Narrated Abu Masud Al-Ansar:
Whenever Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) ordered us to give in charity, we used to go to the market and work as porters and get a Mudd (a special measure of grain) and then give it in charity. (Those were the days of poverty) and today some of us have one hundred thousand.
Imagine that. Prophet (SAW) encouraged them to spend in the way of Allah which, not to forget, is not something obligatory, and they went out to make money so that they could do sadaqah. O_O I’m surprised. Really. Such obedience!
They spent in the way of Allah, and Allah returned to them manifold. “..and today some of us have one hundred thousand.”
Narrated ‘Adi bin Hatim heard the Prophet saying:
“Save yourself from Hell-fire even by giving half a date-fruit in charity.”
What’s left to say. Must. Do. Sadaqah.
Narrated ‘Amir bin Rabi’a:,
The Prophet said, “Whenever you see a funeral procession, stand up till the procession goes ahead of you.” Al-Humaidi added, “Till the coffin leaves you behind or is put down.”
Narrated ‘Amir bin Rabi’a:
The Prophet said, “If any one of you see a funeral procession and he is not going along with it, then he should stand and remain standing till he gets behind it, or it leaves him behind, or the coffin is put down before it goes ahead of him . “
Narrated Said Al-Maqburi:
That his father said, “While we were accompanying a funeral procession, Abu Huraira got hold of the hand of Marwan and they sat down before the coffin was put down. Then Abu Said came and took hold of Marwan’s hand and said, “Get up. By Allah, no doubt this (i.e. Abu Huraira) knows that the Prophet forbade us to do that.” Abu Huraira said, “He (Abu Said) has spoken the truth.”
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri
The Prophet said, “When you see a funeral procession, you should stand up, and whoever accompanies it should not sit till the coffin is put down.”
Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah :
A funeral procession passed in front of us and the Prophet stood up and we too stood up. We said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! This is the funeral procession of a Jew.” He said, “Whenever you see a funeral procession, you should stand up.”
Narrated ‘Abdur Rahman bin Abi Laila:
Sahl bin Hunaif and Qais bin Sad were sitting in the city of Al-Qadisiya. A funeral procession passed in front of them and they stood up. They were told that funeral procession was of one of the inhabitants of the land i.e. of a non-believer, under the protection of Muslims. They said, “A funeral procession passed in front of the Prophet and he stood up. When he was told that it was the coffin of a Jew, he said, “Is it not a living being (soul)?”
Following funeral processions of believers is recommended. Men must try and attend the funeral prayer and/or the burial after it. Lots of reward promised for it.
As for the last two narrations, Ali (RA) said about them that Prophet (SAW) did it only once. After this, the hukm came to not follow the non-Muslims in any of their practices. So this action of the Prophet (SAW) – standing for the funeral procession of a Jew – got abrogated. It is not allowed for a Muslim to attend the funeral procession / prayer / burial of a non-Muslim.
If there are people among the kuffaar who can bury their own dead, then the Muslims should not bury them, or join the kuffaar and help them to bury them, or try to please the kuffaar by joining the funeral procession, even if this is a political practice. Such things are not known from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or the Khulafaa’ al-Raashidoon. In fact, Allaah forbade His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to stand by the grave of ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Ubayy ibn Salool, and explained that the reason for this prohibition was that the man was a kaafir. Allaah said (interpretation of the meaning):
“And never (O Muhammad) pray (funeral prayer) for any of them (hypocrites) who dies, nor stand at his grave. Certainly they disbelieved in Allaah and His Messenger, and died while they were Faasiqoon (rebellious, — disobedient to Allaah and His Messenger).” [al-Tawbah 9:84]
If there is nobody among them who can bury their dead, then the Muslims should bury them, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did with those who were killed at Badr, and as he did with his uncle Abu Taalib, when he died, and he [the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)] said to ‘Ali: “Go and bury him.”
[Taken from IslamQA]
More details here.
Narrated Zaid binWahb:
Hudhaifa saw a person who was not performing the bowing and prostrations perfectly. He said to him, “You have not prayed and if you should die you would die on a religion other than that of Muhammad.”
