Volume 4, Book 52, Number 102 :
Narrated by ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Good will remain (as a permanent quality) in the foreheads of horses till the Day of Resurrection.”
Volume 4, Book 52, Number 103 :
Narrated by Ursa bin Alga (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Good will remain (as a permanent quality) in the foreheads of horses till the Day of Resurrection.”
And narrated Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu): Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “There is a blessing in the fore-heads of horses.”
Volume 4, Book 52, Number 104 :
Narrated by ‘Urwa Al-Bariqi (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Good will remain (as a permanent quality) in the foreheads of horses (for Jihad) till the Day of Resurrection, for they bring about either a reward (in the Hereafter) or booty (in this world).”
Volume 4, Book 52, Number 105 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “If somebody keeps a horse in Allah’s Cause motivated by his faith in Allah and his belief in His Promise, then he will be rewarded on the Day of Resurrection for what the horse has eaten or drunk and for its dung and urine.”
These ahadith are pretty self-explanatory. Horses bring good in this dunya and the aakhirah, if kept for the sake of Allah, in terms of booty and rewards respectively.
Among other things, horses are extremely beautiful. I, for one, am quite obsessed these days. [Somebody get me a horse!]
Allah has made horses beautiful for us, as He mentions in the Quran:
And at another place:
وَالْخَيْلَ وَالْبِغَالَ وَالْحَمِيرَ لِتَرْكَبُوهَا وَزِينَةً ۚ وَيَخْلُقُ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُونَ
“And [He created] the horses, mules and donkeys for you to ride and [as] adornment. And He creates that which you do not know.” [16:8]
We come to know from history (in the Quran) that Prophet Sulayman, the son of Dawud, also had a special place in his heart for horses. Allah mentions it:
وَوَهَبْنَا لِدَاوُودَ سُلَيْمَانَ ۚ نِعْمَ الْعَبْدُ ۖ إِنَّهُ أَوَّابٌ
إِذْ عُرِضَ عَلَيْهِ بِالْعَشِيِّ الصَّافِنَاتُ الْجِيَادُ
فَقَالَ إِنِّي أَحْبَبْتُ حُبَّ الْخَيْرِ عَن ذِكْرِ رَبِّي حَتَّىٰ تَوَارَتْ بِالْحِجَابِ
رُدُّوهَا عَلَيَّ ۖ فَطَفِقَ مَسْحًا بِالسُّوقِ وَالْأَعْنَاقِ
And to David We gave Solomon. An excellent servant, indeed he was one repeatedly turning back [to Allah]. [Mention] when there were exhibited before him in the afternoon the poised [standing] racehorses. And he said, “Indeed, I gave preference to the love of good [things] over the remembrance of my Lord until the sun disappeared into the curtain [of darkness].”[He said], “Return them to me,” and set about striking [their] legs and necks.” [38: 30-33]
Ibn Kathir comments:
Allah tells us that he gave Sulayman to Dawud as a Prophet, as He says elsewhere:
﴿وَوَرِثَ سُلَيْمَـنُ دَاوُودَ﴾
(And Sulayman inherited Dawud) (27:1). meaning, he inherited prophethood from him. Dawud had other sons besides Sulayman, for he had one hundred free wives.
﴿نِعْمَ الْعَبْدُ إِنَّهُ أَوَّابٌ﴾
(How excellent a servant! Verily, he was ever oft-returning in repentance (to Us)!) This is praise for Sulayman, because he was very much obedient, worshipping Allah much and always turning to Allah in repentance.
﴿إِذْ عُرِضَ عَلَيْهِ بِالْعَشِىِّ الصَّـفِنَـتُ الْجِيَادُ ﴾
(When there were displayed before him, in the afternoon, well trained horses of the highest breed.) means, these well trained horses were shown to Sulayman, peace be upon him, in his capacity as king and ruler. Mujahid said, “They were the kind of horses which stand on three legs and raise the fourth, and they were swift horses.” This was also the view of several others among the Salaf. Abu Dawud recorded that `A’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, said, “The Messenger of Allah came back from the campaign of Tabuk or Khaybar, and there was a curtain covering her room. The wind came and lifted the curtain, revealing some toys belonging to `A’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her. The Prophet said:
«مَا هَذَا يَا عَائِشَةُ؟»
(What is this, O `A’ishah) She, may Allah be pleased with her, said, “My toys.” Among them he saw a horse with two wings made of cloth. He said:
«مَا هَذَا الَّذِي أَرَى وَسَطَهُنَّ؟»
(What is this that I see in the midst of them) She, may Allah be pleased with her, said, “A horse.” The Messenger of Allah said,
«مَا هَذَا الَّذِي عَلَيْهِ؟»
(And what is this on it) She, may Allah be pleased with her, said, “Wings.” The Messenger of Allah said,
«فَرَسٌ لَهُ جَنَاحَانِ؟»
(A horse with two wings) She, may Allah be pleased with her, said, “Did you not hear that Sulayman, peace be upon him, had a horse that had wings” She, may Allah be pleased with her, said, “The Messenger of Allah smiled so broadly that I could see his molars.”
