Volume 3, Book 34, Number 284:
Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):
When Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (radiallaahu `anhu) was chosen Caliph, he said, “My people know that my profession was not incapable of providing substance to my family. And as I will be busy serving the Muslim nation, my family will eat from the National Treasury of Muslims, and I will practise the profession of serving the Muslims.”
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 285:
Narrated Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):
The companions of Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) used to practise manual labor, so their sweat used to smell, and they were advised to take a bath.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 286:
Narrated Al-Miqdam (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Nobody has ever eaten a better meal than that which one has earned by working with one’s own hands. The Prophet of Allah, David (`alayhissalaam) used to eat from the earnings of his manual labor.”
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 287:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The Prophet David used not to eat except from the earnings of his manual labor.”
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 288:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “One would rather cut and carry a bundle of wood on his back than ask somebody who may or may not live him.”
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 289:
Narrated Az-Zubair bin Al-Awwam (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “One would rather take a rope and cut wood and carry it than ask others).”
It is not permissible for anyone to ask people for money when he is not in need or he is able to earn a living. There are certain categories for whom it is permissible to ask of people. They are: the poor person who is destitute, the man who owes a debt, and the one who has been stricken by financial calamity and lost all his wealth. In these cases it is not permissible to ask for more than one needs, on condition that he does not have enough to meet his needs and is not able to earn enough for his livelihood.
The scholars of the Standing Committee said:
It is permissible to ask for people for money, for the one who is in need and does not have enough to suffice him and he is not able to earn a living. He may ask people for as much as will meet his needs only. As for the one who is not in need, or the one who is in need but is able to earn a living, it is not permissible for him to ask and whatever he takes from people in this case is haraam for him, because of the hadeeth of Qabeesah ibn Mukhaariq al-Hilaali (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: It was narrated that Qabeesah ibn Mukhaariq al-Hilaali said: I incurred a debt (in order to reconcile between two parties) and I came to the Messenger of Allaah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) to ask him (for help) with it. He said: “Stay with us until the zakaah comes, and we will order that something be given to you.” Then he said: “O Qabeesah, asking for help is not permissible except in one of three cases: a man who has incurred a debt (in order to reconcile between two parties), for whom it is permissible to ask for help until he has paid it off, then he should refrain; a man who has been stricken by a calamity that has destroyed all his wealth, for whom it is permissible to ask for help until he gets enough to get by – or he gets enough to meet his basic needs; and a man who is stricken by poverty and three men of wisdom among his people acknowledge that So and so has been stricken by poverty, then it becomes permissible for him to ask for help until he gets enough to get by – or to meet his basic needs. Apart from these cases asking for help, O Qabeesah, is haraam and the one who begs is consuming something haraam.” Narrated by Ahmad, Muslim, an-Nasaa’i and Abu Dawood.
And (it is haraam) because of the hadeeth, “Whoever asks of people to accumulate wealth is asking for a live coal” and the hadeeth “Charity is not permissible for a rich person, or for one who is strong and healthy.” Narrated by the five apart from an-Nasaa’i.