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The Right to Buy Back (Hadith No. 2084)


Ahadith 2072 – 2083 (below) are repeats. Related posts have been linked.

Volume 3, Book 41, Number 575 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
A man demanded his debts from Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) in such a rude manner that the companions of the Prophet intended to harm him, but the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Leave him, no doubt, for he (the creditor) has the right to demand it (harshly). Buy a camel and give it to him.” They said, “The camel that is available is older than the camel he demands. “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Buy it and give it to him, for the best among you are those who repay their debts handsomely.

Volume 3, Book 41, Number 576 :
Narrated by Hudhaifa (radiallaahu `anhu)
I heard the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) saying, “Once a man died and was asked, ‘What did you use to say (or do) (in your life time)?’ He replied, ‘I was a business-man and used to give time to the rich to repay his debt and (used to) deduct part of the debt of the poor.‘ So he was forgiven (his sins.)” Abu Masud said, “I heard the same (Hadith) from the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam).”

Volume 3, Book 41, Number 577 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
A man came to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and demanded a camel (the Prophet owed him). Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) told his companions to give him (a camel). They said, “We do not find except an older camel (than what he demands). (The Prophet ordered them to give him that camel). The man said, “You have paid me in full and may Allah also pay you in full.” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Give him, for the best amongst the people is he who repays his debts in the most handsome manner.”

Volume 3, Book 41, Number 578 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) owed a camel of a certain age to a man who came to demand it back. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) ordered his companions to give him. They looked for a camel of the same age but found nothing but a camel one year older. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) told them to give it to him. The man said, “You have paid me in full, and may Allah pay you in full.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The best amongst you is he who pays his debts in the most handsome manner.”

Volume 3, Book 41, Number 579 :
Narrated by Jabir bin Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)
I went to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) while he was in the Mosque. (Mis’ar thinks, that Jabir went in the forenoon.) After the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) told me to pray two Rakat, he repayed me the debt he owed me and gave me an extra amount.

Volume 3, Book 41, Number 580 :
Narrated by Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)
My father was martyred on the day (of the battle) of Uhud, and he was in debt. His creditors demanded their rights persistently. I went to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) (and informed him about it). He told them to take the fruits of my garden and exempt my father from the debts but they refused to do so. So, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did not give them my garden and told me that he would come to me the next morning. He came to us early in the morning and wandered among the datepalms and invoked Allah to bless their fruits. I then plucked the dates and paid the creditors, and there remained some of the dates for us.

Volume 3, Book 41, Number 581 :
Narrated by Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)
When my father died he owed a Jew thirty Awsuq (of dates). I requested him to give me respite for repaying but he refused. I requested Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) to intercede with the Jew. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) went to the Jew and asked him to accept the fruits of my trees in place of the debt but the Jew refused. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) entered the garden of the date-palms, wandering among the trees and ordered me (saying), “Pluck (the fruits) and give him his due.” So, I plucked the fruits for him after the departure of Allah’s Apostle and gave his thirty Awsuq, and still had seventeen Awsuq extra for myself. Jabir said: I went to Allah’s Apostle to inform of what had happened, but found him praying the ‘Asr prayer. After the prayer I told him about the extra fruits which remained. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) told me to inform (Umar) Ibn Al-Khatab (radiallaahu `anhu) about it. When I went to ‘Umar and told him about it, ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “When Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) walked in your garden, I was sure that Allah would definitely bless it.”

Volume 3, Book 41, Number 582 :
Narrated by ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) used to invoke Allah in the prayer saying, “O Allah, I seek refuge with you from all sins, and from being in debt.” Someone said, O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! (I see you) very often you seek refuge with Allah from being in debt. He replied, “If a person is in debt, he tells lies when he speaks, and breaks his promises when he promises.”

Volume 3, Book 41, Number 583 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “If someone leaves some property, it will be for the inheritors, and if he leaves some weak offspring, it will be for us to support them.

Volume 3, Book 41, Number 584 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “I am closer to the believers than their selves in this world and in the Hereafter, and if you like, you can read Allah’s Statement: “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) is closer to the believers than their own selves.” (33.6) So, if a true believer dies and leaves behind some property, it will be for his inheritors (from the father’s side), and if he leaves behind some debt to be paid or needy offspring, then they should come to me as I am the guardian of the deceased.”

Volume 3, Book 41, Number 585 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Procrastination (delay) in repaying debts by a wealthy person is injustice.

Volume 3, Book 41, Number 586 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
A man came to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and demanded his debts and used harsh words. The companions of the Prophet wanted to harm him, but the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Leave him, as the creditor (owner of the right) has the right to speak.”

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 41, Number 587 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “If a man finds his very things with a bankrupt, he has more right to take them back than anyone else.”

To my understanding, this hadith talks about a scenario where A sold something to B and the transaction went smooth. After some time, B went bankrupt and now wants to sell some of his stuff to make money. Provided that A finds his things as they were when he sold them to B, he has more right to buy them back than anyone else. So it is upon B to make sure he gives A first priority when it comes to his things.

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