When the time came for the Prophet, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, to migrate from Mecca to Medina, a plan was devised for him to migrate in secret with his great and loyal companion Abu Bakr as-Siddique. Though she was just a young girl at the time, it was the courageous Asma’ who gathered food and water for the great journey her father and The Prophet, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, were about to make.
She was the sister of ‘Aishah bint Abu Bakr, the wife of the Prophet Muhammad, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Her father Abu Bakr, her husband Az-Zubayr, and her son, Abdullah ibn Az-Zubayr were all famous companions of the Prophet, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. After her parents accepted Islam, Asma’ and her siblings were raised in an atmosphere of Islamic faith and practice.
Volume 4, Book 52, Number 222 :
Narrated by Asma (radiallaahu `anhaa)
I prepared the journey-food for Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) in Abu Bakr’s (radiallaahu `anhu) house when he intended to emigrate to Medina. I could not find anything to tie the food-container and the water skin with. So, I said to Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu), “By Allah, I do not find anything to tie (these things) with except my waist belt.” He said, “Cut it into two pieces and tie the water-skin with one piece and the food-container with the other (the sub-narrator added, “She did accordingly and that was the reason for calling her Dhatun-Nitaqain (i.e. two-belted woman)).”
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) blessed her and said that in place of this one girdle that she sacrificed, she would get two in Paradise. So, he implied that she would go to Paradise. In this manner the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) gave the news of a glorious Hereafter to his faithful Companions.
In another narration, Aisha said about this time: “…One day, while we were sitting in Abu Bakr’s house, someone said to Abu Bakr, “This is Allah’s Apostle with his head covered coming at a time at which he never used to visit us before.” Abu Bakr said, “May my parents be sacrificed for him. By Allah, he has not come at this hour except for a great necessity.” So Allah’s Apostle came and asked permission to enter, and he was allowed to enter. When he entered, he said to Abu Bakr. “Tell everyone who is present with you to go away.” Abu Bakr replied, “There are none but your family. May my father be sacrificed for you, O Allah’s Apostle!” The Prophet said, “I have been given permission to migrate.” Abu Bakr said, “Shall I accompany you? May my father be sacrificed for you, O Allah’s Apostle!” Allah’s Apostle said, “Yes.” Abu Bakr said, “O Allah’s Apostle! May my father be sacrificed for you, take one of these two she-camels of mine.” Allah’s Apostle replied, “I will accept it with payment.” So we prepared the baggage quickly and put some journey food in a leather bag for them. Asma’, Abu Bakr’s daughter, cut a piece from her waist belt and tied the mouth of the leather bag with it, and for that reason she was named Dhat-un-Nitaqain (i.e. the owner of two belts)…”
It’s related in the Sahih of Bukhari that when Asma’ was married to Zubayr bin ‘Awam, he was a very pious but poor man.
Asma’ narrated: “When Az-Zubayr married me, he had neither land, nor wealth, nor slave, nor anything else like it, except a camel to get water and his horse. I used to graze his horse, provide fodder for it, look after it and ground dates for his camel. Besides this, I grazed the camel, made arrangements for providing it with water and patching up his leather bucket and kneading the flour. I was not very good at baking the bread, so my female neighbors used to bake bread for me and they were sincere women. And I used to carry on my head, the date-stones from the land of az-Zubayr which the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam had endowed him and it was a distance of two miles from Madinah.
One day, as I was carrying the date-stones upon my head, I happened to meet Allah’s Messenger, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, along with a group of his Companions. He called me and told the camel to sit down so that he could make me ride behind him. I felt shy to go with men and I remembered Az-Zubayr and his ghirah (ghirah is the sense of pride that a man has which causes him to dislike his wives, daughters or sisters from being seen or heard by strangers – it is this ghirah which makes a man protective about his women) and he was a man having the most ghirah. The Messenger sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam understood my shyness and left.
I came to Az-Zubayr and said, ‘The Messenger of Allah met me as I was carrying date-stones upon my head and there was with him a group of his Companions. He told the camel to kneel so that I could mount it but I felt shy from him and I remembered your ghirah.’ Upon this Az-Zubayr said, ‘By Allah, the thought of you carrying date-stones upon your head is more severe a burden to me than you riding with him.’
I led this life of hardship until Abu Bakr sent me a female servant who took upon herself the responsibility of looking after the horse and I felt as if she had emancipated me.”
Read more on her piety, patience and courage here.
Ahadith 2213 – 2214 (below) are repeats. Read related posts by following linked text.