﴿فَقَالَ إِنِّى أَحْبَبْتُ حُبَّ الْخَيْرِ عَن ذِكْرِ رَبِى حَتَّى تَوَارَتْ بِالْحِجَابِ ﴾
(He said: “I did love the good (i.e., horses) instead of remembering my Lord” till the time was over, and (the sun) had hidden in the veil (of night)) More than one of the Salaf and scholars of Tafsir mentioned that he was so busy looking at the horses that he missed the time of `Asr prayer. He did not miss it deliberately, but because of forgetfulness, as happened to the Prophet on the day of Khandaq, when he was too busy to pray `Asr and he prayed it after the sun had set. This was recorded in the Two Sahihs with more than one chain of narration, including the report from Jabir, may Allah be pleased with him, who said, “On the day of Khandaq, `Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, came after the sun had set and started cursing the disbelievers of the Quraysh. He said, `O Messenger of Allah, I could not pray `Asr until the sun had almost set.’ The Messenger of Allah said,
«وَاللهِ مَا صَلَّيْتُهَا»
(By Allah, I did not pray it either.)” He (Jabir) said, “So we got up and went to Buthan. Allah’s Prophet performed ablution for the prayer and we too performed ablution. He prayed `Asr after the sun had set, then he prayed Maghrib after that.”
﴿رُدُّوهَا عَلَىَّ فَطَفِقَ مَسْحاً بِالسُّوقِ وَالاٌّعْنَاقِ ﴾
(Then he said: “Bring them (horses) back to me.” Then he began to pass his hand over their legs and their necks.) Al-Hasan Al-Basri said, “He said, `No, by Allah, you will not keep me from worshipping my Lord again,’ then he ordered that they should be slaughtered.” This was also the view of Qatadah. As-Suddi said, “Their necks and hamstrings were struck with swords.” `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “He began patting the horses’ heads and legs out of love for them.” This is the view that was favored by Ibn Jarir. He said, “Because he would not punish an animal by cutting its hamstrings or destroy his own wealth for no other reason than that he had been distracted from his prayer by looking at it, and it was not the animals’ fault. ” This view which Ibn Jarir thought more correct is subject to further review, because such action may have been permissible according to their law, especially since he got angry for the sake of Allah for being distracted by these horses until the time for prayer had lapsed. Then, since he dispensed with them for the sake of Allah, Allah compensated him with something better, the wind which blew gently by his order wherever he willed. Its morning lasted a month’s (journey), and its afternoon lasted a month’s (journey). This was faster and better than horses.
Did you ever have your forehead sweating? Why? Was it because you were out in the market on a sunny day? Or was it because the light went out on June 25th? Or was it because you love extreme sports?
Let’s see what made our beloved Prophet (SAW)’s forehead sweat:
Narrated ‘Aisha (the mother of the faithful believers):
Al-Harith bin Hisham asked Allah’s Apostle “O Allah’s Apostle! How is the Divine Inspiration revealed to you?” Allah’s Apostle replied, “Sometimes it is (revealed) like the ringing of a bell, this form of Inspiration is the hardest of all and then this state passes off after I have grasped what is inspired. Sometimes the Angel comes in the form of a man and talks to me and I grasp whatever he says.”
‘Aisha added: Verily I saw the Prophet being inspired Divinely on a very cold day and noticed the sweat dripping from his forehead (as the Inspiration was over).
Can you imagine? Sweating on a very cold day.. That’s what he went through for about 23 years of his life. And what for? To deliver the Message to us. To make sure we got the knowledge that we needed. To make it easier for us..
I’ve been thinking since morning: what do we learn from this Hadith? How can I act upon it? It was getting really hard so I consulted a scholar, and this was the conclusion: Prophet (SAW) worked so hard to do his job, being a messenger, conveying Allah’s Message to us. We should follow his footsteps as well. But do we?
Dr Mahmood Ahmad Ghazi passed away today, the former Judge of Shariah court and President IIUI. Dr Israr Ahmed died earlier this April. Going through their profiles, one learns that they were one of a kind. We don’t find replacements of such good scholars today. WHY? We don’t follow the footsteps of the Prophet (SAW). We don’t work hard to gain knowledge.
So, to bring this Hadith into practice, we need to work hard in order to gain knowledge. Don’t take it lightly. ‘Oh who cares if I get an F on my exam?’ NO! We need to change our attitude. Work hard. And harder. Go all out. So much so that even on an extremely cold day, our forehead begins to sweat!
I plan to do so, inshaAllah. =)
I’m thankful to the person who helped me in this: Dr Farhat Hashmi. May Allah bless us with more scholars in the Ummah. Ameen.