Volume 4, Book 52, Number 78 :
Narrated by As-Sa’-ib bin Yazid
I was in the company of Talha bin ‘Ubaidullah, Sad, Al-Miqdad bin Al-Aswad and ‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf (radiallaahu `anhum) and I heard none of them narrating anything from Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) except Talha who was talking about the day (of the battle) of Uhud.
The sahaba were careful about quoting the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) for fear of adding something to it or forgetting part of it. It was because of his words:
Sahaba would never even think of fabricating ahadith. This was just a precaution some of them took. There were others like Aisha, Abu Huraira, Ibn Abbas etc. who narrating many ahadith from the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) in order to spread his teachings.
In this day and age, it’s easy to confirm the authenticity of a report that is attributed to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). It is our duty to make use of the available tools to confirm before broadcasting.
Read here the ruling on the one who tells lies against the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam).
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 338 :
Narrated by Al-Miqdam bin Ma’diyakrib (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Measure your foodstuff and you will be blessed.”
It’s a very simple rule. No matter how much you’re tempted to make some extra money by fooling someone or giving the wrong measure, don’t do it. If you do, blessing (barakah) will be taken away from you. So even if you made a million dollars by being dishonest, you won’t find blessing in that wealth.
Honesty is the best policy. (y)
44 days of hibernation and now I’m back, Alhamdulillah. Resuming from where we left off.. Book of Sales and Trade..
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 319:
Narrated by Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “O Bani Najjar! Suggest a price for your garden.” Part of it was a ruin and it contained some date palms.
This is commonly known to us now: the owner of the product suggests its price. If the buyer agrees to it, he pays him; if not, a bargain might ensue.
P.S. the seller should be just when marking the price and compensate for any damages or flaws int he product. He must be honest to the buyer in this regard so as to make sure Allah puts His blessing in his trade.
Hadith no. 1795 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 300:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
I heard Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) saying, “The swearing (by the seller) may persuade the buyer to purchase the goods but that will be deprived of Allah’s blessing.”
Honesty Vs. $$$
Volume 3, Book 34, Number 301:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Abu Aufa (radiallaahu `anhu):
A man displayed some goods in the market and swore by Allah that he had been offered so much for that, that which was not offered, and he said so, so as to cheat a Muslim. On that occasion the following Verse was revealed: “Verily! Those who purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah’s covenant and their oaths (They shall have no portion in the Hereafter ..etc.)’ (3.77)
Ibn Kathir comments on this ayah (3:77):
There is No Share in the Hereafter for Those Who Break Allah’s Covenant
Allah states that whoever prefers the small things of this short, soon to end life, instead of fulfilling what they have promised Allah by following Muhammad , announcing his description ﴿from their books﴾ to people and affirming his truth, then,
﴿أُوْلَـئِكَ لاَ خَلَـقَ لَهُمْ فِى الاٌّخِرَةِ﴾
(they shall have no portion in the Hereafter.)
They will not have a share or part in the Hereafter’s rewards,
﴿وَلاَ يُكَلِّمُهُمُ اللَّهُ وَلاَ يَنظُرُ إِلَيْهِمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَـمَةِ﴾
(Neither will Allah speak to them nor look at them on the Day of Resurrection) with His mercy. This Ayah indicates that Allah will not speak words of kindness nor look at them with any mercy,
(nor will He purify them) from sins and impurities. Rather, He will order them to the Fire,
﴿وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ﴾
(and they shall have a painful torment.)
