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The Brave Girl (Hadith No. 1996)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 1995 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 3, Book 38, Number 499 :
Narrated by Abu Said Al-Khudri and Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhumaa)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) employed someone as a governor at Khaibar. When the man came to Medina, he brought with him dates called Janib. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asked him, “Are all the dates of Khaibar of this kind?” The man replied, “(No), we exchange two Sa’s of bad dates for one Sa of this kind of dates (i.e. Janib), or exchange three Sa’s for two.” On that, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Don’t do so, as it is a kind of usury (Riba) but sell the dates of inferior quality for money, and then buy Janib with the money”. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said the same thing about dates sold by weight.

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 38, Number 500 :
Narrated by Ibn Ka’b bin Malik from his father (radiallaahu `anhu)
We had some sheep which used to graze at Sal’ (a mountain in Madinah). One of our slave-girls saw a sheep dying and she broke a stone and slaughtered the sheep with it. My father said to the people, “Don’t eat it till I ask the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) about it (or till I send somebody to ask the Prophet).” So, he asked or sent somebody to ask the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), and the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) permitted him to eat it. ‘Ubaidullah (a sub-narrator) said, “I admire that girl, for though she was a slave-girl, she dared to slaughter the sheep. “

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“Forbidden to you (for food) are: Al‑Maitah (the dead animals — cattle — beast not slaughtered), blood, the flesh of swine, and that on which Allaah’s Name has not been mentioned while slaughtering (that which has been slaughtered as a sacrifice for others than Allaah, or has been slaughtered for idols) and that which has been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by the goring of horns — and that which has been (partly) eaten by a wild animal — unless you are able to slaughter it (before its death).”

[al-Maa’idah 5:3] 

Ibn Katheer said:  

The phrase “unless you are able to slaughter it” refers to that which you are able to reach and slaughter in the proper manner when there is still evidently life in it. That refers to the phrase, “that which has been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by the goring of horns — and that which has been (partly) eaten by a wild animal”. 

Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 2/11, 12

This shows that as long as one is able to slaughter the animal before it dies, it is permissible to eat from it. More on the etiquette of slaughtering animals here.

As for the brave girl who slaughtered the dying sheep, I admire her too! In fact, I admire all the women, including my mom, who are able to slaughter their sacrificial animals on Eid or otherwise. It takes guts to do it! Some women can’t even watch an animal being slaughtered let alone doing it themselves. SubhanAllah! May Allah give us (the scared lot) more courage. :)

Commenting on this hadeeth, Ibn Hijr (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

“This shows that it is permitted to eat meat slaughtered by a woman, whether she is free or a slave, old or young, Muslim or of the People of the Book (i.e., Jewish or Christian), in a state of purity or otherwise, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told them to eat the meat she had slaughtered and did not ask for further details.”

This hadeeth also answers the question about whether any of the Sahaabiyaat (female Companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)) slaughtered animals.

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said:

“It is permitted to eat from an animal which a man or a woman slaughters Islamically before it dies, or from meat slaughtered by a woman, even if she is menstruating, because her menstruation is not in her hand. It is permissible to eat meat from an animal which a woman slaughters Islamically before it dies, by the consensus of the Muslims.” (Al-Fataawa, 35/234).

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Mortgage (Ahadith 1777 – 1778)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 282:

Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) purchased food grains from a Jew on credit and mortgaged his iron armor to him.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 283:

Narrated Qatada:

Anas (radiallaahu `anhu) went to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) with barley bread having some dissolved fat on it. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had mortgaged his armor to a Jew in Medina and took from him some barley for his family. Anas (radiallaahu `anhu) heard him saying, “The household of Muhammad (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) did not possess even a single Sa’ of wheat or food grains for the evening meal, although he has nine wives to look after.”

Mortgage: convey (a property) to a creditor as security on a loan.

It is neither the taking out of a loan nor a mortgage which by itself is unlawful or prohibited in Islam; what is unconditionally and specifically prohibited and absolutely unlawful in the Sight of Allah is the ‘interest’ element in the loan or the mortgage.

Thus if one takes out an interest-free mortgage on their house or property, such a transaction would be absolutely lawful in the Sight of Shariah Law.

This is the general and overall ruling. Further details will come in the future inshaAllah.

Halaal and Haraam Earning (Hadith No. 1770)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 275:

Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “A time will come when one will not care how one gains one’s money, legally or illegally.”