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 715:
My father told me that Hakim bin Hizam (radiallaahu `anhu) manumitted one-hundred slaves in the pre-lslamic period of ignorance and slaughtered one-hundred camels (and distributed them in charity). When he embraced Islam he again slaughtered one-hundred camels and manumitted one-hundred slaves. Hakim (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “I asked Allah’s Apostle, ‘O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! What do you think about some good deeds I used to practice in the pre-lslamic period of ignorance regarding them as deeds of righteousness?’ Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “You have embraced Islam along with all those good deeds you did.“
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 716:
Narrated Marwan and Al-Miswar bin Makhrama (radiallaahu `anhu):
When the delegates of the tribe of Hawazin came to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and they requested him to return their properties and captives. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) stood up and said to them, “I have other people with me in this matter (as you see) and the most beloved statement to me is the true one; you may choose either the properties or the prisoners as I have delayed their distribution.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had waited for them for more than ten days since his arrival from Ta’if. So, when it became evident to them that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was not going to return them except one of the two, they said, “We choose our prisoners.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) got up amongst the people and glorified and praised Allah as He deserved and said, “Then after, these brethren of yours have come to us with repentance, and I see it logical to return them the captives. So, whoever amongst you likes to do that as a favor, then he can do it, and whoever of you likes to stick to his share till we recompense him from the very first war booty which Allah will give us, then he can do so (i.e. give up the present captives).” The people unanimously said, “We do that (return the captives) willingly.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “We do not know which of you has agreed to it and which have not, so go back and let your leaders forward us your decision.” So, all the people then went back and discussed the matter with their leaders who returned and informed the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) that all the people had willingly given their consent to return the captives. This is what has reached us about the captives of Hawazin. Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu) that ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) said to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), “I paid for my ransom and Aqil’s ransom.”
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 717:
Narrated Ibn Aun:
I wrote a letter to Nafi and Nafi wrote in reply to my letter that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) had suddenly attacked Bani Mustaliq without warning while they were heedless and their cattle were being watered at the places of water. Their fighting men were killed and their women and children were taken as captives; the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) got Juwairiya (radiallaahu `anhaa) on that day. Nafi said that Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) had told him the above narration and that Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) was in that army.
Summary of Events:
The Banu Mustaliq, a clan of the Banu Khuda’a, lived in the Qudayd region located on the coast between Makka and Madina, in a place called Usfan, near the important commercial port of Rabigh. While the Khuda’a tribe, generally speaking, adopted a positive stance towards Islam and Prophet Muhammad, the Banu Mustaliq clan sided with the Quraysh, who were at war with the Muslims, and demonstrated their hostility at every opportunity. During the time in which the Quraysh were making preparations for the Battle of the Trench by mobilizing at their allies, chief of the Banu Mustaliq Harith ibn Abu Dirar had set up his military headquarters at the watering place called Muraysi’ and, inciting the neighboring tribes, had begun gathering troops to attack Madina. Prophet Muhammad sent Burayda bin Husayb al-Aslami to the regions for the purpose of gathering intelligence. Burayda saw firsthand the truth in the news about the preparations of the Mustaliq tribe and returned having acquired accurate information. The Prophet set out on an expedition with a force of 700 men, thirty on horseback, on 2 Sha’ban (27 December 626). Upon seeing his approach with a great force, some of the tribes abandoned enemy lines and deserted the battle field. When the Muslim army reached the Muraysi’ watering place, they invited the tribes to accept Islam. Their responding with arrows which they fired at the Muslims triggered the battle which ended with the assured victory of the Muslims. Among the polytheists, ten were killed, while the remaining 600 or 700 were taken prisoner. A large amount of loot was acquired, including 2000 camels and 5000 sheep. Muslims suffered no losses in this campaign other than Hisham ibn Subaba al-Kalbi, who was mistaken for an enemy soldier. After the battle, the Prophet distributed the war spoils among the Muslims. He sent Abu Naml al-Ta’i to Madina to convey the good news of victory and himself returned to Madina on 1 Ramadan (24 January, 627). It has been suggested that the Banu Mustaliq Campaign, also known as the Muraysi’ Campaign due to the site where it eventuated, may have taken place after the Battle of the Trench.
Among the captives taken from the Banu Mustaliq was Juwayriya bint Harith, daughter of the defeated Banu Mustaliq clan’s chief Harith ibn Abu Dirar. Upon her acceptance of Islam, Prophet Muhammad released her and proposed marriage to her. This marriage eased the hostilities that ensued due to the battle. Seeing that the Banu Mustaliq had now become the Prophet’s relations through marriage, the Muslims released all the captives they held. Such was the effect of this attitude of the Muslims on the Banu Mustaliq that virtually all of them immediately became Muslim; coming to the presence of Prophet Muhammad, tribal chief Harith ibn Abu Dirar also accepted Islam.
Many hyprocrites, such as ‘Abd Allah ibn Ubayy ibn Salul also participated in this battle. On the return from the campaign, tension arose between the Emigrants and the Helpers around a well and was on the verge of escalation with the intervention of the hypocrites. Aware of the situation, and notwithstanding the time of day, Prophet Muhammad immediately ordered his men to march nonstop until noon the following day. Exhausted after such a long and arduous trek, the soldiers did not have the strength even to speak when reaching their resting place, and fell asleep immediately. In this way, the tension that had arisen only a day before completely dissipated. It is narrated that the Qur’anic chapter entitled “The Hypocrites” was revealed due to these events. The hypocrites did not stop when they reached Madina and led the dissension that erupted with the slander against the Prophet’s wife, ‘A’isha, which became known as the ‘Ifk Incident’.
