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Rights of Servants (Hadith No. 2230)

Bismillah.

Ahadith 2227 – 2229 (below) are repeats. See linked text for related posts.

Volume 3, Book 46, Number 729:
Narrated Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “If one manumits his share of a common slave (Abd), and he has money sufficient to free the remaining portion of the price of the slave (justly estimated), then he should free the slave completely by paying the rest of his price; otherwise the slave is freed partly. “

Volume 3, Book 46, Number 730:
Narrated ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Everyone of you is a guardian and is responsible for his charges. The ruler who has authority over people, is a guardian and is responsible for them, a man is a guardian of his family and is responsible for them; a woman is a guardian of her husband’s house and children and is responsible for them; a slave (‘Abu) is a guardian of his master’s property and is responsible for it; so all of you are guardians and are responsible for your charges.”

Volume 3, Book 46, Number 731:
Narrated Abu Huraira and Zaid bin Khalid (radiallaahu `anhumaa):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “If a slave-girl (Ama) commits illegal sexual intercourse, scourge her; if she does it again, scourge her again; if she repeats it, scourge her again.” The narrator added that on the third or the fourth offence, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Sell her even for a hair rope.”

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 46, Number 732:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “When your servant brings your meals to you then if he does not let him sit and share the meals, then he should at least give him a mouthful or two mouthfuls of that meal or a meal or two meals, as he has prepared it.”

Rights of a servant over his employer based on this article are as follows:

1-     He should give his servant the same food as he eats

2-     He should clothe him as he clothes himself.

3-     He should not give him more to do than he is able for, and if he does that he should help him.

4-     He should pay him a wage that is appropriate to his work and his efforts.

5-     He should not insult him or hit him.

6-     He should treat him well and be kind to him.

7-     He should overlook his mistakes and shortcomings.

Read more here.

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Mortgage Misc. (Ahadith 2184 – 2189)

Bismillah.

Ahadith 2178 – 2183 (below) are repeats. See linked text for related posts.

Volume 3, Book 44, Number 681:
Narrated Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever manumits his share of a jointly possessed slave, it is imperative on him to manumit the slave completely if he has sufficient money to pay the rest of its price which is to be estimated justly. He should pay his partners their shares and release him (the freed one).

 

Volume 3, Book 44, Number 682:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever manumits his share of a jointly possessed slave, it is essential for him to manumit the slave completely if he has sufficient money. Otherwise he should look for some work for the slave (to earn what would enable him to emancipate himself), without overburdening him with work.”

 

Volume 3, Book 44, Number 683:
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) (along with his companions) reached Mecca in the morning of the fourth of Dhul-Hijja assuming Ihram for Hajj only. So when we arrived at Mecca, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) ordered us to change our intentions of the Ihram for ‘Umra and that we could finish our Ihram after performing the ‘Umra and could go to our wives (for sexual intercourse). The people began talking about that. Jabir (radiallaahu `anhu) said surprisingly, “Shall we go to Mina while semen is dribbling from our male organs?” Jabir (radiallaahu `anhu) moved his hand while saying so. When this news reached the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) he delivered a sermon and said, “I have been informed that some peoples were saying so and so; By Allah I fear Allah more than you do, and am more obedient to Him than you. If I had known what I know now, I would not have brought the Hadi (sacrifice) with me and had the Hadi not been with me, I would have finished the Ihram.” At that Suraqa bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu) stood up and asked “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! Is this permission for us only or is it forever?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied, “It is forever.” In the meantime ‘Ali bin Abu Talib (radiallaahu `anhu) came from Yemen and was saying Labbaik for what the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) has intended. (According to another man, ‘Ali was saying Labbaik for Hajj similar to Allah’s Apostle’s). The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) told him to keep on the Ihram and let him share the Hadi with him.

See number 13 in this post.

