, ‘Yes, but I like to cultivate the land.’ ” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) added, “When the man (will be permitted he) will sow the seeds and the plants will grow up and get ripe, ready for reaping and so on till it will be as huge as mountains within a wink. Allah will then say to him, ‘O son of Adam! Take here you are, gather (the yield); nothing satisfies you.’ ” On that, the bedouin said, “The man must be either from Quraish (i.e. an emigrant) or an Ansari, for they are farmers, whereas we are not farmers.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) smiled (at this).

This just goes to show how hard it is for us humans to let go of our habits! Admit it, it’s funny!

On a serious note, this also shows that you will be in Paradise what you are now. Your habits/activities will go with you.. would you be happy being what you are for eternity? #FoodForThought

Agricultural Equipment (Hadith No. 2011)


Volume 3, Book 39, Number 514 :
Narrated by Abu Umama al-Bahili (radiallaahu `anhu)
I saw some agricultural equipment and said: “I heard the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) saying: “There is no house in which these equipment enters except that Allah will cause humiliation to enter it.”

This statement, as the scholars have written, is to discourage or to show dislike. Reason being, people who would take that equipment home might get busy in farming and agriculture, and that might not leave them time or energy for jihaad (fighting for Allah’s cause). That time, as we know, was that of spreading of Islam, and a lot of battles were being fought. So Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) didn’t want the Muslims to be distracted by worldly stuff.

Also, those who’d take it up as a profession would be pursued by the government for taxes, and that’d lead to anything but respectful encounters, hence the statement: “Allah will cause humiliation to enter it (the house)”.

Sharecropping (Hadith No. 1980)


Volume 3, Book 36, Number 485 :
Narrated by Abdullah bin Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
“Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) gave the land of Khaibar to the Jews to work on and cultivate and take half of its yield. Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) added, “The land used to be rented for a certain portion (of its yield).” Nafi mentioned the amount of the portion but I forgot it. Rafi’ bin Khadij (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade renting farms.” Narrated ‘Ubaid-Ullah Nafi’ said: Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said: (The contract of Khaibar continued) till ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) evacuated the Jews (from Khaibar).

Sharecropping is a system of agriculture in which a landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crops produced on the land.

There is no harm in renting land for a permissible work, like farming or planting or for building and so on.

Imam Ibn Mundhir (may Allah be pleased with him) said in the book of al-Ijma’:

‘They agreed that renting a land in return of gold and silver for a limited period of time is permissible’.

However, Tawuss and Hassan said that this is disliked.

However, if the land is agricultural, and good for farming, planting or building then the benefit (profit) has to be defined.

Al-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) stated in Al-Minhaj:

‘If the land is good for farming, planting and building, then the profit has to be defined beforehand.  It is enough in principle to define the farming by what is planted in it.  If it is stated that one can benefit from it by whatever means he wishes, it is correct. It is the same if it is said: ‘If you wish you farm it or you plant it’, this is correct as well.

There is no harm in renting land for something precise, like money, gold or silver.  The evidence is in the authentic Hadith that Handhala bin Qays asked Rafi’ bin Khadij about renting land.  He replied: ‘The Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) forbade us to rent land.  He said, I asked: ‘Is it forbidden to rent it for gold and silver?  He replied: ‘he forbade to rent it for what comes out of it as crops/production; it is permissible to rent it for gold and silver’.

The juristic reasoning by analogy to gold and silver is all what is definite even the food, be it similar to what is produced from it or not.

[Taken from IslamWeb]

Kitaab-ul-Ijaarah [Book of Hiring] ends here.

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