Du`a for Rain: Misc. (Ahadith 824 – 833)
Hadith no. 822 and 823 are repeats. Read them here and here.
Volume 2, Book 17, Number 824:
Narrated Sharik bin ‘Abdullah bin Abi Namir:
I heard Anas bin Malik saying, “On a Friday a person entered the main Mosque through the gate facing the pulpit while Allah’s Apostle was delivering the Khutba. The man stood in front of Allah’s Apostle and said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! The livestock are dying and the roads are cut off; so please pray to Allah for rain.’ ” Anas added, “Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) raised both his hands and said, ‘O Allah! Bless us with rain! O Allah! Bless us with rain! O Allah! Bless us with rain!’ ” Anas added, “By Allah, we could not see any trace of cloud in the sky and there was no building or a house between us and (the mountains of) Sila.” Anas added, “A heavy cloud like a shield appeared from behind it (i.e. Sila’ Mountain). When it came in the middle of the sky, it spread and then rained.” Anas further said, “By Allah! We could not see the sun for a week. Next Friday a person entered through the same gate and at that time Allah’s Apostle was delivering the Friday’s Khutba. The man stood in front of him and said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! The livestock are dying and the roads are cut off, please pray to Allah to with-hold rain.’ ” Anas added, “Allah’s Apostle I raised both his hands and said, ‘O Allah! Round about us and not on us. O Allah! On the plateaus, on the mountains, on the hills, in the valleys and on the places where trees grow.’ So the rain stopped and we came out walking in the sun.” Sharik asked Anas whether it was the same person who had asked for the rain (the last Friday). Anas replied that he did not know.
Hadith no. 825 is same as above.
Volume 2, Book 17, Number 826:
Anas I said, “While Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) was delivering the Friday Khutba (sermon) a man came and said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! Rain is scarce; please ask Allah to bless us with rain.’ So he invoked Allah for it, and it rained so much that we could hardly reach our homes and it continued raining till the next Friday.” Anas further said, “Then the same or some other person stood up and said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! Invoke Allah to withhold the rain.’ On that, Allah’s Apostle I said, ‘O Allah! Round about us and not on us.’ ” Anas added, “I saw the clouds dispersing right and left and it continued to rain but not over Medina.”
Volume 2, Book 17, Number 827:
A man came to the Prophet (p.b.u.h) and said, “Livestock are destroyed and the roads are cut off.” So Allah’s Apostle invoked Allah for rain and it rained from that Friday till the next Friday. The same person came again and said, “Houses have collapsed, roads are cut off, and the livestock are destroyed. Please pray to Allah to withhold the rain.” Allah’s Apostle (stood up and) said, “O Allah! (Let it rain) on the plateaus, on the hills, in the valleys and over the places where trees grow.” So the clouds cleared away from Medina as clothes are taken off.
Hadith no. 828 is the same as above.
Volume 2, Book 17, Number 829:
Narrated Anas bin Malik
A man complained to the Prophet about the destruction of livestock and property and the hunger of the offspring. So he invoked (Allah for rain. The narrator (Anas) did not mention that the Prophet had worn his cloak inside out or faced the Qibla.
Hadith no. 830 is the same is 827.
Hadith no. 831 is a repeat. Read it here.
Volume 2, Book 17, Number 833:
Allah’s Apostle was delivering the Khutba (sermon) on a Friday when the people stood up, shouted and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! There is no rain (drought), the trees have dried and the livestock are destroyed; Please pray to Allah for rain.” So Allah’s Apostle said twice, “O Allah! Bless us with rain.” By Allah, there was no trace of cloud in the sky and suddenly the sky became overcast with clouds and it started raining. The Prophet came down the pulpit and offered the prayer. When he came back from the prayer (to his house) it was raining and it rained continuously till the next Friday. When the Prophet started delivering the Friday Khutba (sermon), the people started shouting and said to him, “The houses have collapsed and the roads are cut off; so please pray to Allah to withhold the rain.” So the Prophet smiled and said, “O Allah! Round about us and not on us.” So the sky became clear over Medina but it kept on raining over the outskirts (of Medina) and not a single drop of rain fell over Median. I looked towards the sky which was as bright and clear as a crown.
What do we learn from the Ahadith mentioned above?
- Drought is a form of punishment that Allah (SWT) inflicts upon the disbelievers or the ungrateful.
