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Ihraam – Shower? (Hadith No. 1561)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 1560 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 3, Book 29, Number 65:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

A man was crushed to death by his she-camel and was brought to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) who said, “Give him a bath and shroud him, but do not cover his head, and do not bring any perfume near to him, as he will be resurrected reciting Talbiya.”

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 29, Number 66:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Hunain:

Abdullah bin Al-Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) and Al-Miswar bin Makhrama (radiallaahu `anhu) differed at Al-Abwa’; Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) said that a Muhrim could wash his head; while Al-Miswar (radiallaahu `anhu) maintained that he should not do so. ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) sent me to Abu Aiyub Al-Ansari (radiallaahu `anhu) and I found him bathing between the two wooden posts (of the well) and was screened with a sheet of cloth. I greeted him and he asked who I was. I replied, “I am ‘Abdullah bin Hunain and I have been sent to you by Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) to ask you how Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) used to wash his head while in the state of lhram.” Abu Aiyub Al-Ansari (radiallaahu `anhu) caught hold of the sheet of cloth and lowered it till his head appeared before me, and then told somebody to pour water on his head. He poured water on his head, and he (Abu Aiyub) rubbed his head with his hands by bringing them from back to front and from front to back and said, “I saw the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) doing like this.”

Hence proven, that a Muhrim may take a shower and wash his hair as well.

It is permissible for the Muslim to wash his entire body in order to cool down if it is hot. This will give him more energy in order to perform this act of worship. He should take care when washing so that nothing falls from his hair or skin.
Standing Committee for Academic Research and Issuing Fatwas, Fataawa al-Lajnah, 11/184

P.S. it’s interesting to know the way Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) used to wash his hair – moving his hands front to back and then back to front. Unknown Sunnah, eh?

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Marriage in Ihraam (Hadith No. 1558)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 29, Number 63:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) married Maimuna (radiallaahu `anhaa) while he was in the state of Ihram, (only the ceremonies of marriage were held).

This opinion, as discussed by scholars, was that of Ibn `Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) only, who was most likely mistaken in this. Maimuna (radiallaahu `anhaa) herself says she did not get married in the state of Ihraam. See Abu Dawud: 1843 and Muslim: 1411.

Also, `Uthman (b. ‘Affan) reported it directly from Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) that he said:

A Muhrim should neither marry (in that state) nor make the proposal of marriage.
[Sunan an-Nasa’i 2844, Sahih Muslim 1409]

However, there’s an exception. Someone who has exited the first stage of Ihraam may get married [contract only], however, intercourse will only be permissible once second stage of Ihraam has been exited completely as well. [IslamQA]

Hijaamah (Ahadith 1584 – 1585)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 29, Number 61:

Narrated Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was cupped while he was in a state of Ihram.


Volume 3, Book 29, Number 62:

Narrated Ibn Buhaina:

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), while in the state of Ihram, was cupped at the middle of his head at Liha-Jamal.

Hijaamah (cupping) can be done in Ihraam, and obviously outside of it as well.

What is Hijaamah?

The word hijaamah (cupping) comes for the word hajm which means sucking, as in the phrase hajama al-sabiy thadya ummihi (the infant suckled his mother’s breast). Al-Hajjaam means the cupper, hijaamah is the profession of cupping.

Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with them both) reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

Healing is to be found in three things: drinking honey, the knife of the cupper, and cauterization of fire.

(Reported by al-Bukhaari, 10/136).

Benefits of Hijaamah:

Cupping has real benefits in treating many diseases, past and present. The diseases which have been treated by cupping and for which it has been of benefit by Allaah’s Leave include the following:

  1. Circulatory diseases
  2. Treating blood pressure and infection of the heart muscle
  3. Diseases of the chest and trachea
  4. Headache and pains in the eyes
  5. Pain in the neck and stomach, and rheumatic pain in the muscles
  6. Some diseases of the heart and chest, and pain in the joints

In addition, cupping may offer a unique treatment which may reduce pain, and it does not have any side-effects.

More on it here.

P.S. ideal time for hijaamah is the last third of the month. And Rajab’s last 10 days are here (almost). Planning to get it done soon? :D

Game of Makkah (Ahadith 1581 – 1583)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 29, Number 58:

Narrated Sa`id bin Abu Sa`id Al-Maqburi:

Abu Shuraih, Al-`Adawi said that he had said to `Amr bin Sa`id when he was sending the troops to Mecca (to fight `Abdullah bin Az-Zubair), “O Chief! Allow me to tell you what Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said on the day following the Conquest of Mecca. My ears heard that and my heart understood it thoroughly and I saw with my own eyes the Prophet (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam) when he, after Glorifying and Praising Allah, started saying, ‘Allah, not the people, made Mecca a sanctuary, so anybody who has belief in Allah and the Last Day should neither shed blood in it, nor should he cut down its trees. If anybody tells (argues) that fighting in it is permissible on the basis that Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam) did fight in Mecca, say to him, ‘Allah allowed His Apostle and did not allow you.’ “Allah allowed me only for a few hours on that day (of the conquest) and today its sanctity is valid as it was before. So, those who are present should inform those who are absent (concerning this fact.” Abu Shuraih was asked, “What did `Amr reply?” He said, (`Amr said) ‘O Abu Shuraih! I know better than you in this respect Mecca does not give protection to a sinner, a murderer or a thief.”