Volume 3, Book 44, Number 684:
Narrated Abaya bin Rifaa:
My grandfather, Rafi bin Khadij (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “We were in the valley of Dhul-Hulaifa of Tuhama in the company of the Prophet and had some camels and sheep (of the booty). The people hurried (in slaughtering the animals) and put their meat in the pots and started cooking. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) came and ordered them to upset the pots, and distributed the booty considering one camel as equal to ten sheep. One of the camels fled and the people had only a few horses, so they got worried. (The camel was chased and) a man slopped the camel by throwing an arrow at it. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, ‘Some of these animals are untamed like wild animals, so if anyone of them went out of your control, then you should treat it as you have done now.’ ” My grandfather said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! We fear that we may meet our enemy tomorrow and we have no knives, could we slaughter the animals with reeds?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Yes, or you can use what would make blood flow (slaughter) and you can eat what is slaughtered and the Name of Allah is mentioned at the time of slaughtering. But don’t use teeth or fingernails (in slaughtering). I will tell you why, as for teeth, they are bones, and fingernails are used by Ethiopians for slaughtering. (See Hadith 668)

Kitaab-ush-Sharikah [Book of Partnership] ends here.

Kitaab-ur-Rahn [Book of Mortgaging] starts today..

Volume 3, Book 45, Number 685:
Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):
No doubt, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) mortgaged his armor for barley grains. Once I took barley bread with some dissolved fat on it to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and I heard him saying, “The household of Muhammad did not possess except a Sa (of food grain, barley, etc.) for both the morning and the evening meals although they were nine houses.”

 

Volume 3, Book 45, Number 686:
Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) bought some foodstuff on credit for a limited period and mortgaged his armor for it.

 

Volume 3, Book 45, Number 687:
Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Who would kill Ka’b bin Al-Ashraf as he has harmed Allah and His Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)?” Muhammad bin Maslama (radiallaahu `anhu) (got up and) said, “I will kill him.” So, Muhammad bin Maslama (radiallaahu `anhu) went to Ka’b and said, “I want a loan of one or two Wasqs of food grains.” Ka’b said, “Mortgage your women to me.” Muhammad bin Maslama (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “How can we mortgage our women, and you are the most handsome among the Arabs?” He said, “Then mortgage your sons to me.” Muhammad (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “How can we mortgage our sons, as the people will abuse them for being mortgaged for one or two Wasqs of food grains? It is shameful for us. But we will mortgage our arms to you.” So, Muhammad bin Maslama (radiallaahu `anhu) promised him that he would come to him next time. They (Muhammad bin Maslama (radiallaahu `anhu) and his companions) came to him as promised and murdered him. Then they went to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and told him about it.

Volume 3, Book 45, Number 688:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “One can ride the mortgaged animal because of what one spends on it, and one can drink the milk of a milch animal as long as it is mortgaged. “

Volume 3, Book 45, Number 689:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The mortgaged animal can be used for riding as long as it is fed and the milk of the milch animal can be drunk according to what one spend on it. The one who rides the animal or drinks its milk should provide the expenditures.”

Volume 3, Book 45, Number 690:
Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) bought some foodstuff from a Jew and mortgaged his armor to him.

Volume 3, Book 45, Number 691:
Narrated Ibn Abu Mulaika:
I wrote a letter to Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) and he wrote to me that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had given the verdict that the defendant had to take an oath.

Volume 3, Book 45, Number 692:
Narrated Abu Wail:
Abdullah (bin Mas’ud) (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “Whoever took a false oath in order to grab somebody’s property will meet Allah while Allah will be angry with him.” Allah revealed the following verse to confirm that:- “Verily! Those who purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah’s covenant And their oaths…a painful torment.” (3.77)
Al-Ash’ath bin Qais (radiallaahu `anhu) came to us and asked as to what Abu Abdur-Rehman (i.e. Ibn Mas’ud) (radiallaahu `anhu) was telling you.” We related the story to him. On that he said, “He has told the truth. This verse was revealed about me. I had some dispute with another man regarding a well and we took the case before Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said (to me), “Produce two witnesses (to support your claim); otherwise the defendant has the right to take an oath (to refute your claim).’ I said, ‘The defendant would not mind to take a false oath.” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) then said, ‘Whoever took a false oath in order to grab someone else’s property will meet Allah, Allah will be angry with him.’ Allah then revealed what Confirmed it.” Al-Ash’ath then recited the following Verse:- “Verily! Those who purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah’s covenant, And their oaths . . . (to) . . . they shall have a painful torment!’ (3.77) (See Hadith No. 546)

Kitaab-ur-Rahn [Book of Mortgaging] ends here.

