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Distribution of Inheritance: Being Kind to Orphans and the Needy (Hadith No. 2414)

Bismillah.

وَإِذَا حَضَرَ الْقِسْمَةَ أُولُو الْقُرْبَىٰ وَالْيَتَامَىٰ وَالْمَسَاكِينُ فَارْزُقُوهُم مِّنْهُ وَقُولُوا لَهُمْ قَوْلًا مَّعْرُوفًا

“And when [other] relatives and orphans and the needy are present at the [time of] division, then provide for them [something] out of the estate and speak to them words of appropriate kindness.” [4:8]

Volume 4, Book 51, Number 21 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu)
Some people claim that the order in the above Verse is cancelled, by Allah, it is not cancelled, but the people have stopped acting on it. There are two kinds of guardians (who are in charge of the inheritance): One is that who inherits; such a person should give (of what he inherits to the relatives, the orphans and the needy, etc.), the other is that who does not inherit (e.g. the guardian of the orphans): such a person should speak kindly and say (to those who are present at the time of distribution), “I can not give it to you (as the wealth belongs to the orphans).”

Ibn Kathir comments:

Ath-Thawri said that Ibn Abi Najih narrated from Mujahid that implementing this Ayah, “Is required from those who have anything to inherit, paid from whatever portions their hearts are satisfied with giving away.” Similar explanation was reported from Ibn Mas`ud, Abu Musa, `Abdur-Rahman bin Abi Bakr, Abu Al-`Aliyah, Ash-Sha`bi and Al-Hasan. Ibn Sirin, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Makhul, Ibrahim An-Nakha`i, `Ata’ bin Abi Rabah, Az-Zuhri and Yahya bin Ya`mar said this payment is obligatory. Others say that this refers to the bequeathal at the time of death. And others say that it was abrogated. Al-`Awfi reported that Ibn `Abbas said that this Ayah,

﴿وَإِذَا حَضَرَ الْقِسْمَةَ﴾

(And when are present at the time of division), refers to divisions of inheritance. So, when poor relatives, who are ineligible for inheritance, orphans, and the poor attend the division of the inheritance, which is sometimes substantial, their hearts will feel eager to have a share, seeing each eligible person assuming his share; while they are desperate, yet are not given anything. Allah the Most Kind, Most Compassionate, commands that they should have a share in the inheritance as an act of kindness, charity, compassion and mercy for them.

Mawdudi comments:

This directive is addressed to the heirs of the deceased. They are told not to be niggardly towards their relatives whether they be close or distant. Nor should they be niggardly towards either poor and needy members of the family or towards orphans who are present when the inheritance is distributed. Although they are not legally entitled to any share it is seemly for people to act magnanimously and give them something out of their inheritance, and especially to desist from making hurtful remarks.

How to Pray for Someone (Hadith No. 1698)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 31, Number 203:

Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) paid a visit to Um-Sulaim (radiallaahu `anhaa) and she placed before him dates and ghee. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Replace the ghee and dates in their respective containers for I am fasting.” Then he stood somewhere in her house and offered an optional prayer and then he invoked good on Um-Sulaim (radiallaahu `anhaa) and her family. Then Um-Sulaim (radiallaahu `anhaa) said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! I have a special request (today).” He said, “What is it?” She replied, “(Please invoke for) your servant Anas (radiallaahu `anhu).” So Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did not leave anything good in the world or the Hereafter which he did not invoke (Allah to bestow) on me and said, “O Allah! Give him (i.e. Anas) property and children and bless him.” Thus I am one of the richest among the Ansar and my daughter Umaina told me that when Al-Hajjaj came to Basra, more than 120 of my offspring had been buried.

Imagine that. O_O
Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did not leave ANYTHING GOOD IN THE WORLD OR THE HEREAFTER which he did not ask Allah to bestow on Anas (radiallaahu `anhu). That simply shows his generosity with duas. And how do we make dua for others? So little, so uninterested, as if it’s costing us money to pray for them. :/
Tell you what, whenever you pray for someone else, the angels say ameen to that dua for you. Even if you’re a miser, this is definitely something that will benefit you. Get it? ;)

Be generous with duas. If you can’t give someone anything else, a sincere and generous dua will suffice inshaAllah.
I just prayed for the hidayah (guidance) of my family and friends. Whom did you make dua for after reading this?

Ramadan: Quran & Spending (Hadith No. 1621)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 31, Number 126:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was the most generous amongst the people, and he used to be more so in the month of Ramadan when Gabriel (`alayhissalaam) visited him, and Gabriel (`alayhissalaam) used to meet him on every night of Ramadan till the end of the month. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) used to recite the Holy Qur’an to Gabriel, and when Gabriel (`alayhissalaam) met him, he used to be more generous than a fast wind (which causes rain and welfare).

Lessons:

  1. The sunnah is to go through the whole Quran in Ramadan. It’s the best time of the year. You can do it!
    Join online classes if there’s no other means.
  2. Spend generously in the cause of Allah. Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was more generous than ‘fast wind’ – meaning he would spend a lot and he would spend of whatever he had as soon as he got it.. no delays. And his spending was such that it would benefit others – the poor and the needy.
    Here’s a nice and funny video I came across relevant to this subject. Do check it out. :)

Giving Du`a – Freebie (Hadith No. 1273)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 1272 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 573:

Narrated Abu Ma’bad (the slave of Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu)):

Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to Muadh (radiallaahu `anhu) when he sent him to Yemen, “You will go to the people of the Scripture. So, when you reach there, invite them to testify that none has the right to be worshiped but Allah, and that Muhammad (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) is His Apostle. And if they obey you in that, tell them that Allah has enjoined on them five prayers in each day and night. And if they obey you in that tell them that Allah has made it obligatory on them to pay the Zakat which will be taken from the rich among them and given to the poor among them. If they obey you in that, then avoid taking the best of their possessions, and be afraid of the curse of an oppressed person because there is no screen between his invocation and Allah.”

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 574i:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Abu Aufa (radiallaahu `anhu):

Whenever a person came to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) with his alms, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) would say, “O Allah! Send your Blessings upon so and so.” My father went to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) with his alms and the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “O Allah! Send your blessings upon the offspring of Abu Aufa.”

Beautiful Sunnah of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam): giving du`a to people. It doesn’t take much time, nor effort. Be generous with you words. See how the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) prays for the giver’s offspring as well? Seekho kuch!

The Iron Cloak (Hadith No. 1222)

Bismillah.

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 523:

Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The example of a miser and an alms-giver is like the example of two persons wearing iron cloaks.” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) also said, “The example of an alms-giver and a miser is like the example of two persons who have two iron cloaks on them from their breasts to their collar bones, and when the alms-giver wants to give in charity, the cloak becomes capacious till it covers his whole body to such an extent that it hides his fingertips and covers his footprints (obliterates his tracks). And when the miser wants to spend, it (the iron cloak) sticks and every ring gets stuck to its place and he tries to widen it, but it did not become wide.

May Allah make me understand the meaning of this example in depth. But the basic implication is that the generous person, when he spends, gets barakah in his wealth and reward. Even a little suffices him. And he spends even more in Allah’s way. As for the miser, his wealth only gets lesser and lesser, so even when he wants to spend, he can’t really find the means to do it. There’s no barakah in his wealth. Even a lot isn’t sufficient for him.

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