I want you to recall who Abdullah ibn Ubayy was. I want you to read up on him a bit. Here’s a few words about him:
Abdullah bin Ubayy was an Ansar chief of Madina. Abdullah bin Ubayy had the ambition to wear the crown of Madina. When the people of Madina invited the Holy Prophet and the Muslims to migrate to Madina and accepted the Holy Prophet as their ruler the designs of Abdullah bin Ubayy were frustrated. As all the Arabs of Madina accepted Islam, Abdullah also became a Muslim as a measure of expediency. Islam, however, sat lightly on him, and he often indulged in activities hostile to Islam.
In the battle of Uhud, he betrayed the Muslim trust and withdrew his contingent at the last moment. On the occasion of the raid of Al-Mustaliq he said unbecoming things against the Muhajreen including the Holy Prophet. In the sad episode of False Allegation he was responsible for calumny against Ayesha. Umar sought the permission of the Holy Prophet to kill Abdullah bin Ubayy, but the Holy Prophet, kind-hearted as he was, did not give the permission.
Even Allah had taken notice of the hypocrisy of Abdullah bin Ubayy, and in a revelation to the Holy Prophet it was said that even if he prayed for the hypocrites seventy times his prayer would not be accepted.
Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:
When ‘Abdullah bin Ubai (the chief of hypocrites) died, his son came to the Prophet and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Please give me your shirt to shroud him in it, offer his funeral prayer and ask for Allah’s forgiveness for him.” So Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) gave his shirt to him and said, “Inform me (When the funeral is ready) so that I may offer the funeral prayer.” So, he informed him and when the Prophet intended to offer the funeral prayer, ‘Umar took hold of his hand and said, “Has Allah not forbidden you to offer the funeral prayer for the hypocrites? The Prophet said, “I have been given the choice for Allah says: ‘(It does not avail) Whether you (O Muhammad) ask forgiveness for them (hypocrites), or do not ask for forgiveness for them. Even though you ask for their forgiveness seventy times, Allah will not forgive them. (9.80)” So the Prophet offered the funeral prayer and on that the revelation came: “And never (O Muhammad) pray (funeral prayer) for any of them (i.e. hypocrites) that dies.” (9. 84)
The Prophet came to (the grave of) ‘Abdullah bin Ubai after his body was buried. The body was brought out and then the Prophet put his saliva over the body and clothed it in his shirt.
An interesting commentary on this Hadith here.
There were many reasons behind the Prophet’s leading the janazah prayer of a man who worked hard to divide the Islamic community throughout his life.
The most important reason was to make people who had gathered around him have belief. As a matter of fact, when the Messenger of God was asked why he gave his shirt and why he led the janazah prayer of Abdullah b. Ubay b. Salul, he gave the following answer:
“My shirt and the janazah prayer I performed will not save him from the torture of my Lord. However, I hope that one thousand people from his tribe will become sincere Muslims thanks to them.”
Indeed, one thousand people became Muslims when they saw that the Messenger of God treated Abdullah b. Ubay so graciously.
Read more on his death and the way Prophet (SAW) treated him here.
And for you and me, here’s the lesson we must learn from this story:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, “Our Lord, the Blessed, the Superior, comes every night down on the nearest Heaven to us when the last third of the night remains, saying: “Is there anyone to invoke Me, so that I may respond to invocation? Is there anyone to ask Me, so that I may grant him his request? Is there anyone seeking My forgiveness, so that I may forgive him?”
If someone knows this, and still misses the opportunity, I do not have words to describe his/her loss.
And I say this to myself before anyone else. -_-
Volume 1, Book 11, Number 624:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah’s Apostle said, “While a man was going on a way, he saw a thorny branch and removed it from the way, and Allah became pleased by his action and forgave him for that.” Then the Prophet said, “Five are martyrs: One who dies of plague, one who dies of an abdominal disease, one who dies of drowning, one who is buried alive (and) dies and one who is killed in Allah’s cause.” (The Prophet further said, “If the people knew the reward for pronouncing the Adhan and for standing in the first row (in the congregational prayer) and found no other way to get it except by drawing lots they would do so, and if they knew the reward of offering the Zuhr prayer early (in its stated time), they would race for it and they knew the reward for ‘Isha and Fajr prayers in congregation, they would attend them even if they were to crawl.)
