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Farming in Paradise? (Hadith No. 2035)

Bismillah.

Ahadith 2028 – 2034 (below) are related to sharecropping (already covered).

Volume 3, Book 39, Number 531 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) expelled the Jews and the Christians from Hijaz. When Allah’s Apostle had conquered Khaibar, he wanted to expel the Jews from it as its land became the property of Allah, His Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), and the Muslims. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) intended to expel the Jews but they requested him to let them stay there on the condition that they would do the labor and get half of the fruits. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) told them, “We will let you stay on thus condition, as long as we wish.” So, they (i.e. Jews) kept on living there until ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) forced them to go towards Taima’ and Ariha’.

Volume 3, Book 39, Number 532 :

Narrated by Rafi bin Khadij
My uncle Zuhair (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade us to do a thing which was a source of help to us.” I said, “Whatever Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said was right.” He said, “Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) sent for me and asked, ‘What are you doing with your farms?’ I replied, ‘We give our farms on rent on the basis that we get the yield produced at the banks of the water streams (rivers) for the rent, or rent it for some Wasqs of barley and dates.’ Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, ‘Do not do so, but cultivate (the land) yourselves or let it be cultivated by others gratis, or keep it uncultivated.’ I said, ‘We hear and obey.’

Volume 3, Book 39, Number 533 :
Narrated by Jabir (radiallaahu `anhu)
The people used to rent their land for cultivation for one-third, one-fourth or half its yield. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever has land should cultivate it himself or give it to his (Muslim) brother gratis; otherwise keep it uncultivated.” Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever has land should cultivate it himself or give it to his (Muslim) brother gratis; otherwise he should keep it uncultivated.”

Volume 3, Book 39, Number 534 :
Narrated by ‘Amr
When I mentioned it (i.e. the narration of Rafi ‘bin Khadij: no. 532) to Tawus, he said, “It is permissible to rent the land for cultivation, for Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) said, ‘The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did not forbid that, but said: One had better give the land to one’s brother gratis rather than charge a certain amount for it.’ “

Volume 3, Book 39, Number 535 :
Narrated by Nafi
Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) used to rent his farms in the time of Abu Bakr, ‘Umar, ‘Uthman, and in the early days of Muawiya (radiallaahu `anhum). Then he was told the narration of Rafi ‘bin Khadij that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had forbidden the renting of farms. Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) went to Rafi’ and I accompanied him. He asked Rafi who replied that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had forbidden the renting of farms. Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “You know that we used to rent our farms in the life-time of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) for the yield of the banks of the water streams (rivers) and for certain amount of figs.

Volume 3, Book 39, Number 536 :
Narrated by Salim
Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “I knew that the land was rented for cultivation in the life-time of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam).” Later on Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) was afraid that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had forbidden it, and he had no knowledge of it, so he gave up renting his land.

Volume 3, Book 39, Number 537 :
Narrated by Hanzla bin Qais
Rafi bin Khadij said, “My two uncles told me that they (i.e. the companions of the Prophet) used to rent the land in the life-time of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) for the yield on the banks of water streams (rivers) or for a portion of the yield stipulated by the owner of the land. The Prophet forbade it.” I said to Rafi, “What about renting the land for Dinars and Dirhams?” He replied, “There is no harm in renting for Dinars-Dirhams. Al-Laith said, “If those who have discernment for distinguishing what is legal from what is illegal looked into what has been forbidden concerning this matter they would not permit it, for it is surrounded with dangers.”

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 39, Number 538 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
Once the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was narrating (a story), while a Bedouin was sitting with him. “One of the inhabitants of Paradise will ask Allah to allow him to cultivate the land. Allah will ask him, ‘Are you not living in the pleasures you like?’ He will say, ‘Yes, but I like to cultivate the land.’ ” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) added, “When the man (will be permitted he) will sow the seeds and the plants will grow up and get ripe, ready for reaping and so on till it will be as huge as mountains within a wink. Allah will then say to him, ‘O son of Adam! Take here you are, gather (the yield); nothing satisfies you.’ ” On that, the bedouin said, “The man must be either from Quraish (i.e. an emigrant) or an Ansari, for they are farmers, whereas we are not farmers.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) smiled (at this).

This just goes to show how hard it is for us humans to let go of our habits! Admit it, it’s funny!

On a serious note, this also shows that you will be in Paradise what you are now. Your habits/activities will go with you.. would you be happy being what you are for eternity? #FoodForThought

Advance Payment for Fruit on Trees (Ahadith 1945 – 1947)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 450 :
Narrated by Abu Bakhtari At-Tai
I asked Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) about Salam for (the fruits of) date-palms. He replied “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade the sale a dates on the trees till they became fit for eating and could be weighed.” A man asked what to be weighed (as the dates were still on the trees). Another man sitting beside Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, “Till they are cut and stored.” Narrated Abu Al-Bakhtari: I heard Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) (saying) that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade … etc. as above.