There are several Hadiths on the subject of this Ayah, some of which follow. The First Hadith
Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Dharr said, “The Messenger of Allah said, c
«ثَلَاثَةٌ لَا يُكَلِّمُهُمُ اللهُ، وَلَا يَنْظُرُ إِلَيْهِمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ، وَلَا يُزَكِّيهِمْ، وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيم»
قلت: يا رسول الله، من هم؟ خابوا وخسروا قال: وأعاده رسول اللهصلى الله عليه وسلّم ثلاث مرات، قال:
«الْمُسْبِلُ، وَالْمُنَفِّقُ سِلْعَتَهُ بِالْحَلِفِ الْكَاذِبِ، وَالْمَنَّان»
(There are three persons whom Allah will not speak to, look at on the Day of Resurrection or purify, and they shall taste a painful torment. I said, `O Messenger of Allah! Who are they, may they gain failure and loss’ He said, repeating this statement thrice, `The Musbil (man whose clothes reach below the ankles), he who swears while lying so as to sell his merchandize and the one who gives charity and reminds people of it).’)” This was also recorded by Muslim, and the collectors of the Sunan. Another Hadith
Imam Ahmad recorded that `Adi bin `Amirah Al-Kindi said, “Imru’ Al-Qays bin `Abis, a man from Kindah, disputed with a man from Hadramut in front of the Messenger of Allah concerning a piece of land. The Prophet required the man from Hadramut to present his evidence, but he did not have any. The Prophet required Imru’ Al-Qays to swear to his truthfulness, but the man from Hadramut said, `O Messenger of Allah! If you only require him to swear, then by the Lord of the Ka`bah (Allah), my land is lost.’ The Messenger of Allah said,
«مَنْ حَلَفَ عَلى يَمِينٍ كَاذِبَةٍ لِيَقْتَطِعَ بِهَا مَالَ أَحَدٍ، لَقِيَ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَهُوَ عَلَيْهِ غَضْبَان»
(Whoever swears while lying to acquire the property of others, will meet Allah while He is angry with him.)” Raja’ one of the narrators of the Hadith, said that the Messenger of Allah then recited,
﴿إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَشْتَرُونَ بِعَهْدِ اللَّهِ وَأَيْمَـنِهِمْ ثَمَنًا قَلِيًلا﴾
(Verily, those who purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah’s covenant and their oaths…)
Imru’ Al-Qays said, `What if one forfeits this dispute, what will he gain, O Messenger of Allah’ The Prophet answered, `Paradise.’ Imru’ Al-Qays said, `Bear witness that I forfeit all the land for him.”’ An-Nasa’i also recorded this Hadith. Another Hadith
Imam Ahmad recorded that `Abdullah said that the Messenger of Allah said,
«مَنْ حَلَفَ عَلى يَمِينٍ هُوَ فِيهَا فَاجِرٌ، لِيَقْتَطِعَ بِهَا مَالَ امْرِى مُسْلِمٍ، لَقِيَ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَهُوَ عَلَيْهِ غَضْبَان»
(Whoever takes a false oath to deprive a Muslim of his property will meet Allah while He is angry with him.)
Al-Ash`ath said, “By Allah! This verse was revealed concerning me. I owned some land with a Jewish man who denied my right, and I complained against him to the Messenger of Allah. The Prophet asked me, `Do you have evidence’ I said, `I don’t have evidence.’ He said to the Jew, `Take an oath then.’ I said, `O Allah’s Messenger! He will take a (false) oath immediately, and I will lose my property.’ Allah revealed the verse,
﴿إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَشْتَرُونَ بِعَهْدِ اللَّهِ وَأَيْمَـنِهِمْ ثَمَنًا قَلِيًلا﴾
(Verily, those who purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah’s covenant and their oaths…)”
The Two Sahihs recorded this Hadith. Another Hadith
Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,
«ثَلَاثَةٌ لَا يُكَلِّمُهُمُ اللهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ، وَلَا يَنْظُرُ إِلَيْهِمْ، وَلَا يُزَكِّيهِمْ، وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ: رَجُلٌ مَنَعَ ابْنَ السَّبِيلِ فَضْلَ مَاءٍ عِنْدَهُ، وَرَجُلٌ حَلَفَ عَلى سِلْعَةٍ بَعْدَ الْعَصْرِ يَعْنِي كَاذِبًا وَرَجُلٌ بَايَعَ إِمَامًا، فَإِنْ أَعْطَاهُ وَفَى لَهُ، وَإِنْ لَمْ يُعْطِهِ لَمْ يَفِ لَه»
(Three persons whom Allah shall not speak to on the Day of Resurrection, or look at, or purify them, and they shall taste a painful torment. (They are) a man who does not give the wayfarer some of the water that he has; a man who swears, while lying, in order to complete a sales transaction after the `Asr prayer; and a man who gives his pledge of allegiance to an Imam (Muslim Ruler), and if the Imam gives him (something), he fulfills the pledge, but if the Imam does not give him, he does not fulfill the pledge).
Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi also recorded this Hadith, and At-Tirmidhi graded it Hasan Sahih.