For some more details, read this, or just go through the topic in a book of Seerah, like “The Sealed Nectar”.
Hadith no. 2203 (below) is a repeat.
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 706:
Narrated ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The (reward of) deeds depend on intentions, and every person will get the reward according to what he intends. So, whoever migrated for Allah and His Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), then his migration will be for Allah and His Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), and whoever migrated for worldly benefits or for marrying a woman, then his migration will be for what he migrated for.” (See Hadith No. 1, Vol. 1)
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 707:
When Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu) accompanied by his slave set out intending to embrace Islam they lost each other on the way. The slave then came while Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu) was sitting with the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “O Abu Huraira! Your slave has come back.” Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “Indeed, I would like you to witness that I have manumitted him.” That happened at the time when Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu) recited (the following poetic verse):– ‘What a long tedious tiresome night! Nevertheless, it has delivered us from the land of Kufr (disbelief).
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 708:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
On my way to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) I was reciting:– ‘What a long tedious tiresome night! Nevertheless, it has saved us from the land of Kufr (disbelief).’ I had a slave who ran away from me on the way. When I went to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and gave the pledge of allegiance for embracing Islam, the slave showed up while I was still with the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) who remarked, “O Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)! Here is your slave!” I said, “I manumit him for Allah’s Sake,” and so I freed him.
Volume 3, Book 46, Number 709:
When Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu) accompanied by his slave came intending to embrace Islam, they lost each other on the way. (When the slave showed up) Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu) said (to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)), “I make you witness that the slave is free for Allah’s Cause.”
Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu) left everything in the world to embrace Islam. He took his mother and his slave with him on the journey to Madinah leaving everything else behind. When he reached Madinah, he found that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was in Khaibar, fighting a Jewish tribe. He joined the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) in the final days of the battle at Khaibar, in the 7th year of the Hijrah. His first act after accepting Islam and meeting the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was to free his slave. Cool, no?
Narrated Abu Sa`eed Al-Khudri (radiallaahu `anhu):
A Bedouin asked Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) about the emigration. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “May Allah have mercy on you! The matter of emigration is very hard. Have you got camels? Do you pay their Zakat?” The Bedouin said, “Yes, I have camels and I pay their Zakat.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Work beyond the seas and Allah will not decrease (waste) any of your good deeds.”
This statement of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) “The matter of migration is very hard” indicates that this incident took place before the Conquest of Makkah. Because after that, there’s no Hijrah.
Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) told him not to do Hijrah, since he was a Bedouin. Bedouins have a different way of life than the city people. It’s not easy for them to settle down. They keep moving. They like the desert. So he (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said “The matter of migration is very hard”. Then he advised him to continue his work saying “Allah will not decrease any of your good deeds”. Meaning he didn’t have to do Hijrah. If Hijrah was binding on him, and he did not make the journey for it, Allah wouldn’t accept any of his deeds. So Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) is reassuring him.
And yes, Bedouins pay Zakah too.
Yesterday’s Hadith highlighted the importance of good company. Today you’ll see what a ‘good’ friend is like. The best example of all times: Abu Bakr, Prophet (SAW)’s friend. <3
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
The Prophet delivered a sermon and said, “Allah gave a choice to one of (His) slaves either to choose this world or what is with Him in the Hereafter. He chose the latter.” Abu Bakr wept. I said lo myself, “Why is this Sheikh weeping, if Allah gave choice to one (of His) slaves either to choose this world or what is with Him in the Here after and he chose the latter?” And that slave was Allah’s Apostle himself. Abu Bakr knew more than us. The Prophet said, “O Abu Bakr! Don’t weep. The Prophet added: Abu- Bakr has favored me much with his property and company. If I were to take a Khalil from mankind I would certainly have taken Abu Bakr but the Islamic brotherhood and friendship is sufficient. Close all the gates in the mosque except that of Abu Bakr.
We all know the stories of their friendship. How he was the only man supporting him, believing in him when everyone else, even family, turned their backs on the Prophet (SAW). We know how he was always ready to put his life on the line for him, how he helped out in the Hijrah and how glad he was to find out that he was accompanying the Prophet (SAW) on his journey to Madinah. He was thaniya ithnayn (the second of the two), as Allah mentions him in the Qur’an. He was Abu Bakr, Allah be pleased with him.
ثَانِيَ اثْنَيْنِ إِذْ هُمَا فِي الْغَارِ إِذْ يَقُولُ لِصَاحِبِهِ لَا تَحْزَنْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ مَعَنَا
“..the second of the two; when they (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم and Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه) were in the cave, he (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said to his companion (Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه): “Be not sad (or afraid), surely Allah is with us.” [At-Tawbah: 40]
There’s a lot to say about Abu Bakr (RA). There’s a lot to know about him. Try reading up on him. And, do listen to this beautiful nasheed about him:
Do you have a friend like that? Moreover, are YOU such a friend to others? :)
Quick question: do you know why he was known as as-Siddeeq?