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 451 :
Narrated by Abu Al-Bakhtari
I asked Ibn Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) about Salam (the fruits of) date-palms. He replied, “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade the sale of dates till their benefit becomes evident and fit for eating and also the sale of silver (for gold) on credit.” I asked Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) about Salam for dates and he replied, “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade the sale of dates till they were fit for eating and could be estimated.”

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 452 :
Narrated by Abu Al-Bakhtari
I asked Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) about Salam for dates. Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade the sale (the fruits) of datepalms until they were fit for eating and also forbade the sale of silver for gold on credit.” I also asked Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) about it. Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade the sale of dates till they were fit for eating, and could be weighed.” I asked him, “What is to be weighed (as the dates are on the trees)?” A man sitting by Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “It means till they are cut and stored.”

As described in the above ahadith, one should not make any advance payments for fruits that are still on trees and cannot be weighed/measured.

Paying in Advance (Ahadith 1936 – 1944)

Bismillah.

Ahadith no. 1930-1931 (below) are repeats. Read the post here.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 435 :
Narrated by Zaid bin Khalid and Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhumaa)
That Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was asked about an unmarried slave-girl who committed illegal sexual intercourse. They heard him saying, “Flog her, and if she commits illegal sexual intercourse after that, flog her again, and on the third (or the fourth) offense, sell her.”

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 436 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
I heard the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) saying, “If a slave-girl of yours commits illegal sexual intercourse and her illegal sexual intercourse is proved, she should be lashed, and after that nobody should blame her, and if she commits illegal sexual intercourse the second time, she should be lashed and nobody should blame her after that, and if she does the offense for the third time and her illegal sexual intercourse is proved, she should be sold even for a hair rope.”

Hadith no. 1932 (below) is also a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 437 :
Narrated by Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) came to Khaibar and when Allah made him victorious and he conquered the town by breaking the enemy’s defense, the beauty of Safiya bint Huyai bin Akhtab (radiallaahu `anhaa) was mentioned to him and her husband had been killed while she was a bride. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) selected her for himself and he set out in her company till he reached Sadd-ar-Rawha’ where her menses were over and he married her. Then Hais (a kind of meal) was prepared and served on a small leather sheet (used for serving meals). Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) then said to me, “Inform those who are around you (about the wedding banquet).” So that was the marriage banquet given by Allah’s Apostle for (his marriage with) Safiya (radiallaahu `anhaa). After that we proceeded to Medina and I saw that Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was covering her with a cloak while she was behind him. Then he would sit beside his camel and let Safiya (radiallaahu `anhaa) put her feet on his knees to ride (the camel).

Hadith no. 1933 (below) is also a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 438 :
Narrated by Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)
I heard Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), in the year of the Conquest of Mecca, saying, “Allah and His Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) made illegal the trade of alcohol, dead animals, pigs and idols.” The people asked, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! What about the fat of dead animals, for it was used for greasing the boats and the hides; and people use it for lights?” He said, “No, it is illegal.” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) further said, “May Allah curse the Jews, for Allah made the fat (of animals) illegal for them, yet they melted the fat and sold it and ate its price.”

Ahadith 1934-1935 (below) are repeats too. Read the post here.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 439 :
Narrated by Abu Mas’ud Al-Ansari (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade taking the price of a dog, money earned by prostitution and the earnings of a soothsayer.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 440 :
Narrated by Aun bin Abu Juhaifa
I saw my father buying a slave whose profession was cupping, and ordered that his instruments (of cupping) be broken. I asked him the reason for doing so. He replied, “Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) prohibited taking money for blood, the price of a dog, and the earnings of a slave-girl by prostitution; he cursed her who tattoos and her who gets tattooed, the eater of Riba (usury), and the maker of pictures.”

Book of Sales and Trade [Kitaab-ul-Buyoo`] ends here.

Today’s Ahadith:

Book of “Paid in Advance” [Kitaab-us-Salam] starts today.

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 441 :
Narrated by Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) came to Medina and the people used to pay in advance the price of fruits to be delivered within one or two years. (The sub-narrator is in doubt whether it was one to two years or two to three years.) The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever pays money in advance for dates (to be delivered later) should pay it for known specified weight and measure (of the dates).”

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 442 :
Narrated by Ibn Abi Najih (radiallaahu `anhu)
As above, mentioning only specific measure.

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 443 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) came to Medina and the people used to pay in advance the price of dates to be delivered within two or three years. He said (to them), “Whoever pays in advance the price of a thing to be delivered later should pay it for a specified measure at specified weight for a specified period.”

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 444 :
Narrated by Ibn Abi Najih (radiallaahu `anhu)
As above, saying, “He should pay the price in advance for a specified measure and for a specified period.”

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 445 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) came (to Medina) and he told the people (regarding the payment of money in advance that they should pay it) for a known specified measure and a known specified weight and a known specified period.