My reaction: O_O
Wouldn’t it be the greatest loss? Thinking you’ve done something to earn reward and Allah’s pleasure, but actually all you’ve gained is loss. You think you’ve prayed, but in fact you haven’t. You proudly label yourself a Muslim, but in reality you’re not on the religion of Muhammad (SAW). Astaghfirullah! *shivers*
In order to save ourselves from such a bad surprise in the Hereafter, we have to perfect our prayers. Study the way Prophet (SAW) used to perform Salah very carefully and follow it as much as you can. While studying the Sunnah, you might find some teachings conflicting with the way your mom or dad or Imaam sahab used to pray. But it shouldn’t matter. It shouldn’t hold you back from changing your way. Because you are to follow Muhammad (SAW)’s way. For real for real (Wisam Sharieff style).
Imaam Bukhari says:
A`ishah (RA) was led in the Salat (prayer) by her slave Dhakwan who used to recite from the Mushaf [the written Qur’an (not from memory)]. Can an intelligent boy, a Bedouin or a boy who has not reached the age of puberty lead the Salat? (It is permissible according to) the statement of the Prophet (SAW) that the Imaam should be a person who knows the Qur’an more than the others.
Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:
When the earliest emigrants came to Al-‘Usba a place in Quba’, before the arrival of the Prophet, Salim – the slave of Abu Hudhaifa – who knew the Qur’an more than the others, used to lead them in prayer.
The Prophet said, “Listen and obey (your chief) even if an Ethiopian whose head is like a raisin were made your chief.”
It’s not wealth or status or lineage that makes a person worthy of leadership. Rather it’s knowledge, wisdom and intellect. And once someone has been appointed leader over you, you have to obey him regardless of his age, wealth, appearance, lineage etc. Only when he asks you to do something against Allah’s laws, can you defy him.
the mother of the believers: Allah’s Apostle during his illness prayed at his house while sitting whereas some people prayed behind him standing. The Prophet beckoned them to sit down. On completion of the prayer, he said, ‘The Imam is to be followed: bow when he bows, raise up your heads (stand erect) when he raises his head and when he says, ‘Sami a-l-lahu liman-hamida ‘ (Allah heard those who sent praises to Him) say then ‘Rabbana wa laka-l-hamd’ (O our Lord! All the praises are for You), and if he prays sitting then pray sitting.”
The provision of this Hadith has been abrogated by the last action of the Prophet (SAW). See next Hadith.
According to some other scholars, this Hadith is not abrogated. Some say this action (as in the Hadith above) can still be followed. Others say we can’t do so. And yet another group of scholars say we can follow both.
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Once Allah’s Apostle rode a horse and fell down and the right side (of his body) was injured. He offered one of the prayers while sitting and we also prayed behind him sitting. When he completed the prayer, he said, “The Imam is to be followed. Pray standing if he prays standing and bow when he bows; rise when he rises; and if he says, ‘Sami a-l-lahu-liman hamida, say then, ‘Rabbana wa Lakal-hamd’ and pray standing if he prays standing, and pray sitting (all of you) if he prays sitting.”
Humaid said: The saying of the Prophet “Pray sitting, if he (Imam) prays sitting” was said in his former illness (during his early life) but the Prophet prayed sitting afterwards (in the last illness) and the people were praying standing behind him and the Prophet did not order them to sit. We should follow the latest actions of the Prophet.
Similar Hadith has been covered before. Read here.
Here’s when we realize how important knowledge of Hadith is. The sciences of Hadith. It’s quite a vast subject, I must say. Just to give you an example from `Ilm-ur-Rijaal: a Hadith has two parts: the chain of narrators (sanad) and the text (matn). Chain of narrators in Imaam Bukhari’s time usually had 3-6 narrators. In order for a Hadith to be claimed Saheeh (authentic), it’s important to check each narrator’s `aqeedah, character, scholars’ opinion about them, memory etc. Imaam Bukhari used to check each narrator for each Hadith, and when he was sure that each narrator was an honest, reliable person having a good memory etc., only then would he include the Hadith in his book. Imagine! He did the same check for more than 7000 Ahadith! O_O
This is just a tiny bit. There’s a LOT more to what we call `Ulum-ul-Hadith.
More on Hadith Sciences here.