 

(Hadith No. 2177)

Bismillah.

Ahadith 2172 – 2176 (below) are repeats. See linked text for related posts.

Volume 3, Book 44, Number 675:
Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) established the right of Shu’fa (i.e. Pre-emption) in joint properties; but when the land is divided and the ways are demarcated, then there is no pre-emption.

 

Volume 3, Book 44, Number 676:
Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The right of pre-emption is valid in every joint property, but when the land is divided and the way is demarcated, then there is no right of pre-emption.”

Volume 3, Book 44, Number 677:
Narrated Sulaiman bin Abu Muslim:
I asked Abu Minhal about money exchange from hand to hand. He said, “I and a partner of mine bought something partly in cash and partly on credit.” Al-Bara’ bin ‘Azib (radiallaahu `anhu) passed by us and we asked about it. He replied, “I and my partner Zaid bin Al-Arqam (radiallaahu `anhu) did the same and then went to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and asked him about it. He said, ‘Take what was from hand to hand and leave what was on credit.‘ “

Volume 3, Book 44, Number 678:
Narrated Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) rented the land of Khaibar to the Jews on the condition that they would work on it and cultivate it and take half of its yield.

 

Volume 3, Book 44, Number 679:
Narrated ‘Uqba bin ‘Amir (radiallaahu `anhu):
that Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) gave him some sheep to distribute among his companions in order to sacrifice them and a kid was left. He told the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) about it and the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to him, “Sacrifice it on your behalf.”

Today’s Hadith:

 

Volume 3, Book 44, Number 680:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Hisham (radiallaahu `anhu):
that his mother Zainab bint Humaid took him to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! Take the pledge of allegiance from him.” But he said, “He is still too young for the pledge,” and passed his hand on his (i.e. ‘Abdullah’s) head and invoked for Allah’s blessing for him.
Zuhra bin Ma’bad stated that he used to go with his grandfather, ‘Abdullah bin Hisham (radiallaahu `anhu), to the market to buy foodstuff. Ibn ‘Umar and Ibn Az-Zubair (radiallaahu `anhumaa) would meet him and say to him, “Be our partner, as the Prophet invoked Allah to bless you.” So, he would be their partner, and very often he would win a camel’s load and send it home.

Excellence of Sharing Food (Ahadith 2162 – 2163)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 44, Number 665:
Narrated Rafi bin Khadij (radiallaahu `anhu):
We used to offer the ‘Asr prayer with the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and slaughter a camel, the meat of which would be divided in ten parts. We would eat the cooked meat before sunset.

Volume 3, Book 44, Number 666:
Narrated Abu Musa (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet said (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), “When the people of Ash’ari tribe ran short of food during the holy battles, or the food of their families in Medina ran short, they would collect all their remaining food in one sheet and then distribute it among themselves equally by measuring it with a bowl. So, these people are from me, and I am from them.”

You see, just because they shared food with each other when they ran short, Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) honored them with this statement: “these people are from me, and I am from them”. Meaning, they’re close to him and he’s close to them, like family. Wow. <3

Dua Before Eating (Hadith No. 2161)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 44, Number 664:

Narrated Salama (radiallaahu `anhu):

Once the journey food diminished and the people were reduced to poverty. They went to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and asked his permission to slaughter their camels, and he agreed. ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhumet them and they told him about it, and he said, “How would you survive after slaughtering your camels?” Then he went to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! How would they survive after slaughtering their camels?” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) ordered ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu), “Call upon the people to bring what has remained of their food.” A leather sheet was spread and al I the journey food was collected and heaped over it. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) stood up and invoked Allah to bless it, and then directed all the people to come with their utensils, and they started taking from it till all of them got what was sufficient for them. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) then said, “I testify that None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and I am His Apostle. “

Ask Allah to bless your food before eating it. Say Bismillah and pray for barakah, especially when it’s for a gathering. You’ll see that you won’t run out of it till everyone’s had their fill. Sunnah 101.

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