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Hajj on Someone’s Behalf (Ahadith 1572 – 1574)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 1570 and no. 1571 (below) are repeats. Read them here.

Volume 3, Book 29, Number 75:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

While a man was standing with the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) at ‘Arafat, he fell from his Mount and his neck was crushed by it. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Wash the deceased with water and Sidr and shroud him in two pieces of cloth, and neither perfume him nor cover his head, for Allah will resurrect him on the Day of Resurrection and he will be reciting Talbiya.”


Volume 3, Book 29, Number 76:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

A man was in the company of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and his she-camel crushed his neck while he was in a state of Ihram and he died Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Wash him with water and Sidr and shroud him in his two garments; neither perfume him nor cover his head, for he will be resurrected on the Day of Resurrection, reciting Talbiya.”

Today’s Ahadith:

Volume 3, Book 29, Number 77:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

A woman from the tribe of Juhaina came to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and said, “My mother had vowed to perform Hajj but she died before performing it. May I perform Hajj on my mother’s behalf?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied, “Perform Hajj on her behalf. Had there been a debt on your mother, would you have paid it or not? So, pay Allah’s debt as He has more right to be paid.”


Volume 3, Book 29, Number 78:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

A woman from the tribe of Khath’am came in the year (of Hajjat-ul-wada’ of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)) and said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! My father has come under Allah’s obligation of performing Hajj but he is a very old man and cannot sit properly on his Mount. Will the obligation be fulfilled if I perform Hajj on his behalf?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied in the affirmative.


Volume 3, Book 29, Number 79:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

Al-Fadl (radiallaahu `anhu) was riding behind the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and a woman from the tribe of Khath’am came up. Al-Fadl (radiallaahu `anhu) started looking at her and she looked at him. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) turned Al-Fadl’s face to the other side. She said, “My father has come under Allah’s obligation of performing Hajj but he is a very old man and cannot sit properly on his Mount. Shall I perform Hajj on his behalf? The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied in the affirmative. That happened during Hajjat-ul-wada’ of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam).

It is permissible to do Hajj on behalf of someone else. It is also permissible for a woman to Hajj on behalf of a man, and vice versa.

Ibn Qudaamah said in al-Mughni (5/27):

It is permissible for a man to be appointed to do Hajj on behalf of a man or a woman, and a woman on behalf of a man or a woman, according to the majority of scholars.

How to perform Hajj on another’s behalf?

Shaykh Ibn `Uthaymeen was asked:

If a person intends to do Hajj on behalf of someone who is unable to do it because of sickness, or who has passed away, how should he do the rituals? Should he choose Hajj Tamattu’ [where one does ihraam for ‘umrah then after ‘umrah comes out of ihraam and does a new ihraam for Hajj] or al-Ifraad [where one does Hajj only]?

He replied:

The one who is doing Hajj on behalf of another should say “Labbayka ‘an fulaan (Labbayka on behalf of So-and-so).” He should do Tamattu’ because this is the best of the rituals. Every person who is entrusted with something has to do what is best, unless the person who sent him has chosen something else, because he is a trustee and is obliged to do what is best.
Liqa’ al-Baab al-Maftooh by Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 170

P.S. Comment on the narration about al-Fadl (radiallahu `anhu), where he looked at a woman and Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) turned his face away to avert his gaze, here.

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Ihraam and Hunting (Ahadith 1570 – 1573)

Bismillah.

Kitaab Jazaa’u-s-Sayd [Book of Penalty of Hunting While on Pilgrimage] starts today..

Vocabulary related to this particular book:

Game is any animal hunted for food.

Onager is also known as the Asian wild ass.

General ruling:

Killing game (hunting) is forbidden in Ihraam, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“O you who believe! Kill not the game while you are in a state of Ihraam [for Hajj or ‘Umrah (pilgrimage)]”

[al-Maa’idah 5:95]

 

In the following narrations, Abu Qatada (radiallaahu `anhu)’s story is mentioned, when he was travelling with the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) to Makkah in the year of Hudaibiyah. Some companions had assumed Ihraam while others had not, and Abu Qatada (radiallaahu `anhu) was one of the latter. Read on for details.

Volume 3, Book 29, Number 47:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Abu Qatada:

My father set out (for Mecca) in the year of Al-Hudaibiya, and his companions assumed Ihram, but he did not. At that time the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was informed that an enemy wanted to attack him, so the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) proceeded onwards. While my father was among his companions, some of them laughed among themselves. (My father said), “I looked up and saw an onager. I attacked, stabbed and caught it. I then sought my companions’ help but they refused to help me. (Later) we all ate its meat. We were afraid that we might be left behind (separated) from the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) so I went in search of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and made my horse to run at a galloping speed at times and let it go slow at an ordinary speed at other times till I met a man from the tribe of Bani Ghifar at midnight. I asked him, “Where did you leave the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)?” He replied, “I left him at Ta’hun and he had the intention of having the midday rest at As-Suqya. I followed the trace and joined the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! Your people (companions) send you their compliments, and (ask for) Allah’s Blessings upon you. They are afraid lest they may be left behind; so please wait for them.’ I added, ‘O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! I hunted an onager and some of its meat is with me. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) told the people to eat it though all of them were in the state of Ihram.”


