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Fasting on Fridays (Ahadith 1700 – 1702)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 31, Number 205:

Narrated Muhammad bin ‘Abbas:

I asked Jabir (radiallaahu `anhu) “Did the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbid fasting on Fridays?” He replied, “Yes.” (Other narrators added, “If he intends to fast only that day.”)


Volume 3, Book 31, Number 206:

Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):

I heard the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) saying, “None of you should fast on Friday unless he fasts a day before or after it.”


Volume 3, Book 31, Number 207:

Narrated Abu Aiyub (radiallaahu `anhu) from Juwairiya bint Al-Harith (radiallaahu `anhaa):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) visited her (Juwairiya) on a Friday and she was fasting. He asked her, “Did you fast yesterday?” She said, “No.” He said, “Do you intend to fast tomorrow?” She said, “No.” He said, “Then break your fast.” Through another series of narrators, Abu Aiyub (radiallaahu `anhu) is reported to have said, “He ordered her and she broke her fast.”

Ibn Qudaamah said:

It is makrooh to single out the day of Friday for fasting, unless that coincides with a fast which one usually observes, such as a person who fasts alternate days, and a day that he fasts coincides with Friday, or a person who has the habit of fasting on the first or last day of the month, or the middle day of the month.
(al-Mughni, vol. 3, p. 53)

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said:

As for Friday, it is not Sunnah to fast on this day, and it is makrooh to single it out for fasting.
(See al-Sharh al-Mumti’, vol. 6, p. 465)

Excluded from this prohibition is one who fasts the day before or after, or if it coincides with days that he habitually fasts, such as one who fasts al-Ayyaam al-Beed (the 13th, 14th and 15th of each hijri month), or who has the habit of fasting a specific day such as the Day of ‘Arafat, and it coincides with a Friday. From this it may be understood that it is permissible for a person who has vowed to fast on the day when so and so returns, for example, or the day when So and so recovers from sickness, to observe that fast if that day happens to be a Friday. (See Fath al-Baari by Ibn Hajar).

The same applies to one who has fasts to make up from Ramadaan. “It is permissible for a Muslim to fast on a Friday to make up a day from Ramadaan, even if he fasts the Friday on its own.” (Fatwa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, vol. 10, p. 347)

Similarly, if ‘Ashoora’ or Arafaat coincides with a Friday, he may fast, because his intention is to fast ‘Ashoora’ or ‘Arafaat, not to fast on a Friday. And Allaah is the Source of strength.

[Taken from IslamQA]

Encouragement to Make Up for Missed Fasts (Hadith No. 1699)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 31, Number 204:

Narrated Mutarrif from ‘Imran Ibn Husain (radiallaahu `anhu):

That the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asked him (Imran) or asked a man and Imran was listening, “O Abu so-and-so! Have you fasted the last days of this month?” (The narrator thought that he said, “the month of Ramadan”). The man replied, “No, O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)!” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to him, “When you finish your fasting (of Ramadan) fast two days (in Shawwal).” Through another series of narrators ‘Imran said, “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, ‘(Have you fasted) the last days of Sha’ban?”

I had to wait long to understand this Hadith. Confusing really, but not anymore Alhamdulillah.

In this Hadith, Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) is asking the man why he didn’t keep the two fasts in the last days of Sha`baan, and telling him to make up for them once Ramadaan is over. Going through the issue of fasting in Sha`baan, we learnt that fasting in its second half is not allowed unless a person has a habit of fasting throughout the year, or he started fasting in the first half of Sha`baan to continue in the second half as well, or he’s making up missed fasts (fard).

So in the commentary of this Hadith, 3 scenarios have been given of which 2 are more stronger and more correct inshaAllah, and I’ll mention them here:

  1. The man had vowed to fast the last two days of Sha`baan for whatever reason. (A vow to fast any day will make that fast obligatory, except Eid.)
    So Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asked him to make up for them.
  2. The man had a habit of fasting, so he could have continued in the last half of Sha`baan. He was asked to make up for those two days in order to encourage him to keep his practice.

