There was a black slave girl belonging to an ‘Arab tribe and they manumitted her but she remained with them. The slave girl said, “Once one of their girls (of that tribe) came out wearing a red leather scarf decorated with precious stones. It fell from her or she placed it somewhere. A kite passed by that place, saw it Lying there and mistaking it for a piece of meat, flew away with it. Those people searched for it but they did not find it. So they accused me of stealing it and started searching me and even searched my private parts.” The slave girl further said, “By Allah! while I was standing (in that state) with those people, the same kite passed by them and dropped the red scarf and it fell amongst them. I told them, ‘This is what you accused me of and I was innocent and now this is it.’ ” ‘Aisha added: That slave girl came to Allah’s Apostle and embraced Islam. She had a tent or a small room with a low roof in the mosque. Whenever she called on me, she had a talk with me and whenever she sat with me, she would recite the following: “The day of the scarf (band) was one of the wonders of our Lord, verily He rescued me from the disbelievers’ town. ‘Aisha added: “Once I asked her, ‘What is the matter with you? Whenever you sit with me, you always recite these poetic verses.’ On that she told me the whole story. “
This slave girl was given a place inside the mosque to stay in. That means she used to sleep there, eat there, roam around and do other things inside the mosque, even during her period. (What do we say about a menstruating woman going to a mosque, then?)
‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar said: I used to sleep in the mosque of the Prophet while I was young and unmarried.
He says ‘young and unmarried’ specifically because he wants to imply that he used to get wet dreams at that time and still sleep in the mosque.
Derivation from the above two Ahadith: ‘impure’ men and women can step inside the mosque’s vicinity.
Narrated Sahl bin Sa’d:
Allah’s Apostle went to Fatima’s house but did not find ‘Ali there. So he asked, “Where is your cousin?” She replied, “There was something between us and he got angry with me and went out. He did not sleep (mid-day nap) in the house.” Allah’s Apostle asked a person to look for him. That person came and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! He (Ali) is sleeping in the mosque.” Allah’s Apostle went there and ‘Ali was lying. His upper body cover had fallen down to one side of his body and he was covered with dust. Allah’s Apostle started cleaning the dust from him saying: “Get up! O Aba Turab. Get up! O Aba Turab (literally means: O father of dust).
This is a beautiful Hadith. Brings a smile to my face every time I read it. :)
Narrated Abu Huraira:
I saw seventy of As-Suffa men and none of them had a Rida’ (a garment covering the upper part of the body). They had either Izars (only) or sheets which they tied round their necks. Some of these sheets reached the middle of their legs and some reached their heels and they used to gather them with their hands lest their private parts should become naked.
These men went through very harsh times while learning directly from the Prophet (SAW). Suffa was like a hostel in Masjid Nabwi where proper meals weren’t cooked for the students, nor proper bedrooms and study tables were provided. These men had dedicated their time to learning. Everyone didn’t have a source of earning. One special case we all know about is Abu Huraira (RA). Read more on him here.