Referring to the first part of the Hadith.. Think about it. Removing a thorn from the way, or anything else for the matter, seems like someone else’s job. A sweeper should do it, right?
That man could’ve been a very bad person who disobeyed Allah and His Messenger (SAW). He could’ve been the most insolent, harsh, disrespectful, disloyal, disgraceful, careless person on Earth. One day, out of whatever good he still had inside his heart, he removed a thorny branch from the way. Allah liked his action so much, His Mercy overcame His anger, and He forgave that man. All because of that one good deed.
On the flip side, this man could’ve been a very pious person who obeyed Allah and worshiped Him. He could’ve been the most caring, loving, kind, respecting, obedient, loyal person of his time. And one day, out of his usual goodness, he removed a thorny branch from the way. Allah liked this deed more than any other that he had ever done. And He forgave him. All because of that one good deed.
Lesson to be learnt is: never think a good deed is too small or worthless. You never know which good deed will be the reason for your forgiveness.
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah’s Apostle said, “The angels keep on asking Allah’s forgiveness for anyone of you, as long as he is at his Musalla (praying place) and he does not pass wind (hadath). They say, ‘O Allah! Forgive him, O Allah! Be Merciful to him.”
Kinda awesome, isn’t it? And it’s even easier in Ramadan! :)
There are a lot of Ahadith about spitting in the mosque so I thought we should do one comprehensive post on it…
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar:
Allah’s Apostle saw sputum on the wall of the mosque in the direction of the Qibla and scraped it off. He faced the people and said, “Whenever any one of you is praying, he should not spit in front of him because in the prayer Allah is in front of him.”
(the mother of faithful believers) Allah’s Apostle saw some nasal secretions, expectoration or sputum on the wall of the mosque in the direction of the Qibla and scraped it off.
Narrated Abd Huraira and Abu Said:
Allah’s Apostle saw some expectoration on the wall of the mosque; he took gravel and scraped it off and said, “If anyone of you wanted to spit he should neither spit in front of him nor on his right but he could spit either on his left or under his left foot.”
Narrated Abd Huraira and Abu Sa’id:
Allah’s Apostle saw some expectoration on the wall of the mosque; he took gravel and scraped it off and said, “If anyone of you wanted to spit, he should neither spit in front of him nor on his right but could spit either on his left or under his left foot.”
The Prophet said, “None of you should spit in front or on his right but he could spit either on his left or under his foot.”
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet said, “A faithful believer while in prayer is speaking in private to his Lord, so he should neither spit in front of him nor to his right side but he could spit either on his left or under his foot.”
Narrated Abu Said:
The Prophet saw sputum on (the wall of) the mosque in the direction of the Qibla and scraped it off with gravel. Then he forbade Spitting in front or on the right, but allowed it on one’s left or under one’s left foot.
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet said, “Spitting in the mosque is a sin and its expiation is to bury it.”
Remember this! Every sin needs expiation if one plans to get it forgiven. Some sins are expiated by repenting to Allah, some by seeking forgiveness from people, and some need an ‘undo’ action. Spitting in a mosque is one of these sins. You need to undo what you’ve done. So scrape it off/bury it.
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Prophet said, “If anyone of you stands for prayer, he should not spit in front of him because in prayer he is speaking in private to Allah and he should not spit on his right as there is an angel, but he can spit either on his left or under his left foot and bury it (i.e. expectoration).”
The Prophet saw expectoration (on the wall of the mosque) in the direction of the Qibla and scraped it off with his hand. It seemed that he disliked it and the sign of disgust was apparent from his face. He said, “If anyone of you stands for the prayer, he is speaking in private to his Lord, (or) his Lord is between him and his Qibla, therefore he should not spit towards his Qibla, but he could spit either on his left or under his foot.” Then he took the corner of his sheet and spat in it, folded it and said, “Or do like this.”