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Gift = Ownership Transfer (Hadith No. 2279)


Ahadith 2270 – 2278 (below) are repeats. See linked text for related posts.

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 772:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
A man came to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and said, “I am ruined.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asked, “What do you mean?” He said, “I had sexual intercourse with my wife during Ramadan (while fasting).” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asked him, “Can you manumit a slave?” He replied in the negative. He then asked him, “Can you fast for two successive months continuously” He replied in the negative. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) then asked him, “Can you feed sixty poor persons?” He replied in the negative. In the meantime an Ansari came with a basket full of dates. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to the man, “Take it and give it in charity (as an expiation of your sin).” The man said “Should I give it to some people who are poorer than we O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)? By Him Who has sent you with the Truth, there is no family between Medina’s two mountains poorer than we.” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) told him to take it and provide his family with it.”

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 773:
Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu):
My father was martyred on the day (of the battle) of Uhud and his creditors demanded the debt back in a harsh manner. So I went to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and informed him of that, he asked them to accept the fruits of my garden and excuse my father, but they refused. So, Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did not give them the fruits, nor did he cut them and distribute them among them, but said, “I will come to you tomorrow morning.” So, he came to us the next morning and walked about in between the date-palms and invoked Allah to bless their fruits. I plucked the fruits and gave back all the rights of the creditors in full, and a lot of fruits were left for us. Then I went to Allah’s Apostle, who was sitting, and informed him about what happened. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) told ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu), who was sitting there, to listen to the story. ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “Don’t we know that you are Allah’s Apostle? By Allah! you are Allah’s Apostle!”

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 774:
Narrated Sahl bin Sad (radiallaahu `anhu):
A drink (milk mixed with water) was brought to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) who drank some of it while a boy was sitting on his right and old men on his left. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to the boy, “If you permit me, I’ll give (the rest of the drink to) these old men first.” The boy said, “I will not give preference to any one over me as regards my share from you, O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)!” The Prophet then put that container in the boy’s hand. (See Hadith No. 541).

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 775:
Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu):
I sold a camel to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) on one of the journeys. When we reached Medina, he ordered me to go to the Mosque and offer two Rakat. Then he weighed for me (the price of the camel in gold) and gave an extra amount over it. A part of it remained with me till it was taken by the army of Sham on the day of Harra.”

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 776:
Narrated Shal bin Sad (radiallaahu `anhu):
A drink (of milk and water) was brought to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) while a boy was sitting on his right side and old men were sitting on his left side. He asked the boy, “Will you allow me to give it to these (people)?” The boy said, “No, by Allah, I will not allow anyone to take my right from you.” Then the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) put the bowl in the boy’s hand.

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 777:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) owed a man some debt (and that man demanded it very harshly). The companions of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) wanted to harm him, but the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to them, “Leave him, as the creditor has the right to speak harshly.” He then added, “Buy (a camel) of the same age and give it to him.” They said, “We cannot get except a camel of an older age than that of his.” He said, “Buy it and give it to him, as the best amongst you is he who pays back his debt in the most handsome way.

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 778:
Narrated Marwan bin Al-Hakam and Al-Miswar bin Makhrama (radiallaahu `anhu):
When the delegates of the tribe of Hawazin came to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) they requested him to return their property and their captives. He said to them, “This concerns also other people along with me as you see, and the best statement to me is the true one, so you may choose one of two alternatives; either the captives or the property and (I have not distributed the booty for) I have been waiting for you.”
When the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had returned from Ta’if, he waited for them for more than ten nights. When they came to know that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) would not return except one of the two, they chose their captives. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) then stood up amongst the Muslims, Glorified and Praised Allah as He deserved, and then said, “Then after: These brothers of yours have come to you with repentance and I see it proper to return their captives, so whoever amongst you likes to do that as a favor, then he can do it, and whoever of you wants to stick to his share till we pay him from the very first Fai (i.e. war booty) which Allah will give us, then he can do so.” The people said, “We return (the captives) to them willingly as a favor, O Allah’s Apostle!” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “I do not know who of you has given his consent and who has not; so go back and your leaders may present your decision to me.” The people went away, and their leaders discussed the matter with them, and then came to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) to tell him that all of them had given their consent (to return the captives) willingly. (Az-Zuhn, the sub-narrator said, “This is what we know about the captives, of Hawazin.”)

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 779:
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu): That the people sitting with that person will be his co-owners. But this report is not confirmed by an authentic narration. (Refer to Hadith 778)

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 780:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) took a camel of special age from somebody on credit. Its owner came and demanded it back (harshly). The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “No doubt, he who has a right, can demand it.” Then the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) gave him an older camel than his camel and said, “The best amongst you is he who repays his debts in the most handsome way.”

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 781:
Narrated Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu):
That he was in the company of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) on a journey, riding a troublesome camel belonging to ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu). The camel used to go ahead of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), so Ibn ‘Umar’s father would say, “O ‘Abdullah! No one should go ahead of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam).” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to him, “Sell it to me.” ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), “It is for you.” So, he bought it and said, “O ‘Abdullah! It is for you, and you can do with it what you like.”

Just as buying or selling something changes its owner, gifting it does the same. Once you’ve given it, you have no right on it whatsoever. Whatever the new owner does with it is their concern, not yours. So if they give it to someone else, don’t take it to your heart. :P

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