Alhamdulillah for clarity. Feels so good. <3

How to Pray for Someone (Hadith No. 1698)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 31, Number 203:

Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) paid a visit to Um-Sulaim (radiallaahu `anhaa) and she placed before him dates and ghee. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Replace the ghee and dates in their respective containers for I am fasting.” Then he stood somewhere in her house and offered an optional prayer and then he invoked good on Um-Sulaim (radiallaahu `anhaa) and her family. Then Um-Sulaim (radiallaahu `anhaa) said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! I have a special request (today).” He said, “What is it?” She replied, “(Please invoke for) your servant Anas (radiallaahu `anhu).” So Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did not leave anything good in the world or the Hereafter which he did not invoke (Allah to bestow) on me and said, “O Allah! Give him (i.e. Anas) property and children and bless him.” Thus I am one of the richest among the Ansar and my daughter Umaina told me that when Al-Hajjaj came to Basra, more than 120 of my offspring had been buried.

Imagine that. O_O
Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did not leave ANYTHING GOOD IN THE WORLD OR THE HEREAFTER which he did not ask Allah to bestow on Anas (radiallaahu `anhu). That simply shows his generosity with duas. And how do we make dua for others? So little, so uninterested, as if it’s costing us money to pray for them. :/
Tell you what, whenever you pray for someone else, the angels say ameen to that dua for you. Even if you’re a miser, this is definitely something that will benefit you. Get it? ;)

Be generous with duas. If you can’t give someone anything else, a sincere and generous dua will suffice inshaAllah.
I just prayed for the hidayah (guidance) of my family and friends. Whom did you make dua for after reading this?

Fast Three Days a Month, Okay? (Hadith No. 1697)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 31, Number 202:

Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):

My friend (the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)) advised me to observe three things:

(1) to fast three days a month;

(2) to pray two Rakat of Duha prayer (fore-noon prayer); and

(3) to pray Witr before sleeping.

it is mustahabb to fast three days each month, and it is best to fast the ayaam al-beed, which are the 13th, 14th and 15th of the month.

It was narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to me:

“It is sufficient for you to fast three days every month, because for every good deed you will have (the reward of) ten like it, so that will be like fasting for a lifetime.”

Narrated by al-Bukhaari (1874); Muslim (1159).

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked:

It was narrated in the hadeeth that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) advised Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) to fast three days of each month. When should these fasts be observed, and should they be one after the other?

He replied:

It is permissible to fast these days one after the other or separately, and they may be at the beginning of the month, or in the middle, or at the end. The matter is broad in scope, praise be to Allaah, because the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not state any specific days. ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) was asked: Did the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) fast three days of each month? She said: Yes. It was asked: In which part of the month did he fast? She said: He would not bother in which part of the month he would fast. Narrated by Muslim, (1160).  But the 13th, 14th and 15th are better, because these are al-ayyaam al-beed.

Majmoo’ Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 10/ question no. 376.

The Fast of David (Ahadith 1690 – 1696)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 31, Number 195:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin Al-‘As (radiallaahu `anhu):

“Once Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) came to me,” and then he narrated the whole narration, i.e. your guest has a right on you, and your wife has a right on you. I then asked about the fasting of David (`alayhissalaam). The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied, “Half of the year,” (i.e. he used to fast on every alternate day).


Volume 3, Book 31, Number 196:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin Al-‘As (radiallaahu `anhu):

Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to me, “O ‘Abdullah! Have I not been informed that you fast during the day and offer prayers all the night.” ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, “Yes, O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)!” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Don’t do that; fast for few days and then give it up for few days, offer prayers and also sleep at night, as your body has a right on you, and your wife has a right on you, and your guest has a right on you. And it is sufficient for you to fast three days in a month, as the reward of a good deed is multiplied ten times, so it will be like fasting throughout the year.” I insisted (on fasting) and so I was given a hard instruction. I said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! I have power.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Fast like the fasting of the Prophet David (`alayhissalaam) and do not fast more than that.” I said, “How was the fasting of the Prophet of Allah, David?” He said, “Half of the year,” (i.e. he used to fast on every alternate day).

Afterwards when ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu) became old, he used to say, “It would have been better for me if I had accepted the permission of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) (which he gave me i.e. to fast only three days a month).”


Volume 3, Book 31, Number 197:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr (radiallaahu `anhu):

Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was informed that I had taken an oath to fast daily and to pray (every night) all the night throughout my life (so Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) came to me and asked whether it was correct): I replied, “Let my parents be sacrificed for you! I said so.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “You can not do that. So, fast for few days and give it up for few days, pray and sleep. Fast three days a month as the reward of good deeds is multiplied ten times and that will be equal to one year of fasting.” I replied, “I can do better than that.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to me, “Fast one day and give up fasting for a day and that is the fasting of Prophet David (`alayhissalaam) and that is the best fasting.” I said, “I have the power to fast better (more) than that.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “There is no better fasting than that.”