How did the Companions earn their livelihood? [Examples of halaal earning]

  • Trade, as in the case of Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq, ‘Uthmaan ibn ‘Affaan and ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn ‘Awf (may Allaah be pleased with him).
  • Agriculture, whether they owned farmland or worked on the land; many of the Muhaajireen and Ansaar were involved in this.
  • Skilled crafts, such as smithery, carpentry and so on.
  • Jobs that were connected to the state, such as teaching, collecting zakaah, judging and so on.
  • Earnings acquired through jihad, such as war booty

Haraam Earning:

Some jobs are haraam in and of themselves, such as working in riba-based banks and places where alcohol is sold. Some may be haraam because of things in the work-place that are contrary to sharee’ah, such as mixing between men and women, or because it is stipulated that one should wear haraam clothing or do other things that are contrary to sharee’ah, such as shaving the beard. It is not permissible for the Muslim to do either type of job.

Jobs of the second type vary in the degree to which they are haraam. The one which incurs the greatest burden of sin is that which involves writing down or recording riba (usury), then that which involves selling or manufacturing haraam things, then that in which the workplace environment is haraam. The last category should not be taken lightly, because it has an impact on the religious commitment and conduct of the worker, especially the fitnah of women which was the first fitnah of the Children of Israel and is the most harmful fitnah for the Muslim man, as our Prophet Muhammad(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told us.

If mixing between men and women is something that happens in your country and you can hardly find any job that is free of that, and you think that your being in that job will be beneficial and that you will be able to put a stop to some of that evil and reduce some of it, and you will be able to advise the employees who are under your authority, enjoining them to do what is good and forbidding them to do what is evil as much as you can, and you can take precautions and measure which will help you avoid the fitnah of women – such as hastening to get married if you are not married, not looking at them or being alone with them – and if the work requires you to sit with some of the female employees you can leave the door of the office open and not sit close to them and so on… then we think that your being present in the workplace and achieving some of the interests of sharee’ah and reducing some evils, is better than keeping the workplace devoid of the righteous and leaving it to those who do not pay any attention to religion or to the rulings of sharee’ah, so that these evils become more widespread and it becomes more difficult to fight them. How many teachers and university professors have taught in mixed institutions and Allaah has benefited many through them, and warded off a great deal of evil.  We hope by Allaah’s grace that you will be one of them.

However, if you think, after taking the job, that you cannot adhere to your religious commitment and that you are being pulled into haraam gradually, then you have no choice but to leave that job immediately. If a person gives up something for the sake of Allaah, Allaah will compensate him with something better than it, as the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said.

Reference: http://islamqa.info/en/107144

Doubtful Things and Whispers of Shaytaan (Ahadith 1767 – 1768)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 272:

Narrated ‘Abbas bin Tamim:

that his uncle said: “The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was asked: If a person feels something during his prayer; should one interrupt his prayer?” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said: No! You should not give it up unless you hear a sound or smell something.” Narrated Ibn Abi Hafsa: Az-Zuhri said, “There is no need of repeating ablution unless you detect a smell or hear a sound.”

Here, you don’t listen to such thoughts, because they’re whispers of Shaytaan who wants you to not concentrate on your Salah.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 273:

Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):

Some people said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! Meat is brought to us by some people and we are not sure whether the name of Allah has been mentioned on it or not (at the time of slaughtering the animals).” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said (to them), “Mention the name of Allah and eat it.”

This is not a general principle. There’s background to it. Quoting IslamQA:

As for the claim that some make, that it is enough merely to mention the name of Allaah when eating, this was reported regarding some Muslims who were new in Islam. The Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) asked the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) about this, saying, “O Messenger of Allaah, some people who are new in Islam brought us some meat, and we do not know whether they mentioned the name of Allaah over it or not.” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Say the name of Allaah over it and eat it.” (Reported by al-Bukhaari). The command should be understood as meaning that one should be on the safe side, provided that one does not know beforehand that the meat is not slaughtered properly. And Allaah knows best.

The Grey Area (Hadith No. 1762)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 267:

Narrated An-Nu’man bin Bashir (radiallaahu `anhu):

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said “Both legal and illegal things are obvious, and in between them are (suspicious) doubtful matters. So who-ever forsakes those doubtful things lest he may commit a sin, will definitely avoid what is clearly illegal; and who-ever indulges in these (suspicious) doubtful things bravely, is likely to commit what is clearly illegal. Sins are Allah’s Hima (i.e. private pasture) and whoever pastures (his sheep) near it, is likely to get in it at any moment.”

This Hadith has been mentioned before but Imaam Bukhari brings it again under the Book of Sales and Trade to make a point of the fact that our sharee`ah defines the halal and haram of business and trade very clearly. But then there are some things which are doubtful – whoever indulges in them knowingly, feeling sure of himself, will fall into sin. So it’s better to avoid the grey area and save yourself from sin.

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