- Istisqaa’ (the two rak`ah-prayer and du`a) can be offered in a mosque.
- Imaam/Khateeb can pray for rain during the Friday sermon (without offering the two rak`aat beforehand).
- One may pray for rain facing a direction other than the qiblah.
- One may invoke Allah for rain on the pulpit.
- If it rains too much, it is Sunnah to ask Allah to stop the rain or take the clouds somewhere else.
The words: “around us and not on us”.
اللهم حوالينا ولا علينا
- If people request the Imaam to invoke Allah for rain, the Imaam should not refuse.
Read more here.
Women and the Mosque (Ahadith 823 – 832)
Volume 1, Book 12, Number 823:
Once Allah’s Apostle delayed the ‘Isha’ prayer till ‘Umar informed him that the women and children had slept. The Prophet came out and said, “None except you from amongst the dwellers of earth is waiting for this prayer.” In those days, there was no prayer except in Medina and they used to pray the ‘Isha’ prayer between the disappearance of the twilight and the first third of the night.
Proves that women used to go to mosques in Prophet (SAW)’s time. Similar Hadih here.
Volume 1, Book 12, Number 824:
Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:
The Prophet said, “If your women ask permission to go to the mosque at night, allow them.”
Very clear-cut. Concentrate on the ‘asking permission’ part, women! :P
Volume 1, Book 12, Number 825:
Narrated Um Salama (the wife of the Prophet):
In the lifetime of Allah’s Apostle the women used to get up when they finished their compulsory prayers with Taslim. The Prophet and the men would stay on at their places as long as Allah will. When the Prophet got up, the men would then get up.
Men wait for the women to leave, and then they leave. It’s better to separate pathways. Similar Hadith here.
Women should leave for homes immediately after the prayer. Lurking around uselessly is not appreciated.
Volume 1, Book 12, Number 826:
When Allah’s Apostle finished the Fajr prayer, the women would leave covered in their sheets and were not recognized owing to the darkness.
Women ‘covered in sheets’.. A Muslim women should cover herself, well enough. Use sheets (read: long pieces) of cloth, sewn or un-sewn.
Women may go to the mosques in dark as well.
Volume 1, Book 12, Number 827:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Abi Qatada Al-Ansari:
My father said, “Allah’s Apostle said, “Whenever I stand for prayer, I want to prolong it but on hearing the cries of a child, I would shorten it as I dislike to put its mother in trouble.”
Aww-ness. Women deserve that and so much more. :)
Volume 1, Book 12, Number 828:
Had Allah’s Apostle known what the women were doing, he would have forbidden them from going to the mosque as the women of Bani Israel had been forbidden. Yahya bin Said (a sub-narrator) asked ‘Amra (another sub-narrator), “Were the women of Bani Israel forbidden?” She replied “Yes.”
I don’t know what `Aisha (RA) meant when she said “had Allah’s Apostle known what the women were doing..”, so can’t comment on that.
But yeah, Jewish women weren’t allowed to go to mosques. Poor creatures!
Alhamdulillah for Islam! <3
Volume 1, Book 12, Number 829:
Narrated Um Salama:
Whenever Allah’s Apostle completed the prayer with Taslim, the women used to get up immediately and Allah’s Apostle would remain at his place for someone before getting up. (The sub-narrator (Az-Zuhri) said, “We think, and Allah knows better, that he did so, so that the women might leave before men could get in touch with them).”
Repeat: “women used to leave immediately”.
Volume 1, Book 12, Number 830:
The Prophet prayed in the house of Um Sulaim; and I, along with an orphan stood behind him while Um Sulaim (stood) behind us.
Women CAN pray directly behind men. Screen not required, essentially.
Volume 1, Book 12, Number 831:
Allah’s Apostle used to offer the Fajr prayer when it was still dark and the believing women used to return (after finishing their prayer) and nobody could recognize them owing to darkness, or they could not recognize one another.
Volume 1, Book 12, Number 832:
Narrated Salim bin ‘Abdullah:
My father said, “The Prophet said, ‘If the wife of any one of you asks permission (to go to the mosque) do not forbid her.”
Umar (RA) disliked her wife going to the masjid, but he never stopped her if she asked him permission to go. Because Prophet (SAW) ordered men not to forbid their wives from going.
P.S. Book of Characteristics of Prayer ends here. Book of Friday Prayer starts after it inshaAllah.