Volume 3, Book 29, Number 48:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Abu Qatada:

That his father said “We proceeded with the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) in the year of Al-Hudaibiya and his companions assumed Ihram but I did not. We were informed that some enemies were at Ghaiqa and so we went on towards them. My companions saw an onager and some of them started laughing among themselves. I looked and saw it. I chased it with my horse and stabbed and caught it. I wanted some help from my companions but they refused. (I slaughtered it all alone). We all ate from it (i.e. its meat). Then I followed Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) lest we should be left behind. At times I urged my horse to run at a galloping speed and at other times at an ordinary slow speed. On the way I met a man from the tribe of Bani Ghifar at midnight. I asked him where he had left Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). The man replied that he had left the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) at a place called Ta’hun and he had the intention of having the midday rest at As-Suqya. So, I followed Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) till I reached him and said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! I have been sent by my companions who send you their greetings and compliments and ask for Allah’s Mercy and Blessings upon you. They were afraid lest the enemy might intervene between you and them; so please wait for them.” So he did. Then I said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! We have hunted an onager and have some of it (i.e. its meat) left over.” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) told his companions to eat the meat although all of them were in a state of Ihram.”


Volume 3, Book 29, Number 49:

Narrated Abu Qatada (radiallaahu `anhu):

We were in the company of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) at a place called Al-Qaha (which is at a distance of three stages of journey from Medina). Abu Qatada (radiallaahu `anhu) narrated through another group of narrators: We were in the company of the Prophet at a place called Al-Qaha and some of us had assumed Ihram while the others had not. I noticed that some of my companions were watching something, so I looked up and saw an onager. (I rode my horse and took the spear and whip) but my whip fell down (and I asked them to pick it up for me) but they said, “We will not help you by any means as we are in a state of Ihram.” So, I picked up the whip myself and attacked the onager from behind a hillock and slaughtered it and brought it to my companions. Some of them said, “Eat it.” While some others said, “Do not eat it.” So, I went to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) who was ahead of us and asked him about it, He replied, “Eat it as it is Halal (i.e. it is legal to eat it).”


Volume 3, Book 29, Number 50:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Abu Qatada:

That his father had told him that Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) set out for Hajj and so did his companions. He sent a batch of his companions by another route and Abu Qatada (radiallaahu `anhu) was one of them. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to them, “Proceed along the sea-shore till we meet all together.” So, they took the route of the sea-shore, and when they started all of them assumed Ihram except Abu Qatada (radiallaahu `anhu). While they were proceeding on, his companions saw a group of onagers. Abu Qatada (radiallaahu `anhu) chased the onagers and attacked and wounded a she-onager. They got down and ate some of its meat and said to each other: “How do we eat the meat of the game while we are in a state of Ihram?” So, we (they) carried the rest of the she-onager’s meat, and when they met Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) they asked, saying, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! We assumed Ihram with the exception of Abu Qatada and we saw (a group) of onagers. Abu Qatada (radiallaahu `anhu) attacked them and wounded a she-onager from them. Then we got down and ate from its meat. Later, we said, (to each other), ‘How do we eat the meat of the game and we are in a state of Ihram?’ So, we carried the rest of its meat. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asked, “Did anyone of you order Abu Qatada (radiallaahu `anhu) to attack it or point at it?” They replied in the negative. He said, “Then eat what is left of its meat.”

  1. General ruling remains – killing game is not allowed during Ihraam.
  2. Exception to the ruling, rather, what’s allowed is to eat of the game that someone else killed.
  3. The one in Ihraam must not ask a non-Murhim (one who’s not in Ihraam) to hunt for him, or point at the animal, or help the hunter in any way.

﴿يَـأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَيَبْلُوَنَّكُمُ اللَّهُ بِشَىْءٍ مِّنَ الصَّيْدِ تَنَالُهُ أَيْدِيكُمْ وَرِمَـحُكُمْ لِيَعْلَمَ اللَّهُ مَن يَخَافُهُ بِالْغَيْبِ فَمَنِ اعْتَدَى بَعْدَ ذلِكَ فَلَهُ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ

O you who believe! Allah will certainly make a trial for you with something in the game that is well within reach of your hands and your lances, that Allah may test who fears Him in the unseen. Then whoever transgresses thereafter, for him there is a painful torment. [5:94]

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