Volume 3, Book 29, Number 59:

Narrated Ibn `Abbas:

“The Prophet (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said, ‘Allah has made Mecca, a sanctuary, so it was a sanctuary before me and will continue to be a sanctuary after me. It was made legal for me (i.e. I was allowed to fight in it) for a few hours of a day. It is not allowed to uproot its shrubs or to cut its trees, or to chase (or disturb) its game, or to pick up its luqata (fallen things) except by a person who would announce that (what he has found) publicly.’ Al-`Abbas said, ‘O Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam)! Except Al-Idhkhir (a kind of grass) (for it is used) by our goldsmiths and for our graves.’ The Prophet (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam) then said, ‘Except Al-Idhkhir.’ ” `Ikrima said, ‘Do you know what “chasing or disturbing” the game means? It means driving it out of the shade to occupy its place.”


Volume 3, Book 29, Number 60:

Narrated Ibn `Abbas:

On the day of the conquest of Mecca, the Prophet (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said, “There is no more emigration (from Mecca) but Jihad and intentions, and whenever you are called for Jihad, you should go immediately. No doubt, Allah has made this place (Mecca) a sanctuary since the creation of the heavens and the earth and will remain a sanctuary till the Day of Resurrection as Allah has ordained its sanctity. Fighting was not permissible in it for anyone before me, and even for me it was allowed only for a portion of a day. So, it is a sanctuary with Allah’s sanctity till the Day of Resurrection. Its thorns should not be uprooted and its game should not be chased; and its luqata (fallen things) should not be picked up except by one who would announce that publicly, and its vegetation (grass etc.) should not be cut.” Al-`Abbas said, “O Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam)! Except Al-Idhkhir, (for it is used by their blacksmiths and for their domestic purposes).” So, the Prophet (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said, “Except Al-Idhkhir.”

Prohibitions:

  • Killing animals/hunting birds
  • Cutting trees
    Exception: Izkhar grass
  • Bloodshed
    Exception: murderer/sinner/thief
  • Fighting
  • Chasing game, or even disturbing it to take its place under the shadow
  • Picking up luqta (fallen things)
    Exception: small things
    In the case of property lost in the Haram, it is not permissible for anyone to take it except the one who identifies it (the owner). If it’s something small and inexpensive, it may be given to those in charge of lost items or given in sadaqah on the owner’s behalf.

Bad Animal (Hadith No. 1580)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 29, Number 57:

Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa), the wife of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam):

Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) called the salamander a bad animal, but I did not hear him ordering it to be killed.”

Wikipedia says Salamanders are typically characterized by a superficially lizard-like appearance, with slender bodies, short noses, and long tails.

Why are Salamanders bad?

In al-Saheehayn and elsewhere it is narrated via Sa’eed ibn al-Musayyib that Um Shareek told him that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told her to kill salamanders. According to the report narrated by al-Bukhaari, he said: “It (the salamander) used to blow on Ibraaheem, peace be upon him.

In Saheeh Muslim it is narrated via ‘Abd al-Razzaaq, Mu’ammar told us from al-Zuhri from ‘Aamir ibn Sa’d from his father that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) enjoined the killing of salamanders and called them mischief doers.

To Kill or not to Kill?

Killing salamanders is prescribed because there is a great deal of evidence to that effect.

Killing salamanders with one blow brings more reward than killing them with two blows. This was narrated in Saheeh Muslim via Khaalid ibn ‘Abd-Allaah from Suhayl ibn Abi Saalih from his father from Abu Hurayrah, that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

Whoever kills a salamander with one blow will have such and such hasanah (good deeds); whoever kills it with the second blow will have such and such hasanah, less than the first; and whoever kills it with three blows will have such and such hasanah – less that the second.

Ibn Maajah (may Allaah have mercy on him) narrated in his Sunan from Saa’ibah the slave woman of al-Faakih ibn al-Mugheerah that she entered upon ‘Aa’ishah and saw a spear sitting there in her house. She said, “O Mother of the Believers, what do you do with this?” She said, “We kill these salamanders with it, because the Prophet of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told us that when Ibraaheem was thrown into the fire, there was no animal on earth but it tried to extinguish the fire, except for the salamander, which was blowing on the fire (to keep it burning). So the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) commanded that they should be killed.

(Sunan Ibn Maajah, 3222. He said in al-Zawaa’id, the isnaad of ‘Aa’ishah’s hadeeth is saheeh, its men are thiqaat (trustworthy).)

Taken from IslamQA

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