Volume 3, Book 31, Number 198:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr (radiallaahu `anhu):

The news of my daily fasting and praying every night throughout the night reached the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). So he sent for me or I met him, and he said, “I have been informed that you fast everyday and pray every night (all the night). Fast (for some days) and give up fasting (for some days); pray and sleep, for your eyes have a right on you, and your body and your family (i.e. wife) have a right on you.” I replied, “I have more power than that (fasting).” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Then fast like the fasts of (the Prophet) David (`alayhissalaam)”. I said, “How?” He replied, “He used to fast on alternate days, and he used not to flee on meeting the enemy.” I said, “From where can I get that chance?” (‘Ata’ said, “I do not know how the expression of fasting daily throughout the life occurred.”) So, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, twice, “Whoever fasts daily throughout his life is just as the one who does not fast at all.”


Volume 3, Book 31, Number 199:

Narrated Mujahid from ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said (to ‘Abdullah), “Fast three days a month.” ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu) said, (to the Prophet) “I am able to fast more than that.” They kept on arguing on this matter till the Prophet said, “Fast on alternate days, and recite the whole Qur’an once a month.” ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “I can recite more (in a month),” and the argument went on till the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Recite the Qur’an once each three days.” (i.e. you must not recite the whole Qur’an in less than three days).


Volume 3, Book 31, Number 200:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin Al-‘As (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to me, “You fast daily all the year and pray every night all the night?” I replied in the affirmative. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “If you keep on doing this, your eyes will become weak and your body will get tired. He who fasts all the year is as he who did not fast at all. The fasting of three days (a month) will be equal to the tasting of the whole year.” I replied, “I have the power for more than this.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Then fast like the fasting of David (`alayhissalaam) who used to fast on alternate days and would never flee from the battle field, on meeting the enemy.


Volume 3, Book 31, Number 201:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr (radiallaahu `anhu):

Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was informed about my fasts, and he came to me and I spread for him a leather cushion stuffed with palm fires, but he sat on the ground and the cushion remained between me and him, and then he said, “Isn’t it sufficient for you to fast three days a month?” I replied, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! (I can fast more).” He said, “Five?” I replied, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! (I can fast more).” He said, “Seven?” I replied, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! (I can fast more).” He said, “Nine (days per month)?” I replied, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! (I can fast more)” He said, “Eleven (days per month)?” And then the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “There is no fast superior to that of the Prophet David (`alayhissalaam) it was for half of the year. So, fast on alternate days.”

Here’s another narration (not from this sequence in Bukhari) that helps understand the topic better:

It was narrated from Abu Qutaadah al-Ansaari (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was asked about his fasting. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) got angry, then ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said, “We are content with Allah as our Lord, with Islam as our religion, with Muhammad as our Prophet and with the oath of allegiance (bay’ah) that we have given.” Then he was asked about one who fasts for a lifetime and he said, “He did not fast and he did not break his fast.” [I.e., it becomes a routine for him such that he no longer feels the difference between fasting and not fasting] Then he was asked about fasting two days and not fasting for one day, and he said, “Who is able to do that?” Then he was asked about fasting one day and not fasting for two days, and he said, “Would that Allaah gave us strength for that.” And he was asked about fasting one day and not fasting one day (i.e., fasting alternate days) and he said, “That is the fasting of my brother Dawood (peace be upon him).” And he was asked about fasting on Mondays, and he said, “That is the day on which I was born and the day on which my mission began (or on which Revelation came down to me).” And he said, “Fasting for three days each month and Ramadaan each year is the fast of a lifetime.” And he was asked about fasting on the Day of ‘Arafaah, and he said, “It expiates for the past year and the coming year,” and he was asked about fasting on the Day of ‘Ashoora’, and he said, “It expiates for the past year.” Narrated by Muslim, 1162.

It is clear from this hadeeth that fasting is encouraged, whether it is one or two days each year, one day each week, three days each month, fasting one day and not fasting two days or vice versa, or fasting one day and not the next. The matter is flexible. But the fast of Dawud (`alayhissalaam) is most encouraged because by fasting on alternate days, you never really get used to fasting and/or not fasting. It’s not easy, hence the reward.

One important lesson: it’s good to commit to great tasks of worship when you have the energy and power to do so. But in lieu of ‘continuity and balance’, it’s advisable to commit to amounts you can continue even when weak or old. Learn this from the experience of Abdullah ibn Amr (radiallaahu `anhu) when he says:

It would have been better for me if I had accepted the permission of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) (which he gave me i.e. to fast only three days a month).

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