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 446 :
Narrated by Shu’ba
Muhammad or ‘Abdullah bin Abu Al-Mujalid said, “Abdullah bin Shaddad and Abu Burda differed regarding As-Salam, so they sent me to Ibn Abi Aufa (radiallaahu `anhu) and I asked him about it. He replied, ‘In the life-time of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), Abu Bakr and ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhumaa), we used to pay in advance the prices of wheat, barley, dried grapes and dates to be delivered later. I also asked Ibn Abza and he, too, replied as above.’ “

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 447 :
Narrated by Muhammad bin Al-Majalid
Abdullah bin Shaddad and Abu Burda sent me to ‘Abdullah bin Abi Aufa (radiallaahu `anhu) and told me to ask ‘Abdullah whether the people in the life-time of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) used to pay in advance for wheat (to be delivered later). Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, “We used to pay in advance to the peasants of Sham for wheat, barley and olive oil of a known specified measure to be delivered in a specified period.” I asked (him), “Was the price paid (in advance) to those who had the things to be delivered later?” Abdullah bin Aufa (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, “We did not use to ask them about that.” Then they sent me to ‘Abdur Rahman bin Abza and I asked him. He replied, “The companions of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) used to practice Salam in the life-time of the Prophet; and we did not use to ask them whether they had standing crops or not.”

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 448 :
Narrated by Muhammad bin Abi Al-Mujalid
As above (446) and said, “We used to pay them in advance for wheat and barley (to be delivered later). Narrated Ash-Shaibani–“And also for oil.”

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 449 :
Narrated by Ash-Shaibani
Who said “We used to pay in advance for wheat barley and dried grapes.”

Bai-Salam is a combination of two Arabic words Bai and Salam. Bai refers to Purchase and Sale while Salam means Advance. Payment of Bai-Salam transaction is made in advance. It is a form of sale on delayed terms in which the money may be paid first and the goods delivered at a later date.

Definition:

Bai-Salam is sale whereby the seller undertakes to supply some specific goods to the buyer at a future date in exchange for an advanced price fully paid on the spot.

Bai-Salam may be defined as a contract between a Buyer and a Seller under which the Seller sells in advance the certain goods permissible under Islamic Shari’ah and the law of the land to the Buyer at an agreed price payable on execution of the said contract and the goods is/are delivered as per specification, size, quality at a future time in a particular place.

Read more on it here and here. More details to follow in the upcoming posts inshaAllah.

Selling Sown Land (Hadith No. 1901)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 406 :
Narrated by ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “If somebody sells pollinated date palms, the fruits will be for the seller unless the buyer stipulates that they will be for himself (and the seller agrees).”

Nafi’ said:

If pollinated date-palms are sold and nothing is mentioned (in the contract) about their fruits, the fruits will go to the person who has pollinated them, and so will be the case with the slave and the cultivator.

If someone is selling a pollinated crop/garden or a sown land, and the contract doesn’t mention anything about the fruit of that particular yield, it goes to the seller/owner by default. But if the contract stipulated otherwise and both parties agreed to it, then the buyer can have the yield to himself. That’s it, more or less. :)

Selling Unripe Fruit – Who Suffers the Loss? (Hadith No. 1898)

Bismillah.

Ahadith 1893 – 1897 (below) are repeats. Read the post here.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 398 :
Zaid bin Thabit (radiallaahu `anhu) said,
“In the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), the people used to trade with fruits. When they cut their date-fruits and the purchasers came to recieve their rights, the seller would say, ‘My dates have got rotten, they are blighted with disease, they are afflicted with Qusham (a disease which causes the fruit to fall before ripening).’ They would go on complaining of defects in their purchases. Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Do not sell the fruits before their benefit is evident (i.e. free from all the dangers of being spoiled or blighted), by way of advice for they quarrelled too much.” Kharija bin Zaid bin Thabit said that Zaid bin Thabit (radiallaahu `anhu) used not to sell the fruits of his land till Pleiades appeared and one could distinguish the yellow fruits from the red (ripe) ones.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 399 :
Narrated by ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade the sale of fruits till their benefit is evident. He forbade both the seller and the buyer (such sale).

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 400 :
Narrated by Anas (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade the sale of date fruits till they were ripe. Abu ‘Abdullah (Al-Bukhari) said, “That means till they were red (can be eaten).”

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 401 :
Narrated by Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade the s of (date) fruits till they were red or yellow and fit for eating.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 402 :
Narrated by Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade the sale of fruits till their benefit is evident; and the sale of date palms till the dates are almost ripe. He was asked what ‘are almost ripe’ meant. He replied, “Got red and yellow.”

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 403 :
Narrated by Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade the sale of fruits till they are almost ripe. He was asked what is meant by ‘are almost ripe.’ He replied, “Till they become red.” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) further said, “If Allah spoiled the fruits, what right would one have to take the money of one’s brother (i.e. other people)?” Narrated Ibn Shihab: If somebody bought fruits before their benefit is evident and then the fruits were spoiled with blights, the loss would be suffered by the owner (not the buyer). Narrated Salim bin ‘Abdullah from Ibn Umar (radiallaahu `anhu): Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Do not sell or buy fruits before their benefit was evident and do not sell fresh fruits (dates) for dried dates.”

If someone bought unripe/spoiled fruit from someone, the loss will be suffered by the seller, not the buyer. Re-exchange of money and fruit to take place so the owner ends up with his fruit and the buyer has his money.

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